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Oracle9i OLAP Developer's Guide to the OLAP DML
Release 2 (9.2)

Part Number A95298-01
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The Oracle9i OLAP Developer's Guide to the OLAP DML provides an overview of the programming environment, describes workspace objects, and explains how to use the features of the OLAP DML. It also describes how to write and debug programs and illustrates programming strategies for accessing and working with data.


All of the OLAP DML commands discussed in this guide are explained fully in the Oracle9i OLAP DML Reference help. For detailed information about a specific command, search for it by name in the reference.

This preface contains these topics:


Oracle9i OLAP Developer's Guide to the OLAP DML is intended for users who perform the following tasks:

To use this document, previous programming experience is helpful but not necessary.


This document contains:

Part I, Introduction

Chapter 1, "Basic Concepts"

Introduces the OLAP data manipulation language and describes various methods of accessing it.

Chapter 2, "Defining and Working with Analytic Workspaces"

Explains how to create new analytic workspaces and modify existing ones. Also describes initialization programs and password protection.

Chapter 3, "Defining Data Objects"

Describes the various types of workspace objects and how to create them. Defines workspace data types.

Chapter 4, "Working with Expressions"

Explains how to define and use expressions.

Chapter 5, "Populating Workspace Data Objects"

Explains how to add, delete, and reorder dimension members and assign values to data objects.

Chapter 6, "Selecting Data"

Explains how to select data for analysis or display.

Part II, Applications Development

Chapter 7, "Developing Programs"

Explains how to create, modify, compile, and run DML stored procedures.

Chapter 8, "Working with Models"

Explains how to create, compile, and run a series of equations.

Chapter 9, "Allocating Data"

Explains how to distribute data from parents to children in one or more dimensions.

Part III, Analytic Workspace Management

Chapter 10, "Working with Relational Tables"

Explains how to fetch data from relational tables into workspace objects, and how to insert data from workspace objects into relational tables.

Chapter 11, "Reading Data from Files"

Explains how to copy data from flat files into workspace objects.

Chapter 12, "Aggregating Data"

Explains how to roll up low-level data.

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This section describes the conventions used in the text and code examples of this documentation set. It describes:

Conventions in Text

We use various conventions in text to help you more quickly identify special terms. The following table describes those conventions and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example


Bold typeface indicates terms that are defined in the text or terms that appear in a glossary, or both.

When you specify this clause, you create an index-organized table.


Italic typeface indicates book titles or emphasis.

Oracle9i Database Concepts

Ensure that the recovery catalog and target database do not reside on the same disk.

UPPERCASE monospace (fixed-width) font

Uppercase monospace typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. Such elements include parameters, privileges, datatypes, RMAN keywords, SQL keywords, SQL*Plus or utility commands, packages and methods, as well as system-supplied column names, database objects and structures, usernames, and roles.

You can specify this clause only for a NUMBER column.

You can back up the database by using the BACKUP command.

Query the TABLE_NAME column in the USER_TABLES data dictionary view.


lowercase monospace (fixed-width) font

Lowercase monospace typeface indicates executables, filenames, directory names, and sample user-supplied elements. Such elements include computer and database names, net service names, and connect identifiers, as well as user-supplied database objects and structures, column names, packages and classes, usernames and roles, program units, and parameter values.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

Enter sqlplus to open SQL*Plus.

The password is specified in the orapwd file.

Back up the datafiles and control files in the /disk1/oracle/dbs directory.

The department_id, department_name, and location_id columns are in the hr.departments table.

Set the QUERY_REWRITE_ENABLED initialization parameter to true.

Connect as oe user.

The JRepUtil class implements these methods.

lowercase italic monospace (fixed-width) font

Lowercase italic monospace font represents placeholders or variables.

You can specify the parallel_clause.

Run old_release.SQL where old_release refers to the release you installed prior to upgrading.

Conventions in Code Examples

Code examples illustrate SQL, PL/SQL, SQL*Plus, or other command-line statements. They are displayed in a monospace (fixed-width) font and separated from normal text as shown in this example:

SELECT username FROM dba_users WHERE username = 'MIGRATE';

The following table describes typographic conventions used in code examples and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example

[ ]

Brackets enclose one or more optional items. Do not enter the brackets.

DECIMAL (digits [ , precision ])

{ }

Braces enclose two or more items, one of which is required. Do not enter the braces.



A vertical bar represents a choice of two or more options within brackets or braces. Enter one of the options. Do not enter the vertical bar.




Horizontal ellipsis points indicate either:

  • That we have omitted parts of the code that are not directly related to the example
  • That you can repeat a portion of the code

CREATE TABLE ... AS subquery;

SELECT col1, col2, ... , coln FROM employees;




Vertical ellipsis points indicate that we have omitted several lines of code not directly related to the example.


9 rows selected

Other notation

You must enter symbols other than brackets, braces, vertical bars, and ellipsis points as shown.

acctbal NUMBER(11,2);

acct CONSTANT NUMBER(4) := 3;


Italicized text indicates placeholders or variables for which you must supply particular values.

CONNECT SYSTEM/system_password

DB_NAME = database_name


Uppercase typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. We show these terms in uppercase in order to distinguish them from terms you define. Unless terms appear in brackets, enter them in the order and with the spelling shown. However, because these terms are not case sensitive, you can enter them in lowercase.

SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;


DROP TABLE hr.employees;


Lowercase typeface indicates programmatic elements that you supply. For example, lowercase indicates names of tables, columns, or files.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;

sqlplus hr/hr


Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle Corporation is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For additional information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at
Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

JAWS, a Windows screen reader, may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, JAWS may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

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