Skip Headers

PL/SQL User's Guide and Reference
10g Release 1 (10.1)

Part Number B10807-01
Go to Documentation Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Go to Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page

Go to previous page
Go to next page
View PDF


The SAVEPOINT statement names and marks the current point in the processing of a transaction. With the ROLLBACK TO statement, savepoints undo parts of a transaction instead of the whole transaction. For more information, see "Overview of Transaction Processing in PL/SQL".


Description of savepoint_statement.gif follows
Description of the illustration savepoint_statement.gif

Keyword and Parameter Description


An undeclared identifier, which marks the current point in the processing of a transaction.

Usage Notes

A simple rollback or commit erases all savepoints. When you roll back to a savepoint, any savepoints marked after that savepoint are erased. The savepoint to which you roll back remains.

You can reuse savepoint names within a transaction. The savepoint moves from its old position to the current point in the transaction.

If you mark a savepoint within a recursive subprogram, new instances of the SAVEPOINT statement are executed at each level in the recursive descent. You can only roll back to the most recently marked savepoint.

An implicit savepoint is marked before executing an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement. If the statement fails, a rollback to the implicit savepoint is done. Normally, just the failed SQL statement is rolled back, not the whole transaction; if the statement raises an unhandled exception, the host environment (such as SQL*Plus) determines what is rolled back.

Related Topics

COMMIT Statement, ROLLBACK Statement