Oracle ConText Option Workbench User's Guide, Release 2.3 Go to Product Documentation Library
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CTXQUERY Forms Sample Application


This chapter presents the CTXQUERY sample application, developed with Oracle Forms 4.5, and illustrates one method for developing applications using ConText.

The topics covered in this chapter are:

Overview of CTXQUERY

The CTXQUERY sample application is a basic Oracle Forms 4.5 application which provides a graphical interface for performing text queries and DML operations with ConText. It supports all the query expression operators and can provide query term highlighting using asterisks in the specified documents.


Note:

The CTXQUERY sample Forms application does not utilize any of the theme querying functionality provided by ConText. However, the sample application could be theme-query enabled for English-language documents simply by creating a theme indexing policy, indexing the column with the policy, and referencing the policy in the query block.

 

Concepts

The ConText query concepts demonstrated in this example are:

Layout

The form is laid out in four blocks on three canvases. There is a block and a canvas for each step of the query, hitlist, and view with one extra block for all the buttons. All canvases are displayed in a single window, CTXQUERY.

Setting Up the Sample

This sections provides information about the setup tasks that must be performed before using the sample application:

Demonstration Installation Scripts

Before the sample Forms application can be used, the demonstration installation scripts must be run. The demonstration installation scripts are provided with ConText and are installed automatically on the server machine during ConText installation; however, they must be run manually after ConText is installed.

The demonstration scripts perform the following tasks:


Note:

Because the CTXQUERY sample application requires setup before it can be used, an icon is not created for CTXQUERY during ConText Workbench installation.

Once setup has been performed on the server machine, to start CTXQUERY, navigate to the directory where the ctxquery.fmb file is located (usually CTXW\DEMO in either C:\ORANT or C:\ORA95) and double-click on the file.

 

See Also:

For more information about the location of the demonstration scripts for setting up the sample application, see the Oracle7 Server installation documentation specific to your server operating system.

 

Oracle Forms Installation

The sample application requires Oracle Forms (32-bit), version 4.5.7.4.0 or higher, to be installed.

Oracle Forms is not installed automatically during ConText Workbench installation and must be installed manually before using the sample application.


Note:

If a version higher than 4.5.6.3.3 is installed on your machine, to use the sample application, the ctxquery.fmb file may have to be regenerated after installation.

 

CTXQUERY Architecture

The CTXQUERY form is divided into eight distinct sections:

Startup

On startup, the When-New-Form-Instance trigger initializes the form.

  When-New-Form-Instance 
  set_window_property
(FORMS_MDI_WINDOW, WINDOW_STATE, MAXIMIZE);
set_window_property('CTXQUERY', WINDOW_STATE, MAXIMIZE); select query_id.nextval
into :global.query_id
from dual;

This maximizes the windows for display, then selects a query ID from a sequence.

This form is designed so that it can be used by multiple concurrent users, which means that the results tables are shared. When result tables are shared, a unique query ID separates each user's results from other users. In this form the unique ID is created as an increasing sequence of numbers with the last value stored in a global variable.

Enter the query screen

The query screen is the first screen of the form displayed.

Each widget is part of the query block, which is a non-base-table block. There is one hidden field in this screen, query_string.

When the Query button is pressed, the When-Button-Pressed trigger goes to the hitlist block and executes a query:

	When-Button-Pressed on BUTTONS.QUERY
	go_block('hitlist');
clear_block(no_validate);
execute_query(all_records);

The hitlist block is based on the article_hitlist view. This view joins the query result table query_temp and the base table articles into a hitlist which has both score and article information. Although this block contains items for all the fields in this view, most are hidden. The visible page displays score, author, section, and title.

Start the pre-query trigger

Before the query on the hitlist block is executed, the pre-query trigger fires. This trigger executes the first step of a two-step query, then limits the relational fields to the query criteria:

	Pre-Query on HITLIST
	build_query_string;
	ctx_query.contains('DEMO_POLICY',
:query.query_string,
'QUERY_TEMP',
1,
:global.query_id,
0,1,null); --
-- limit the relational fields to the query criteria
--
:hitlist.conid := :global.query_id;
:hitlist.author := :query.author;
:hitlist.section := :query.section;
copy(:query.pub_date,'hitlist.pub_date');

Build the query expression

The build_query_string procedure constructs the query expression by concatenating the term, weight, and operator fields from the form and putting them into the query.query_string hidden field.

build_query_string is divided into sections A through E.

Section A

Section A of the code clears the query string of any previous contents.

Section B

Section B takes each term from the user input form and builds the query expression as follows:

Expansion   Search Criteria   Weight   Boolean  

!

 

{cat}

 

*2

 

&

 


Note:

In CTXQUERY, the user can enter up to three separate query expression. These four steps are repeated to for each query expression.

 

Section C

Section C of the code strips off extraneous operators at the end of the final query string since the last term has no boolean operator.

Section D

Section D adds the score threshold value to the query expression.

Section E

Section E appends the result limit.

BUILD_QUERY_STRING Procedure - Sample Code

PROCEDURE build_query_string IS
BEGIN --
-- Section A
-- :query.query_string := null; --
-- Section B
-- if (:query.qterm1 is not null) then
:query.query_string := :query.query_string ||
:query.qexp1 || '{' || :query.qterm1 || '}' ||
'*' || to_char(nvl(:query.qwt1, 1)) ||
substr(:query.qop1,2,1); end if; if (:query.qterm2 is not null) then
:query.query_string := :query.query_string ||
:query.qexp2 ||
'{' || :query.qterm2 || '}' ||
'*' || to_char(nvl(:query.qwt2, 1)) ||
substr(:query.qop2,2,1); end if; if (:query.qterm3 is not null) then
:query.query_string := :query.query_string ||
:query.qexp3 ||
'{' || :query.qterm3 || '}' ||
'*' || to_char(nvl(:query.qwt3, 1)); end if; --
-- Section C
-- :query.query_string :=
rtrim(:query.query_string, '&|,;-'); --
-- Section D
-- if (:query.qthresh is not null) then
:query.query_string := '(' || :query.query_string ||
')>' || to_char(:query.qthresh); end if; --
-- Section E
-- if (:query.qlimit is not null) then
:query.query_string := '(' || :query.query_string ||
'):' || to_char(:query.qlimit); end if; END;

Display an article in the view block

When an article in the hitlist is double-clicked, the When-Mouse-Double-Click trigger on hitlist.title displays the article in the VIEW block:

	When-Mouse-Double-Click on HITLIST.TITLE
	GO_BLOCK('VIEW');
EXECUTE_QUERY;

In order to display the correct article, the Pre-Query trigger limits the view block to display the article highlighted in the hitlist block:

	Pre-Query on VIEW:
	:view.article_id := :hitlist.article_id;

The view block is based on articles, and displays the full text of the article.

Invoke the HIGHLIGHT procedure

When the highlight button on the view block is pressed, the When-Button-Pressed trigger on buttons.highlight invokes the CTX_QUERY.HIGHLIGHT procedure.

The highlight procedure is divided into sections A and B.

Section A

Section A call the highlight procedure and performs the following tasks:

The highlight result table (highlight_temp) has the following structure:

Columns   TYPE  

ID

 

NUMBER

 

OFFSET

 

NUMBER

 

LENGTH

 

NUMBER

 

STRENGTH

 

NUMBER

 

This procedure highlights matching query terms in the text window by surrounding them with <<< and >>>.

It is not possible to do an INSTR for the search terms because of the expansion operators; for example, go=going=gone in a stem expansion. Instead, use the highlight procedure in Section A to generate the highlights table.

This table holds the offset and the length of each word to be highlighted.

Section B

With the highlights generated, the cursor loop in Section B works through each offset, length pair backwards from last offset to first.

The asterisks insert won't change the other offsets. For each offset, length pair, the asterisks are inserted by reassigning the full text to: everything before the term (line 1), then the asterisks, then the term and some more asterisks (line 2) then everything after the term (line 3). Doing this repeatedly highlights all the terms in the document.

HIGHLIGHT Procedure -- Sample Code

PROCEDURE highlight IS 
cursor highcur is select offset, length
from highlight_temp
where id = :global.query_id
order by offset desc; --
-- Section A
-- BEGIN
ctx_query.highlight(
'DEMO_POLICY', -- policy name
to_char(:view.article_id), -- textkey
:query.query_string, -- query string
:global.query_id, -- query_id null,
null,
'HIGHLIGHT_TEMP', -- highlight table
null,
null,
null,
null); --
-- Section B
-- for hc in highcur loop
1. :view.text := substr(:view.text,1,hc.offset - 1) ||
2. '***'||substr(:view.text,hc.offset,hc.length)||'***'||
3. substr(:view.text,hc.offset+hc.length);
end loop;
END;

Perform DML Operations

When a document is changed it needs to be re-indexed and new linguistic information needs to be extracted. This can be performed in a table trigger or in the application.

The view block contains pre-update and pre-index triggers that perform the necessary re-indexing when there is a change to article data. Both triggers invoke the reindex_article procedure.

The reindex_article procedure performs the following tasks:

REINDEX_ARTICLE Procedure -- Sample Code

PROCEDURE reindex_article IS
	handle number;
begin
#
Section A
# ctx_dml.reindex('demo_policy', TO_CHAR(:view.article_id)); #
Section B
# delete from article_themes where pk = :view.article_id;
delete from article_gists
where pk = :view.article_id; #
Section C
# ctx_ling.REQUEST_themes('demo_policy',
TO_CHAR(:view.article_id),
'article_themes'); ctx_ling.REQUEST_gist('demo_policy',
TO_CHAR(:view.article_id),
'article_gists'); #
Section D
# handle := ctx_ling.submit(0,FALSE,0);
end;

Cleanup

Before the session is ended, clean up any leftover rows in the hitlist result table (QUERY_TEMP) and the highlight result table (HIGHLIGHT_TEMP) tables for the query ID:

	Post-Form
	delete from query_temp 
where conid = to_number(:global.query_id); delete from highlight_temp
where id = to_number(:global.query_id); standard.commit;

The standard.commit statement executes an Oracle COMMIT without doing a Forms commit_form.




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