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Oracle® Objects for OLE C++ Class Library Developer's Guide
10g Release 1 (10.1)

Part Number B10119-01
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Select for Update

Normally, when a dynaset is created, rows are not locked in the database until StartEdit is invoked. If this is not desirable, the SQL SELECT statement could include the FOR UPDATE construct. Unfortunately, the FOR UPDATE construct undermines the normal dynaset operations. You may use FOR UPDATE , but it is not recommended.

Dynasets created with FOR UPDATE are handled correctly in most cases by scanning the SQL statement for the FOR UPDATE construct (This is necessary because the Oracle database functions do not distinguish between SELECT and SELECT FOR UPDATE SQL statements. It is possible that some exotic FOR UPDATE SQL statements will be treated as not FOR UPDATE - this means that rows are not locked during the lifetime of the dynaset. If the FOR UPDATE is not recognized, rows will be locked only during an StartEdit/Update sequence. However, during the StartEdit/Update sequence, the row is verified as unchanged before the StartEdit is permitted.

The use of FOR UPDATE on dynasets requires that a session transaction be in progress at the time the dynaset is created. Further, before the session can be committed or rolled back, the dynaset must be closed or an error is returned. The dynaset is closed when all of the ODynaset objects that refer to it are closed or are destroyed.

If an error results and the application terminates, uncommitted data is rolled back, including pending FOR UPDATE dynasets.