Bill of Material Types
Standard Bill of Material
A standard bill of material is the most common type of bill and lists the mandatory components, the required quantity of each component, and information to control work in process, material planning, and other Oracle Manufacturing functions. Examples include bills for manufacturing assemblies, pick-to-order bills, kit bills, and phantoms.
A configuration bill (a type of standard bill) is a set of option choices made from a model bill that comprise a buildable, sellable product. Configuration items and bills are automatically created from model bills after a customer chooses options on a sales order. Or, you can manually create configuration bills by choosing options directly from a model bill.
Model Bill of Material
A model bill of material defines the list of options and option classes you can choose in Oracle Order Entry to order a configuration. A model bill also specifies mandatory components or included items that are required for each configuration of that model. You do not order or build the model itself: you order and build configurations of the model. A model bill can be either assemble-to-order or pick-to-order.
Option Class Bill of Material
An option class is an item that groups optional components on a bill. An option class is an item that becomes a level in your model bill of material. Option classes can also have mandatory components that apply for all of its options. For example, when you order a computer, the monitor is an option class, and the specific type of monitor you order is an option within that option class. An option class bill can be either assemble-to-order or pick-to-order.
Planning Bill of Material
A planning bill of material is a bill of material structure that includes a percentage distribution for its components. The percentages associated with the components on a planning bill of material do not need to add to 100%. You can define alternate and common planning bills, where the bill you reference as a common must be another planning bill.
Planning items can be nested within one another any number of times. When you nest planning items, Oracle Master Scheduling explodes forecasts level by level and applies planning percentages at each level.
Engineering Bills of Material
You can define an engineering bill of material as an alternate for a manufacturing bill. The typical use for an alternate engineering bill is to prototype variations from the primary bill that produce the same assembly.
You can specify a list of item catalog descriptive elements for model and option class engineering bills. After you release the engineering bill to manufacturing and take customer orders for specific configurations, Bills of Material creates the new configuration item and automatically assigns values to each catalog descriptive element.
Oracle Engineering users are allowed to assign manufacturing and engineering items as components to an engineering bill. Bills of Material users can assign only manufacturing items as components to manufacturing bills.