|Oracle9i Security and Network Integration Guide
Release 2 (9.2) for Windows
Part Number A95492-01
This appendix describes Oracle Net Services configuration for Windows. For more generic information on Oracle Net Services configuration, see Oracle9i Net Services Administrator's Guide.
This appendix contains these topics:
Oracle Net Services integration with Active Directory for Windows 2000 in "Using Enterprise User Security with Microsoft Active Directory" in Oracle Advanced Security Administrator's Guide
The registry contains entries for Oracle Net Services parameters and subkeys. To successfully add or modify Oracle Net Services configuration parameters, you must understand where they are located and the rules that apply to them.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services contains subkeys that correspond to services. Depending on what is installed, your Oracle Net Services consist of all or a subset of the following:
Each service subkey contains the parameters shown in Table A-1.
Specifies service name.
Specifies fully qualified path name of executable invoked by service and any command line arguments passed to executable at runtime.
Specifies logon user account and computer to which service should log on.
In Oracle9i release 2 (9.2), the listener is set to start automatically at system restart. If you intend to use only the listener for all of your databases, ensure that only the Windows NT service for the listener, as listed in the Control Panel, is set to start automatically.
Oracle Corporation normally recommends that you only have a single net listener service running on a Windows NT computer at any one time. This single listener can support multiple databases. If you need to have two different net listener services running on a Windows NT computer at the same time, make sure that they are configured to listen on different TCP/IP port numbers.
If the same IP address and port are used for different listeners, you might expect that the second and subsequent listeners would fail to bind. Instead, Windows NT allows them all to listen on the same IP address and port, resulting in unexpected behavior of the listeners. This is a suspected Windows NT operating system problem with TCP/IP and has been reported to Microsoft.
You can use the following parameters on Windows NT and Windows 98:
Oracle Net Service first checks for the parameters as environment variables, and uses the values defined. If environment variables are not defined, it searches for these parameters in the registry.
You can use parameter
LOCAL to connect to Oracle9i database without specifying a connect identifier in the connect string. The value of parameter
LOCAL is any connect identifier, such as a net service name. For example, if parameter
LOCAL is specified as
finance, you can connect to a database from SQL*Plus with:
Oracle Net checks if
LOCAL is defined as an environment variable or as a parameter in the registry, and uses
finance as the service name. If it exists, Oracle Net connects.
You can add parameter
TNS_ADMIN to change the directory path of Oracle Net Services configuration files from the default location of
\network\admin. For example, if you set
\test\admin, the configuration files are used from
You can set parameter
true to enable use of shared sockets. If this parameter is set to
true, the network listener passes the socket descriptor for client connections to the database thread. As a result, the client does not need to establish a new connection to the database thread and database connection time improves. Also, all database connections share the port number used by the network listener, which can be useful if you are setting up third-party proxy servers.
This parameter only works in dedicated server mode in a TCP/IP environment. If this parameter is set, you cannot use the 9.0 listener to spawn Oracle7 release 7.x databases. To spawn a dedicated server for an Oracle database not associated with the same Oracle home as the listener and have shared socket enabled, you must also set parameter
USE_SHARED_SOCKET for both Oracle homes.
The following sections describe advanced configuration procedures specifically for Oracle Net Services on Windows operating systems.
Oracle Net Services provides authentication methods for Windows operating systems using Windows Native Authentication.
The network listener service may be unable to open the Named Pipe created by Oracle Names unless service
TNSListener has a valid user ID and password associated with it.
To set up the network listener permissions:
The Services window appears.
The Services dialog box appears.
The Add User dialog box appears.
The user ID appears in the Add Name text box.
The Services dialog box appears with the user ID displayed in text box This Account.