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GLOSSARY

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

ABC classification
A method of classifying items in decreasing order of importance, such as annual dollar volume or your company's transaction history.
absorption account
The offset or contra account for any cost charged to your inventory or work in process value. For example, when you perform a purchase order receipt and the item has a material overhead rate, you debit your inventory valuation account and credit your material overhead absorption account for the material overhead cost. You have "absorbed" expenses from your general ledger accounts into your inventory. At the month-end, you compare your absorption accounts against expenses incurred in your general ledger and write the difference off to your income statements.
accept
An action to indicate that you accept the previous approver's authorization.
Acceptable Early Days
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide when to suggest rescheduling orders for the item to an earlier date. The planning process only suggests rescheduling orders for the item if the order is due to be received into inventory before the acceptable early date. This attribute is used when it is more economical to build and carry excess inventory for a short time than it is to reschedule the order. This attribute applies to discretely planned items only. The attribute for repetitively planned items is Overrun Percentage
Acceptable Rate Decrease
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide how much to decrease current daily rates for the item inside the planning time fence. The planning process does not suggest a new daily rate less than the current daily rate minus the acceptable rate decrease amount. If you do not define a value for this attribute, the planning process assumes that there is no lower limit to the new daily rate it can suggest for the item inside the planning time fence. If you set this attribute to zero, the planning process assumes it cannot suggest any rate less than the current daily rate inside the planning time fence. Inventory defaults the value of this attribute to zero. This attribute lets you minimize short term disruption to shop floor schedules by restricting short term rate change suggestions. This attribute applies to repetitively planned items only.
Acceptable Rate Increase
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide how much to increase current daily rates for the item inside the planning time fence. The planning process does not suggest a new daily rate that is greater than the current daily rate plus the acceptable rate increase amount. If you do not define a value for this attribute, the planning process assumes there is no upper limit to the new daily rate that it can suggest for the item inside the planning time fence. If you set this attribute to zero, the planning process assumes it cannot suggest any rate greater than the current daily rate inside the planning time fence. Inventory defaults the value of this attribute to zero. This attribute lets you minimize short term disruption to shop floor schedules by restricting short term rate change suggestions and applies to repetitively planned items only.
acceptance
Supplier acknowledgement of a purchase order that indicates that the supplier agreed to and accepted the terms of the purchase order.
accepted quantity
The quantity of inventory items received from a customer, based on a return authorization for which you credit the customer. See also received quantity.
account
See accounting flexfield
account alias
An easily recognized name or label representing an account charged on miscellaneous transactions. You may view, report, and reserve against an account alias.
Account Generator
A feature that uses Oracle Workflow to provide various Oracle Applications with the ability to construct Accounting Flexfield combinations automatically using custom construction criteria. You define a group of steps that determine how to fill in your Accounting Flexfield segments. You can define additional processes and/or modify the default process(es), depending on the application. See also activity (Workflow), function, item type, lookup type, node, process, protection level, result type, transition, Workflow Engine.
accounting class
See WIP accounting class
accounting flexfield
A feature used to define your account coding for accounting distributions. For example, this structure can correspond to your company, budget account, and project account numbers. For simplicity, Inventory and Oracle Manufacturing use the term account to refer to the accounting flexfield.
accounting flexfield limit
The maximum amount you authorize an employee to approve for a particular range of accounting flexfields.
accounting period
The fiscal period a company uses to report financial results, such as a calendar month or fiscal period.
accounting rule start date
The date Oracle Receivables uses for the first accounting entry it creates when you use an accounting rule to recognize revenue.
If you choose a variable accounting rule you need to specify a rule duration to let Oracle Receivables know how many accounting periods to use this accounting rule.
accounting rules
Rules that Oracle Receivables AutoInvoice uses to specify revenue recognition schedules for transactions. You can define an accounting rule where revenue is recognized over a fixed or variable period of time. For example, you can define a fixed duration accounting rule with monthly revenue recognition for a period of 12 months.
accounts payable accrual account
The account used to accrue payable liabilities when you receive your items. Always used for inventory and outside processing purchases. You can also accrue expenses at the time of receipt. Used by Purchasing and Inventory, the accounts payable account represents your non-invoiced receipts, and is included in your month end accounts payable liability balance. This account balance is cleared when the invoice is matched in Payables.
accrual accounting
Recognition of revenue when you sell goods and recognition of expenses when a supplier provides services or goods. Accrual based accounting matches expenses with associated revenues when you receive the benefit of the good and services rather than when cash is paid or received.
accrued receipts account
The account used to accrue your uninvoiced expense receipts at month end by Purchasing. The accrued receipts account may or may not be the same account as the accounts payable accrual account. However, both accrual accounts represent additional payable liabilities you include in your month end accounts payables liability balance. You reverse the accrued receipts account by reversing the month end journal in the following period.
accumulate available
An option used to calculate ATP information where available quantity of an item is carried from one ATP period to the next.
action
A user-initiated step taken to resolve an incident.
action message
Output of the MRP process that identifies a type of action to be taken to correct a current or potential material coverage problem.
action result
A possible outcome of an order cycle action. You can assign any number of results to a cycle action. Combinations of actions/results are used as order cycle action prerequisites. See also order cycle, cycle action.
action rule
A conditional statement is evaluated during quality data collection. Action rules must be evaluated and found to be true before their associated quality actions are invoked.
active schedule
A schedule currently running on a production line. A schedule can be active past its scheduled completion date or before its scheduled start date.
activity
A business action or task which uses a resource or incurs a cost.
activity (Workflow)
An Oracle Workflow unit of work performed during a business process. See also activity attribute, function activity.
activity attribute
A parameter for an Oracle Workflow function activity that controls how the function activity operates. You define an activity attribute by displaying the activity's Attributes properties page in the Activities window of Oracle Workflow Builder. You assign a value to an activity attribute by displaying the activity node's Attribute Values properties page in the Process window.
actual demand
The demand from actual sales orders, not including forecasted demand.
adjustment tolerance
Determines when Inventory does not make a cycle count adjustment. Inventory does not make an adjustment if your physical count differs from the on-hand inventory quantity by less than the specified tolerance. You define adjustment tolerance when you define an item.
aggregate repetitive schedule
The sum of detail schedules for an item across all work in process manufacturing lines in terms of a daily rate, and a start and end date.
aggregate resources
The summation of all requirements of multi-department resources across all departments that use it.
agreement
A contract with a customer that serves as the basis for work authorization. An agreement may represent a legally binding contract, such as a purchase order, or a verbal authorization. An agreement sets the terms of payment for invoices generated against the agreement, and affects whether there are limits to the amount of revenue you can accrue or bill against the agreement. An agreement can fund the work of one or more projects.
An arrangement with a customer that sets business terms for sales orders in advance. Oracle Order Entry lets you assign pricing, accounting, invoicing, and payments terms to an agreement. You can assign discounts to agreements that are automatically applied. You can refer to an agreement when you enter an order for a particular customer, and have relevant default values automatically fill in the order using standard value rule sets. See also customer family agreement, generic agreement.
agreement type
A classification for agreements. Reference agreement types in defining discounts or automatic note rules, classify your agreements to control selection of agreements during order entry, and for reporting purposes.
alert
A specific condition defined in Oracle Alert that checks your database and performs actions based on the information it finds there.
alert action
In Oracle Quality, an electronic mail message, operating system script, SQL script, or concurrent program request that is invoked when specified action rule conditions are met.
alert input
A parameter that determines the exact definition of an alert condition. You can set the input to different values depending upon when and to whom you are sending the alert. For example, an alert testing for users to change their passwords uses the number of days between password changes as an input. Oracle Alert does not require inputs when you define an alert.
alert output
A value that changes based on the outcome at the time Oracle Alert checks the alert condition. Oracle Alert uses outputs in the message sent to the alert recipient, although you do not have to display all outputs in the alert message.
alpha smoothing factor
A value between 0 and 1 used in statistical forecasting calculations for smoothing demand fluctuations. Inventory uses the factor to determine how much weight to give to current demand when calculating a forecast.
alphanumeric number type
An option for numbering documents, employees, and suppliers where assigned numbers can contain letters as well as numbers.
alternate bill of material
An alternate list of component items you can use to produce an assembly.
alternate routing
An alternate manufacturing process you can use to produce an assembly.
alternate unit of measure
All other units of measure defined for an item, excluding the primary unit of measure.
amount based order
An order you place, receive, and pay based solely on the amount of service you purchase.
anchor date
The start date of the first repetitive planning period. It introduces consistency into the material plan by stabilizing the repetitive periods as time passes so that a plan run on any of the days during the first planning period does not change daily demand rates.
annual carrying cost
Cost of carrying inventory, defined as a percent of the dollar value of inventory per year.
ANSI
American National Standards Institute which establishes national standards for the United States. The parent organization for X12 and also serves as the North American representative to ISO (International Standards Organization).
append option
Option or choice to append planned orders to an MRP plan or an MPS plan during the planning process. Append either after the last existing planned order, after the planning time fence, or for the entire plan. The append option is used with the overwrite option. See overwrite option
application building block
A set of tables and modules (forms, reports, and concurrent programs) that implement closely-related entities and their processing.
approval list
A group of employees that review and control engineering change orders (ECOs). When you create an ECO, you can assign an approval list and an approval status. Oracle Alert automatically notifies each approver when an ECO requires their approval.
approval action
A cycle action you can define in your order cycle to require explicit approval of an order or order line before it progresses further through the order cycle. You can define an approval step at the order or order line level. When you define an approval step, you must approve all orders or order lines using that order cycle, depending on the approval step level. You can also use approvals in order cycles for returns (RMAs). See also configure-to-order.
approval status
A classification you can use to track an ECO's approval cycle. Approval statuses include: Not ready to approve, Ready to approve, Approval requested, Approved, and Rejected. Oracle Alert automatically notifies each approver when an ECO's approval status is set to Ready to approve.
approval tolerance
Determines when Inventory automatically makes a cycle count adjustment or holds adjustments for approval. You specify this as a percentage of quantity or value.
approve
An action you take to indicate that you consider the contents of the purchasing document to be correct. If the document passes the submission tests and you have sufficient authority, Purchasing approves the document.
approved
A purchase order or requisition status that indicates a user with appropriate authorization approved the purchase or requisition. Purchasing verifies that the purchase order or requisition is complete during the approval process.
archiving
The process of recording all historical versions of approved purchase orders. Purchasing automatically archives a purchase order when you approve it for the first time. Purchasing subsequently archives your purchase orders during the approval process if you have increased the revision number since the last time you approved the purchase order.
ASC X12
Accredited Standards Committee X12 group. This group is accredited by ANSI and maintains and develops the EDI standards for the United States and Canada.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standard file format used for transmission and storage. ASCII is a seven-bit code with an eighth bit used for parity.
ASL
Approved Suppliers List. A list where you can set up your Approved Suppliers, Sites, and Items.
ASN
(Advanced Shipping Notice)
assemble-to-order (ATO)
An environment where you open a final assembly order to assemble items that customers order. Assemble-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to standard, model, and option class items.
assemble-to-order (ATO) item
An item you make in response to a customer order.
assemble-to-order (ATO) model
A configuration you make in response to a customer order that includes optional items.
assignment hierarchy
You can assign sourcing rules and bills of distribution to a single item in an inventory organization, all items in an inventory organization, categories of items in an inventory organization, a site, and an organization. These assignments have an order of precedence relative to one another.
assembly
An item that has a bill of material. You can purchase or manufacture an assembly item. See also assemble-to-order, bill of material.
assembly completion pull transaction
A material transaction where you backflush components from inventory to work in process as you complete the operation where the component is consumed. See operation completion pull transaction.
assembly completion transaction
A material transaction where you receive assemblies into inventory from a job or schedule upon completion of the manufacture of the assembly.
assembly move completion transaction
A move transaction that completes assemblies into inventory.
assembly scrap transaction
A move transaction where you charge a scrap account as you move assemblies into a Scrap intraoperation step. This reduces the value of your discrete job.
assembly UOM item
A purchasing item associated with an outside resource that you purchase using the assembly's unit of measure. The assembly's unit of measure should be the same as the purchasing item's unit of measure.
asset item
Anything you make, purchase, or sell including components, subassemblies, finished products, or supplies which carries a cost and is valued in your asset subinventories.
asset subinventory
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom where quantity balances are maintained for all items and values are maintained for asset items.
assigned units
The number of resource units assigned to work at an operation in a routing. For example, if you have 10 units of machine resource available at a department, you can assign up to 10 of these units to an operation in a routing. The more units you assign, the less elapsed time Work in Process schedules for the operation.
assignment set
A group of sourcing rules and/or bills of distribution and a description of the items and/or organizations whose replenishment they control.
ATO
See assemble-to-order.
ATO item
See assemble-to-order item.
ATO model
See assemble-to-order model.
ATP
See available to promise.
ATT
See available to transact.
ATR
See available to reserve.
attribute
See activity attribute, item type attribute.
attribute collection element
A collection element that represents the outcome of a process. See collection element types.
authorization check
A set of tests on a purchasing document to determine if the document approver has sufficient authority to perform the approval action.
AutoAccounting
A feature used by Oracle Projects to automatically determine the account coding for an accounting transaction based on the project, task, employee, and expenditure information.
A feature that lets you determine how the Accounting Flexfields for your revenue, receivable, freight, tax, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue account types are created
.
autocharge
A method of charging a discrete job or repetitive schedule for the resources consumed at an operation.
autoimplement
To implement an ECO's revised item automatically on its effective date by setting the revised item status to Scheduled and running the autoimplement manager.
autoimplement manager
An Engineering program that automatically implements all ECO revised items with a status of Scheduled and whose effective date is less than or equal to the current date.
AutoInvoice
A program that imports invoices, credit memos, and on account credits from other systems to Oracle Receivables.
Automated Clearing House (ACH)
A nationwide network operated by the Federal Reserve used to connect banks together for the electronic transfer of funds.
automatic note
A standard note to which you assign addition rules so it can be applied automatically to orders, returns, order lines, and return lines. See also one-time note, standard note.
automatic numbering
A numbering option Purchasing uses to assign numbers to your documents, employees, or suppliers automatically.
automatic rescheduling
Rescheduling done by the planning process to automatically change due dates on scheduled receipts when it detects that due dates and need dates are inconsistent.
automatic sourcing
A Purchasing feature which allows you to specify for predefined items a list of approved suppliers and to associate source documents for these suppliers. When you create a requisition or purchase order line for the item, Purchasing automatically provides appropriate pricing for the specified quantity based on the top-ranked open source document for the supplier with the highest percentage allocation.
autonumber
A function to automatically default engineering change order (ECO) numbers when you create a new ECO. You can define an autonumber prefix and sequence for all users across all organizations, all users in one organization, one user across all organizations, and one user in one organization.
autorelease
To automatically release the next available repetitive schedule upon completion of the current repetitive schedule.
autoschedule
You can set up a supplier/site/item to have the schedules built by the concurrent program autoschedule. The schedules are not built by the Scheduler's Workbench.
available capacity
The amount of capacity available for a resource or production line.
Available To Promise (ATP)
The quantity of current on-hand stock, outstanding receipts and planned production which has not been committed through a reservation or placing demand. In Oracle Inventory, you define the types of supply and demand that should be included in your ATP calculation.
available to promise quantity
See available to promise (ATP)
available-to-promise rule
A set of Yes/No options for various entities that the user enters in Oracle Inventory. The combination of the various entities are used to define what is considered supply and demand when calculating available to promise quantity.
Available To Reserve (ATR)
The quantity of on-hand stock available for reservation. It is the current on-hand stock less any reserved stock.
Available To Transact (ATT)
Quantity on hand less all reservations for the item which may be transferred within or out of inventory.
average costing
A costing method which can be used to cost transactions in both inventory only and manufacturing (inventory and work in process) environments. As you perform transactions, the system uses the transaction price or cost and automatically recalculates the average unit cost of your items.
average cost variance
A variance account used to hold amounts generated when on-hand inventory quantity is negative and the unit cost of a subsequent receipt is different from the current unit cost.

B

backflush operation
A routing operation where you backflush component items.
backflush transaction
A material transaction that automatically issues component items into work in process from inventory when you move or complete the assembly. Also known as post-deduct or pull. See pull transaction
backorder
An unfulfilled customer order or commitment. Oracle Order Entry allows you to create backorders automatically or manually from released order lines. See also Pick Release.
backordered lines
Unfulfilled order line details which have failed to be released at least once by Pick Release or have been backordered by Ship Confirm.
backward consumption days
A number of days backwards from the current date used for consuming and loading forecasts. Consumption of a forecast occurs in the current bucket and as far back as the backward consumption days. If the backward consumption days enters another bucket, the forecast also consumes anywhere in that bucket. When loading a forecast, only forecasts of the current date minus the backward consumption days are loaded. Therefore, you can use backward consumption days to load forecasts that are past due.
backward scheduling
A scheduling technique where you specify a production end date and Oracle Manufacturing calculates a production start date based on detailed scheduling or repetitive line scheduling.
balancing entity
An organization for which you prepare a balance sheet, represented as a balancing segment value in your accounting flexfield. This is the equivalent of a fund in government organizations. Examples include companies, strategic business units, and divisions.
balancing segment
An Accounting Flexfield segment you define so that Oracle General Ledger automatically balances all journal entries for each value of this segment. For example, if your company segment is a balancing segment, Oracle General Ledger ensures that within every journal entry, the total debits to company 01 equal the total credits to company 01.
An Accounting Flexfield segment you define so that Bills of Material automatically balances all journal entries for each value of this segment. For example, if your fund segment is a balancing segment, Oracle Government General Ledger assures that with every journal entry, the total debits to Fund 01 equals the total credits to Fund 01.
bankers automated clearing system (BACS)
The standard format of electronic funds transfer used in the United Kingdom.
base currency
See functional currency
base model
The model item from which a configuration item was created.
base unit
The unit of measure to which you convert all units of measure within one class. The base unit is the smallest or most commonly used unit of measure in the class. For example, millimeter is the base unit in the Length class. You define your base unit of measure when you create your unit class.
batch sources
A source you define in Oracle Receivables to identify where your invoicing activity originates. The batch source also controls invoice defaults and invoice numbering. Also known as invoice batch sources.
best discount
The most advantageous discount for the customer. For example, suppose you have a customer discount of 15% and a item discount of 25% for Product B. If you enter an order line for the customer for Product A, the line is discounted 15%. If you enter an order line for the customer for product B, the line is discounted 25%.
bill of distribution
Specifies a multilevel replenishment network of warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing centers (plants).
bill of lading
A carrier's contract and receipt of goods transported from one location to another.
bill of material
A list of component items associated with a parent item and information about how each item relates to the parent item. Oracle Manufacturing supports standard, model, option class, and planning bills. The item information on a bill depends on the item type and bill type. The most common type of bill is a standard bill of material. A standard bill of material lists the components associated with a product or subassembly. It specifies the required quantity for each component plus other information to control work in process, material planning, and other Oracle Manufacturing functions. Also known as product structures.
bill of resource set
A group of bills of resources. A bill of resource set can have one or many bills of resources within it.
bill of resources
A list of each resource and/or production line required to build an assembly, model, or option.
bill revision
A specific version of an item which specifies the components that are active for a date range.
bill-to address
The customer's billing address. It is also known as invoice-to address. It is used as a level of detail when defining a forecast. If a forecast has a bill-to address associated with it, a sales order only consumes that forecast if the bill-to address is the same.
bill/routing reference
A bill or routing you assign to non-standard discrete jobs. You use the bill reference to create the material requirements for the job. You use the routing reference to create the routing for the job.
blanket purchase agreement
A type of purchase order you issue before you request actual delivery of goods or services. You normally create a blanket purchase agreement to document a long-term supplier agreement. A blanket purchase agreement may contain an effective date and an expiration date, a committed amount, or quantity. You use a blanket purchase agreement as a tool for specifying agreed prices and delivery dates for goods and services before ordering them.
blanket purchase order
See blanket purchase agreement
blanket release
An actual order of goods and services against a blanket purchase agreement. The blanket purchase agreement determines the characteristics and prices of the items. The blanket release specifies actual quantities and dates ordered for the items. You identify a blanket release by the combination of the blanket purchase agreement number and the release number.
blind receiving
A site option that requires your receiving staff to count all items on a receipt line. Blind receiving prevents display of expected receipt quantities in receiving windows.
BOM item type
An item classification that determines the items you can use as components in a bill of material. BOM Item types include standard, model, option class, and planning items.
booking
An action on an order signifying that the order has all the necessary information to be a firm order and be processed through its order cycle.
bucket days
The number of workdays within a repetitive planning period.
budget organization
An entity, such as a department, division, or activity responsible for entering and maintaining budget data. You define budget organizations for your agency, then assign appropriate accounting flexfields to each budget organization.
bucket patterns
Bucket patterns can be defined to include daily, weekly, monthly, or quarterly buckets. Bucket patterns are used to bucket quantity requirements on Planning or Shipping Schedules.
budgetary account An account segment value (such as 6110) that is assigned one of the two budgetary account types. You use budgetary accounts to record the movement of funds through the budget process from appropriation to expended appropriation.
build sequence
The sequence of jobs within a schedule group. For example, you can use sequences to prioritize all jobs on a specific production line by customer. Similarly, you can use sequences to insure that jobs are built in reverse departure order thus facilitating truck loading. See also schedule group
bulk items
Component items on a bill of material not usually transacted directly to the job or repetitive schedule. Bulk items are usually charged to the work in process department where the item is consumed.
bulk requirement
See bulk items
business application
Software that performs a particular business function or group of functions (accounts payable, for example).
business document
A document used for conducting business between two trading partners -- a purchase order or invoice, for example.
business group
An organization which represents the consolidated enterprise, a major division, or an operation company. This entity partitions Human Resources information.
business purpose
The function a particular customer location serves. For example, you would assign the business purpose of Ship To an address if you ship to that address. If you also send invoices to that address, you could also assign the business purpose Bill To.
Bill To and Ship To are the only business purposes recognized in Oracle Order Entry.
Each customer location must serve at least one function.
buyer
Person responsible for placing item resupply orders with suppliers and negotiating supplier contracts.
by-product
Material produced as a residual of a production process. Represented by negative usage in the bill of material for an assembly.

C

Calculate ATP
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide when to calculate and print available to promise (ATP) for the item on the Planning Detail Report. The planning process calculates ATP using the following formula:
ATP = Planned production - committed demand.
calendar type
The period pattern used to define a manufacturing calendar.
cancel
You can cancel a purchase order after approving it. When you cancel a purchase order, you prevent anyone from adding new lines to the purchase order or receiving additional goods. Purchasing still allows billing for goods you received before cancelling the purchase order. Purchasing releases any unfilled requisition lines for reassignment to another purchase order.
cancellation code
A reason that justifies the cancellation of an order or order line. To cancel an order you must enter a cancellation code to record why the customer wants to nullify the order or order line.
cancelled job
A discrete job you no longer want to work on. You cannot make transactions, move assemblies, or apply or update costs.
cancelled schedule
A repetitive schedule you no longer want to work on. You cannot make transactions, move assemblies, or apply costs.
candidate
A record Purchasing selects to purge based on the last activity date you specify. Purchasing selects only records that you have not updated since the last activity date. Purchasing does not purge a candidate until you confirm it.
capacity modification
Deviation to available resources for a specific department shift.
capacity requirements planning
A time-phased plan comparing required capacity to available capacity, based on a material requirements plan and department/resource information. See routing-based capacity and rate-based capacity
capacity units
The number of units of a resource available in a department. For example, the number of machines.
capital project
A project in which you build one or more depreciable fixed assets.
carrier
See freight carrier.
carry forward days
A number of days shifted forward (or backward when using a negative number) when copying a forecast into another forecast or a master schedule into another master schedule. The load process shifts any entries on the source forecast (or schedule) onto the destination forecast (or schedule) forward or backward by this many days.
category
Code used to group items with similar characteristics, such as plastics, metals, or glass items.
category set
A feature in Inventory where users may define their own group of categories. Typical category sets include purchasing, materials, costing, and planning.
charge type
See autocharge
chase production strategy
A production strategy that varies production levels to match changes in demand. This production strategy results in minimal inventory carrying costs at the expense of fluctuating capacity requirements.
check funds
To certify whether you have funds available to complete your requisition or purchase order. The difference between the amount you are authorized to spend and the amount of your expenditures plus encumbrances equals your funds available. You can certify funds available at any time when you enter a requisition or a purchase order. You can track funds availability at different authority levels on-line.
close
A purchase order is automatically closed once it is received (if you require a receipt) and is billed for all purchase order shipments. Since you do not require or expect any further activity, Purchasing closes the purchase order. You can also manually close the purchase order early if you do not expect further activity. Adding lines to it or receiving against it, reopens the purchase order. Purchasing does not consider closed purchase orders for accruals.
close for invoicing
A purchase order control that you can assign manually or that Purchasing can assign automatically when the amount invoiced reaches a defined percentage of the order quantity.
close for receiving
A purchase order control you can assign manually or that Purchasing can assign automatically when the amount received reaches a defined percentage of the order quantity.
closed job
A discrete job that is unavailable for charges or any type of transaction. Closing a job calculates final costs and variances and creates history for the job.
closed order
An order and its order lines that have completed all actions of the order cycle and on which the Close Orders program has been run.
COGS Account
See Cost of Goods Sold Account.
collection element
Represents a quality results value. An unlimited number of collection elements can be defined. Collection elements are used to create collection plan elements and specification elements.
collection element type
Can be used to sort and group information. There are three standard types: reference information, attribute, and variable.
collection number
An identifier for a group of quality results.
collection plan
A collection plan determines what data to collect, where to collect it, when to collect it, and what action to take based on this data. A collection plan is similar to a test or inspection plan.
collection plan element
A collection element that has been added to a collection plan.
collection trigger
A set of conditions that invoke quality data collection when satisfied. Collection triggers are evaluated as parent transaction are entered.
column headings
Descriptions of the contents of each column in the report.
combination of segment values
A combination of segment values uniquely describes the information stored in a field made up of segments. A different combination of segment values results when you change the value of one or more segments. When you alter the combination of segment values, you alter the description of the information stored in the field.
commitment
A contractual guarantee with a customer for future purchases, usually with deposits or prepayments. You can then create invoices against the commitment to absorb the deposit or prepayment. Oracle Receivables automatically records all necessary accounting entries for your commitments. Oracle Order Entry allows you to enter order lines against commitments.
A journal entry you make to record an anticipated expenditure as indicated by approval of a requisition. Also known as pre-commitment, pre-encumbrance or pre-lien.
committed amount
The amount you agree to spend with a supplier.
common bill of material
An assembly that uses the bill of material of another assembly as its bill. This enables you to reduce your maintenance effort by sharing the same bill structure among two or more assemblies. For example, if you have identical bills of material that produce the same product in two different organizations, you can define common bills of material for the identical structures.
common inventory
Items residing in inventory or work in process that are not identified to any project.
common job
A standard or non-standard discrete job without a project reference.
common locator
.A locator without a project or project and task reference. See also project locator
common routing
A routing that uses the routing of another assembly as its routing. This enables you to reduce your maintenance effort by sharing the same routing and operations for two or more assemblies.
common subinventory
Subinventory that does not have a project reference into which items can be delivered and out of which items can be issued and transferred.
completed assembly
An assembly you built on a discrete job or repetitive schedule and received into inventory.
completed job
A discrete job whose quantity planned equals the number of assemblies actually completed.
completed schedule
A repetitive schedule whose number of assemblies planned equals the number of assemblies actually completed.
completion date
The date you plan to complete production of the assemblies in a discrete job.
completion locator
An inventory location within a completion subinventory where you receive completed assemblies from work in process.
completion subinventory
An inventory location at the end of your production line where you receive completed assemblies from work in process. Often this is the supply subinventory for subassemblies or finished goods inventories for final assemblies.
component
A serviceable item that is a part or feature in another serviceable item. Your customers cannot report service requests against this type of serviceable item directly. You can reference components when you enter service requests against actual end item-type serviceable items, or products. For example, if you define three inventory items, A, B, and C, where A and B are products (end item-type serviceable items) but C is a component (non-end item-type serviceable item) of A, you can enter service requests against A and B directly, but not against C. When you enter a service request against product A, you can reference C because it is a component of A. See also standard component.
component demand
Demand passed down from a parent assembly to a component.
component item
An item associated with a parent item on a bill of material.
component yield
The percent of the amount of a component you want to issue to build an assembly that actually becomes part of that assembly. Or, the amount of a component you require to build plus the amount of the component you lose or waste while building an assembly. For example, a yield factor of 0.90 means that only 90% of the usage quantity of the component on a bill actually becomes part of the finished assembly.
compression days
The number of days the planning process suggests you compress the order (in other words, reduce the time between the start date and the due date).
concurrent manager
Components of your applications concurrent processing facility that monitor and run time-consuming tasks for you without tying up your terminal. Whenever you submit a request, such as running a report, a concurrent manager does the work for you, letting you perform many tasks simultaneously.
concurrent process
A task in the process of completing. Each time you submit a task, you create a new concurrent process. A concurrent process runs simultaneously with other concurrent processes (and other activities on your computer) to help you complete multiple tasks at once with no interruptions to your terminal.
concurrent queue
A list of concurrent requests awaiting completion by a concurrent manager. Each concurrent manager has a queue of requests waiting in line. If your system administrator sets up simultaneous queuing, your request can wait to run in more than one queue.
concurrent request
A request to complete a task for you. You issue a request whenever you submit a task, such as running a report. Once you submit a task, the concurrent manager automatically takes over for you, completing your request without further involvement from you, or interruption to your work. Concurrent managers process your request according to when you submit the request and the priority you assign to your request. If you do not assign a priority to your request, your application prioritizes the request for you.
confidence percent
The degree of confidence in a forecast that the forecasted item becomes actual demand. When loading schedules from a forecast, the confidence percent is multiplied by the forecast quantity to determine the schedule quantity
configuration
A product a customer orders by choosing a base model and a list of options. It can be shipped as individual pieces as a set (kit) or as an assembly (configuration item).
configuration bill of material
The bill of material for a configuration item.
configuration item
The item that corresponds to a base model and a specific list of options. Bills of Material creates a configuration item for assemble-to-order models.
configuration variance
For Work in Process, this quantity variance is the difference between the standard components required per the standard bill of material and the standard components required per the work in process bill of material. Currently, this variance is included with the material usage variance.
configurator
A form that allows you to choose options available for a particular model, thus defining a particular configuration for the model.
configure-to-order
An environment where you enter customer orders by choosing a base model and then selecting options from a list of choices.
consigned location
consume shortage backward
An option used to calculate ATP information by using surplus quantity from prior periods to cover a period shortage.
consume shortage forward
An option used to calculate ATP information by using surplus quantity from future ATP periods to cover a period shortage.
contact
A representative responsible for communication between you and a specific part of your customer's agency. For example, your customer may have a shipping contact person who handles all questions regarding orders sent to that address.
The contact's responsibility is the contact role.
contact role
A responsibility you associate to a specific contact. Bills of Material provides 'Bill To', 'Ship To', and 'Statements,' but you can enter additional responsibilities.
container
The receptacle (box, tank, etc.) in which items to be shipped are placed.
context element
A collection element associated with a quality collection transaction. Values for context elements are automatically transferred to Oracle Quality as their parent collection transaction are entered.
context field prompt
A question or prompt to which a user enters a response, called a context field value. When Oracle Applications displays a descriptive flexfield pop-up window, it displays your context field prompt after it displays any global segments you have defined. Each descriptive flexfield can have up to one context prompt.
context field value
A response to your context field prompt. Your response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context prompt, such as 1500, Journal Batch ID, or 2000, Budget Formula Batch ID. The context field value determines which additional descriptive flexfield segments appear.
context response
See context field value.
context segment value
A response to your context-sensitive segment. The response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context-sensitive segment, such as Redwood Shores, Oracle Corporation Headquarters, or Minneapolis, Merrill Aviation's Hub.
context-sensitive segment
A descriptive flexfield segment that appears in a second pop-up window when you enter a response to your context field prompt. For each context response, you can define multiple context segments, and you control the sequence of the context segments in the second pop-up window. Each context-sensitive segment typically prompts you for one item of information related to your context response.
contract
An agreement between you and a supplier for unspecified goods or services. This agreement may include terms and conditions, committed amount, and an effective and expiration date. You reference contract purchase agreements directly on standard purchase order lines. Purchasing monitors the amount you have spent against contract purchase agreements.
conversion
Converts foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.
See also foreign currency conversion.
conversion formula
The number that, when multiplied by the quantity of one unit of the source base unit, gives you the quantity of one unit of the destination base units in the interclass conversion. The number is also the conversion between units for standard unit conversion or item-specific conversion.
copy
An AutoCreate option that lets a buyer designate a specific requisition line as the source of information that Purchasing copies to the purchase order or RFQ line.
corporate exchange rate
An exchange rate you can optionally use to perform foreign currency conversion. The corporate exchange rate is usually a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
cost base
The grouping of raw costs to which burden costs are applied.
cost breakdown category
Breakdown of a project or task budget to categorize costs. You can categorize by expenditure category, expenditure type, job, or expenditure organization.
cost distribution
Calculating the cost and determining the cost accounting for an expenditure item.
cost element
A classification for the cost of an item. Oracle Manufacturing supports five cost elements: material, material overhead, resource, outside processing, and overhead.
cost group
An attribute of a project which allows the system to hold item unit costs at a level below the inventory organization. Within an organization, an item may have more than one cost if it belongs to multiple cost groups. Item costing can be specific to a single project if each project has a distinct cost group, or specific to a group of projects if all projects in that group are assigned to the same cost group.
cost transaction
The financial effect of your material, resource, overhead, job and period close, and cost update activities. For example, each material quantity transaction may have several cost accounting entries, and each accounting entry is a cost transaction.
Cost of Goods Sold Account
The general ledger account number affected by receipts, issuances and shipments of an inventory item. Oracle Order Entry allows dynamic creation of this account number for shipments recording using the OE Account Generator item type in Oracle Workflow. See also Account Generator.
cost type
A set of costs for items, activities, resources, outside processing, and overheads. You may have unlimited cost types for each organization, but only one is used to record cost transactions. The Frozen Standard cost type is used for standard costing; the Average Costs type is used for Average costing. Others could be defined for simulation or temporary purposes.
cost variance
The difference between the actual and expected cost. Oracle Manufacturing and Payables supports the following cost variances: invoice price, resource rate, and standard cost variances.
cotermination
Setting the same end date for all ordered or renewed service programs.
count point operation
A default operation to move to and from where you record move and charge resource transactions. Also known as pay point.
credit check
An Oracle Order Entry feature that automatically checks a customer order total against predefined order and total order limits. If an order exceeds the limit, Oracle Order Entry places the order on hold for review by your finance group. See also credit profile class, credit check rule.
credit check rule
A rule that defines the components used to calculate a customer's outstanding credit balance. Components include open receivables, uninvoiced orders, and orders on hold. You can include or exclude components in the equation to derive credit balances consistent with your company's credit policies.
credit memo
A document that partially or fully reverses an original invoice.
credit memo reasons
Standard explanations as to why you credit your customers.
See also return reason.
critical path
The series of operation start and completion dates and times that result from the detailed scheduling algorithm.
cross reference
A user-defined link from an item number to another piece of information.
CRP planner
A process that may optionally be run as part of the planning process. The CRP planner calculates capacity requirements for resources and production lines using the material requirements calculated by the planning process.
CUM
Total received for a supplier site, item, and organization within a CUM Period.
CUM periods
The Period you are going to use to track the quantity received to date for a particular organization. In the Automotive industry this may be a model year.
cumulative manufacturing lead time
The total time required to make an item if you had all raw materials in stock but had to make all subassemblies level by level. Bills of Material automatically calculates this value. Purchased items have no cumulative manufacturing lead time.
cumulative total lead time
The total time required to make an item if no inventory existed and you had to order all the raw materials and make all subassemblies level by level. Bills of Material automatically calculates this value.
current aggregate repetitive schedule
The sum of all current work in process repetitive schedules for an item for all lines for a given period in terms of a daily rate, and a start and end date. Current aggregate repetitive schedules can be firm or partially firm. If all current repetitive schedules for an item are firm, then the current aggregate repetitive schedule for the item is also firm. If some, but not all the current repetitive schedules for an item are firm, then the current repetitive schedule is partially firm.
current average cost
The current weighted average cost per unit of an item before a transaction is processed. See new average cost.
current on-hand quantity
Total quantity of the item on-hand before a transaction is processed.
current date
The present system date.
current projected on-hand
Quantity on-hand projected into the future if scheduled receipts are not rescheduled or cancelled, and new planned orders are not created as per recommendations made by the planning process. Calculated by the planning process as current supply: (nettable quantity on hand + scheduled receipts) - gross requirements. Note that gross requirements for projected on hand does not include derived demand from planned orders. Note also that the planning process uses current due dates rather than suggested due dates to pass down demand to lower level items. See projected available balance
customer address
A location where your customer can be reached. A customer may have many addresses. You can also associate business purposes with addresses. Also known as customer location. See also customer site.
customer agreement
See agreement.
customer agreement type
See agreement type.
customer bank
A bank account you define when entering customer information to allow funds to be transferred from these accounts to your remittance bank accounts as payment for goods or services provided. See also remittance bank.
customer business purpose
See business purpose.
customer class
A method to classify your customers by their business type, size, or location. You can create an unlimited number of customer classes.
customer family agreement
An agreement for a specific customer, available to any related customer. See also agreement, generic agreement.
customer interface
A program that transfers customer data from foreign systems into Oracle Receivables.
customer interface tables
A series of two Oracle Receivables tables from which Customer Interface inserts and updates valid customer data into your customer database.
Customer/Item model
Allows you to define specific attributes for items per customer class, customer and ship-to/bill-to location. The loading order forward/reverse - inverted/non-inverted is an example of this attribute.
customer location
See customer address.
customer merge
A program that merges business purposes and all transactions associated to that business purpose for different sites of the same customer or for unrelated customers.
customer phone
A phone number associated with a customer. You can also assign phone numbers to your contacts.
customer product
An entity that identifies a serviceable item or customer product. The customer product identifies not only the product and the customer, but also the product quantity, the product's serial number (if the product is under serial number control and has been assigned a serial number), the location of the product, the various contacts, such as service administration, support, and bill-to associated with the product. A customer may have several of the same customer products.
customer product line number
A customer (trading partner) may have several production lines at their manufacturing facility. The production line number identifies a specific production line, where goods should be delivered to as per the customers specifications.
customer production sequence number
A customer (trading partner) may have a particular sequence in which items are built into an assembly. For example, the customer may specify that the front axle of a car has a production sequence 45 assigned to it, while the production sequence of the rear axle is 46. See also loading order sequence, planning production sequence number.
customer profile
A method used to categorize customers based on credit information. Oracle Receivables uses credit profiles to assign statement cycles, dunning letter cycles, salespersons, and collectors to your customers. You can also decide whether you want to charge your customers interest. Oracle Order Entry uses the order and total order limits when performing credit checking.
customer profile class
A category for your customers based on credit information, payment terms, currency limits and correspondence types.
customer relationship
An association that exists between customers that allows you to share agreements and bill-to and ship-to addresses.
customer site
A specific area or place, such as a building or a floor on a building, at a customer address. A customer address may have one or more related customer sites.
customer specification
See specification type
customer status
The Active/Inactive flag you use to deactivate customers with whom you no longer do business. In Oracle Order Entry, you can only enter orders, agreements, and returns for active customers, but you can continue to process returns for inactive customers. In Receivables, you can only create invoices for active customers, but you can continue collections activities for inactive customers.
cutoff date
An indication of the last date to be included in a plan or horizon.
cycle action
A cycle action is a discrete event that can occur one or more times during the life of an order. Actions can occur at the order level (where all lines on the order are processed together), such as credit or legal reviews. Actions can also occur at the line level (where each line can be processed independently), such as shipping confirmation or backordering. Oracle Order Entry uses actions to identify each step in your order cycle. See also action result, order cycle.
cycle counting
An inventory accuracy analysis technique where inventory is counted on a cyclic schedule rather than once a year.

D

daily line capacity
The daily production rate of assemblies on a production line. This is equal to the line speed (in hours) times the line production hours.
daily quantity
See daily rate
daily rate
The number of completed assemblies a repetitive schedule plans to produce per day. Also known as production rate. See repetitive rate
data group
Specifies an ORACLE ID (user) and determines to which schema a responsibility's forms connect.
database diagram
A graphic representation of application tables and the relationships among them.
database view
Provides access to an underlying database table. You do not need to know how the data is stored to use a database view. There are two types associated with Oracle Quality: the collection plan results and the collection import results database views.
days off
The number of consecutive days off a shift has before a day on.
days on
The number of consecutive days that a shift works before a day off.
default value
Information Oracle Order Entry automatically enters depending on other information you enter. See also standard value.
delayed service order
An order for service against existing customer products. The service order is 'delayed' because service is ordered later than the product is ordered.
delete entity
An item, bill of material or routing you choose to delete.
delete group
A set of items, bills, and routings you choose to delete.
delete subentity
A component or operation you choose to delete.
deletion constraint
A business rule that restricts the entities you can delete. A deletion constraint is a test that must succeed before an item, bill, or routing can be deleted.
deliver-to location
A location where you deliver goods previously received from a supplier to individual requestors.
delivery
Internal delivery of items to requestors within your organization.
delivery
A set of order lines to be shipped to a customer's ship-to location on a given date in a given vehicle. Multiple deliveries can be grouped into a single departure. A single delivery may include items from different sales orders and may include backorders as well as regular orders.
delivery line
A shippable and booked line from the planning pool which has been allocated to a delivery. After allocation, the line is no longer available in the planning pool. After the delivery is closed, the delivery line will also be considered closed.
demand
Projected inventory issue transactions against an item. For Order Entry, it is an action you take to communicate current or future product needs to manufacturing.
demand class
A classification of demand to allow the master scheduler to track and consume different types of demand. A demand class may represent a particular grouping of customers, such as government and commercial customers. Demand classes may also represent different sources of demand, such as retail, mail order, and wholesale.
demand history
Historical inventory issue transactions against an item.
demand interface
A data collection point that collects and stores all sales order demand and reservation information.
demand management
The function of recognizing and managing all demands for products, to ensure the master scheduler is aware of them. This encompasses forecasting, order entry, order promising (available to promise), branch warehouse requirements, and other sources of demand.
demand stream processor
Demand Time Fence
Item attribute used to determine a future time inside which the planning process ignores forecast demand and only considers sales order demand when calculating gross requirements for an item. Use this attribute to identify a time fence inside which you wish to build to sales order demand only to reduce the risk of carrying excess inventory. A value of Cumulative manufacturing lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the demand time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the cumulative manufacturing lead time for the item. A value of Cumulative total lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the demand time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the total manufacturing lead time for the item. A value of Total lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the demand time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the total lead time for the item. A value of User-defined time fence means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the demand time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the value you enter for Planning Time Fence Days for the item.
Demand Time Fence Days
Item attribute used when you set the Planning Time Fence attribute to User-defined time fence. Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the demand time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the value you enter here.
department
An area within your organization that consists of one or more people, machines, or suppliers. You can also assign and update resources to a department.
department class
A group of departments.
departure
A set of order lines that will be shipped in a specific vehicle on a given date/time. The departure may include multiple deliveries if items being shipped are destined for different customers or customer ship-to locations.
departure order
The order of jobs within a schedule group. Jobs are normally sequenced within a schedule group in the order that they must be loaded onto the truck for shipment. See also schedule group and
build sequence
departure planned lines
Scheduled delivery lines that have been planned for a specific departure.
departure planning
The process of planning the necessary vehicles and grouping the scheduled shipments that will be included in a given departure. Planning the departure requires consideration of vehicle load capacities, container capacities and, in the case of 866 (sequenced) transactions, the loading order required to satisfy the customer's specified unload order.
departure planning mandatory
A flag that indicates whether a scheduled shipment line must be departure planned before it can be pick released. The value of this flag is set for the customer/item. Also known as planning mandatory.
departure planning pool
All of the scheduled shipment lines available to be departure planned. These include scheduled shipment lines that have not been shipped and are not currently part of a planned departure. Also known as planning pool.
Departure Planning Workbench (DPW)
Related windows that manage departures and deliveries. These integrated forms are presented to the user as a workbench.
dependent demand
Demand for an item that is directly related to or derived from the demand for other items.
depot repair
A process used to track items returned by a customer for repair or replacement.
descriptive flexfield
A feature used to collect information unique to your business. You determine the additional information you need and descriptive flexfield lets you customize your application to your needs without additional programming.
destination base unit
The unit of measure to which you are converting when you define interclass conversions. Your destination base unit is the base unit of a unit class.
destination forecast
The forecast you load into when copying a forecast into another forecast.
destination organization
An inventory organization that receives item shipments from a given organization.
detailed message action
A message representing one exception. Oracle Alert inserts the exception values into the text of the message.
detailed scheduling
A method of scheduling production that considers minute to minute resource availability information as well as exact resource requirements from routings.
direct receipt
The receipt of an item directly to its final destination (either directly to the person who requested the item or directly to the final inventory location). It differs from a standard receipt in that it is received into a receiving location and delivered in one transaction, rather than received and delivered in two separate transactions.
disable date
A date when an Oracle Manufacturing function is no longer available for use. For example, this could be the date on which a bill of material component or routing operation is no longer active, or the date a forecast or master schedule is no longer valid.
discount
A reduction of the list price of an item. In Oracle Order Entry, you can associate discounts with price lists and apply them either automatically or manually to an order or order line.
See also best discount, earned discounts, fixed price discount, price adjustment.
discrete job
A production order for the manufacture of a specific (discrete) quantity of an assembly, using specific materials and resources, in a limited time. A discrete job collects the costs of production and allows you to report those costs--including variances--by job. Also known as work order or assembly order.
discrete manufacturing
A manufacturing environment where you build assemblies in discrete jobs or batches. Different from a repetitive production environment where you build assemblies on production or assembly lines at a daily rate.
dispatch report
A report that prioritizes planned production work based on operation schedule dates and times.
disposition
Directions that describe how to dispose of inventory affected by an ECO. Engineering uses ECO disposition for informational purposes only.
distribution account
An account where you record material, material overhead, resource, outside processing, and overhead charges incurred by a discrete job or repetitive assembly. In a standard costing system, this is where you record your standard costs.
distribution list
A predefined list of electronic mail IDs that you can use rather than entering individual mail IDs (To, Cc, and Bcc) when defining mail message alert actions in Oracle Quality.
distribution resource planning (DRP)
Application of replenishment inventory calculations to assist in planning of key resources contained in a distribution system, such as sourcing and transport. DRP is an extension of distribution requirements planning, which applies MRP logic to inventory replenishment at branch warehouses
dock date
The date you expect to receive a purchase order.
document reference
A message that precisely identifies the document or part of document you want to describe using standard or one-time notes.
document sets
A grouping of shipping documents you can run from the Confirm Shipments window.
drop shipment
A method of fulfilling sales orders by selling products without handling, stocking, or delivering them. The selling company buys a product from a supplier and has the supplier ship the product directly to customers.
DRP
See distribution resource planning
due date
The date when scheduled receipts are currently expected to be received into inventory and become available for use.
dunning letters
A letter you send to your customers to inform them of past due debit items. Oracle Receivables lets you specify the text and format of each letter. You can choose to include unapplied and on-account payments.
duplicate
An exception Oracle Alert located for the same action set during a previous alert check. Oracle Alert does not consider a detail action to contain a duplicate exception until Oracle Alert sends the final action level to a specific action set, and then locates the same exception for the same action set again. For example, if on Monday Oracle Alert notifies a buyer that a supplier shipment is overdue, then on Tuesday Oracle Alert finds the shipment is still overdue, you can choose whether Oracle Alert should re-notify the buyer or suppress the message.
dynamic distribution
You can use output variables to represent electronic mail IDs. When you define mail message alert actions in Oracle Quality, the message is sent to all defined mail IDs.
dynamic insertion
Automatically creates new accounting flexfield combinations as you enter them. If you do not use dynamic insertion, you create new accounting flexfield combinations with a separate window.
dynamic lead time offsetting
A scheduling method that quickly estimates the start date of an order, operation, or resource. Dynamic lead time offsetting schedules using the organization workday calendar.
dynamically defined serial number
Creating and assigning serial numbers as you need them, instead of creating serial numbers before their assignment.

E

earned discounts
Discounts your customers are allowed to take if they pay for their invoices on or before the discount date. Bills of Material takes into account any discount grace days you assign to this customer's credit profile. For example, if the discount due date is the 15th of each month, but discount grace days is 5, your customer must pay on or before the 20th to receive the earned discount. Discounts are determined by the terms you assign to an invoice during invoice entry. Bills of Material differentiates between earned and unearned discounts. An earned discount is a discount you give to a customer who pays on or before the discount date or within the discount grace period. For example, a customer may earn a 2% discount off the original invoice if payment is received within 10 days. Bills of Material lets you decide whether to allow unearned discounts. If you allow unearned discounts, Bills of Material lets you give a customer the unearned discount if the customer pays after the discount date or after the discount grace day period. Bills of Material defaults the discount taken to zero if the discount is unearned. If the discount is earned, Bills of Material defaults discount taken to the amount of the earned discount. Bills of Material lets you override the discount taken amount during payment entry and warns you if you are taking an unearned discount.
EDI
See Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
EDIFACT
Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, and Trade is the current acronym for standards developed within Working Party 4. See also WP4
effective date
Date when an Oracle Manufacturing function is available for use. For example, this could be the date a bill of material component or routing operation becomes effective, or the date you anticipate revised item changes become part of a bill of material and can no longer be controlled by an ECO.
efficiency
A productivity measure that focuses on actual performance against a standard. Expressed in a percentage figure, it is calculated by dividing actual resource time charged to a task by the standard resource requirements for the same task.
efficiency variance
A quantity variance defined as the difference between the amount of a resource (typically in hours) required at standard and the actual amount used to manufacture an assembly.
elapsed time
The clock time between start and completion. For example, if the build time of a resource is 10 hours, but you only schedule 5 hours of work a day, the elapsed time is 29 hours.
electronic commerce
Conducting business via an electronic medium. This includes methods of exchanging business information electronically, such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), FAX, email, and eforms.
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Exchanging business documents electronically between trading partners. EDI subscribes to standard formats for conducting these electronic transactions as stated by various standards.
electronic funds transfer
A method of payment in which your bank transfers funds electronically from your bank account into another bank account. In Oracle Payables, funds are transferred from your account into that of a supplier. This information is sent to the bank in a file.
elemental variance
A work in process variance between the standard of an assembly and the actual charges to a standard job or repetitive schedule distributed by cost element.
employee supervisor hierarchy
An approval routing structure based on employee/supervisor relationships. See position hierarchy
encumbrance
See purchase order encumbrance.
encumbrance type
An encumbrance category that allows you to track your expenditures according to your purchase approval process and better control your planned expenditures. You can set up separate encumbrance types for each stage in your purchasing cycle to track your spending at each level. Examples of encumbrance types are commitments (requisition encumbrances) and obligations (purchase order encumbrances).
end assembly pegging
A Pegging item attribute option the planning process uses to decide when to calculate and print end assemblies for the item on the Planning Detail Report. Even if you do not select this option, you can still calculate and view end assemblies for the item on-line.
end date
Signifies the last date a particular quantity should be forecast on a forecast entry. From the forecast date until the end date, the same quantity is forecast for each day, week or period that falls between that time frame. An entry without an end date is scheduled for the forecast date only.
end item
Any item that can be ordered or sold. See finished good and product
engineer-to-order
An environment where customers order unique configurations for which engineering must define and release custom bills for material and routings. Oracle Manufacturing does not provide special support for this environment beyond the support it provides for assemble-to-order manufacturing.
engineering change order (ECO)
A record of revisions to one or more items usually released by engineering.
engineering change order department
A group of users that use the engineering change order system. You assign users to an ECO department to control access to your ECOs.
engineering change order reason
The purpose of an ECO.
engineering change order status
A classification you can use to track and control an ECO's life cycle. ECO statuses include: Open, Hold, Release, Schedule, Implement, and Cancelled.
engineering change order type
An ECO field that identifies the originating ECO department and the items you can include on an ECO (manufacturing or engineering).
engineering item
A prototype part, material, subassembly, assembly, or product you have not yet released to production. You can order, stock, and build engineering items.
entity
A data object that holds information for an application.
event alert
An alert that runs when a specific event occurs that you define. For example, you can define an event alert to immediately send a message to the buyer if an item is rejected on inspection.
exception
An occurrence of the specified condition found during an alert check. For example, an alert testing for invoices on hold may find five invoices on hold, or none. Each invoice on hold is an exception.
exception message
A message received indicating a situation that meets your predefined exception set for an item, such as Items that are overcommitted, Items with excess inventory, and Orders to be rescheduled out.
exception reporting
An integrated system of alerts and action sets that focuses attention on time-sensitive or critical information, shortens your reaction time, and provides faster exception distribution. Exception reporting communicates information by either electronic mail messages or paper reports.
expected receipts report
A printed report of all expected receipts for a time period and location you specify.
expenditure
A group of expenditure items incurred by an employee or organization for an expenditure period. Typical expenditures include Timecards and Expense Reports.
expenditure category
An implementation-defined grouping of expenditure types by type of cost.
expenditure type
An implementation-defined classification of cost you assign to each expenditure item. Expenditure types are grouped into cost groups (expenditure categories) and revenue groups (revenue categories).
expenditure type class
An additional classification for expenditure types indicating how Oracle Projects processes the expenditure types. Oracle Projects predefines five valid expenditure type classes: Straight Time, Overtime, Expense Reports, Usages, and Supplier Invoices. For example, if you run the Distribute Labor Costs process, Oracle Projects will calculate the cost of all expenditure items assigned to the Straight Time expenditure type class. Formerly known as system linkage.
expense item
Anything you make, purchase, or sell including components, subassemblies, finished products, or supplies and that does not carry a cost. Also known as a non-asset item.
expense subinventory
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom where no value exists but the quantities may be tracked.
exchange rate
A rate that represents the amount of one currency you can exchange for another at some point in time. Oracle Applications use the daily, periodic, and historical exchange rates you maintain to perform foreign currency conversion, re-evaluation, and translation.
You can enter and maintain daily exchange rates for Bills of Material to use to perform foreign currency conversion. Bills of Material multiplies the exchange rate times the foreign currency to calculate functional currency.
exchange rate type
A specification of the source of an exchange rate. For example, a user exchange rate or a corporate exchange rate. See also corporate exchange rate, spot exchange rate.
explode
An AutoCreate option that lets a buyer split a single requisition line for an item into one or more requisition lines for different items. Use this option to expand a requisition line for an item that your company purchases in component parts.
exploder
The first of the three processes that comprise the planning process under the standard planning engine. The exploder explodes through all bills of material and calculates a low level code for each item. The low level codes are used by the planner to ensure that net requirements for a component are not calculated until all gross requirements from parent items have first been calculated. The exploder runs before the snapshot and planner. Under the memory-based planning engine, the memory-based snapshot performs exploder functions.
express delivery
An option that lets you deliver the entire quantity of a receipt without entering quantities for each shipment or distribution.
express receipt
A site option that lets you receive an entire purchase order or blanket purchase agreement release with one keystroke.
express requisitions
To create requisitions quickly from predefined requisition templates. You only need to provide an accounting flexfield and quantities to create a requisition for commonly purchased items.

F

feeder program
A custom program you write to transfer your transaction information from an original system into Oracle Application interface tables. The type of feeder program you write depends on the environment from which you are importing data.
FIFO costing
Costing method where it is assumed that items that were received earliest are transacted first.
final assembly order
A discrete job created from a configuration or an assemble to order item and linked to a sales order. Also known as final assembly schedule.
final close
A purchase order control you can assign to prevent modifications to or actions against completed documents, lines, and shipments by final closing them. Final-closed documents are not accessible in the corresponding entry windows, and you cannot perform the following actions against final-closed entities: receive, transfer, inspect, deliver, correct receipt quantities, invoice, return to supplier, or return to receiving.
financial EDI
The exchange of machine readable financial documents between a corporation and its financial institution. The exchange includes both collections and disbursements in the form of credit and debit transfers, related bank balance, banking transactions, and account analysis.
finished good
Any item subject to a customer order or forecast. See also product
firm
A purchase order control. When you firm an order, Master Scheduling/MRP uses the firm date to create a time fence within which it does not suggest new planned purchase orders, cancellations, or reschedule-in actions. It continues to suggest reschedule-out actions for orders within the time fence. If several shipments with different promised or need-by dates reference the same item, Master Scheduling/MRP sets the time fence at the latest of all scheduled dates.
firm planned order
An MRP-planned order that is firmed using the Planner Workbench. This allows the planner to firm portions of the material plan without creating discrete jobs or purchase requisitions. Unlike a firm order, a MRP firm planned order does not create a natural time fence for an item.
firm scheduled receipt
A replenishment order that is not modified by any planning process. It may be a purchase order, discrete job, or repetitive schedule. An order is firm planned so that the planner can control the material requirements plan.
first unit completion date
The date and time you plan to complete production of the first assembly on a repetitive schedule. This date equals the first unit start date plus the lead time.
first unit start date
The date and time you plan to begin production of the first assembly on a repetitive schedule. This date equates to the start of your lead time.
Fixed Days Supply
An item attribute the planning process uses to modify the size and timing of planned order quantities for the item. The planning process suggests planned order quantities that cover net requirements for the period defined by the value you enter here. The planning process suggests one planned order for each period. Use this attribute, for example, to reduce the number of planned orders the planning process would otherwise generate for a discretely planned component of a repetitively planned item.
fixed lead time
The portion of the time required to make an assembly independent of order quantity, such as time for setup or teardown.
Fixed Lot Size Multiplier
An item attribute the planning process uses to modify the size of planned order quantities or repetitive daily rates for the item. For discretely planned items, when net requirements fall short of the fixed lot size multiplier quantity, the planning process suggests a single order for the fixed lot size multiplier quantity. When net requirements for the item exceed the fixed lot size multiplier quantity, the planning process suggests a single order with an order quantity that is a multiple of the fixed lot size multiplier quantity. For repetitively planned items, when average daily demand for a repetitive planning period falls short of the fixed lot size multiplier quantity, the planning process suggests a repetitive daily rate equal to the fixed lot size multiplier quantity. When average daily demand for a repetitive planning period exceeds the fixed lot size multiplier quantity, the planning process suggests a repetitive daily rate that is a multiple of the fixed lot size multiplier quantity.
fixed order quantity
An item attribute the planning process uses to modify the size of planned order quantities or repetitive daily rates for the item. When net requirements fall short of the fixed order quantity, the planning process suggests the fixed order quantity. When net requirements for the item exceed the fixed order quantity, the planning process suggests multiple orders for the fixed order quantity. For discretely planned items, use this attribute to define a fixed production or purchasing quantity for the item. For repetitively planned items, use this attribute to define a fixed production rate for the item. For example, if your suppliers can only supply the item in full truckload quantities, enter the full truckload quantity as the fixed order quantity for the item.
fixed price discount
A discount that fixes the final selling price of the item so it is not affected by changes to the list price of the item. It is a method of implementing discounts to the list price where the final price is contractually fixed regardless of changes to the list price, as is the case with GSA prices. For example, if Item A has a list price of $100, a fixed price discount specifying a selling price of $90 results in a selling price of $90 even if the list price later increases to $110.
flexfield
A field made up of segments. Each segment has a name you assign and a set of valid values. See also descriptive flexfield and key flexfield
flexfield segment
One of the parts of your key flexfield, separated from the other parts by a symbol you choose (such as -, /, or \). Each segment typically represents a cost center, company, item family, or color code.
flow charging
A repetitive transaction method where you charge material, move, resource, and overhead transactions to a specific assembly on a line rather than a specific repetitive schedule. See repetitive allocation
flow manufacturing
FOB
See freight on board.
focus forecasting
A simulation-based forecasting process that looks at past inventory activity patterns to determine the best simulation for predicting future demand.
folder
A flexible entry and display window in which you can choose the fields you want to see and where each appears in the window.
forecast
An estimate of future demand on inventory items. A forecast contains information on the original and current forecast quantities (before and after consumption), the confidence factor, and any specific customer information. You can assign any number of inventory items to the forecast and use the same item in multiple forecasts. For each inventory item you specify any number of forecast entries.
forecast all
For a Planning Schedule. This indicates that schedule forecast requirements include Unimplemented Planned Orders, Approved Requisitions, and Approved Supply Agreement Releases.
forecast consumption
The process of subtracting demand generated by sales orders from forecasted demand thereby preventing demand being counted twice in the planning period.
Forecast Control
An item attribute used to determine the types of demand you place for the item. Master Scheduling/MRP uses the option you choose here to guide the behavior of the key processes involved in two-level master scheduling: forecast explosion, forecast consumption, planning, production relief, and shipment relief. This attribute is only appropriate for items that are models, option classes, options, or mandatory components of models and option classes. A value of Consume means you forecast demand for the item directly, rather than exploding forecast demand to the item using the forecast explosion process. A value of Consume and derive means you forecast demand for the item directly, or you explode forecast demand to the item using the forecast explosion process, or you use a combination of both methods to forecast demand for the item. A value of None means you place sales order demand but do not forecast demand for the item.
forecast date
The date for a forecast entry for an item. A forecast for an item has a forecast date and an associated quantity.
forecast demand
A part of your total demand that comes from forecasts, not actual sales orders.
forecast end date
A forecast end date implies that until that date, the same quantity is scheduled for each day, week, or period that falls between the forecast date and the end date. A forecast date with no forecast end date is the quantity for that particular day, week, or period, depending on the bucket size.
forecast end item
The parent item for components that receive exploded forecasts during forecast explosion. Used to identify the highest level planning or model item from which forecasts for a component can be exploded.
forecast entry
A forecast for an inventory item stated by a date, an optional rate end date, and quantity.
forecast explosion
Explosion of the forecast for planning and model bills of material. The forecasted demand for the planning or model bill is passed down to create forecasted demand for its components. You can choose to explode the forecast when loading a forecast.
forecast level
The level at which a forecast is defined. Also, the level at which to consume a forecast. Example forecast levels include items, customers, customer bill-to, and customer ship to locations.
forecast load
The process of copying one or more source forecasts into a single destination forecast. When copying forecasts, you can choose to overwrite all or a subset of existing entries in the destination forecast, specify whether to explode the source forecast, and specify whether to consume the source forecast. You can choose to modify the source forecast by a modification percent, or roll the source forecast forward or backward by a specified number of carry forward days. You can also load compiled statistical and focus forecasts from Inventory, and you can use the forecast interface table to load forecasts into Master Scheduling/MRP from external sources.
forecast only
For a Planning Schedule, indicates that the schedule forecast requirements include Unimplemented Planned Orders and Approved Requisitions.
forecast set
A group of complementing forecasts. For each forecast set, you specify a forecast level, consumption use, update time fence days, outlier update percents, disable date, default time bucket and demand class. A forecast set can have one or many forecasts within it.
foreign currency
A currency you define for your set of books for recording and conducting accounting transactions in a currency other than your functional currency. When you enter and pay an invoice in a foreign currency, Bills of Material automatically converts the foreign currency into your functional currency based on the exchange rate you define. See also exchange rate, functional currency
forward
An action you take to send a document to another employee without attempting to approve it yourself.
forward consumption days
A number of days forward from the current date used for consuming and loading forecasts. Consumption of a forecast occurs in the current bucket and as far forward as the forward consumption days. If the forward consumption days enters another bucket, the forecast consumes anywhere in that bucket, as well.
forward scheduling
A scheduling technique where you specify a production start date and Oracle Manufacturing calculates a production end date using either detailed scheduling or repetitive line scheduling.
four-way matching
Purchasing performs four-way matching to verify that purchase order, receipt, inspection and invoice quantities match within tolerance.
freight on board
(FOB) The point or location where the ownership title of goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer.
freeze
You can freeze a purchase order after printing. By freezing a purchase order, you prevent anyone from adding new lines or changing the purchase order. You can continue to receive goods and be billed on already existing purchase order lines. The ability to continue receiving against the purchase order is the difference between freezing and cancelling.
freight carrier
A commercial company used to send item shipments from one address to another.
frozen costs
Costs currently in use for an operation, process, or item including resources, material and overhead charges. Under standard costing, you use the frozen costs for your cost transactions.
freight charges
A shipment-related charge added during ship confirmation and billed to your customer.
freight terms
An agreement indicating who pays the freight costs of an order and when they are to be paid. Freight terms do not affect accounting freight charges.
function
A PL/SQL stored procedure referenced by an Oracle Workflow function activity that can enforce business rules, perform automated tasks within an application, or retrieve application information. The stored procedure accepts standard arguments and returns a completion result. See also function activity.
function activity
An automated Oracle Workflow unit of work that is defined by a PL/SQL stored procedure. See also function.
functional acknowledgment
The acknowledgement to indicate the results of the syntactical analysis of electronically encoded documents. Applies to a functional group and can include detail.
functional currency
Currency you use to record transactions and maintain your accounting information. The functional currency is generally the currency used to perform most of your company's business transactions. You determine the functional currency for the set of books you use in your organization. Also called base currency.
funds available
The difference between your budget, less encumbrances of all types and actual expenditures.
funds checking The process of certifying funds available. You can check funds when you enter a requisition, purchase order, or invoice. You can check funds when you enter actual, budget, or encumbrance journals.When you check funds, the transaction amount is compared with your funds available, and you are notified whether funds are available for your transaction. Checking funds does not reserve funds for your transaction.
funds reservation The creation of requisition, purchase order, or invoice encumbrance journal entries. Purchasing immediately updates your funds available balances and creates an encumbrance journal entry in which you can post in your general ledger. This is also the process of reserving funds available. You can reserve funds when you enter actual, budget, or encumbrance journals. When you reserve funds, the amount of your transaction is compared with your funds available and you are notified on-line whether funds are available.

G

general ledger transfer
The process of creating a postable batch for the general ledger from summarized inventory/work in process activity for a given period. Using Journal Import in General Ledger, you can create a postable batch in your general ledger. After running Journal Import, you can post your journal using the General Ledger posting process.
General Services Administration
See GSA.
generic agreement
An agreement without a specified customer, so it is available to all customers. See also agreement, customer family agreement.
GSA
(General Services Administration)
A customer classification that indicates the customer is a U.S. government customer and pricing for products on the GSA price sheet should reflect the fixed pricing of the GSA contract. Whenever a product is on the GSA price sheet, it cannot be sold to commercial customers for the same or less price than the government customer.
gross requirements
The total of independent and dependent demand for an item before the netting of on-hand inventory and scheduled receipts.
gross weight
The weight of the fully loaded vehicle, container, or item, including packed items and packaging material.
guarantee
A contractual obligation to purchase a specified amount of goods or services over a predefined period of time.

H

hard reservation
Sales order demand that you firm by reserving selected inventory for the purposes of material planning, available to promise calculations, and customer service issues.
hazard class
A category of hazardous materials. Most hazardous materials belong to only one hazard class. Some materials belong to more than one hazard class and some materials do not belong to any. If a material belongs to more than one hazard class, you should list these classes in a specific order.
hidden collection plan
A collection plan that consists entirely of context elements. Data collection for these collection plans occurs in the background and requires no user intervention.
hit/miss tolerance
A limit you define for the difference between the on-hand quantity and the actual cycle count quantity. You express positive and negative hit/miss tolerances as percentages of the on-hand quantity.
hold
A feature that prevents an order or order line from progressing through the order cycle. You can place a hold on any order or order line.
hold parameter
A criterion you use to place a hold on an order or order line. Valid hold parameters are customer, customer site, order and item.
hold source
An instruction for Order Entry to place a hold on all orders or lines that meet criteria you specify. Create a hold source when you want to put all current and future orders for a particular customer or for a particular item on automatic hold. Order Entry gives you the power to release holds for specific orders or order lines, while still maintaining the hold source. Oracle Order Entry holds all new and existing orders for the customer or item in your hold source until you remove the hold source.
hold type
Indicates the kind of hold you place on an order or order line.

I

implement
To make an ECO active so that no further changes can be made to that ECO. Usually, the day you implement an ECO is also the effective date for component changes. After that date, you must make further changes through a new ECO or directly to the bill.
implementation date
The date a component becomes part of a bill of material and is no longer controlled through an ECO. Implementation date does not necessarily equal the effective date.
incident
An entry logged in Oracle Service to record a customer's request for product service. You can log a different incident for each issue a customer reports including questions about products, problems using the products, requests for preventive maintenance, and requests for service contract renewals.
included item
A standard mandatory component in a bill, indicating that it ships (if shippable) whenever its parent item is shipped. Included items are components of models, kits, and option classes.
independent demand
Demand for an item unrelated to the demand for other items.
initialization
Defines cycle count classes and items, based on an already existing ABC compile.
inspection
A procedure you perform to ensure that items received conform to your quality standards. You can use inspections to prevent payment for goods and services that fail to meet your quality standards.
intangible item
A non-physical item sold to your customers such as consulting services or a warranty. Intangible items are non-shippable and do not appear on pick slips and pack slips. See also shippable item.
inter-organization transfer
Transfer of items from one inventory organization to another You can have freight charges and transfer credits associated with inter-organization transfer. You can choose to ship items directly or have them go through intransit inventory.
interclass conversion
The conversion formula you define between base units from the different unit classes.
intercompany invoice
An automatically generated statement that eliminates intercompany profit. This transaction may occur between organizations in the same or different legal entities.
internal requisition
See internal sales order, purchase requisition.
internal sales order
A request within your company for goods or services. An internal sales order originates from an employee or from another process as a requisition, such as inventory or manufacturing, and becomes an internal sales order when the information is transferred from Purchasing to Order Entry. Also known as internal requisition or purchase requisition.
intransit inventory
Items being shipped from one inventory organization to another. While items are intransit you can view and update arrival date, freight charges, and so on.
intraoperation steps
The particular phases within an operation. There are five intraoperation steps in Work in Process: Queue, Run, To Move, Reject, and Scrap.
inventory controls
Parameter settings that control how Inventory functions.
inventory item
Items you stock in inventory. You control inventory for inventory items by quantity and value. Typically, the inventory item remains an asset until you consume it. You recognize the cost of an inventory item as an expense when you consume it or sell it. You generally value the inventory for an item by multiplying the item standard cost by the quantity on hand.
inventory organization
An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and/or that manufactures or distributes products.
inventory parameters
The set of controls, default options, and default account numbers that determine how Inventory functions.
inventory transaction
A record of material movement. The basic information for a transaction includes the item number, the quantity moved, the transaction amount, the accounting flexfields, and the date. See material transaction
invoice
A document you create in Oracle Receivables that lists amounts owed for the purchases of goods or services. This document may list any tax and freight charges.
A summarized list of charges, including payment terms, invoice item information, and other information that is sent to a customer for payment.
invoice batch
A group of invoices you enter together to ensure accurate invoice entry. Invoices within the same batch share the same batch source and batch name. Receivables displays any differences between the control and actual counts and amounts. An invoice batch can contain invoices in different currencies.
A Payables feature that allows you to enter multiple invoices together in a group. You enter the batch count, or number of invoices in the batch, and the total batch amount, which is the sum of the invoice amounts in the batch, for each batch of invoices you create. You can also optionally enter batch defaults for each invoice in a batch. When you enable your batch control system option, Bills of Material automatically creates invoice batches for Payables expense reports, prepayments, and recurring invoices, as well as all standard invoices.
invoice number
A number or combination of numbers and characters that uniquely identifies an invoice within your system. Usually generated automatically by your receivables system to avoid assigning duplicate numbers. Invoice numbering may be based on the delivery name/number or generated sequentially.
invoice price variance
The difference between the purchase order price for an item and the actual invoice price multiplied by the quantity invoiced. Payables records this variance after matching the invoice to the purchase order. Typically, the price variance is small since the price the supplier charges you for an item should be the one you negotiated on your purchase order.
invoice value
The total outstanding order value that needs to be invoiced.
invoicing rules
Rules that Oracle Receivables uses to determine when you bill your invoices. You can bill In Advance or In Arrears.
issue transaction
A material transaction to issue component items from inventory to work in process.
item
Anything you make, purchase, or sell, including components, subassemblies, finished products, or supplies. Oracle Manufacturing also uses items to represent planning items that you can forecast, standard lines that you can include on invoices, and option classes you can use to group options in model and option class bills.
item attribute control level
To maintain item attributes at the item master attribute level or the organization specific level by defining item attribute control consistent with your company policies. For example, if your company determines serial number control at headquarters regardless of where items are used, you define and maintain serial number attribute control at the item master level. If each organization maintains serial number control locally, they maintain those attributes at the organization specific level.
item attributes
Specific characteristics of an item, such as order cost, item status, revision control, COGS account, etc.
item-based resource
A resource whose usage quantity is the amount required per assembly unit you make.
item category
See category.
item flexfield
A feature that lets you define the structure of your item identifier according to your business requirements. You can define up to twenty segments for your item.
item groups
A group of related products that can be added to one or more price lists.
item master level attribute
An item attribute you control at the item master level as opposed to controlling at the organization level.
item sequence
The sequence of the component item on the bill of material used to sort components on reports.
item specification
See specification type.
item status
Code used to control the transaction activity of an item.
item-specific conversion
The conversion formula you define between the primary unit of measure for an item and another unit of measure from the same unit class. If you define a conversion rate for a specific item, Purchasing uses the item-specific conversion rate instead of the standard conversion rate for converting between units for that item.
item type
A term used by Oracle Workflow to refer to a grouping of all items of a particular category that share the same set of item attributes, used as a high level grouping for processes. For example, each Account Generator item type (e.g. FA Account Generator) contains a group of processes for determining how an Accounting Flexfield code combination is created. See also item type attribute.
item type attribute
A feature of a particular Oracle Workflow item type, also known as an item attribute. An item type attribute is defined as a variable whose value can be looked up and set by the application that maintains the item. An item type attribute and its value is available to all activities in a process.
Item Validation Organization
The organization that contains your master list of items. You define it by setting the OE: Item Validation Organization profile option.
You must define all items and bills in your Item Validation Organization, but you also need to maintain your items and bills in separate organizations if you want to ship them from other warehouses. Order Entry refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Entry forms and reports.
See also organization.

J

job
A category of personnel in your organization. Examples of a typical job include Vice President, Buyer, and Manager. See also position.
job costing
A method of collecting and reporting costs for each individual discrete job. Includes costs in due to material, resource and overhead transactions, and costs out due to completions, scrap and variances. Used for standard and non-standard asset discrete jobs.
job status
An Oracle Manufacturing function that lets you describe various stages in the life cycle of a discrete job and control activities that you can perform on the job.
just in time delivery (JIT)
To have only the required inventory delivered exactly when needed.

K

key flexfield
A set of segments. You choose the number of segments you want, the length of each segment, the order of your segments and more. You can then define the list of acceptable values for each segment.
key flexfield segment
One of up to 30 different sections of your key flexfield. You separate segments from each other by a symbol you choose (such as -, / or \.). Each segment can be up to 25 characters long. Each key flexfield segment typically captures one element of your business or operations structure, such as company, division, region, or product for the accounting flexfield and item, version number, or color code for the item flexfield.
key flexfield segment value
A series of characters and a description that provide a unique value for this element, such as 0100, Eastern region, V20, or Version 2.0.
key indicators
A report that lists statistical receivables and collections information that lets you review trends and projections.
Also, an Oracle Applications feature you use to gather and retain information about your productivity, such as the number of invoices paid. You define key indicators periods, and Bills of Material provides a report that shows productivity indicators for your current and prior period activity.
kit
An item that has a standard list of components (or included items) you ship when you process an order for that item. A kit is similar to a pick-to-order model because it has shippable components, but it has no options and you order it directly by its item number, not using the configuration selection screen.

L

labor efficiency variance
The difference between actual and standard man-hours of work.
last unit completion date
The date and time you plan to complete production of the last assembly on a repetitive schedule. This date equates to the first unit completion date plus processing days.
last unit start date
The date and time you plan to begin production of the last assembly on a repetitive schedule. This date is the first unit start date plus processing days.
lead time line
The production line Bills of Material uses to calculate the processing lead time for a particular repetitive assembly, since lead times may vary on different production lines.
lead time lot size
The item quantity used to compute the fixed and variable portions of manufacturing lead time. For manufactured items, the processing lead time represents the time required to build this quantity.
lead time percent
A routing operation field that represents the percent of an item's manufacturing lead time required to complete all previous operations in the routing. For example, if the manufacturing lead time for the assembly is ten days and an operation starts on day three, the lead time percent is 20%. Bills of Material calculates this value when you compute manufacturing lead times. Master Scheduling/MRP uses lead time percentage to schedule material requirements at an operation and Capacity uses it to plan capacity requirements.
lead time rollup
A Bill of Material program that computes cumulative lead times for items.
legal entity
An organization that represents a legal company for which you prepare fiscal or tax reports. You assign tax identifiers and other relevant information to this entity.
level production strategy
A production strategy that maintains stable production levels despite changes in demand. The level production strategy results in minimal fluctuations in capacity requirements at the expense of additional inventory carrying costs.
LIFO costing
Costing method where it is assumed that items that were received most recently are transacted first.
line lead time
The time required to complete the first assembly on a production line.
line lead time basis
A repetitive scheduling technique that uses a fixed line lead time for all production on a repetitive line or calculates the line lead time based on each assembly's routing.
line priority
The line priority indicates which production line to use to build assemblies. You create repetitive schedules on the highest priority line first, then, if the line capacity is less than demand, additional repetitive schedules are created on other lines in decreasing order of their line priority. For example, if demand is for 1000 units per day on two lines with a daily capacity of 750, the line with the highest priority is loaded with 750 and the lower priority line with 250. For lines of equal priority, the load is allocated evenly across lines.
line production hours
The number of hours per day that production line operates. This is equal to the difference between the line start time and line stop time.
line speed
The hourly production rate of assemblies on a production line.
line start time
The time a production line starts running every day. The line start time is used to schedule repetitive schedules on a line.
line stop time
The time a production line stops running every day. The line stop time is used to schedule repetitive schedules on a line.
line type
Determines whether a purchasing document line is for goods, services, or any other type that you define. The line type also determines whether the document line is based on price and quantity or on amount.
list price
Your base item cost to your customers. You define the item list price on a price list and Oracle Order Entry applies all price adjustments against the item list price.
load definition
You can record actual sequenced delivery for a departure at Ship Confirm after Pick Release for unplanned picking line details.
load factor
The maximum hourly rate divided by the line speed for a given repetitive assembly and production line.
load rate
The required rate multiplied by the load factor for a given production line.
loader worker
An independent concurrent process in planning engine, launched by the snapshot monitor, that loads data from operating system files into tables.
loading order
Determines the order in which items are loaded on a truck for delivery in the requested production sequence. The loading order can be forward, reverse - inverted, or non-inverted.
loading sequence number
The number that results by manually selecting loading order at Departure Planning Workbench. This will be stored in the delivery line.
location
A shorthand name for an address. Location appears in address lists of values to let you select the correct address based on an intuitive name. For example, you may want to give the location name of 'Receiving Dock' to the Ship To business purpose of 100 Main Street.
locator
Physical area within a subinventory where you store material, such as a row, aisle, bin, or shelf.
locator control
An Oracle Manufacturing technique for enforcing use of locators during a material transaction.
lockbox
A service commercial banks offer corporate customers to enable them to outsource their accounts receivable payment processing. Lockbox processors set up special postal codes to receive payments, deposit funds and provide electronic account receivable input to corporate customers. A lockbox operation can process millions of transactions a month.
logical organization
A business unit that tracks items for accounting purposes but does not physically exist. See organization.
lookup code
The internal name of a value defined in an Oracle Workflow lookup type. See also lookup type.
lookup type
An Oracle Workflow predefined list of values. Each value in a lookup type has an internal and a display name. See also lookup code.
long notes
A Purchasing feature that lets you provide up to 64K characters per note. You can add long notes to your headers and lines. Purchasing automatically wraps the note while you are typing. You can also format the note by providing extra lines or indenting parts of your message. You can provide as many long notes as you want wherever the long notes capability is available.
lot
A specific batch of an item identified by a number.
lot based resource
A resource whose usage quantity is the amount required per job or schedule.
lot control
An Oracle Manufacturing technique for enforcing use of lot numbers during material transactions thus enabling the tracking of batches of items throughout their movement in and out of inventory.
lot for lot
A lot sizing technique that generates planned orders in quantities equal to the net requirements in each period.
low level code
A number that identifies the lowest level in any bill of material that a component appears. Low level codes are used by the MRP planner to ensure that net requirements for the component are not calculated until all gross requirements from parent items have first been calculated.

M

mail message action
An electronic mail message distributed when an electronic mail alert is invoked by action rule processing in Oracle Quality.
Make or Buy
An item attribute the Planner Workbench uses to default an appropriate value for implementation type when implementing planned orders for the item. A value Make means the item is usually manufactured. The Planner Workbench defaults the implementation type for planned orders for the item to Discrete job. The planning process passes demand down from manufactured items to lower level components. A value of Buy means the item is usually purchased. The Planner Workbench defaults the implementation type for planned orders for the item to Purchase requisition. The planning process does not pass demand down from purchased items to lower level components.
make-to-order
An environment where customers order unique configurations that must be manufactured using multiple discrete jobs and/or final assembly orders where the product from one discrete job is required as a component on another discrete job. Oracle Manufacturing does not provide special support for this environment beyond the support it provides for assemble-to-order manufacturing.
mandatory component
A component in a bill that is not optional. Bills of Material distinguishes required components from options in model and option class bills of material. Mandatory components in pick-to-order model bills are often referred to as included items, especially if they are shippable.
mandatory collection plan
A collection plan for which quality results must be entered before the parent transaction can be saved.
manual numbering
A numbering option to let someone assign numbers manually to documents, employees, and suppliers.
manual rescheduling
The most common method of rescheduling scheduled receipts. The planning process provides reschedule messages that identify scheduled receipts that have inconsistent due dates and need dates. The impact on lower level material and capacity requirements are analyzed by material planners before any change is made to current due dates.
manual resource
A resource manually charged to a discrete job or repetitive schedule.
manufacturing lead time
The total time required to manufacture an assembly.
manufacturing material
Raw materials and work in process material.
mass change order
A record of a plan to replace, delete, or update one or more component items in many bills of material at the same time.
mass loading
An Oracle Manufacturing function to create one or more discrete jobs or repetitive schedules based on planned orders or schedules in your MRP or master production schedule.
mass rescheduling
An Oracle Manufacturing function where you can reschedule or change the status of one or more discrete jobs based on your planned reschedule recommendations in your MRP or MPS.
master demand schedule
The anticipated ship schedule in terms of rates or discrete quantities, and dates.
master production schedule (MPS)
The anticipated build schedule in terms of rates or discrete quantities, and dates.
master schedule
The name referring to either a master production schedule or a master demand schedule. See master demand schedule and master production schedule
master schedule load
The process of copying one or more source forecasts, master schedules, or sales orders into a single destination master schedule. When copying forecasts, you can choose to include all or a subset of sales orders, specify whether to consider demand time fence, and specify whether to consume the source forecast during the load. You can also specify update options to control consumption of the source forecast during the load. When copying master schedules, you can choose to modify the source master schedule by a specified number of carry forward days. When loading sales orders, you can choose to load all or a subset of sales orders, and you can specify whether to consider the demand time fence during the load. You can use the master schedule interface table to load master schedules from external sources.
material interface
The ability of a project/task to be associated with either resources or items. Items are associated with a project may be procured through purchasing issued through Inventory transactions to the project or to be supplied by a WIP job in Work In Process.
material overhead
A rate or amount you allocate to the cost of your item, usually based on the total material value of the item. Typical examples include material handling, purchasing, and freight expenses. You may also charge material overhead on assembly completions and purchase order receipts as a fixed amount per item or lot, or base it on your activity costs. See also overhead
material overhead default
Defaults you create for your material overheads. Used when you define your items. Your material overhead defaults may be for all items in an organization or for a specific category.
material overhead rate
A percentage of an item cost you apply to the item for the purposes of allocating material overhead costs. For example, you may want to allocate the indirect labor costs of your manufacturing facility to items based on a percentage of the item's value and usage.
material release
For a Planning Schedule, indicates that the schedule forecast requirements include Unimplemented Planned Orders and Approved Requisitions. The schedule released quantities include Approved Releases.
material requirement
An inventory item and quantity needed to build an assembly on a job or repetitive schedule. Discrete job and repetitive schedule material requirements are created based on the component items defined on the assembly's bill of materials. Issue transactions fulfill material requirements.
material requirements planning (MRP)
A process that utilizes bill of material information, a master schedule, and current inventory information to calculate net requirements for materials.
material scheduling method
During the planning process, the method used to determine when to stage material used in the production of a discrete job. You can schedule material to arrive on the order start date or the operation start date where a component is required.
manifest
A list of contents and/or weight and counts for one or more deliveries in a departure.
material transaction
Transfer between, issue from, receipt to, or adjustment to an inventory organization, subinventory, or locator. Receipt of completed assemblies into inventory from a job or repetitive schedule. Issue of component items from inventory to work in process.
Maximum Order Quantity
An item attribute the planning process uses to modify the size of planned order quantities or repetitive daily rates for the item. For discretely planned items, when net requirements exceed the maximum order quantity, the planning process suggests the maximum order quantity. For repetitively planned items, when average daily demand for a repetitive planning period exceeds the maximum order quantity, the planning process suggests the maximum order quantity as the repetitive daily rate. Use this attribute, for example, to define an order quantity above which you do not have sufficient capacity to build the item.
maximum rate
The maximum number of completed assemblies a production line can produce per hour.
memory-based planner
The process in the memory-based planning engine that performs a gross-to-net explosion. Under the standard planning engine, the planner performs memory-based planner functions.
memory-based planning engine
A planning engine that drives the planning process. It performs the gross-to-net explosion in memory and offers a short overall planning run time. It employs a high degree of concurrency among snapshot tasks, eliminates nonvalue-added operations, and combines related tasks into a single task. This planning engine consists of only one phase, the snapshot, in which all planning tasks occur.
memory-based snapshot
Part of the snapshot phase, listing the items for planning and performing selected snapshot tasks.
message
The text or data Oracle Alert sends when it finds an exception while checking an alert.
message action
An action that displays or logs a message for the user. In Oracle Quality, message actions differ from mail message actions.
message distribution
A line on the bottom of your form that displays helpful hints, warning message, and basic entry errors. On the same line, ZOOM, PICK, EDIT, and HELP lamps appear, to let you know when Zoom, QuickPick, Edit, and online help features are available.See also distribution list.
methods variance
For Work in Process, this quantity variance is defined as the difference between the standard resources required per the standard bill of material and the standard resources required per the work in process bill of material. This variance is included with the resource efficiency variance.
midpoint scheduling
A scheduling technique where you specify an operation start or end date and Oracle Manufacturing automatically calculates production start and end dates.
min-max planning
An inventory planning method used to determine when and how much to order based on a fixed user-entered minimum and maximum inventory levels.
minimum firm rate
The aggregate schedule that is partially firm since only some of the detail schedules are firm within a particular time frame
Minimum Order Quantity
An item attribute the planning process uses to modify the size of planned order quantities or repetitive daily rates for the item. For discretely planned items, when net requirements fall short of the minimum order quantity, the planning process suggests the minimum order quantity. For repetitively planned items, when average daily demand for a repetitive planning period falls short of the minimum order quantity, the planning process suggests the minimum order quantity as the repetitive daily rate. Use this attribute, for example, to define an order quantity below which it is not profitable to build the item.
minimum rate
The minimum number of completed assemblies a production line can produce per hour.
minimum transfer quantity
The minimum number of assemblies to move from your current operation to the next. Work in Process warns you when you move less than the minimum transfer quantity.
modal window
Certain actions that you perform may cause a modal window to display. A modal window requires you to act on its contents before you can continue, usually by choosing OK or Cancel.
model
(model item) An item whose bill of material lists options and option classes available when you place an order for the model item.
model bill of material
A bill of material for a model item. A model bill lists option classes and options available when you place an order for the model item.
model item
An item whose bill of material lists options and option classes available when you place an order for the model item.
modification percent
Used to modify the destination master schedule entries or forecast entries you are loading by a percent of the source entries.
module
A program or procedure that implements one or more business functions, or parts of a business function in an application. Modules include forms, concurrent programs, and subroutines.
move transaction
A transaction to move assemblies from operation to operation or within an operation on a discrete job or repetitive schedule.
MPS
See master production schedule.
MPS explosion level
An option for a master demand schedule that lets you limit the explosion through unnecessary levels during the MPS planning process. Set the explosion level to the lowest level on the bill of material that an MPS-planned item exists so the planning process does not need to search through all levels for MPS-planned items.
MPS plan
A set of planned orders and suggestions to release or reschedule existing schedule receipts for material to satisfy a given master schedule for MPS-planned items or MRP-planned items that have an MPS-planned component. Stated in discrete quantities and order dates.
MPS-planned item
An item controlled by the master scheduler and placed on a master production schedule. The item is critical in terms of its impact on lower-level components and/or resources, such as skilled labor, key machines, or dollars. The master scheduler maintains control for these items.
MRP
See material requirements planning.
MRP net quantity
The quantity planning views as supply coming from a discrete job on the scheduled completion date.
MRP plan
A set of planned orders and suggestions to release or reschedule existing schedule receipts for material to satisfy a given master schedule for dependent demand items. Stated in discrete quantities and order dates.
MRP Planning Method
An item attribute used to decide when to plan the item. A value of MPS planning means the item is planned by the MPS planning process. It is an item that you master schedule and for which you require manual control. Choose this option for items with independent demand, items that are critical to your business, or items that control critical resources. A value of MRP planning means the item is planned by the MRP planning process. Choose this option for non-critical items that do not require manual control. These are typically dependent demand items. A value of DRP planning means the item is planned by the DRP planning process. A value of DRP & MRP means the item is planned by either a DRP planning or MRP planning process. A value of DRP & MPS means the item is planned by either a DRP planning or MPS planning process. A value of None means the item is neither MPS-planned or MRP-planned. It does not require long-term plan planning of material requirements. Choose this option for high volume and/or low cost items that do not warrant the administrative overhead of material requirements planning. These are typically dependent demand items.
MRP-planned item
An item planned by MRP during the MRP planning process.
multi-department resource
A resource whose capacity can be shared with other departments.
multi-source
An AutoCreate option that lets a buyer distribute the quantity of a single requisition line to several suppliers whenever the buyer wants to purchase the requisition line item from more than one supplier.
multiple installations
Refers to installing subledger products (AP, AR, PO, OE) multiple times. This is no longer necessary under a Multi-Org implementation.
multiple sets of books
A General Ledger concept for having separate entities for which chart of accounts, calendar, or functional currency differs.

N

National Automated Clearing House Association
The NACHA is a non-profit organization responsible for developing and maintaining the rules and guidelines for using the ACH network.
negative requirement
A requirement supplied to a discrete job or repetitive schedule instead of being consumed by it. Negative requirements can be created to support by-products or other reusable components.
nervousness
Characteristic exhibited by MRP systems where minor changes to plans at higher bill of material levels, for example at the master production schedule level, cause significant changes to plans at lower levels.
net change simulation
Process used to make changes to supply and demand and re-plan them.
net requirements
Derived demand due to applying total supply (on-hand inventory, scheduled receipts, and safety stock quantities) against total demand (gross requirements and reservations). Net requirements, lot sized and offset for lead time, become planned orders. Typically used for rework, prototype, and disassembly.
net weight
Weight of the contained load. Commonly calculated as GROSS - TARE, this includes the weight of any packing materials (paper, cardboard separators, Styrofoam peanuts, etc.).
nettable control
An Oracle Manufacturing function that lets you specify whether the MRP planning process considers the requirements of the job or schedule in its netting calculations.
new average cost
Cost of an item after a transaction that affects the average cost is processed. See current average cost.
new on-hand quantity
The quantity on-hand immediately after the transaction is performed and saved. Equal to current on-hand quantity plus total quantity. See current on-hand quantity, total quantity.
node
An instance of an activity in an Oracle Workflow process diagram as shown in the Process window of Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
non-quota sales credit
See non-revenue sales credit.
non-revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople not associated to your invoice lines. This is sales credit given in excess of your revenue sales credit. See also revenue sales credit.
non-standard asset job
A type of non-standard job carried as an asset during the life of the job.
non-standard discrete job
A type of discrete job that controls material and resources and collects costs for a wide variety of miscellaneous manufacturing activities. These activities can include rework, field service repair, upgrade, disassembly, maintenance, engineering prototypes, and other projects. Non-standard jobs do not earn material overhead upon assembly completion.
non-standard expense job
A type of non-standard job expensed at the close of each accounting period. Typical expense jobs include maintenance and repair.
note name
A name that uniquely identifies a standard or one-time note. You use note names to locate a note you want to use or copy on a document.
numeric number type
An option for numbering documents, employees, and suppliers where assigned numbers contain only numbers.

O

object
A region in Order Entry such as order, line, shipment schedule, and so on. You can provide Security Rules for objects. See also attribute, default value, security rules, standard value rule set.
occurrence
An individual quality result. For example, a measurement that falls in or out of a specified tolerance. Occurrences can be charted using Oracle Quality.
offset percent
An operation resource field that holds the percent of total manufacturing lead time required for previous operations. For example, if all operations require a total of ten hours to perform and the offset percent for a resource is 40%, then the resource is used four hours after the start of the first operation.
offsetting account
The source or opposite side of an accounting entry. For example, when you charge resources in Work in Process you debit a resource to your work in process resource valuation account; the offset account is the credit to the resource absorption account.
omit
An AutoCreate option that lets a buyer prevent Purchasing from including certain displayed requisition lines when creating a purchase order or RFQ. If you omit a requisition line, Purchasing returns it to the available pool of requisition lines.
on account
Payments where you intentionally apply all or part of the payment amount to a customer without reference to a debit item. On account examples include prepayments and deposits.
on-account credits
Credits you assign to your customer's account that are not related to a specific invoice. You can create on account credits in the Transaction window or through AutoInvoice.
on-hand quantity
The physical quantity of an item existing in inventory.
on hold job/schedule
A job or repetitive schedule not accepting further activity and is therefore untransactable.
one-time item
An item you want to order but do not want to maintain in the Items window. You define a one-time item when you create a requisition or purchase order. You can report or query on a one-time item by specifying the corresponding item class.
one-time note
A unique message you can attack to an order, return, order line, or return line to convey important information.
open
An open purchase order exists if the purchase order has any lines that have not been fully invoiced and are not cancelled. If you require receipt for items you order, an open purchase order exists if any lines have not been fully received and fully invoiced and are not cancelled.
open interface
A Manufacturing function that lets you import or export data from other systems through an open interface. An example is a bar code reader device accumulating data you later import into your manufacturing system for further processing.
open requirement
A WIP material requirement you have not yet transacted to a discrete job or repetitive schedule. It equates to the component quantity required less any quantity issued.
operating script action
An operating system script invoked by action rule processing in Oracle Quality.
operating unit
An organization that partitions data for subledger products (AP, AR, PO, OE). It is roughly equivalent to a single pre-Multi-Org installation.
operation
A step in a manufacturing process where you perform work on, add value to, and consume department resources for an assembly.
operation code
A label that identifies a standard operation.
operation completion pull transaction
A material transaction where you backflush components from inventory to work in process as you complete the operation where the component is consumed. See also backflush transaction
operation completion transaction
A move transaction from one operation to the next where you have completed building the assembly at that operation. In this process, you can also charge resources and overheads and backflush component items.
operation instructions
Directions that describe how to perform an operation.
operation offset
Elapsed days from the start of your first operation until the beginning of your current operation.
operation overlap scheduling
A scheduling technique that allows you to schedule resource activities in the prior and next operations to overlap with the current operation.
operation sequence
A number that orders operations in a routing relative to each other.
option
An optional item component in an option class or model bill of material.
option class
A group of related option items. An option class is orderable only within a model. An option class can also contain included items.
option class bill of material
A bill of material for an option class item that contains a list of related options.
option class item
An item whose bill of material contains a list of related options.
option dependent operation
An operation in a model or option class item's routing that appears in a configuration item routing only if the configuration contains an option that references that operation.
option item
A non-mandatory item component in an option class or model bill of material.
order cycle
A sequence of actions you or Oracle Order Entry perform on an order to complete the order. An order cycle lets you define the activity an order follows from initial entry through closing. You can define as many order cycles as your business requires. Order cycles are assigned to order types. See also action result.
order cycle action
See cycle action.
order date
The date an order for goods or services is entered. See also work order date.
order modifier
An item attribute that controls the size of planned orders suggested by the planning process to mimic your inventory policies.
order scheduling
See scheduling.
order setup cost
The fixed cost associated with placing an order of any quantity for an item.
order type
Classification of an order. In Order Entry, this controls an order's order cycle, order numbering source, credit check point, transaction type, and standard value rule set.
OrderImport
An Order Entry open interface that allows you to import your transaction information from an original system into Bills of Material. See also feeder program.
organization
A business unit such as a plant, warehouse, division, department, and so on. Order Entry refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Entry windows and reports.
organization-specific level attribute
An item attribute you control at the organization level.
original system
The external system from which you are transferring data into Bills of Material tables.
origination
The source of a forecast entry or master schedule entry. When you load a forecast or master schedule, the origination traces the source used to load it. The source can be a forecast, master schedule, sales order, or manual entry.
outlier quantity
The amount of sales order left over after the maximum allowable amount (outlier update percent) was used to consume a forecast.
outlier update percent
The maximum percent of the original quantity forecast that a single sales order consumes. It is used to limit forecast consumption by unusually large sales orders
output variable
A variable whose output changes based upon the outcome of action rule processing. You can use output variables in alert actions to define mail IDs, display exception data, and pass parameters to concurrent program request, SQL script, and operating system script alert actions in Oracle Quality.
outside operation
An operation that contains outside resources and possibly internal resources as well.
outside processing
Performing work on a discrete job or repetitive schedule using resources provided by a supplier.
outside processing operation
Any operation that has an outside processing resource. See outside resource
outside processing item
An item you include on a purchase order line to purchase supplier services as part of your assembly build process. This item can be the assembly itself or a non-stocked item which represents the service performed on the assembly.
outside resource
A resource provided by a supplier you include in your routings, such as supplier sourced labor or services. This includes both PO move and PO receipt resources.
overhead
The indirect expenses allocated in your budgeting process and assigned to your resources or departments. You charge overhead costs based on resource value, resource units, or operation completions. You typically include administration, facility, depreciation activity, and other costs you cannot directly charge to your manufactured items. Does not include material overhead.
overhead transaction
A work in process transaction that automatically charges overhead costs to a job or repetitive schedule as you perform moves or charge resources.
overload
A condition where required capacity for a resource or production is greater than available capacity.
overrun percentage
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide when to suggest new daily rates for the item. The planning process only suggests a new daily rate for the item if the current daily rate exceeds the suggested daily rate by more than the acceptable overrun amount. This attribute lets you reduce nervousness and eliminate minor rate change recommendations when it is more economical to carry excess inventory for a short time than it is to administer the rate change. This attribute applies to repetitively planned items only. The related attribute for discretely planned items is Acceptable Early Days. See acceptable early days
overwrite option
Option to overwrite existing orders on an MRP plan or an MPS plan during the planning process. Without overwriting, you can keep your existing smoothed entries as well as add new ones. By overwriting, you erase the existing entries and add new one according to the current demand. The overwrite option in used with the append option. See append option

P

pack slip
An external shipping document that accompanies a shipment itemizing in detail the contents of that shipment.
packing instructions
Notes that print on the pack slip. These instructions are for external shipping personnel. For example, you might wish to warn your carriers of a fragile shipment or your customer's receiving hours.
parameter
A variable used to restrict information in a report, or determine the form of a report. For example, you may want to limit your report to the current month, or display information by supplier number instead of supplier name.
parent transaction
A transaction entered in an Oracle Manufacturing product that invokes quality data collection.
Pareto's law
Vilfredo Pareto's theory that a small percentage of a group accounts for the largest fraction of the impact for the group. For example, 90% of your inventory value may be attributed to 5% of your inventory items.
passing result
A passing result signals successful completion of an order cycle approval action. Once an order or order line has achieved an approval action passing result, it no longer appears on the approval window. See also approval action, order cycle.
past due requirements
Past due requirements include Release requirements that fall before the schedule horizon start date.
payment batch
A group of invoices selected for automatic payment processing via Oracle Payables AutoSelect function.
payment document
Medium used to instruct a bank to disburse funds to the account of a site location or supplier.
payment terms
The due date and discount date for payment of an invoice. For example, the payment term '2% 10, Net 30' lets a customer take a two percent discount if payment is received within 10 days, with the balance due within 30 days of the invoice date.
pending
A status where a process or transaction is waiting to be completed.
pending costs
The future cost of an item, resource, activity, or overhead. Not used by cost transactions. See frozen costs.
percent of capacity
The required hours divided by the available hours for any given department, resource, and shift combination.
period
See accounting period
period expense
An expense you record in the period it occurs. An expense is typically a debit.
period-based costing
A method of collecting and reporting costs by period rather than by some other method such as by discrete jobs. Used primarily in costing repetitive schedules and non-standard expense discrete jobs.
periodic alert
An alert that checks your database for the presence of a specific condition according to a schedule you define.
phantom assembly
An assembly Work in Process explodes through when it creates the bill of material for a job or schedule. A particular assembly can be a phantom assembly on one bill and a subassembly on another.
physical inventory
A periodic reconciliation of item counts with system on-hand quantities.
physical tags
A tool for recording the on-hand quantity for a specific item in a specific location. A tag is most commonly a slip of paper posted at the item's location.
pick list
A report that lists all component requirements sorted by supply type for a particular discrete job, repetitive schedule or production line.
pick release
An order cycle action to notify warehouse personnel that orders are ready for picking.
pick release batch
See picking batch.
pick release rule
A user-defined set of criteria to define what order lines should be selected during pick release.
pick release sequence rule
The rule for pick release that decides the order in which eligible order line details request item reservations from Oracle Inventory.
pick slip
Internal shipping document pickers use to locate items to ship for an order. If you use standard pick slips, each order will have its own pick slip within each picking batch. If you use the consolidated pick slip, the pick slip contains all orders released in that picking batch.
pick slip grouping rule
Criterion for grouping together various types of pick slips. The rule dictates how the Pick Slip Report program groups released lines into different pick slips.
pick-to-order
A configure-to-order environment where the options and included items in a model appear on pick slips and order pickers gather the options when they ship the order. Alternative to manufacturing the parent item on a work order and then shipping it. Pick-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to standard, model, and option class items.
pick-to-order (PTO) item
A predefined configuration order pickers gather as separately finished included items just before they ship the order. See also kit.
pick-to-order (PTO) model
An item with an associated bill of material with optional and included items. At order entry, the configurator is used to choose the optional items to include for the order. The order picker gets a detailed list of the chosen options and included items to gather as separately finished items just before the order is shipped.
picking
The process of withdrawing items from inventory to be shipped to a customer.
picking header
Internal implementation of picking header that identifies distinct combinations of Pick Release criteria (Warehouse, Sales Order, Shipping Priority, Freight Carrier, Ship To, Backorder) in the previous product design. Picking Headers will be generated internally at Pick Release to ensure compatibility with the View Orders. However, when a delivery is closed in the Ship Confirm window, Picking Headers will be updated internally again to ensure all picking lines of a Picking Header are associated with the same delivery. The reason to maintain Picking Headers at Ship Confirm again is for the compatibility of the Update Shipment program. Update Shipment will process all Picking Headers associated with a delivery.
picking line
An instruction to pick a specific quantity of a specific item for a specific order. Each pick slip contains one or more picking lines, depending on the number of distinct items released on the pick slip.
picking line detail
picking rule
A user-defined set of criteria to define the priorities Order Entry uses when picking items out of finished goods inventory to ship to a customer. Picking rules are defined in Oracle Inventory.
pipe
Allows sessions in the same database instance to communicate with each other. Pipes are asynchronous, allowing multiple read and write access to the same pipe.
plan horizon
The span of time from the current date to a future date that material plans are generated. Planning horizon must cover at least the cumulative purchasing and manufacturing lead times, and is usually quite a bit longer.
planned order
A suggested quantity, release date, and due date that satisfies net item requirements. MRP owns planned orders, and may change or delete the orders during subsequent MRP processing if conditions change. MRP explodes planned orders at one level into gross requirements for components at the next lower level (dependent demand). Planned orders along with existing discrete jobs also serve as input to capacity requirements planning, describing the total capacity requirements throughout the planning horizon.
planning production sequence number
Number generated by the Demand Processor to guarantee a unique production sequence code for departure planning. The customer production sequence number may be insufficient because it is not necessarily unique.
planned purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue before you order actual delivery of goods and services for specific dates and locations. You normally enter a planned purchase order to specify items you want to order and when you want delivery of the items. You later enter a shipment release against the planned purchase order when you actually want to order the items.
planner
Person responsible for deciding the time and quantity of a resupply order for an item.
planner
The third of the three processes that comprise the planning process under the standard planning engine. The planner uses the low level codes calculated by the exploder, together with the supply and demand information gathered by the snapshot, and calculates net material requirements for every planned item associated with the master schedule used to drive the planning process. Under the standard planning engine, the planner runs after the exploder and the snapshot. Under the memory-based planning engine, the memory-based planner performs planner functions.
planner delete worker
An independent concurrent process, launched by the memory-based planner, that removes previous plan output from the tables. It runs only when the memory-based planner runs without the snapshot.
Planner Workbench
You can use the Planner Workbench to act on recommendations generated by the planning process for a plan. You can implement planned orders as discrete jobs or purchase requisitions, maintain planned orders, reschedule scheduled receipts, and implement repetitive schedules. You can choose all suggestions from an MRP plan, or only those that meet a certain criteria.
planning bill of material
A bill of material for a planning item that contains a list of items and planning percentages. You can use a planning bill to facilitate master scheduling and/or material planning. The total output of a planning bill of material is not limited to 100% (it can exceed this number by any amount).
planning exception set
A set of sensitivity controls used to define exceptions in your plan. You define the exception set according to your selected criteria and then report on exceptions that meet those criteria. You can assign an exception set to an item.
Planning Exception Set
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide when to raise planning exceptions for the item. Enter the name of the planning exception set that groups together the sensitivity controls and exception time periods for item-level planning exceptions for the item. The item-level planning exceptions include: overcommitted, shortage, excess, and repetitive variance.
planning horizon
The amount of time a master schedule extends into the future.
planning item
A type of item representing a product family or demand channel whose bill of material contains a list of items and planning percentages.
planning manager
A process that performs once-a-day and period maintenance tasks. These tasks include forecast consumption, master schedule relief, forecast and master schedule loads, and other miscellaneous data cleanup activities.
planning percent
A component usage percentage that facilitates planning for optional components on model and option class bills, and all components on planning bills.
planning process
The set of processes that calculates net material and resource requirements for an item by applying on-hand inventory quantities and scheduled receipts to gross requirements for the item. The planning process is often referred to as the MPS planning process when planning MPS-planned items only, and the MRP planning process when planning both MPS and MRP-planned items at the same time. Maintain repetitive planning periods is another optional phase in the planning process.
planning schedule
Used to communicate long-range forecast and material release information to suppliers.
Planning Time Fence
A Master Scheduling/MRP item attribute used to determine a future point in time inside which there are certain restrictions on the planning recommendations the planning process can make for the item. For discretely planned items, the planning process cannot suggest new planned orders for the item or suggest rescheduling existing orders for the item to an earlier date. For repetitively planned items, the planning process can only suggest new daily rates that fall inside the acceptable rate increase and acceptable rate decrease boundaries defined for the item. A value of Cumulative manufacturing lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the planning time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the cumulative manufacturing lead time for the item. A value of Cumulative total lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the planning time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the total manufacturing lead time for the item. A value of Total lead time means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the planning time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the total lead time for the item. A value of User-defined time fence means Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the planning time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the value you enter for Planning Time Fence Days for the item.
Planning Time Fence Days
An item attribute Master Scheduling/MRP uses when you set the Planning Time fence attribute to User-defined time fence. Master Scheduling/MRP calculates the planning time fence for the item as the plan date (or the next workday if the plan is generated on a non workday) plus the value you enter here.
PO
See purchase order.
PO move resource
An outside resource that is automatically charged upon receipt of a purchase order. PO move resources also automatically initiate shop floor move transactions upon receipt.
PO receipt resource
An outside resource that is automatically charged upon receipt of a purchase order.
pooled location
position
A specific function within a job category. Examples of typical positions associated with the Vice President job include: Vice President of Manufacturing, Vice President of Engineering, and Vice President of Sales. See job
position hierarchy
A structure of positions used to define management line reporting and control access to employee information.
postprocessing lead time
The time required to receive a purchased item into inventory from the initial supplier receipt, such as the time required to deliver an order from the receiving dock to its final destination.
predefined serial number
To define an alphanumeric prefix and a beginning number for your serial numbers before you assign them to items. Predefined serial numbers are validated during receiving and shipping transactions.
preprocessing lead time
The time required to place a purchase order or create a discrete job or repetitive schedule that you must add to purchasing or manufacturing lead time to determine total lead time. If you define this time for a repetitive item, the planning process ignores it.
prerequisite
A combination of a specific order cycle action and an associated result that must occur before an order progresses to its next action in an order cycle. See also cycle action, order cycle, passing result.
previous level costs
The material, material overhead, outside processing, resource and overhead costs of the components used in the manufacture of an assembly.
price adjustment
The difference between the list price of an item and its actual selling price. Price adjustments can have a positive or negative impact on the list price. Price adjustments that lower the list price are also commonly known as discounts. Price adjustments can be for an order line or the entire order.
price break line
Supplier pricing information for an item or purchasing category on a quotation. The price you enter on a price break line depends on the quantity you order from your supplier. Usually, suppliers provide you with price break line structures to indicate the price you would pay for an item depending on the quantity you order. Generally, the more you order, the less expensive your unit price. Also, depending on the quantity you order, a supplier may provide you with different purchase conditions, such as advantageous payment or freight terms when you buy in large quantities.
price list
A register of all the products you offer and the selling price for each.
pricing components
Combinations of pricing parameters you use when defining pricing rules. Pricing components can be made up of one or multiple pricing parameters.
pricing parameters
A parameter you use to create components to be used in a pricing rule. Valid pricing parameters include segments of your item flexfield or Pricing Attributes descriptive flexfield.
pricing rule
A mathematical formula used to define item pricing. You create a pricing rule by combining pricing components and assigning a value to the components. Oracle Order Entry automatically creates list prices based on formulas you define. See also pricing components.
primary bill of material
A list of the components you most frequently use to build a product. The primary bill is the default bill for rolling up costs, defining a job, and calculating cumulative item lead times. Master Scheduling/MRP uses this bill to plan your material.
primary customer information
Address and contact information for your customer's headquarters or principal place of business. Primary addresses and contacts can provide defaults during order entry. See also standard value.
primary line
See lead time line
primary role
Your customer contact's principle business function according to your company's terminology. For example, people in your company may refer to accounting responsibilities such as Controller or Receivables Supervisor.
primary routing
A list of the operations you most frequently perform to build a product. The primary routing is the default routing for defining a job and calculating manufacturing lead times.
primary salesperson
The salesperson that receives 100% of the sales credits when you first enter your order invoice or commitment.
primary unit of measure
The stocking unit of measure for an item in a particular organization.
prime cost
A cost which is charged directly to a work in process job or subinventory. Any labor or non-labor resource or material is a prime cost; overheads are not.
priority
See line priority.
process
A set of Oracle Workflow activities that need to be performed to accomplish a business goal. See also Account Generator, process activity, process definition.
process activity
An Oracle Workflow process modelled as an activity so that it can be referenced by other processes; also known as a subprocess. See also process.
process definition
An Oracle Workflow process as defined in the Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
processing days
See repetitive processing days
processing lead time
The time required to procure or manufacture an item. For manufactured assemblies, processing lead time equals the manufacturing lead time.
processing status
The processing state of a row (record) in an open interface table. Common statuses include, but are not restricted to, Pending, Running, and Error. See repetitive processing days.
product
A finished item that you sell. See also finished good.
product configuration
See configuration.
product structure
See
production line
The physical location where you manufacture a repetitive assembly, usually associated with a routing. You can build many different assemblies on the same line at the same time. Also known as assembly line.
production rate
See line speed.
production relief
The process of relieving the master production schedule when a discrete job is created. This decrements the build schedule to represent an actual statement of supply.
profile option
A set of changeable options that affect the way your applications run. In general, profile options can be set at one or more of the following levels: site, application, responsibility, and user.
project
A unit of work broken down into one or more tasks, for which you specify revenue and billing methods, invoice formats, a managing organization, and project manager and bill rates schedules. You can charge costs to a project, as well as generate and maintain revenue, invoice, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue information for a project.
project inventory
Any and all items and costs in both project subinventories and project work in process jobs.
project job
A standard or non-standard WIP job with a project reference. The valuation accounts associated with this type of job will be project work in process. Any balance remaining in such a job when it is closed will be reported as a variance.
project locator
A locator with a project or project and task reference. See also common locator.
project manufacturing
The type of project that uses Projects with Manufacturing to track the costs of a manufacturing-related project against a project budget.
project subinventory
A subinventory with a project reference into which terms can be delivered and out of which items can be issued and transferred.
project task
A subdivision of Project Work. Each project can have a set of top level tasks and a hierarchy of subtasks below each top level task. You can charge costs to tasks at the lowest level only. See also Work Breakdown Structure.
projected available balance
Quantity on hand projected into the future if scheduled receipts are rescheduled or cancelled, and new planned orders are created as per recommendations made by the planning process. Calculated by the planning process as current and planned supply (nettable quantity on hand + scheduled receipts + planned orders) minus demand (gross requirements). Note that gross requirements for projected available includes derived demand from planned orders. Note also that the planning process uses suggested due dates rather than current due dates to pass down demand to lower level items. See current projected on hand.
projected on hand
The total quantity on hand plus the total scheduled receipts plus the total planned orders.
promise date
The date on which the customer promises to pay for products or services.
The date on which you agree you can ship the products to your customer, or that your customer will receive the products.
proprietary account An account segment value (such as 3500) that is assigned one of the five proprietary account types.
protection level
In Oracle Workflow, a numeric value ranging from 0 to 1000 that represents who the data is protected from for modification. When workflow data is defined, it can either be set to customizable (1000), meaning anyone can modify it, or it can be assigned a protection level that is equal to the access level of the user defining the data. In the latter case, only users operating at an access level equal to or lower than the data's protection level can modify the data. See also Account Generator.
PTO item
See pick-to-order item.
PTO model
See pick-to-order model.
pull transaction
A material transaction that automatically issues component items into work in process from inventory when you move or complete the assembly. Also known as post-deduct or backflush. See backflush transaction
purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you request delivery of goods or services for specific dates and locations. You can order multiple items for each planned or standard purchase order. Each purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute each shipment across multiple accounts. See standard purchase order and planned purchase order
purchase order encumbrance
A transaction representing a legally binding purchase. Purchasing subtracts purchase order encumbrances from funds available when you approve a purchase order. If you cancel a purchase order, Purchasing creates appropriate reversing entries in your general ledger. Purchase order encumbrance is also known as obligation, encumbrance, or lien.
purchase order receipt
See receipt
purchase order revision
A number that distinguishes printed purchase order versions. Purchasing automatically sets the revision to 0 when you initially create a purchase order. Each purchase order you print displays the current revision number.
purchase order shipment
A schedule for each purchase order line composed of the quantity you want to ship to each location. You can also provide delivery dates for each shipment line. You can create an unlimited number of shipments for each purchase order line. You receive goods and services against each shipment line.
purchase price variance
The variance that you record at the time you receive an item in inventory or supplier services into work in process. This variance is the difference between the standard unit cost for the item or service and the purchase unit price multiplied by the quantity received. You record purchase price variances in a purchase price variance account for your organization. Since standard cost is a planned cost, you may incur variances between the standard cost and the purchase order price.
purchase requisition
An internal request for goods or services. A requisition can originate from an employee or from another process, such as inventory or manufacturing. Each requisition can include many lines, generally with a distinct item on each requisition line. Each requisition line includes at least a description of the item, the unit of measure, the quantity needed, the price per item, and the Accounting Flexfield you are charging for the item. See also internal sales order.
purchased assembly
An assembly that you normally buy.
purchased item
An item that you buy and receive. If an item is also an inventory item, you may also be able to stock it. See also inventory item.
purchasing documents
Any document you use in the purchasing life cycle, including requisitions, RFQs, quotations, purchase orders, and purchase agreements.
purchasing open interface
A Purchasing function that lets you import price/sales catalog information from your suppliers. It receives the catalog data electronically, verifies and processes the data, and imports the data directly into Purchasing as blanket purchase agreements or quotations.
purge
A technique for deleting data in Oracle Manufacturing that you no longer need to run your business.
purge category
A Purchasing feature you use to purge a particular group of records from the database. Purchasing lets you choose from the following separate categories: Simple Requisitions, Simple Purchase Orders, Suppliers, Simple Invoices (only if you installed Payables), and Matched Invoices and POs (only if you installed Payables). The last category is the most comprehensive category you can choose. You should purge all appropriate documents before purging your supplier information, because Purchasing does not purge suppliers that you referenced on existing documents.
purge status
A Purchasing method of reporting the progress of a purge you initiate. The Status field lets you take an action on your purge process (Initiate, Confirm, Abort), or reports on the current status of the purge (Printed, Deleting, Completed-Aborted, Completed-Purged).
push transaction
A material transaction to issue component items from inventory to work in process before you manufacture the assembly.

Q

quality action
An action, such as sending electronic mail or putting a job on hold, triggered when an action rule is evaluated and found to be true. For example, if quality results values indicate that a critical measurement for a discrete job assembly is out-of-tolerance, the job is put on hold
quality data repository
The database table which stores quality data.
quality results
Actual results recorded during quality data collection. These results might include test or inspection outcomes, measurements taken, details of defects, lot attributes, start and stop times for machines and resources.
quantity accepted
The number of items you accept after inspection.
quantity-based order
An order you place, receive, and pay based on the quantity, unit of measure, and price of the goods or services that you purchase.
quantity completed
For an operation on a discrete job or repetitive schedule, the quantity of the assembly that you transacted beyond the Run intraoperation step. For a discrete job or repetitive schedule, the quantity of the assembly that you received into inventory.
quantity in operation
The quantity of an assembly in an operation on a discrete job or repetitive schedule. This includes the quantities in each of the intraoperation steps.
quantity issued
The quantity of a component item issued from inventory to a discrete job r repetitive schedule to fulfill a WIP material requirement.
quantity on hand
Current quantity of an item in inventory.
quantity received tolerance
The percentage by which you allow quantity received to exceed quantity ordered.
quantity rejected
The number of items you reject after inspection.
quantity remaining
The quantity of an assembly remaining to be completed at an operation in a discrete job or repetitive schedule. This is the sum of the quantities in all intraoperation steps at all operations before the current operation, plus the quantities in the Queue and Run intraoperation steps at the current operation.
quantity required
The total quantity of a component item required to produce all the assemblies in a discrete job or repetitive schedule as determined by the usage quantity on the bill of materials, the production quantity, and the component yield.
quantity variance tolerance
A limit you define for the difference between the on-hand quantity and the actual cycle count quantity. You express positive and negative quantity variance tolerances as percentages of the on-hand quantity.
queue
An intraoperation step in an operation where assemblies are waiting to be worked on. The default intraoperation step for every operation in a routing.
QuickCodes
Codes that you define for the activities and terminology you use in your business.
For example, you can define QuickCodes for personal titles, (for example, 'Sales Manager') so you can refer to people using these titles.
For example, you can define QuickCodes for sales channels so that you can specify the various sales channels used for different kinds of orders.
An Oracle Assets feature that allows you to enter standard descriptions for your business. You can enter QuickCode values for your Property Types, Retirement Types, Asset Descriptions, Journal Entries, and Mass Additions Queue Names.
A feature you use to create reference information you use in your business. This reference information appears in QuickPick lists for many of the fields in Payables forms. There are three basic kinds of QuickCodes: supplier, payables, and employee. With QuickCodes you can create Pay Groups, supplier types, and other references used in Payables
quota sales credits
See revenue sales credit, non-revenue sales credit.
quotation
A statement of the price, terms, and conditions of sale a supplier offers you for an item or items. A quotation usually includes a detailed description (specifications) of goods or services the supplier offers. Suppliers consider quotations as an offer to sell when given in response to an inquiry. A quotation may be verbal or written. You often get verbal quotations for minor purchases by telephone. You usually send a request for quotation if you want a written quotation from a supplier. Written quotations often have an effective date and an expiration date.
quotation type
A QuickCode you define to categorize your quotation information. Purchasing provides you with the following set of predefined quotation types: Catalog, Verbal, Telephone, or From RFQ. You can define other quotation types that better fit your business.

R

rate variance
For resources charged to work in process, this variance is the difference between the actual resource rate and the standard resource rate times the resource quantity charged to the job or repetitive schedule. You create rate variance entries if you charge resources using an actual rate and you chose Yes for the Standard Rate field in the Resources window.
rate-based capacity
Capacity planning at the production line level. Required capacity, available capacity, and capacity utilization are calculated for individual production lines. Required and available capacity are stated in terms of production rate per line per week.
raw materials
Purchased items or extracted materials that are converted by the manufacturing process into components and/or products.
read consistency
A consistent view of all table data committed by transactions and all changes made by the user, up to the time of the read.
receipt
A shipment from one supplier that can include many items ordered on many purchase orders.
receipt exception
A control that you can set to indicate to your accounts payable group that you want to place the corresponding invoice on hold until further notice. You designate whether your purchase order shipment should be a receipt exception when you receive the item.
receipt line
An individual receipt transaction that identifies receipt of an item against a purchase order shipment.
receipt routing
A method of simplifying transaction entry by specifying routing steps for receipts.
receipt traveler
An internal routing ticket you place on received goods to show their final destination.
received quantity
The quantity of an inventory item returned by a customer for which you are not issuing a credit. Sometimes this is temporary, while you evaluate the condition of the item; at other times you return the items to the customer, or keep them but do not allow a credit. See also accepted quantity.
receiving and inspection
A condition of a returned inventory item signifying it has been received but is being inspected for damage. If in acceptable condition, the items are transferred to stock and a credit can be issued. If unacceptable, the items can be returned to the customer or scrapped.
receiving open interface
A set of interface tables in Purchasing that lets you import information from outside of Purchasing, from Oracle or non-Oracle applications. Some examples of information imported into the receiving open interface are Advance Shipment Notices (ASNs). The receiving open interface validates the information before importing it into the Purchasing application.
receiving organization
For drop-ship orders, the purchasing organization that records receipt of a drop-shipped item.
recipient
Anyone that receives a mail message as a result of mail message action rule processing.
reciprocal customer relationship
An equal relationship shared between two customers. Both customers share agreements, enter invoices against each others commitments, and pay off each other's debit items.
record identifier
A record identifier consists of either one or two characters which Bills of Material uses to identify each record type. For example, Bills of Material can identify a payment record in BAI bank files because this record always starts with the character 0 in the first position of the record.
Reduce MPS
An item attribute the Planning Manager uses to decide when to reduce the quantity on master production schedule entries for the item to zero. A value of None means the Planning Manager does not reduce order quantities on master production schedule entries. A value of Past due means the planning process reduces order quantities on master production schedule entries to zero when the due date for the entry becomes past due. A value of Within demand time fence means the planning process reduces order quantities on master production schedule entries to zero when the due date for the entry moves inside the demand time fence. A value of Within planning time fence means the planning process reduces order quantities on master production schedule entries to zero when the due date for the entry moves inside the planning time fence.
reference designator
An optional identifier you can assign to a component on a bill. For example, when the bill requires four of a component, you can assign four reference designators to that component, one for each usage.
reference document type
The kind of source used to provide default information on a return, such as a sales order, purchase order entered on a sales order, or an invoice. See also reference source.
reference information collection element
A collection element that represents an Oracle Application object such as an item, lot number, serial number, routing, supplier, and customer. See collection element types
reference source
Provides default information on a return by allowing the user to enter a unique combination of reference document type, document number and line number, that identifies the original sales order for the returning item. See also reference document type.
reject
An intraoperation step in an operation where you can record assemblies that require rework or need to be scrapped.
reject
An option you use to indicate that you do not want to approve a document. Purchasing returns the document to its owner for modification and resubmission if appropriate.
reject over quantity tolerance
An option you use to disallow receipts that exceed the tolerance level.
related item
An acceptable substitute you define for an item so that you may receive the item if your supplier cannot ship the original item on the purchase order.
release
An actual order of goods and services you issue against a blanket purchase agreement. The blanket purchase agreement determines the characteristics and the prices of the items. The release specifies the actual quantities and dates ordered for the items. You identify a release by the combination of blanket purchase agreement number and release number.
release date
The date when you release a discrete job or repetitive schedule to the shop floor signifying that work can begin and the discrete job or repetitive schedule becomes transactable.
release only
For a Shipping Schedule. Indicates that the schedule release requirements include Approved Releases.
release reason
Justification for removing a hold on an order or order line.
release with forecast
For a Shipping Schedule. Indicates that the schedule releases requirements include Approved Releases. The schedule forecast requirements include Unimplemented Planned Orders and Approved Requisitions.
released job/schedule
A discrete job or repetitive schedule that you have signified available to be worked on and transactable.
remit-to addresses
The address to which your customers remit their payments.
remittance advice
A document that lists the invoices being paid with a particular payment document.
remittance bank
The bank in which you deposit your receipts.
renewal order
An order containing service order lines to renew or extend existing services applied to products.
reorder point planning
An inventory planning method used to determine when and how much to order based on customer service level, safety stock, carrying cost, order setup cost, lead time and average demand.
repetitive allocation
An Oracle Manufacturing technique for applying transaction quantities and costs across several repetitive schedules that are building the same repetitive assembly on the same line. See flow charging
repetitive assembly
An assembly that you build in a repetitive manufacturing environment (for example on a production line). You can also build a repetitive assembly in discrete jobs if you operate in a hybrid manufacturing environment.
repetitive line scheduling
A method of scheduling repetitive production on a line that considers line speed, line start and stop times, lead time, and workday calendar.
repetitive manufacturing
A manufacturing environment where you build assemblies repetitively, on production lines, rather than in discrete jobs or batches.
repetitive MRP plan
A set of optimal repetitive schedules which satisfy a given master schedule for repetitive items.
repetitive planning
The planning of demand or production for an item in terms of daily rates rather than discrete quantities.
Repetitive Planning (item attribute)
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide whether to plan material requirements for the item in terms of discrete quantities or repetitive daily rates.
repetitive planning period
A period, defined as a number of days, that smooths the production rate over time. With repetitive planning periods, you can prevent your planned repetitive production rate from fluctuating too frequently.
repetitive processing days
The number of days you plan to work on a repetitive schedule, from the first unit start date to the last unit start date.
repetitive rate
The daily rate for a repetitive schedule. See daily rate
repetitive schedule
A production order for the manufacture of an assembly on a continuous basis as defined by a daily rate, using specific materials and resources, over a period of time. A repetitive schedule collects the costs of production, but you report those costs by period rather than by schedule. Also known as flow order or scheduled rate.
repetitive schedule allocation
The process of dividing suggested aggregate repetitive schedules and allocating them across individual production lines, based on predefined line priorities and line speeds.
repetitive schedule status
An Oracle Manufacturing function that lets you describe various stages in the life cycle of a repetitive schedule and control activities that you can perform on the schedule.
replacement order
A sales order created to replace goods being returned by a customer.
replenish to order
See assemble-to-order (ATO)
report
An organized display of Oracle Applications information. A report can be viewed on-line or sent to a printer. The content of information in a report can range from a summary to a complete listing of values.
report headings
General information about the contents of the report.
report options
Options for sorting, formatting, selecting, and summarizing the information in the report. This section describes the options available for each report.
requisition template
A feature that lets you define a list of commonly purchased items from which a requestor can create a requisition. You can define the list of items by referencing an existing purchase order. Requestors use the requisition template to create simple, pre-sourced requisitions.
request date
The date the customer requests the products be either shipped or received.
request for quotation (RFQ)
A document you use to solicit supplier quotations for goods or services you need. You usually send a request for quotation to many suppliers to ensure that you get the best price and terms possible. Depending on the way you do business, you can use two general types of RFQs: specific and generic.
requestor
The employee that creates an ECO or requests approval for an ECO.
required capacity
The amount of capacity required for a resource or production line.
required hours
The number of resource hours required per resource unit to build one unit of the bill of resources item.
required rate
The production rate allocated to an individual production line by the repetitive schedule allocation process.
requirement
See material requirement
requirement date
The date when the requirement needed by the discrete job or repetitive schedule is to be consumed. Requirement dates are defaulted to the start date of the operation where a requirement is consumed.
requisition
See purchase requisition and internal sales order
requisition approval
The act of approving the purchases of the items on a requisition. A requisition must receive the required approvals before a buyer can create purchase orders from this requisition. The approvals can come from any employee, but a requisition is fully approved only when an employee who has enough authority approves it. If you require encumbrance or budgetary control for requisitions, a requisition is fully approved only when an employee with sufficient approval authority approves and reserves funds for the requisition.
requisition encumbrance
A transaction representing an intent to purchase goods and services as indicated by the reservation of funds for a requisition. Purchasing subtracts requisition encumbrances from funds available when you reserve funds for a requisition. If you cancel a requisition, Purchasing creates appropriate reversing entries in your general ledger.
requisition pool
Requisition lines that are approved, not cancelled, and not yet on a purchase order.
reschedule
To modify the schedule of a discrete job. You can reschedule a discrete job by changing the start date, completion date, job quantity or any operation date on the routing. Planning can automatically reschedule jobs that are not firm based on planning requirement changes.
rescheduling assumption
A fundamental piece of planning process logic that assumes that existing open orders can be rescheduled into closer time periods far more easily than new orders can be released and received. As a result, the planning process does not create planed order receipts until all scheduled receipts have been applied to cover gross requirements.
reservation
A guaranteed allotment of product to a specific sales order. A hold is placed on specific terms that assures that a certain quantity of an item is available on a certain date when transacted against a particular charge entity. Once reserved, the product cannot be allocated to another sales order or transferred in Inventory. Oracle Order Entry checks ATR (Available to Reserve) to verify an attempted reservation. Also known as hard reservation.
reserve
An action you take in Purchasing to reserve funds for a purchasing document or an action in Order Entry to allocate products for a sales order. If the document passes the submission tests and if you have sufficient authority, Purchasing reserves funds for the document.
Reserve for Encumbrance account The account you use to record your encumbrance liability. You define a Reserve for Encumbrance account when you define your set of books. When you create encumbrances automatically in Purchasing or Payables, General Ledger automatically creates a balancing entry to your Reserve for Encumbrance account when you post your encumbrance journal entries. And General Ledger overwrites the balancing segment for your Reserve for Encumbrance account, so you automatically create the reserve for encumbrance journal entry to the correct company.
resource
Anything of value, except material and cash, required to manufacture, cost, and schedule products. Resources include people, tools, machines, labor purchased from a supplier, and physical space.
resource authorizations
Resource Authorizations address the supplier's need to have long lead time components or to invest in material processing without incurring economic hardship if requirements are reduced.
resource basis
The basis for resource usage quantity that indicates whether that quantity is required per item or per lot.
resource charge
See resource transaction.
resource group
Resources grouped together according to user-defined criteria to facilitate bill of resource generation and capacity planning.
resource offset percent
An operation resource field that represents, as a percent of the processing lead time for an item, the item when a resource is required on a routing. For example, if the processing lead time for an item is 10 days, and the resource is required on the fourth day, then the resource offset percent is 30%. Capacity uses resource offset percent to calculate setback days during the bill of resource load process.
resource requirement
A resource and quantity needed to build an assembly on a job or repetitive schedule. Discrete job and repetitive schedule resource requirements are created based on the resource requirements specified on the assembly's routing. Resource transactions fulfill resource requirements.
resource roll up
Rolls up all required resources for a end assembly based on the routing and bill of material structure.
resource sequence
The number that indicates the order of a resource in an operation relative to other resources.
resource set
A grouping of bills of resources.
resource hours
The number of hours required by a repetitive schedule, discrete job or planned order.
resource units
The number of units of a resource available for this resource at this operation.
resource transaction
A transaction where you automatically or manually charge resource costs to a discrete job or repetitive schedule.
resource units applied
A quantity you charge to a job or repetitive schedule for work performed by a resource. The quantity is expressed in the unit of measure of the resource. For example, if the unit of measure of a resource is hours and the resource works 10 hours, you apply 10 resource units to the job or repetitive schedule.
resource UOM item
A purchasing item associated with an outside resource that you purchase using the resource's unit of measure.
responsibility
Determines the data, forms, menus, reports, and concurrent programs you can access in Oracle Applications. It is linked directly to a data group. Several users can share the same responsibility, and a single user can have multiple responsibilities.
result
See action result.
result code
In Oracle Workflow, the internal name of a result value, as defined by the result type. See also result type, result value.
result type
In Oracle Workflow, the name of the lookup type that contains an activity's possible result values. See also result code, result value.
result value
In Oracle Workflow, the value returned by a completed activity, such as Approved. See also result code, result type.
return
In Purchasing, an AutoCreate option that lets a buyer return a requisition line and all other unpurchased requisition lines on the same requisition to the requisition preparer. In Order Entry, it is the opposite of a sales order. It involves receipt of goods previously sold to a customer, credit to a customer, and possibly replacement with an identical or similar product.
return material authorization (RMA)
Permission for a customer to return items. Receivables allows you to authorize the return of your sales orders as well as sales made by other dealers or suppliers, as long as the items are part of your item master and price list.
Return of Material Goods
(RMG) See Return Material Authorization.
return reason
Justification for a return of product. Many companies have standard reasons that are assigned to returns to be used to analyze the quantity and types of returns. See also credit memo reasons.
return to supplier
A transaction that allows you to return to the supplier items from a fully or partially received purchase order and receive credit for them.
revenue recognition
The schedule for which revenue for a particular transaction is recorded in your general ledger.
revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople that is based on your invoice lines. The total percentage of all revenue sales credit must be equal to 100% of your invoice lines amount. Also known as quota sales credits. See also non-revenue sales credit, sales credit.
reversing transaction
A transaction that reverses a previously processed material, move, resource, or overhead transaction.
revised component
Component changes to an assembly that is a revised item on an ECO.
revised item
Any item you change on an engineering change order. Revised items may be purchased items, subassemblies, finished goods.
revised item status
A classification you can use to track and control a revised item's life cycle. Revised item statuses include Open, Released, Scheduled, Hold, Implemented, and Cancelled.
revision
A particular version of an item, bill of material, or routing.
revision control
An inventory control option that tracks inventory by item revision and forces you to specify a revision for each material transaction.
revision quantity control
A condition placed on an item that ensures that you always identify an item by its number and its revision. Certain items require tighter controls than other. For instance, you may want to control the quantities you have in inventory for an item by revision. For another item, you may just want to know the quantities you have on hand across all revisions. You keep track of inventory quantities by revision when an item is under revision quantity control. You keep track of inventory quantities by item when an item is not under revision quantity control.
RFQ
See request for quotation.
RMA
See Return Material Authorization.
RMG
(Return of Material Goods) See Return Material Authorization.
roll forward
An Oracle Manufacturing technique where you can automatically take the material you over issued to a particular repetitive schedule and move it forward into the next available repetitive schedule.
rough cut capacity planning
The process of converting the master schedule into capacity needs for key resources. See routing-based capacity and rate-based capacity
rough cut planner
The routine that automatically calculates required resources for rough cut capacity planning (done when running a report or inquiry).
Rounding Control
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide whether to use decimal or whole number values when calculating planned order quantities or repetitive rates for the item. A value of Do not round order quantities the planning process uses and displays decimal values when calculating planned order quantities and suggested repetitive rates for the item. A value of Round order quantities means the planning process rounds decimal values up to the next whole number when calculating planned order quantities and suggested daily rates for the item. Planned order quantities and suggested daily rates are always rounded up, never down. The planning process carries any excess quantities and rates forward into subsequent periods as additional supply.
route sheet
A report that provides full routing, operation, resource, and material requirement details for jobs and repetitive schedules. Typically used to know how, when, where, and who builds an assembly. Also known as traveler.
routing
A sequence of manufacturing operations that you perform to manufacture an assembly. A routing consists of an item, a series of operations, an operation sequence, and operation effective dates.
routing revision
A specific version of a routing that specifies the operations that are active for a date range.
routing-based capacity
Capacity planning at the resource level. Required capacity, available capacity, and capacity utilization are calculated for individual resources assigned to operations on routings. Required and available capacity are stated in terms of hours per resource per week.
run
An intraoperation step where you move assemblies that you are working on at an operation.

S

safety stock
Quantity of stock planned to have in inventory to protect against fluctuations in demand and/or supply.
Safety Stock (item attribute)
An item attribute the planning process uses to decide whether to use fixed or dynamically calculated safety stock quantities when planning material requirements for the item. A value of MRP-planned percent means the planning process plans to safety stock quantities it calculates dynamically as a user-defined percentage of the average gross requirements for a user-defined number of days. The user-defined percentage is defined by the value you enter for the Safety Stock Percent attribute for the item. For discretely planned items, the user-defined number of days is defined by the value you enter for the Safety Stock Bucket Days attribute for the item. For repetitively planned items, the planning process uses the repetitive planning period rather than Safety Stock Bucket Days. These safety stock quantities are dynamic in that they vary as a function of the average gross requirements calculated by the planning process for the item. A value of Non-MRP planned means the planning process plans to safety stock quantities calculated and maintained in Inventory. These safety stock quantities are fixed in that the Snapshot loads them from Inventory before the planning process and they do not vary unless they are recalculated in Inventory.
Safety Stock Bucket Days
An item attribute the planning process uses when you set the Safety Stock attribute for the item to MRP-planned percent. The planning process dynamically calculates safety stock quantities for the item by multiplying the average gross requirements for the item, over the time period defined by the value you enter for Safety Stock Bucket Days, by the value you enter for Safety Stock Percent.
Safety Stock Percent
An item attribute the planning process uses when you set the Safety Stock attribute for the item to MRP-planned percent. The planning process dynamically calculates safety stock quantities for the item by multiplying the average gross requirements for the item, over the time period defined by the value you enter for Safety Stock Bucket Days, by the value you enter for Safety Stock Percent.
safety stock quantity
The quantity suggested by MRP as additional supply needed for safety stock. This quantity can change according to an effective date set in Inventory.
sales channel
A term that indicates the method used to generate a sales order, such as Telemarketing or Direct Marketing. You can use this attribute of an order to classify orders for reporting purposes.
sales credit
Credits that you assign to your salespeople when you enter orders, invoices and commitments. Credits can be either quota or non-quota and can be used in determining commissions. See also non-revenue sales credit, revenue sales credit.
sales tax structure
The collection of taxing bodies that you will use to determine your tax authority. 'State.County.City' is an example of a Sales Tax Structure. Bills of Material adds together the tax rates for all of these components to determine a customer's total tax liability for an order.
salesperson
A person responsible for the sale of products or services. Salespeople are associated with orders, returns, invoices, commitments, and customers. You can also assign sales credits to your salespeople.
schedule date
The date for a master schedule entry for an item. A schedule for an item has a schedule date and an associated quantity. For Order Entry, it is considered the date the order line should be ready to ship, the date communicated from Order Entry to Inventory as the required date any time you reserve or place demand for an order line.
schedule end date
For repetitive items, defines the end of the repetitive rate for a master schedule.
schedule entry
A schedule for an inventory item. For discrete items, stated by a date and quantity. For repetitive items, stated by a date, schedule end date, and quantity.
schedule group
An identifier used to group jobs for scheduling and releasing purposes. For example, you might group together all jobs that must be completed on a specific date and are being built on the same production line. Jobs within a schedule group can be sequenced. See also build sequence
schedule smoothing
The manual process of entering quantities and dates on the master production schedule that represent a level production policy.
scheduled receipt
A discrete job, repetitive schedule, non-standard job, purchase requisition, or purchase order. It is treated as part of available supply during the netting process. Schedule receipt dates and/or quantities are not altered automatically by the MRP system.
scheduled resource
A resource on a routing that is scheduled by Work in Process.
scheduling
Order scheduling includes assigning demand or reservations, warehouses, shipment dates, and lots or subinventories to an order line.
scrap
An intraoperation step where you move assemblies that cannot be reworked or completed.
scrap account
An account that you may use to charge scrap transactions.
seasonality
Repetitive pattern from year to year with demand for some periods considerably higher than others.
security rules
(Order Entry) The control over the steps in the order process where you no longer allow users to add, delete or cancel order or return lines or change order or return information.
senior tax authority
The first tax location in your sales tax structure. This segment does not have a parent location. For example, if your sales tax structure is 'State.County.City', then State is the senior tax authority.
sequenced lines
serial number
A number assigned to each unit of an item and used to track the item.
serial number control
A manufacturing technique for enforcing use of serial numbers during a material transaction.
serialized unit
The unique combination of a serial number and an inventory item.
service
A benefit or privilege that can be applied to a product. Oracle Service categorizes the items you define as serviceable, thereby making them serviceable items. You can order or apply service to serviceable items.
service item
An inventory item used to define a service program or warranty. Service items can be recorded against serviceable products. A synonym for serviceable item is a serviceable product.
service item feature
A particular service component, such as implementation or telephone support, that you include with a service item. Once you classify an inventory item as a service type item and enter the service program related attributes for it, you can list the specific services your service item includes.
service level
Percentage of demand that can be filled immediately by available inventory. It is used to determine the amount of inventory to carry as safety stock.
service material
Material used for the repair and/or maintenance of an assembled product.
service order
An order containing service order lines. Service may be for new products or for existing, previously ordered products.
service program
A billable service item. Usually a service that customers purchase in addition to a product's base warranty.
service person
An employee whose function is to provide support and service to customers. Service person is also a synonym for service specialist.
serviceable item
An inventory item that your organization supports and services, either directly or through the supplier of the item, regardless of who actually manufactures the item. A serviceable item can be an end item, both an end item and a component or part in other end items, or just a component.
serviceable item class
A category that groups serviceable items. Each class must be of the type Serialized or Non-Serialized. You can group serialized serviceable items in a serialized serviceable item class; you can group non-serialized serviceable items in a non-serialized serviceable item class. A given item may be the member of only one item class at any given time.
serviced customer product
An entity that identifies a service your customer has recorded against a particular product installation. If you order service against a product in Oracle Order Entry, Oracle Service automatically links the product and the service being recorded against the product by creating a serviced customer product. A customer product installation may have more than one serviced product.
serviced installation
A synonym for serviced customer product.
set of books
A financial reporting entity that partitions General Ledger information and uses a particular chart of accounts, functional currency, and accounting calendar. This concept is the same whether or not the Multi-organization support feature is implemented.
set transaction read-only
An ORACLE RDBMS command that allows you to consider all the transactions committed after its execution. No transactions are written after the command is executed. See read consistency
setback days
The number of days set back from the assembly due date that a resource is required to build the assembly.
setup time
The time required to for a machine or work center to convert from the production of one item to another.
shelf life
The amount of time an item may be held in inventory before it becomes unusable.
shift
A scheduled period of work for a department within an organization.
ship confirm
A feature that allows shipping personnel to verify that they have shipped or backordered the items of an order line.
ship confirmation
to enter shipped quantity and inventory controls for specific shippable lines. You can ship confirm the same delivery/departure repeatedly until you close the delivery/departure. Once it is closed, no more changes can be made into a delivery/departure.
ship date
The date upon which a shippable item is shipped.
Ship Partial
An order attribute indicating whether you allow partial shipments of an order. If you enter Yes for the Ship Partial field on an order, individual order lines can be shipped as they are available and you can assign different ship to locations and other order line details to different shipments in an order line. See also Ship Together.
ship set
A group of order lines, linked by a common number, for which you want the full quantity to ship all together.
ship-to address
A location where items are to be shipped.
ship-to location tolerance
Whether the receiving location must be the same as the ship-to location on the purchase order and whether Purchasing prohibits the transaction, displays a warning message while permitting the transaction, or permits the transaction without a warning.
Ship Together
An order attribute indicating that you do not allow partial shipments of the order. You can also specify a configuration as Ship Together by setting the Ship Model Complete item attribute for the model item to Yes. See also Ship Partial, ship together model.
Ship Together model
A model item with the Ship Model Complete item attribute set to Yes. This indicates that the entire configuration must be delivered in the same shipment. If the item attribute is set to No, components can ship separately. ATO items and configurations are inherently Ship Together models. See also ship set.
ship via
See freight carrier.
shipment
An individual package sent to a customer. Thus, a shipment might contain an entire order, if all items in that order are pick released and packed together. A shipment might contain just part of an order that is pick released and packed. A shipment might also contain only part of a released order line, where some of the items on the picking slip are not in stock.
shipment priority
A term that indicates the urgency with which an order should be shipped to the customer.
shipment release
An actual order of goods and services against a planned purchase order. The planned purchase order determines the characteristics of the items on the order. The planned purchase order also has the expected quantities, prices, and ship-to locations, and delivery dates for the items on the order. You identify a shipment release by the combination of the planned purchase order number and the release number. Each planned purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute the quantity of each shipment across multiple accounts.
shipment relief
The process of relieving the master demand schedule when a sales order ships. This decrements the demand schedule to represent an actual statement of demand.
shipment schedule
An itemized list of when, how, where, and in what quantities to ship an order line.
shippable item
An item with the Shippable inventory item attribute set to Yes, indicating that this item will appear on pick slips and pack slips. See also intangible item.
shippable lines
Picking line details that have been pick released and are now eligible for Ship Confirm.
shipping documents
Shipping related reports, such as the Bill of Lading, Commercial Invoice, Mailing Label, Pack Slip, Vehicle Load Sheet Summary, and Waybill.
shipping instructions
Notes that print on the pick slip. These instructions are intended for internal use.
shipping schedule
Used to communicate near-term release shipment information to suppliers. The Shipping Schedule provides a tool for refining the requirements conveyed on the Planning Schedule in support of Just-In-Time (JIT) delivery.
shop floor status
An Oracle Manufacturing function that lets you restrict movement of assemblies at an operation and intraoperation step within a discrete job or repetitive schedule.
short code
An abbreviated notation of a collection element value.
short notes
A Purchasing feature that lets you provide up to 240 characters on your documents. Typically, these notes are for your supplier, approver, buyer, or receiver.
shortage
An open requirement with no inventory in the organization to support the requirement.
Shrinkage Rate
An item attribute the planning process uses to inflate the demand for the item to compensate for expected material loss. Enter a factor that represents the average amount of material you expect to lose during your manufacturing process. For example, if an average 20% of all units of the item fail final inspection, enter a shrinkage rate for the item of 0.2. In this example, the planning process always inflates net requirements for the item by a factor of 1.25 (1 / 1 - shrinkage rate).
shrinkage rate
The percentage on a parent assembly expected to be scrapped in work in process.
SIC code
(Standard Industry Classification Code) A standard classification created by the government used to categorize your customers.
simulated job
Job used to evaluate the availability of material and resources required for a potential discrete job based on the job quantity and need date for the assembly.
simulation schedule
Unofficial schedules for personal use that contain the most current scheduled item information. You can print Simulation schedules, but you cannot confirm or send them via EDI.
simulation set
A group of capacity modifications for resource shifts to simulate, plan, or schedule capacity.
single level variance
A work in process variance that is the difference between the standard cost of an assembly and the actual charges to a standard jobs or repetitive schedules distributed by structure level. This variance looks at the assembly cost for the resource and overhead standard cost at the top level and compares them to the actual resource and overhead costs charged to the standard job or repetitive schedule. All other costs material, material overhead, outside processing, resource and overhead costs from lower level assemblies are included in the material usage variance calculation.
site use
See business purpose.
snapshot
The only phase under the memory-based planning engine. The snapshot takes a snapshot or picture of supply and demand information at a particular point in time. The snapshot gathers all the information about current supply and demand that is required by the planner to calculate net material requirements, including on-hand inventory quantities and scheduled receipts. Under the memory-based planning engine, explosion and planning occur in the snapshot phase.
snapshot delete worker
An independent concurrent process launched by the snapshot monitor that deletes planning data from the previous planning run.
snapshot monitor
A process, launched by the memory-based snapshot, that coordinates all the processes related to the memory-based planning engine.
snapshot task
A task performed by the snapshot or a snapshot worker during the planning process.
snapshot worker
A group of independent concurrent processes controlled by the snapshot monitor that brings information into flat files. This information comes from Work in Process, Bill of Materials, on-hand quantities, purchase orders, firm planned orders, routings, and Work in Process job resource requirements.
soft reservation
The planning process considers sales order demand soft reservation.
source base unit
The unit of measure from which you are converting when you define your interclass conversions. You define the destination base unit in terms of the source base unit. Your source base unit is the base unit of a unit class.
source forecast
When loading a forecast into another forecast, the source forecast is the forecast you load from.
sourcing
The action of identifying a purchasing source or supplier for goods or services. To identify the best sources for your purchases, you can create RFQs that you send to your suppliers, enter quotations from your supplier, and evaluate these quotations for each item you purchase.
sourcing rule
Specifies how to replenish items in an organization, such as purchased items in plants. You can also use sourcing rules to override sourcing that is specified in the bill of distribution assigned to an item.
sourcing rule assignment
See assignment hierarchy
spare part
A synonym for service part. It is an inventory item used without modification to replace an original part during the performance of maintenance or repair to a serviceable item or product.
specification
Describes the requirements of a product in Oracle Quality. You can define specifications for the key characteristics of the products you produce.
specification element
A collection element copied or assigned to a specification.
specification limits
Numeric values used to specify an acceptable range of values for a quality element. Consists of a target value, and upper and lower control limit, and an upper and lower reasonableness limit.
specification subtype
A user-defined subclassifcation of the standard specification types: customer, vendor, or an item/item category. For example a customer specification can be assigned a specification subtype that indicates the customer's plant location.
specification type
A classification for specifications. Specifications can be specific to a customer, vendor, or an item/item category.
split amount
A dollar amount that determines the number of invoices over and under this amount, as well as the total amounts remaining. For example, your company generates invoices that are either $300 or $500. You choose $400 as your split amount so that you can review how much of your open receivables are comprised of your $300 business and how much corresponds to your $500 business. The split amount appears in the Collection Effectiveness Indicators Report.
spot exchange rate
A daily exchange rate you use to perform foreign currency conversion. The spot exchange rate is usually a quoted market rate that applies to the immediate delivery of one currency for another.
SQL validation statement
A statement written in SQL to customize action details.
SQL script action
An SQL script invoked by action rule processing in Oracle Quality.
standard actions
Order Entry provides a selection of predefined actions, called standard actions. Use these actions, along with those you define yourself, to create your customized order cycles. See also cycle action, order cycle.
standard bill of material
A bill of material for a standard item, such as a manufactured product or assembly.
standard component
A mandatory component used to assemble an ATO (assemble-to-order) item or configuration.
standard comments
Standard text you can assign to discrete jobs or repetitive schedules. Special instructions or details specific to a particular job or circumstance.
standard costing
A costing method where a predetermined standard cost is used for charging material, resource, overhead, period close, job close, and cost update transactions and valuing inventory. Any deviation in actual costs from the predetermined standard is recorded as a variance.
standard discrete job
A type of discrete job that controls material and resources for standard production assemblies.
standard item
Any item that can have a bill or be a component on a bill except planning items, option classes, or models. Standard items include purchased items, subassemblies, and finished products.
standard note
A routine message you can predefine and automatically or manually attach to orders, returns, order lines, and return lines to convey important information. See also one-time note, automatic note.
standard note
A long note you define for Oracle Manufacturing and can later reference on as many documents as you want.
standard operation
A commonly used operation you can define as a template for use in defining future routing operations.
standard planning engine
A planning engine that drives the planning process. This planning engine consists of three phases, each of which follows a strict sequence: the exploder, the snapshot, and the planner. These phases are followed by two optional phases: CRP planner, and maintain repetitive planning periods. See memory-based planning engine, planning process
standard purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you order delivery of goods or services for specific dates and locations for your company. Each standard purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute the quantity of each shipment across multiple accounts. See purchase order
standard rate
The frozen standard unit cost for a resource.
standard receipt
A receipt routing in which shipments are received into a receiving location and then delivered in a separate transaction. Standard receipts can be inspected or transferred before delivery.
standard unit conversion
The conversion formula you define between different units from the same unit class. You define your own standard conversion.
standard unit cost
The unit cost you may use to cost all material and resource transactions in your inventory and work in process system. This cost represents the expected cost for a component or assembly for a specified interval of time. The basis for standard cost may be the cost history, purchase order history, or predicted changes in future costs.
standard value
The default value Order Entry automatically places in an attribute to improve the efficiency and accuracy with which you enter an order. The standard value for an attribute is frequently based on other values in the order. See also attribute, default value, object, standard value rule set.
standard value rule set
A collection of attributes and associated standard value sources. You associate a rule set with an order type to control the source and priority of default information on the Sales Orders window. See also attribute, default value, object, order type.
standard value source
The attribute or value Bills of Material uses to provide a standard value or default for an order attribute.
status
See customer status.
start date
The date you plan to begin production of assemblies in a discrete job.
statistical forecasting
A mathematical analysis of past transaction history, last forecast quantities, and/or information specified by the user to determine expected demand.
status check
A set of tests Purchasing performs on a purchasing document to ensure it is in a valid state before performing an approval action.
subassembly
An assembly used as a component in a higher level assembly.
subinventory
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom or receiving dock.
submission check
A set of tests on a purchasing document to ensure it is ready to be submitted for approval processing.
submit
To send a document to another employee without attempting to approve or reserve funds for it yourself.
substitute item
An item that can be used in place of a component. Master Scheduling/MRP suggests substitutes items on some reports.
substitute receipt
An option that lets you receive predefined acceptable substitutes for any item.
suggested aggregate repetitive schedule
The optimal repetitive schedule suggested by MRP to satisfy a given master schedule. The optimal schedule represents aggregated production for all lines and considers the constraints of planning periods, item lead time, firm schedules, time fence control, acceptable rate changes and overrun amounts.
suggested repetitive schedule
The schedule for an individual production line for a specific item that is derived from the Suggested aggregate schedule. MRP divides the suggested aggregate schedule for a specific line and item based on the production line attributes: priority, minimum and maximum rates.
supply chain planning
The development and maintenance of multi-organizational distribution and manufacturing plans across a global supply chain.
summary message action
A message representing one or more exceptions. The message may include introductory and closing paragraphs separated by the exceptions listed in a columnar report format.
supplier
Provider of goods or services.
supplier product number
The number your supplier assigns to an item. You and your supplier can have different item naming conventions. You can identify the item with one number (Item) while your supplier identifies this item using another number (Supplier Product Number). Using and referencing supplier product numbers helps you speed up your purchasing cycle. By referencing a number your supplier knows, you can help your suppliers understand your purchase orders and RFQs better.
supplier purchasing hold
A hold condition you place on a supplier to prevent new purchasing activity on the supplier. You cannot approve purchase orders for suppliers you placed on hold.
supplier quotation list
A list of suppliers who can provide goods or services you need. You often define a supplier quotation list for an item or class of items. You can use a supplier quotation list to generate multiple copies of a RFQ automatically and to manage supplier responses.
supplier requirement
See supplier sourced component
supplier sourced component
A component item on a bill of material supplied to work in process directly by a supplier.
supplier specification
The customer specified material requirements for a product or service.
supply
A quantity of materials available for use. Supply is replenished in response to demand or anticipated demand.
supply agreement blanket purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue before you request actual delivery of goods or services. You normally create a blanket purchase agreement to document a long-term supplier agreement. A blanket purchase agreement may contain an effective date and an expiration date, a committed amount, or quantity. You use a blanket purchase agreement as a tool for specifying agreed prices and delivery dates for goods and services before actually ordering them. Blanket agreement in Oracle Purchasing with the Supply Agreement flag set on the Blanket Agreement header. Only Supply Agreement Releases are picked up by Supplier Scheduling.
supply locator
The specific location, such as shelves or containers, within a supply subinventory that you use as the default locator in a material transaction.
supply release agreements
Release shipments against a Blanket Supply Agreement.
supply reserved
A schedule status showing that Oracle Work in Process (WIP) has recognized the demand for an item or configuration and opened a work order to supply the demand. Once the work order is complete and the finished product is received in inventory, WIP transfers a reservation for the finished product to the sales order. The schedule status for the order line or order line detail is then changed to be Reserved.
supply subinventory
The subinventory you use as a primary source of supply to meet a specific material requirement in a discrete job or repetitive schedule. In Release 9, this is the backflush subinventory for pull material or the primary issue subinventory for push material.
supply type
A bill of material component field that controls issue transactions from inventory to work in process. Supply types supported by Work in Process include: Push, Assembly pull, Operation pull, Bulk, Supplier, Phantom, and Based on bill.
system
A grouping of customer products.
System Items Flexfield
A flexfield that allows you to define the structure of your item identifier according to your business requirements. You can choose the number and order of segments (such as product and product line), the length of each segment, and much more. You can define up to twenty segments for your item. Also known as Item Flexfield.
system linkage
An obsolete term. See expenditure type class.

T

tax authority
A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services purchased by a customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities (e.g. state, local and federal governments in the U.S.), while in others there may be only one. Each authority may charge a different tax rate. You can define a unique tax name for each tax authority. If you have only one tax authority, you can define a unique tax name for each tax rate that it charges.
A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services purchased by a customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities (e.g. state, local and federal governments in the U.S.), while in others there may be only one. Each authority may charge a different tax rate. Within Bills of Material tax authority consists of all components of your tax structure. For example: (California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores) for (State.County.City) Bills of Material adds together the tax rates for all of these locations to determine a customer's total tax liability order invoice.
tax codes
Codes to which you assign sales tax or value-added tax rates. Oracle Receivables lets you choose state codes as the tax code when you define sales tax rates for the United States.
tax exempt
A customer, business purpose, or item free from tax charges.
tax location
A specific tax location within your tax authority. For example 'Redwood Shores' is a tax location in the Tax Authority (California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores).
tare weight
The weight of an item, excluding packaging or included items.
target value
A number which indicates the desired result of a given quality characteristic. Can also be used to denote the expected average of values for a quality characteristic.
teardown time
The time required to clean up or restore a machine or work center after operation.
territory
A feature that lets you categorize your customers or salespeople. For example, you can group your customers by geographic region or industry type.
Territory Flexfield
A key flexfield you can use to categorize customers and salespersons.
this level costs
The cost or value added at the current level of an assembly. Resource, outside processing and overhead costs are examples of this level costs. Material is always a previous level cost.
three-way matching
Purchasing performs three-way matching to verify the purchase order, receipt, and invoice information match within tolerance.
time bucket
A unit of time used for defining and consuming forecasts. A bucket can be one day, one week, or one period.
time fence
A policy or guideline established to note where various restrictions or changes in operating procedures take place. The planning process cannot create or reschedule orders within the planning time fence. This gives the planner the ability to stabilize the plan and thereby minimizing the nervousness of the system.
time phased requirements
Requirements for resources where the need dates are offset by the lead time for those resources.
to move
An intraoperation step where assemblies can either be completed to a subinventory or wait to be moved to another operation.
tolerance percentage
The percentage amount by which customers are allowed to exceed their credit limit and still pass the credit check.
total lead time
An item's fixed lead time plus the variable lead time multiplied by the order quantity. For lead time calculations, Bills of Material sets the order quantity to the item's standard or lead time lot size. The planning process uses the total lead time for an item in its scheduling logic to calculate order start dates from order due dates.
total quantity accepted
The total number of accepted items for the receipt line.
total requisition limit
The maximum amount you authorize an employee to approve for a specific requisition.
trading partner
Any company that sends and receives documents via EDI.
transaction cost
The cost per unit at which the transaction quantity is valued.
transaction date
The date you enter and Oracle Manufacturing maintains for any manufacturing transaction. The date must fall within an open accounting period and be greater than the release date for transactions on a discrete job or repetitive schedule.
transaction interface
An open interface table through which you can import transactions. See open interface.
transaction manager
A concurrent program that controls your manufacturing transactions.
transaction quantity
The quantity of a transaction.
transaction set
A complete business document such as an invoice, a purchase order, or a remittance advice. Synonym for document or message.
transaction set line item area
The line item area encompasses the actual business transaction set and includes information, such as quantities, descriptions, and prices.
transaction set summary area
The summary area contains control information and other data that relate to the total transaction.
transaction type
An invoice control feature that lets you specify default values for invoice printing, posting, to the general ledger, and updating of open receivable balances.
The kind of action performed on an asset. Transaction types include Addition, Adjustment, Transfer, and Retirement.
An accounting control feature that determines how Cash Management matches and accounts for transactions. Cash Management transaction types include Miscellaneous Receipt, Miscellaneous Payment, Non-Sufficient Funds (NSF), Payment, Receipt, Rejected, and Stopped.
transaction worker
An independent concurrent process launched by a transaction manager to validate and process your manufacturing transactions.
transition
In Oracle Workflow, the relationship that defines the completion of one activity and the activation of another activity within a process. In a process diagram, the arrow drawn between two activities represents a transition. See also activity, Workflow Engine.
traveler
See route sheet.
two-level master scheduling
A technique that facilitates the forecast explosion of product groupings into related master production schedules. The top-level MPS is usually defined for a product line, family or end product while the second-level is defined for key options and components.
two-way matching
Purchasing performs two-way matching to verify that purchase order and invoice information match within tolerance.

U

ultimate ship-to location
The final destination of a shipment.
UN number
An identifier for a hazardous material. Each Identification number has a description. Identification numbers are not unique. For instance, the same UN Number may correspond to 2 closely related but different types of materials.
underload
A condition where required capacity for a resource or production is less than available capacity.
unit of measure
The unit that the quantity of an item is expressed.
unit of measure class
A group of units of measure and their corresponding base unit of measure. The standard unit classes are Length, Weight, Volume, Area, Time, and Pack.
unit of measure conversions
Numerical factors that enable you to perform transactions in units other than the primary unit of the item being transacted.
unordered receipt
A site option that lets you receive an unordered item. You can later batch an unordered item to an existing purchase order, or add it to a new purchase order.
unreleased job/schedule
A discrete job or repetitive schedule planned but not released for work to begin and not yet transactable.
unreleased lines
Order line details that are unfulfilled by Pick Release.
unscheduling
The removal of the schedule status for an order line or detail if a line or detail is either demanded or reserved; unscheduling will return the status to blank.
UOM
See unit of measure.
Update WIP
When Engineering automatically implements a released revised item, the work in process requirements are automatically updated for the revised item.
upper and lower specification limits
Defines a valid range of acceptable values.
usage
An attribute of your standard and one-time notes that determines how Purchasing should handle them.
usage quantity
The quantity of a component, including component yield required to produce one assembly in a discrete job or repetitive schedule as stated on the bill of materials.
usage rate
The amount of a resource consumed at an operation.
usage variance
A quantity variance defined as the difference between the amount of material required at standard and the actual amount you use to manufacture an assembly.
use-up item
A revised component whose MRP-planned order date and lead time offset determine the effective date of the revised item.
utilization
Required capacity divided by available capacity.

V

valuation account
Your inventory and work in process asset accounts set up in Inventory, Work in Process, and Purchasing.
value
Data you enter in a parameter. A value can be a date, a name, or a code, depending on the parameter.
value added
See outside processing
value basis
An attribute you associate with a line type to indicate whether you order items for this line type by quantity or amount.
VAN(S)
Value Added Network (Supplier).
variable collection element
A collection element that represents numeric measurements. See collection element types.
variable lead time
The time required to produce one additional unit of an assembly. To compute an item's total lead time multiply variable lead time by order quantity, and add an item's fixed lead time.
variance
An accounting term used to express the difference between an expected cost and an actual cost. A variance can be favorable or unfavorable. Variances are usually written directly to the income statement as a period expense.
variance account
An account where you record your variance charges. You can maintain several variance accounts in your work in process system, depending on what you are charging and which class you use.
vehicle
vehicle type
vendor
See supplier.

W

warehouse
See organization.
warranty
A non-billable, zero-monetary service item attached directly to a product at shipment.
waybill
A document containing a list of goods and shipping instructions relative to a shipment.
waybill number
The number associated with a waybill that you record for the shipping batch at ship confirmation.
WIP
See work in process.
WIP accounting class
A set of accounts that you use to charge the production of an assembly. You assign accounting classes to discrete jobs and repetitive schedules. Each accounting class includes distribution accounts and variance accounts. Also used in cost reporting.
WIP move resource
A resource automatically charged to a discrete job or repetitive schedule by a move transaction. Resources are automatically charged when a forward move occurs, or uncharged when a backward move occurs.
wire
A payment method where you pay invoices by notifying your bank to debit your account and credit your suppliers account.
Work Breakdown Structure
The breakdown of project work into tasks. These tasks can be broken down into subtasks or hierarchical units of work.
work order date
The date to begin processing the paperwork for the discrete job. This date is offset from the start date by the preprocessing lead time.
work in process
An item in various phases of production in a manufacturing plant. This includes raw material awaiting processing up to final assemblies ready to be received into inventory.
workday calendar
A calendar that identifies available workdays for one or more organizations. Master Scheduling/MRP, Inventory, Work in Process, and Capacity plan and schedule activities based on a calendar's available workdays.
workday exception set
An entity that defines mutually exclusive sets of workday exceptions. For each organization, you can specify a workday calendar and exception set.
workday exceptions
Dates that define plant or shift workday variations, including holidays, scheduled maintenance, or extended downtime.
worker
An independent concurrent process that executes specific tasks. Programs using workers to break large tasks into smaller ones must coordinate the actions of the workers.
Workflow Engine
The Oracle Workflow component that implements a workflow process definition. The Workflow Engine manages the state of all activities, automatically executes functions, maintains a history of completed activities, and detects error conditions and starts error processes. The Workflow Engine is implemented in server PL/SQL and activated when a call to an engine API is made. See also Account Generator, activity, function, item type.
WP4
Working Party 4 on the facilitation of international trade procedures of the Economic Commission for Europe, a commission of the United Nations. Working Party 4 has experts on data elements and interchange, and on trade procedures.

X

X12
ANSI standard for inter-industry electronic interchange of business transactions.
X.400
International standard (in development) for message transmission.

Y

yield
See component yield

Z


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