|Oracle® Collaboration Suite Concepts Guide
10g Release 1 (10.1.1)
Part Number B14478-01
Oracle Content Services security is based on access roles, which specify what kind of access a user has to files, folders, Libraries, Containers, and links in Oracle Content Services. Each role is made up of a set of permissions — a permission represents the ability to perform a specific Oracle Content Services action or operation.
Application Program Interface (API) is a set of code or tools that is required for developing an application. All the commonly used operating environments like Linux provide APIs that can be used to develop applications that are consistent across a particular operating environment.
The tier of Oracle Collaboration Suite that runs the server applications that provide specific functionality to end-users. The term "Applications tier" replaces the term "middle tier" that was used in previous releases. Each Applications tier corresponds to an instance of Oracle Application Server. See also Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications.
Availability is the percentage or amount of time that a computing system provides application service.
Distinguished name used to authenticate to the Directory Server when performing an operation. See your Directory Server documentation for more information.
The Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) is an XML-based markup language for composing a set of discrete Web services into an end-to-end process flow.
BPEL Process Manager
Oracle BPEL Process Manager is a component of Oracle Application Server. It includes the BPEL Server, the BPEL Console, the BPEL Worklist application for human-centric workflows, and the BPEL Designer. You can use the BPEL Designer, an Oracle JDeveloper-based design tool, to graphically create custom workflows for use in Oracle Content Services.
The tier of Oracle Collaboration Suite that consists of the end-user applications that reside on client devices, such as desktops, laptops, wireless phones, and PDAs. See also Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications.
Collaboration Suite Database
The default database shipped with Oracle Collaboration Suite to hold application data.
Committed Data Cache
The Committed Data Cache provides caching of the attribute values of frequently used objects without a database request, greatly improving performance and scalability.
A standard developed by the Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum that defines the infrastructure required to build platform-independent computer telephony applications.
A database application designed to manage descriptive, attribute-based information about people and resources within an organization.
Document Conversion Server
The server that converts supported document types to HTML for viewing in document presentation mode.
The "demilitarized zone" is a subnetwork located between a company's corporate intranet and the Internet.
FTP, the File Transfer Protocol, is one of the three protocols supported by Oracle Content Services. It is used for file transfers across Wide Area Networks such as the Internet. FTPS, also known as secure FTP, is also supported.
HTTP, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, is one of the three protocols supported by Oracle Content Services. It is used for Web browser-based access. HTTP has been extended with WebDAV, a protocol designed for Wide Area Networks such as the Internet.
The Oracle HTTP Server, not to be confused with the Oracle Content Services HTTP protocol server (EcmHttpServer), is the Web server component of Oracle Application Server. It is based on the Apache HTTP Server, version 1.3.28.
Identity management is the process by which various components in an identity management system manage the security life cycle for network entities in an organization, and most commonly refers to the management of an organization's application users. Oracle Identity Management is an integrated infrastructure that provides distributed security to Oracle products. Oracle Identity Management includes the following components: Oracle Internet Directory, Oracle Directory Integration and Provisioning, Oracle Delegated Administration Services, OracleAS Single Sign-On, and Oracle Application Server Certificate Authority.
Internet Message Access Protocol is an Internet protocol for accessing e-mail on a remote server from a local client. It enables efficient operation such as downloading only essential data by first getting the e-mail header before the actual e-mail download. This makes the protocol well suited to remote environments.
The tier of Oracle Collaboration Suite that consists of the components that provide services, such as identity management and metadata storage, for the Applications Tier. Components of the Infrastructure tier include Oracle Collaboration Suite Database and Oracle Identity Management. See also Oracle Collaboration Suite Infrastructure.
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol or LDAP, is an Internet protocol that applications use to look up contact information from a server, such as a central directory. LDAP servers index all the data in their entries, and "filters" may be used to select just the person or group you want, and return just the information you want.
A very fast network device which can distribute Web requests to a large number of physical servers. The purpose of a load balancer (LBR) is to provide a single published address to the client browsers, and, in the case of Oracle Real-Time Collaboration, provide multiple Oracle Real-Time Collaboration Core Components Applications tiers which actually service the requests, based on the distribution of the requests done by the LBR.
The Oracle Management Agent is an Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control process deployed on each monitored host. The Oracle Management Agent is responsible for monitoring all targets on the host, for communicating that information to the Applications tier Management Service, and for managing and maintaining the host and its targets. Each Management Agent needs to be installed in its own Oracle home.
An Oracle node is the application software that comprises the product, along with the underlying Java Virtual Machine (JVM) required to support the software at runtime. There are two types of nodes: regular nodes, and HTTP nodes. Each node is based on a particular node configuration.
Oracle Application Server Control for Collaboration Suite
The Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Application Server Control for Oracle Collaboration Suite (short name: Application Server Control for Collaboration Suite) is a Web-based management interface used to manage Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications tier hosts. Oracle Content Services system administrators can use the Application Server Control for Collaboration Suite to operate and monitor system processes associated with the Oracle Content Services domain and nodes.
Oracle Application Server Containers for J2EE (OC4J) is a complete set of J2EE containers written entirely in Java that execute on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) of the standard Java Development Kit (JDK). OC4J supplies the following J2EE containers: a servlet container that complies with the servlet 2.3 specification, a JSP container that complies with the Sun JSP 1.2 specification, and an EJB container that complies with the EJB 2.0 specification.
Oracle Collaboration Suite
An integrated suite of software applications to enable communication, messaging, and content sharing in an enterprise environment. At an architectural level, it includes three tiers: an Applications Tier, which consists of server applications that provide the basic functionality, a Clients Tier, which consists of applications on desktops, laptops, and wireless devices, and an Infrastructure Tier, which provides centralized services, such as identity management and metadata storage, for the applications.
Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications
The applications that make up Oracle Collaboration Suite, namely:
Oracle Collaboration Suite Search
Oracle Content Services
Oracle Mobile Collaboration
Oracle Real-Time Collaboration
Oracle Voicemail & Fax
Oracle Collaboration Suite Database
The default database included with Oracle Collaboration Suite to hold application data and metadata. The Oracle Collaboration Suite Database is part of the Oracle Collaboration Suite Infrastructure.
Oracle Collaboration Suite Infrastructure
The underlying components that support Oracle Collaboration Suite and provide centralized product metadata and security services, configuration information, and data repositories for Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications. Oracle Collaboration Suite Infrastructure uses and builds on OracleAS Infrastructure. It includes the Oracle Collaboration Suite Database and Oracle Identity Management. See also Infrastructure Tier.
Oracle Enterprise Manager
Oracle Enterprise Manager is a systems management software application that enables you to manage and monitor Oracle Application Server instances and other Oracle server products. Oracle Enterprise Manager has three separate Web-based interfaces: the Application Server Control, the Application Server Control for Collaboration Suite, and the Grid Control.
Oracle Identity Management
An integrated set of components that provide distributed security to Oracle products and make it possible to centrally and securely manage enterprise identities and their access to applications in the enterprise. It includes the following components: Oracle Internet Directory, Oracle Directory Integration and Provisioning, Oracle Delegated Administration Services, OracleAS Single Sign-On, and Oracle Application Server Certificate Authority.
Oracle Universal Installer
The Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) is the installation wizard through which you can install Oracle products, including the Oracle database, Oracle Application Server, and Oracle Collaboration Suite.
Oracle Process Manager and Notification Server (OPMN) manages all the components within an application server instance, including Oracle HTTP Server, OC4J processes, and OracleAS WebCache. It channels all events from different components to all components interested in receiving them. Use OPMN to manage Oracle Content Services processes like HTTP nodes and regular nodes.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
The Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control is a Web-based management interface used for centralized management of Oracle Collaboration Suite Applications tiers, Oracle Collaboration Suite Infrastructure tiers, and Oracle database hosts. Oracle Content Services system administrators can use the Grid Control for access to Oracle Content Services metrics, such as document statistics, node statistics, and users, including access to historical metric data.
Oracle Internet Directory
Online directories are used by enterprises with distributed computer systems for fast searches, cost-effective management of users and security, and a central integration point for multiple applications and services. Oracle Internet Directory is an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) service that combines Oracle's database technology with the LDAP v3 directory standard. Oracle Internet Directory is a component of Oracle Identity Management. It is also tightly integrated with the Oracle Database. All Oracle Collaboration Suite users are created and managed in Oracle Internet Directory.
Post Office Protocol is a standard protocol used by a client to receive e-mail that has been sent to the client over the Internet. The protocol is used to retrieve the client's e-mail from the server.POP3 is the most recent version of this protocol and is typically included in software e-mail applications such as Outlook Express. POP is also built into popular browsers like Microsoft Explorer and Netscape. POP3 is usually employed with SMTP. IMAP is the alternative protocol to POP3, with more features for handling e-mail on the server.
OracleAS Portal is a component of Oracle Application Server that is used for the development, deployment, administration, and configuration of enterprise class portals. OracleAS Portal incorporates a portal building framework with self-service publishing features to enable you to create and manage information accessed within your portal.
The current availability of a contact, displayed in the Oracle RTC Messenger window. A contact can be "available" to receive chat messages or invitations to Web conferences, or "away." Contacts can customize their presence categories. See also group presence.
An Oracle Real Application Cluster (RAC) consists of two or more computers configured to interact to provide the appearance of a single Oracle database. These two or more nodes are linked by an interconnect. The interconnect serves as the communication path between each node in the cluster database. Each Oracle instance uses the interconnect for the messaging that synchronizes each instance's use of shared resources. Oracle also uses the interconnect to transmit data blocks that are shared by the multiple instances. The datafiles accessed by all the nodes are the primary type of shared resource. RAC requires that all nodes have simultaneous access to the shared disks to give the instances concurrent access to the database.
An inanimate object, such as a conference room or a piece of equipment, that has its own calendar. When creating an event in their calendar, users can invite resources in the same way that they invite other users. Resources are managed by users who act as designates. Resources can also be used to create a calendar for tracking related enterprise-wide information, such as company holidays or employees' travel schedules.
OracleAS Single Sign-On is a component of Oracle Application Server that enables users to log in to all features of the Oracle Application Server product suite, as well as to other Web applications, using a single user name and password. Oracle Content Services users log in to Oracle Content Services using their SSO password.
Voice over IP is a category of hardware and software that uses the Internet as the transmission medium for telephone calls. Voice data is sent in digital form in packets rather than in the traditional circuit-committed protocols of the public switched telephone network (PSTN). A major advantage of VoIP and Internet telephony is that it eliminates ordinary toll charges.
OracleAS WebCache is a component of Oracle Collaboration Suite that improves the performance, scalability, and availability of frequently used Web sites. By storing frequently accessed URLs in memory, OracleAS WebCache eliminates the need to repeatedly process requests for those URLs on the Web server. OracleAS WebCache uses invalidation-based caching.