4 Database Instance

The Oracle database metrics provide for each metric the following information:

4.1 Alert Log

This metric category contains the metrics that are used in creating the alert log, for example, data block corruption, terminated session, and so on.

4.1.1 Alert Log Error Trace File

This metric is the name of the trace file (if any) associated with the logged error. For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes.

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

4.1.2 Alert Log Name

This metric is the name of the alert log file. For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

4.1.3 Archiver Hung Alert Log Error

This metric signifies that the archiver of the database being monitored has been temporarily suspended since the last sample time.

If the database is running in ARCHIVELOG mode, an alert is displayed when archiving is hung (ORA-00257) messages are written to the ALERT file. The ALERT file is a special trace file containing a chronological log of messages and errors.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-1 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

Not Defined

ORA-

1*

The archiver hung at time/line number: %timeLine%.


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time/Line Number" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

User Action

Examine ALERT log and archiver trace file for additional information; however, the most likely cause of this message is that the destination device is out of space to store the redo log file. Verify the device specified in the initialization parameter ARCHIVE_LOG_DEST is set up properly for archiving. Note: This event does not automatically clear since there is no automatic way of determining when the problem has been resolved. Hence, you need to manually clear the event once the problem is fixed.

4.1.4 Data Block Corruption Alert Log Error

This metric signifies that the database being monitored has generated a corrupted block error to the ALERT file since the last sample time. The ALERT file is a special trace file containing a chronological log of messages and errors. An alert event is triggered when data block corrupted messages are written to the ALERT file.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-2 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

Not Defined

ORA-

1*

A data block was corrupted at time/line number: %timeLine%.


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time/Line Number" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

User Action

Examine ALERT log for additional information. Note: This event does not automatically clear since there is no automatic way of determining when the problem has been resolved. Hence, you need to manually clear the event once the problem is fixed.

4.1.5 Generic Alert Log Error

This metric signifies that the database being monitored has generated errors to the ALERT log file since the last sample time. The ALERT log file is a special trace file containing a chronological log of messages and errors. An alert event is triggered when Oracle Exception (ORA-006xx) messages are written to the ALERT log file. A warning is displayed when other ORA messages are written to the ALERT log file.

Deadlock detected (ORA-00060), archiver hung (ORA-00257), and data block corrupted (ORA-01578) messages are sent out as separate metrics.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-3 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

MATCH

ORA-0*(600?|7445|4[0-9][0-9][0-9])[^0-9]

Not Defined

1*

ORA-error stack (%errCodes%) logged in %alertLogName%.


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time/Line Number" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

User Action

Examine ALERT log for additional information. Note: This event does not automatically clear since there is no automatic way of determining when the problem has been resolved. Hence, you need to manually clear the event once the problem is fixed.

4.1.6 Media Failure Alert Log Error

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-4 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

Not Defined

ORA-

1*

Media failure was detected at time/line number: %timeLine%.


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time/Line Number" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.1.7 Session Terminated Alert Log Error

This metric signifies that a session terminated unexpectedly since the last sample time. The ALERT file is a special trace file containing a chronological log of messages and errors. An alert is displayed when session unexpectedly terminated (ORA-00603) messages are written to the ALERT file.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-5 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

ORA-

Not Defined

1*

A session was terminated at time/line number: %timeLine%.


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time/Line Number" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time/Line Number" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/admin/scripts/alertlog.pl where $ORACLE_HOME refers to the home of the Oracle Management Agent.

User Action

Examine the ALERT log and the session trace file for additional information. Note: This event does not automatically clear since there is no automatic way of determining when the problem has been resolved. Hence, you need to manually clear the event once the problem is fixed.

4.2 Alert Log Error Status

This metric category places all the types of alert log errors into four categories: Archiver Hung, Data Block Corruption, Session Terminated, and Generic. The metrics in this category represent whether the last scan of the alert log identified any of the aforementioned categories of error and, if so, how many.

4.2.1 Archiver Hung Alert Log Error Status

This metric reflects the number of Archiver Hung alert log errors witnessed the last time Enterprise Manager scanned the Alert Log.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-6 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Archiver hung errors have been found in the alert log.


Data Source

Alert Log metric

User Action

Examine the Alert Log.

4.2.2 Data Block Corruption Alert Log Error Status

This metric reflects the number of Data Block Corruption alert log errors witnessed the last time Enterprise Manager scanned the Alert Log.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-7 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Data block corruption errors have been found in the alert log.


Data Source

Alert Log metric

User Action

Examine the Alert Log.

4.2.3 Generic Alert Log Error Status

This metric reflects the number of Generic alert log errors witnessed the last time Enterprise Manager scanned the Alert Log.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-8 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% distinct types of ORA- errors have been found in the alert log.


Data Source

Alert Log metric

User Action

Examine the Alert Log.

4.2.4 Media Failure Alert Log Error Status

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-9 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Media failure errors have been found in the alert log.


4.2.5 Session Terminated Alert Log Error Status

This metric reflects the number of Session Terminated alert log errors witnessed the last time Enterprise Manager scanned the Alert Log.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-10 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Session terminations have been found in the alert log.


Data Source

Alert Log metric

User Action

Examine the Alert Log.

4.3 Archive Area

This metric category contains the metrics representing the utilization of the various archive areas.

If the database is running in ARCHIVELOG mode, this metric checks for available redo log destination device. It returns the percentage of used space of the redo log destination.

4.3.1 Archive Area Used (%)

The Archive Full (%) metric returns the percentage of space used on the archive area destination. If the space used is more than the threshold value given in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

If the database is not running in ARCHIVELOG mode or all archive destinations are standby databases for Oracle8i, this metric fails to register.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-11 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

80

Not Defined

1

%value%%% of archive area %archDir% is used.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Archive Area Destination" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Archive Area Destination" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Archive Area Destination" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

If no quota is set for archive area, the percentage is calculated using the UNIX df -k command.

If quota is set:

archive area used (%) = (total area used / total archive area) * 100

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameter LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST is set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8, verify that the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST and LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST initialization parameters are set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8i, there are two methods you can use to specify archive destinations. The first method is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n parameter (where n is an integer from 1 to 5) to specify from one to five different destinations for archival. Each numerically-suffixed parameter uniquely identifies an individual destination, for example, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2, and so on. The second method, which allows you to specify a maximum of two locations, is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST parameter to specify a primary archive destination and the LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST parameter to determine an optional secondary location.

If the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST initialization parameter is set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the archive destination parameters.

4.3.2 Archive Area Used (KB)

This metric represents the total space used (in KB) on the device containing the archive destination directory. For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes

Data Source

If no quota is set for archive area, this is calculated through the UNIX df -k command.

total area used = quota_used * db_block_size (in KB)

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameter LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST is set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8, verify that the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST and LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST initialization parameters are set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8i, there are two methods you can use to specify archive destinations. The first method is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n parameter (where n is an integer from 1 to 5) to specify from one to five different destinations for archival. Each numerically-suffixed parameter uniquely identifies an individual destination, for example, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2, and so on. The second method, which allows you to specify a maximum of two locations, is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST parameter to specify a primary archive destination and the LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST parameter to determine an optional secondary location.

If the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST initialization parameter is set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the archive destination parameters.

4.3.3 Free Archive Area (KB)

When running a database in ARCHIVELOG mode, the archiving of the online redo log is enabled. Filled groups of the online redo log are archived, by default, to the destination specified by the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST initialization parameter. If this destination device becomes full, the database operation is temporarily suspended until disk space is available.

If the database is running in ARCHIVELOG mode, this metric checks for available redo log destination devices.

If the database is not running in ARCHIVELOG mode, or all archive destinations are standby databases for Oracle8i, this metric fails to register.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-12 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Archive area %archDir% has %value% free KB remaining.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Archive Area Destination" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Archive Area Destination" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Archive Area Destination" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

If the database is in NOARCHIVELOG mode, then nothing is collected.

If the database is in ARCHIVELOG mode, log_archive_destination from v$parameter is queried to obtain the current list of archivelog destinations. The results are obtained by directly checking the disk usage (df -kl).

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameter LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST is set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8, verify that the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST and LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST initialization parameters are set up properly for archiving.

  • For Oracle8i, there are two methods you can use to specify archive destinations. The first method is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n parameter (where n is an integer from 1 to 5) to specify from one to five different destinations for archival. Each numerically-suffixed parameter uniquely identifies an individual destination, for example, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1, LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2, and so on. The second method, which allows you to specify a maximum of two locations, is to use the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST parameter to specify a primary archive destination and the LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST parameter to determine an optional secondary location.

If the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST initialization parameter is set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the archive destination parameters.

4.3.4 Total Archive Area (KB)

This metric represents the total space (in KB) on the device containing the archive destination directory. For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes

Data Source

If no quota is set for archive area, this is calculated through the UNIX df -k command.

If quota is set:

total archive area = quota_size * db_block_size (in KB)

User Action

Oracle recommends that multiple archivelog destinations across different disks be configured. When at least one archivelog destination gets full, Oracle recommends the following:

  • If tape is being used, back up archivelogs to tape and delete the archivelogs.

  • If tape is not being used, back up the database and remove obsolete files. This also removes archivelogs that are no longer needed based on the database retention policy.

  • If archivelog destination quota_size is being used, raise the quota_size.

4.4 Collect SQL Response Time

Collect SQL response time metric

4.4.1 SQL Response Time (%)

SQL response time (%). For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes

4.5 Data Guard (10g)

Data Guard metrics

4.5.1 Data Guard Status

The Data Guard Status metric checks the status of each database in the broker configuration and triggers a warning or critical alert if necessary.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-13 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

Warning

Error

1

The Data Guard status of %dg_name% is %value%.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.5.2 Data Not Applied (logs)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log that was successfully archived to the standby database. Redo data in all subsequent log files are counted as logs not applied. If the primary database goes down at this point, the redo data from these log files can be applied on the standby database. If there is a gap in the log files received on the standby database, any log files received after the gap cannot be applied.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database and log apply services is currently applying log 1, log apply services can continue to apply up to log 3. Log apply services cannot apply any more log files because log 4 is missing. Even though log files 6, 7, and 9 are received, they cannot be applied and they will not be counted as data not applied.

If all the archived log files on the standby database are continuous, and standby redo logs are used, the standby redo logs are also counted as data not applied, unless real-time apply is turned on and log apply services is already working on the standby redo log files.

If the standby redo logs are multithreaded, the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If there are multiple incarnations and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, each incarnation is computed separately and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-14 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1

3

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not applied the last %value% received logs.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.5.3 Data Not Applied (MB)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log that was archived to the standby database. The size of redo data in all subsequent log files are counted as data not applied. If the primary database goes down at this point, redo from these log files can be applied on the standby database. If there is a gap in the log files received on the standby database, any log files received after the gap cannot be applied.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database and log apply services is currently applying log 1, log apply services can continue to apply up to log 3. Log apply services cannot apply any more log files because log 4 is missing. Even though log files 6, 7, and 9 are received, they cannot be applied and they will not be counted as data not applied. In this case, the total size of log files 1, 2, and 3 is the size of Data Not Applied.

If all the archived log files on the standby database are continuous, and standby redo log files are used, the standby redo log files are also counted as data not applied, unless real-time apply is turned on and log apply services is already working on the standby redo log files. The size of an archived log file is its file size. However, the size of a standby redo log is the size of the actual redo in the log and not the file size.

If the standby redo log files are multithreaded, the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If there are multiple incarnations and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, each incarnation is computed separately and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-15 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not applied the last %value% megabytes of data received.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.5.4 Data Not Received (logs)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log file that was successfully archived to the standby database. Redo data in all subsequent log files, including the current online redo log file, are counted as log files for potential data loss and will be unrecoverable if the primary database goes down at this point.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database, and if log 10 is the current online log file, and if log apply services are currently applying log 1, the last continuous log after the highest applied SCN is log 3. All log files after log 3, that is log files 4 through 10, are counted as data not received. If the primary database goes down at this point, all redo data in log files 4 through 10 are lost on the standby database.

If the primary database is multithreaded (in a RAC database), the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If the primary database has multiple incarnations (for example, due to a flashback operation) and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, the computation is done on each incarnation and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-16 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1

3

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not received the last %value% logs from the primary database.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.5.5 Data Not Received (MB)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log file that was successfully archived to the standby database. The size of redo data in all subsequent log files, including the current online redo log file, are counted as data for potential data loss and will be unrecoverable if the primary database goes down at this point. The size of an archived log file is its file size, and the size of the online redo log file is the size of the actual redo in the online log file, not the file size of the online redo log file.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database, and if log 10 is the current online log file, and if log apply services is currently applying log 1, the last continuous log after the highest applied SCN is log 3. All log files after log 3, that is log files 4 through 10, are counted as data not received and the total size of redo data in these log files is the size of Data Not Received.

If the primary database is multithreaded (in a RAC database), the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If the primary database has multiple incarnations (for example, due to a flashback operation) and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, the computation is done on each incarnation and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-17 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not received the last %value% megabytes of data from the primary database.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.6 Data Guard (for 9i)

Data Guard metrics

4.6.1 Data Guard Status

Checks the status of each database in the broker configuration.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-18 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

Warning

Error

1

The Data Guard status of %dg_name% is %value%.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.6.2 Data Not Applied (logs)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log that was successfully archived to the standby database. Redo data in all subsequent log files are counted as logs not applied. If the primary database goes down at this point, the redo data from these log files can be applied on the standby database. If there is a gap in the log files received on the standby database, any log files received after the gap cannot be applied.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database and log apply services is currently applying log 1, log apply services can continue to apply up to log 3. Log apply services cannot apply any more log files because log 4 is missing. Even though log files 6, 7, and 9 are received, they cannot be applied and they will not be counted as data not applied.

If all the archived log files on the standby database are continuous, and standby redo logs are used, the standby redo logs are also counted as data not applied, unless real-time apply is turned on and log apply services is already working on the standby redo log files.

If the standby redo logs are multithreaded, the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If there are multiple incarnations and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, each incarnation is computed separately and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-19 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1

3

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not applied the last %value% received logs.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.6.3 Data Not Received (logs)

The broker computes the highest applied SCN and uses its value to find the last continuous log file that was successfully archived to the standby database. Redo data in all subsequent log files, including the current online redo log file, are counted as log files for potential data loss and will be unrecoverable if the primary database goes down at this point.

For example, if log files 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9 are received on the standby database, and if log 10 is the current online log file, and if log apply services are currently applying log 1, the last continuous log after the highest applied SCN is log 3. All log files after log 3, that is log files 4 through 10, are counted as data not received. If the primary database goes down at this point, all redo data in log files 4 through 10 are lost on the standby database.

If the primary database is multithreaded (in a RAC database), the broker computes the highest applied SCN for every thread and totals the numbers. If the primary database has multiple incarnations (for example, due to a flashback operation) and the standby database is in a different incarnation from the primary database, the computation is done on each incarnation and the results are then totaled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-20 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1

3

1

Standby database %dg_name% has not received the last %value% logs from the primary database.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

4.7 Data Guard Fast-Start Failover

When Fast-Start Failover (FSFO) is enabled, this metric will generate a critical alert on the new primary database (old standby) if an FSFO occurs. The FSFO SCN must be initialized to a value before the metric will alert. This usually takes one collection interval. Once an FSFO occurs and the new primary is ready, the FSFO alert fires. It then clears after one collection interval. A critical alert is configured by default.

Both primary and standby must be configured with sysdba monitoring access.

4.7.1 Fast-Start Failover Occurred

When Fast-Start Failover (FSFO) is enabled, this metric will generate a critical alert on the new primary database (old standby) if an FSFO occurs. The FSFO SCN must be initialized to a value before the metric will alert. This usually takes one collection interval. Once an FSFO occurs and the new primary is ready, the FSFO alert fires. It then clears after one collection interval. A critical alert is configured by default.

Both primary and standby must be configured with sysdba monitoring access.

Shows the time when a fast-start failover occurred.

The value is 0 if FSFO has not occurred, 1 if FSFO has occurred.

4.7.2 Fast-Start Failover SCN

When Fast-Start Failover (FSFO) is enabled, this metric will generate a critical alert on the new primary database (old standby) if an FSFO occurs. The FSFO SCN must be initialized to a value before the metric will alert. This usually takes one collection interval. Once an FSFO occurs and the new primary is ready, the FSFO alert fires. It then clears after one collection interval. A critical alert is configured by default.

Both primary and standby must be configured with sysdba monitoring access.

Any value indicates the metric is ready to trigger.

4.7.3 Fast-Start Failover Time

When Fast-Start Failover (FSFO) is enabled, this metric will generate a critical alert on the new primary database (old standby) if an FSFO occurs. The FSFO SCN must be initialized to a value before the metric will alert. This usually takes one collection interval. Once an FSFO occurs and the new primary is ready, the FSFO alert fires. It then clears after one collection interval. A critical alert is configured by default.

Both primary and standby must be configured with sysdba monitoring access.

A time stamp appears if FSFO occurred.

4.8 Data Guard Performance

Data Guard performance metrics

4.8.1 Apply Lag (seconds)

Displays (in seconds) how far the standby is behind the primary.

Data Source

v$dataguard_stats('apply lag')

4.8.2 Estimated Failover Time (seconds)

The approximate number of seconds it would require to failover to this standby database. This accounts for the startup time (if necessary) plus the remaining time it would require to apply all the available redo on the standby. If a bounce is not required, it is only the remaining apply time.

Data Source

v$dataguard_stats ('estimated startup time','apply finish time','standby has been open')

4.8.3 Redo Apply Rate (KB/second)

Displays the Redo Apply Rate in KB/second on this standby.

4.8.4 Transport Lag (seconds)

The approximate number of seconds of redo not yet available on this standby database. This may be because the redo has not yet been shipped or there may be a gap.

Data Source

v$dataguard_stats('transport lag')

4.9 Data Guard Status

The Data Guard metrics check the status, data not received, and data not applied for the databases in the Data Guard configuration.

For information about Data Guard metrics, see the "Managing Data Guard Metrics" section of the "Data Guard Manager Scenarios" chapter in the Oracle10i Data Guard Broker book.

4.9.1 Data Guard Status

Use the Data Guard Status metric to check the status of each database in the Data Guard configuration.

By default, a critical and warning threshold value was set for this metric column. Alerts will be generated when threshold values are reached. You can edit the value for a threshold as required.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

User Action

Perform the following steps:

  1. Check the Edit Properties General page for the primary and standby databases for detailed information.

  2. Examine the database alert logs and the Data Guard broker logs for additional information.

4.10 Database Files

This metric category contains the database file metrics.

4.10.1 Average File Read Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average file read time, measured in hundredths of a second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-21 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 10 Minutes

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "File Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "File Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "File Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.10.2 Average File Write Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average file write time, measured in hundredths of a second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-22 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 10 Minutes

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "File Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "File Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "File Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.11 Database Job Status

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the health of database jobs registered through the DBMS_JOB interface.

4.11.1 Broken Job Count

The Oracle Server job queue is a database table that stores information about local jobs such as the PL/SQL call to execute for a job such as when to run a job. Database replication is also managed by using the Oracle job queue mechanism using jobs to push deferred transactions to remote master sites, to purge applied transactions from the deferred transaction queue or to refresh snapshot refresh groups.

A job can be broken in two ways:

Oracle has failed to successfully execute the job after sixteen attempts. The job has been explicitly marked as broken by using the procedure DBMS_ JOB.BROKEN.

This metric checks for broken DBMS jobs. A critical alert is generated if the number of broken jobs exceeds the value specified by the threshold argument.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-23 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

Not Uploaded

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% job(s) are broken.


Data Source

SELECT COUNT(*)
  FROM dba_jobs
  WHERE broken [less] [greater] 'N'

User Action

Check the ALERT log and trace files for error information. Correct the problem that is preventing the job from running. Force immediate re-execution of the job by calling DBMS_JOB.RUN.

4.11.2 Failed Job Count

The Oracle Server job queue is a database table that stores information about local jobs such as the PL/SQL call to execute for a job such as when to run a job. Database replication is also managed by using the Oracle job queue mechanism using jobs to push deferred transactions to remote master sites, to purge applied transactions from the deferred transaction queue or to refresh snapshot refresh groups.

If a job returns an error while Oracle is attempting to execute it, the job fails. Oracle repeatedly tries to execute the job doubling the interval of each attempt. If the job fails sixteen times, Oracle automatically marks the job as broken and no longer tries to execute it.

This metric checks for failed DBMS jobs. An alert is generated if the number of failed job exceeds the value specified by the threshold argument.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-24 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

Not Uploaded

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% job(s) have failed.


Data Source

SELECT COUNT(*) 
  FROM dba_jobs 
  WHERE NVL(failures, 0) [less] [greater] 0

User Action

Check the ALERT log and trace files for error information. Correct the problem that is preventing the job from running.

4.12 Database Limits

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the percentage of resource limitations at which the Oracle Server is operating.

4.12.1 Current Logons Count

This metric represents the current number of logons.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-25 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

logons current

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.12.2 Current Open Cursors Count

This metric represents the current number of opened cursors.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-26 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1200

Not Defined

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

opened cursors current

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.12.3 Lock Limit Usage (%)

The DML_LOCKS initialization parameter specifies the maximum number of DML locks. The purpose of DML locks is to guarantee the integrity of data being accessed concurrently by multiple users. DML locks prevent destructive interference of simultaneous conflicting DML and/or DDL operations.

This metric checks for the utilization of the lock resource against the values (percentage) specified by the threshold arguments. If the percentage of all active DML locks to the limit set in the DML_LOCKS initialization parameter exceeds the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

If DML_LOCKS is 0, this test fails to register. A value of 0 indicates that enqueues are disabled.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-27 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

80

Not Defined

3

%target% has reached %value%%% of the lock limit.


Data Source

SELECT resource_name name, 
  100*DECODE(initial_allocation, ' UNLIMITED', 0, current_utilization / 
  initial_allocation) usage 
FROM v$resource_limit 
WHERE LTRIM(limit_value) 
  != '0' AND LTRIM(initial_allocation) != '0' AND resource_name = 'dml_locks'

User Action

Increase the DML_LOCKS instance parameter by 10%.

4.12.4 Process Limit Usage (%)

The PROCESSES initialization parameter specifies the maximum number of operating system user processes that can simultaneously connect to a database at the same time. This number also includes background processes utilized by the instance.

This metric checks for the utilization of the process resource against the values (percentage) specified by the threshold arguments. If the percentage of all current processes to the limit set in the PROCESSES initialization parameter exceeds the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-28 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

%target% has reached %value%%% of the process limit.


Table 4-29 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

SELECT resource_name name, 
  100*DECODE(initial_allocation, ' UNLIMITED', 0, current_utilization) != '0' 
  AND resource_name = 'processes'

User Action

Verify that the current PROCESSES instance parameter setting has not exceeded the operating system-dependent maximum. Increase the number of processes to be at least 6 + the maximum number of concurrent users expected to log in to the instance.

4.12.5 Session Limit Usage (%)

The SESSIONS initialization parameter specifies the maximum number of concurrent connections that the database will allow.

This metric checks for the utilization of the session resource against the values (percentage) specified by the threshold arguments. If the percentage of the number of sessions, including background processes, to the limit set in the SESSIONS initialization parameter exceeds the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-30 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

90

97

3

%target% has reached %value%%% of the session limit.


Table 4-31 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

90

97

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

SELECT resource_name name, 
  100*DECODE(initial_allocation, ' UNLIMITED', 0, current_utilization) != '0' 
  AND resource_name = 'sessions' 

User Action

Increase the SESSIONS instance parameter. For XA environments, confirm that SESSIONS is at least 2.73 * PROCESSES. For shared server environments, confirm that SESSIONS is at least 1.1 * maximum number of connections.

4.12.6 User Limit Usage (%)

The LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS initialization parameter specifies the maximum number of concurrent user sessions allowed simultaneously.

This metric checks whether the number of users logged on is reaching the license limit. If the percentage of the number of concurrent user sessions to the limit set in the LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS initialization parameter exceeds the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated. If LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS is not explicitly set to a value, the test does not trigger.

Note: This metric is most useful when session licensing is enabled. Refer to the Oracle Server Reference Manual for more information on LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS and LICENSE_MAX_USERS.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-32 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

%target% has reached %value%%% of the user limit.


Table 4-33 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

SELECT 'user' name, 
  100*DECODE(session_max, 0, 0, sessions_current/session_max) usage 
  FROM v$license 

User Action

This typically indicates that the license limit for the database has been reached. The user will need to acquire additional licenses, then increase LICENSE_MAX_ SESSIONS to reflect the new value.

4.13 Database Services

This metric category contains the database services metrics.

4.13.1 Service CPU Time (per user call) (microseconds)

This metric represents the average CPU time, in microseconds, for calls to a particular database service.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-34 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Service Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Service Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Service Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.13.2 Service Response Time (per user call) (microseconds)

This metric represents the average elapsed time, in microseconds, for calls to a particular database service.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-35 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Service Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Service Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Service Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.14 Deferred Transactions

This metric category contains the metrics associated with this distributed database's deferred transactions.

4.14.1 Deferred Transaction Count

Oracle uses deferred transactions to propagate data-level changes asynchronously among master sites in an advanced replication system as well as from an updatable snapshot to its master table.

This metric checks for the number of deferred transactions. An alert is generated if the number of deferred transactions exceeds the value specified by the threshold argument.

Data Source

SELECT count(*) FROM sys.deftran 

User Action

When the advanced replication facility pushes a deferred transaction to a remote site, it uses a distributed transaction to ensure that the transaction has been properly committed at the remote site before the transaction is removed for the queue at the local site. If transactions are not being pushed to a given remote site, verify that the destination for the transaction was correctly specified. If you specify a destination database when calling DBMS_DEFER_SYS.SCHEDULE_EXECUTION using the DBLINK parameter or DBMS_DEFER_SYS.EXECUTE using the DESTINATION parameter, make sure the full database link is provided.

Wrong view destinations can lead to erroneous deferred transaction behavior. Verify the DEFCALLEST and DEFTRANDEST views are the definitions from the CATREPC.SQL not the ones from CATDEFER.SQL.

4.14.2 Deferred Transaction Error Count

Oracle uses deferred transactions to propagate data-level changes asynchronously among master sites in an advanced replication system as well as from an updatable snapshot to its master table. If a transaction is not successfully propagated to the remote site, Oracle rolls back the transaction, logs the transaction in the SYS.DEFERROR view in the remote destination database.

This metric checks for the number of transactions in SYS.DEFERROR view and raises an alert if it exceeds the value specified by the threshold argument.

Data Source

SELECT count(*) FROM sys.deferror 

User Action

An error in applying a deferred transaction may be the result of a database problem, such as a lack of available space in the table is to be updated or may be the result of an unresolved insert, update or delete conflict. The SYS.DEFERROR view provides the ID of the transaction that could not be applied. Use this ID to locate the queued calls associated with the transaction. These calls are stored in the SYS.DEFCALL view. You can use the procedures in the DBMS_DEFER_QUERY package to determine the arguments to the procedures listed in the SYS.DEFCALL view.

4.15 Dump Area

The metrics in this metric category check for the percentage of used space of the dump destination devices.

4.15.1 Dump Area Directory

This metric is the directory represented by this metric index's dump destination.

Each server and background process can write to an associated trace file to log messages and errors.

Background processes and the ALERT file are written to the destination specified by BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST. Trace files for server processes are written to the destination specified by USER_ DUMP_DEST.

For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 15 minutes.

Data Source

data from v$parameter

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST are set up properly for archiving.

If the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameters are set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the dump destination parameters.

4.15.2 Dump Area Used (%)

This metric returns the percentage of used space of the dump area destinations.

If the space used is more than the threshold value given in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-36 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

95

Not Defined

1

%value%%% of %dumpType% dump area is used.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Type of Dump Area" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Type of Dump Area" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Type of Dump Area" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

Calculated using the UNIX df -k command.

  • Critical threshold: Percentage of free space threshold for critical alert.

  • Warning threshold: Percentage of free space threshold for warning alert.

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST are set up properly for archiving.

If the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameters are set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the dump destination parameters.

4.15.3 Dump Area Used (KB)

This metric represents the total space used (in KB) on the device containing the dump destination directory.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 15 Minutes

Data Source

Calculated using the UNIX df -k command.

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST are set up properly for archiving.

If the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameters are set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the dump destination parameters.

4.15.4 Free Dump Area (KB)

Each server and background process can write to an associated trace file in order to log messages and errors. Background processes and the ALERT file are written to the destination specified by BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST.

Trace files for server processes are written to the destination specified by USER_DUMP_DEST.

This metric checks for available free space on these dump destination devices. If the space available is less than the threshold value given in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-37 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

2000

Not Defined

1

%value% free KB remains in %dumpType% dump area.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Type of Dump Area" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Type of Dump Area" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Type of Dump Area" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

Calculated using the UNIX df -k command.

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST are set up properly for archiving.

If the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameters are set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the dump destination parameters.

4.15.5 Total Dump Area (KB)

This metric represents the total space (in KB) available on the device containing the dump destination directory.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 15 Minutes

Data Source

Calculated using the UNIX df -k command.

User Action

Verify the device specified in the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST are set up properly for archiving.

If the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameters are set up correctly and this metric triggers, then free up more space in the destination specified by the dump destination parameters.

4.16 Efficiency

This metric category contains the metrics that have traditionally been considered to represent the efficiency of some resource. Interpreting the wait interface is generally accepted as a much more accurate approach to measuring efficiency, and is recommended as an alternative to these hit ratios.

4.16.1 Buffer Cache Hit (%)

This metric represents the data block buffer cache efficiency, as measured by the percentage of times the data block requested by the query is in memory.

Effective use of the buffer cache can greatly reduce the I/O load on the database. If the buffer cache is too small, frequently accessed data will be flushed from the buffer cache too quickly which forces the information to be re-fetched from disk. Since disk access is much slower than memory access, application performance will suffer. In addition, the extra burden imposed on the I/O subsystem could introduce a bottleneck at one or more devices that would further degrade performance.

This test checks the percentage of buffer requests that were already in buffer cache. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-38 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Buffer cache hit ratio is %value%%%.


Table 4-39 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

((DeltaLogicalGets - (DeltaPhysicalReads - DeltaPhysicalReadsDirect)) / DeltaLogicalGets) * 100 where:

  • DeltaLogicalGets: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='session logical reads'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaPhysicalReads: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='physical reads'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaPhysicalReadsDirect: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='physical reads direct'' between sample end and start (Oracle8i)

User Action

A low buffer cache hit ratio means that the server must often go to disk to retrieve the buffers required to satisfy a query. The queries that perform the most physical reads lower the numerical value of this statistic. Typically queries that perform full table scans force large amounts of buffers into the cache, aging out other buffers that may be required by other queries later. The Top Sessions page sorted by Physical Reads will show the sessions performing the most reads and through further drilldown their associated queries can be identified. Similarly, the Top SQL page sorted by Physical Reads shows which SQL statements are performing the most physical reads. The statements performing the most I/O should be looked at for tuning.

The difference between the two is that the Top Sessions chart shows the sessions that are responsible for the physical reads at any given moment. The Top SQL view shows all SQL that is still in the cache. The top statement may not be executing currently, and thus not responsible for the current poor buffer cache hit ratio.

If the queries seem to be well tuned, the size of the buffer cache also determines how often buffers need to be fetched from disk. The DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS initialization parameter determines the number of database buffers available in the buffer cache. It is one of the primary parameters that contribute to the total memory requirements of the SGA on the instance. The DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS parameter, together with the DB_BLOCK_SIZE parameter, controls the total size of the buffer cache. Since DB_BLOCK_SIZE can only be specified when the database is first created, normally the size of the buffer cache size is controlled using the DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS parameter.

Consider increasing the DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS initialization parameter to increase the size of the buffer cache. This increase allows the Oracle Server to keep more information in memory, thus reducing the number of I/O operations required to do an equivalent amount of work using the current cache size.

4.16.2 CPU Usage (per second)

This metric represents the CPU usage per second by the database processes, measured in hundredths of a second. A change in the metric value may occur because of a change in either workload mix or workload throughput being performed by the database. Although there is no �correct� value for this metric, it can be used to detect a change in the operation of a system. For example, an increase in Database CPU usage from 500 to 750 indicates that the database is using 50% more CPU. ('No correct value' means that there is no single value that can be applied to any database. The value is a characteristic of the system and the applications running on the system.)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-40 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. ADDM can help to identify database operations that are consuming CPU. ADDM reports are available from a number of locations including the Database Home page and Advisor Central.

4.16.3 CPU Usage (per transaction)

This metric represents the average CPU usage per transaction expressed as a number of seconds of CPU time. A change in this metric can occur either because of changing workload on the system, such as the addition of a new module, or because of a change in the way that the workload is performed in the database, such as changes in the plan for a SQL statement. The threshold for this metric should be set based on the actual values observed on your system.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-41 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. ADDM will provide information about which operations are using the CPU resources.

4.16.4 Cursor Cache Hit (%)

This metric represents the percentage of soft parses satisfied within the session cursor cache.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-42 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

session cursor cache hits / (parse count (total) - parse count (hard))

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.5 Data Dictionary Hit (%)

This metric represents dictionary cache efficiency as measured by the percentage of requests against the dictionary data that were already in memory. It is important to determine whether the misses on the data dictionary are actually affecting the performance of the Oracle Server. The shared pool is an area in the SGA that contains the library cache of shared SQL requests, the dictionary cache, and the other cache structures that are specific to a particular instance configuration.

Misses on the data dictionary cache are to be expected in some cases. Upon instance startup, the data dictionary cache contains no data, so any SQL statement issued is likely to result in cache misses. As more data is read into the cache, the likelihood of cache misses should decrease. Eventually the database should reach a steady state in which the most frequently used dictionary data is in the cache. At this point, very few cache misses should occur. To tune the cache, examine its activity only after your application has been running.

This test checks the percentage of requests against the data dictionary that were found in the Shared Pool. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-43 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Data dictionary hit ratio is %value%%%.


Table 4-44 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(Gets/Misses) * 100 where:

  • Misses: select sum(getmisses) from v$rowcache

  • Gets: select sum(gets) from v$rowcache

User Action

If the percentage of gets is below %90 to %85, consider increasing SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which dictionary data is being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new data. To increase the memory available to the cache, increase the value of the initialization parameter SHARED_POOL_SIZE.

4.16.6 Database CPU Time (%)

This metric represents the percentage of database call time that is spent on the CPU. Although there is no �correct� value for this metric, it can be used to detect a change in the operation of a system, for example, a drop in Database CPU time from 50% to 25%. ('No correct value' means that there is no single value that can be applied to any database. The value is a characteristic of the system and the applications running on the system.)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-45 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

Investigate the change is CPU usage by using Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM). ADDM reports are available from a number of locations including the Database Home page and Advisor Central. Examine the report for increased time spent in wait events.

4.16.7 Library Cache Hit (%)

This metric represents the library cache efficiency, as measured by the percentage of times the fully parsed or compiled representation of PL/SQL blocks and SQL statements are already in memory.

The shared pool is an area in the SGA that contains the library cache of shared SQL requests, the dictionary cache and the other cache structures that are specific to a particular instance configuration.

The shared pool mechanism can greatly reduce system resource consumption in at least three ways: Parse time is avoided if the SQL statement is already in the shared pool.

Application memory overhead is reduced, since all applications use the same pool of shared SQL statements and dictionary resources.

I/O resources are saved, since dictionary elements that are in the shared pool do not require access.

If the shared pool is too small, users will consume additional resources to complete a database operation. For library cache access, the overhead is primarily the additional CPU resources required to re-parse the SQL statement.

This test checks the percentage of parse requests where cursor already in cache If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-46 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Library cache hit ratio is %value%%%.


Table 4-47 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(DeltaPinHits / DeltaPins) * 100 where:

  • DeltaPinHits: difference in 'select sum(pinhits) from v$librarycache' between sample end and start

  • DeltaPins: difference in 'select sum(pins) from v$librarycache' between sample end and start

User Action

The Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses lists the sessions incurring the most hard parses. Hard parses occur when the server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. You can avoid hard parses by sharing SQL statements efficiently. The use of bind variables instead of literals in queries is one method to increase sharing.

By showing you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses, this page can identify the application or programs that are the best candidates for SQL rewrites.

Also, examine SQL statements that can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The SHARED_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter controls the total size of the shared pool. Consider increasing the SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which SQL requests are being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new requests.

To take advantage of the additional memory available for shared SQL areas, you may also need to increase the number of cursors permitted per session. You can increase this limit by increasing the value of the initialization parameter OPEN_CURSORS.

4.16.8 Library Cache Miss (%)

This metric represents the percentage of parse requests where the cursor is not in the cache.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-48 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

1 - pinhits / pins 

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.9 Parallel Execution Downgraded (per second)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-49 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


4.16.10 Parallel Execution Downgraded 25% or more (per second)

Number of times per second parallel execution was requested and the degree of parallelism was reduced to 25% and more because of insufficient parallel execution servers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-50 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(parallel operations downgraded 25 to 50 percent 
+ parallel operations downgraded 50 to 75 percent 
+ parallel operations downgraded 75 to 99 percent) 
/ time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.11 Parallel Execution Downgraded 50% or more (per second)

Number of times per second parallel execution was requested and the degree of parallelism was reduced to 50% and more because of insufficient parallel execution servers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-51 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(+ parallel operations downgraded 50 to 75 percent 
+ parallel operations downgraded 75 to 99 percent) 
/ time 

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.12 Parallel Execution Downgraded 75% or more (per second)

Number of times per second parallel execution was requested and the degree of parallelism was reduced to 75% or more because of insufficient parallel execution servers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-52 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(parallel operations downgraded 75 to 99 percent) / time 

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.13 Parallel Execution Downgraded to Serial (per second)

Number of times per second parallel execution was requested but execution was serial because of insufficient parallel execution servers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-53 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

parallel operations downgraded to serial / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.14 Parallel Execution Downgraded to Serial (per transaction)

Number of times per transaction parallel execution was requested but execution was serial because of insufficient parallel execution servers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-54 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Data Source

parallel operations downgraded to serial / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.15 PGA Cache Hit (%)

This metric represents the total number of bytes processed in the PGA versus the total number of bytes processed plus extra bytes read/written in extra passes.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-55 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.16 Redo Log Allocation Hit (%)

Redo log entries contain a record of changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer (LGWR) process writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log file. The log buffer should be sized so that space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy. When the log buffer is undersized, user process will be delayed as they wait for the LGWR to free space in the redo log buffer.

The redo log buffer efficiency, as measured by the hit ratio, records the percentage of times users did not have to wait for the log writer to free space in the redo log buffer.

This metric monitors the redo log buffer hit ratio (percentage of success) against the values specified by the threshold arguments. If the number of occurrences is smaller than the values specified, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-56 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Redo log allocation hit ratio is %value%%%.


Table 4-57 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

100 * (redo_entries_delta - redo_space_requests_delta) 
/redo_entries_delta 
where: 

  • redo_enties_delta = difference between "SELECT value FROM v$sysstat WHERE name = 'redo entries'" at the beginning and ending of the interval

  • redo_space_requests_delta = difference between "SELECT value FROM v$sysstat WHERE name = 'redo log space requests'" at the beginning and ending of the interval

User Action

The LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter determines the amount of memory that is used when buffering redo entries to the redo log file.

Consider increasing the LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter in order to increase the size of the redo log buffer. Redo log entries contain a record of the changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer process (LGWR) writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log. The redo log buffer should be sized so space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy.

Note: For Oracle Management Agent release 9i, this metric has been obsoleted. It is recommended that you use the Redo NoWait Ratio metric. This metric is kept for backward compatibility with older versions of the Management Agent.

4.16.17 Response Time (per transaction)

This metric represents the time spent in database operations per transaction. It is derived from the total time that user calls spend in the database (DB time) and the number of commits and rollbacks performed. A change in this value indicates that either the workload has changed or that the database�s ability to process the workload has changed because of either resource constraints or contention.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-58 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page. Changes in the response time per transaction will appear as increased time spent in the database, either on CPU or in wait events and ADDM will report the sources of contention for both hardware and software resources.

4.16.18 Row Cache Miss Ratio (%)

This metric represents the percentage of row cache miss ratio.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-59 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.16.19 Sorts in Memory (%)

This metric represents the sort efficiency as measured by the percentage of times sorts were performed in memory as opposed to going to disk.

For best performance, most sorts should occur in memory because sorts to disks are less efficient. If the sort area is too small, extra sort runs will be required during the sort operation. This increases CPU and I/O resource consumption.

This test checks the percentage of sorts performed in memory rather than to disk. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-60 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of sorts are performed in memory.


Table 4-61 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(DeltaMemorySorts / (DeltaDiskSorts + DeltaMemorySorts)) * 100 where:

  • DeltaMemorySorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (memory)'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaDiskSorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (disk)'' between sample end and start

User Action

The sessions that are performing the most sorts should be identified such that the SQL they are executing can be further identified. The sort area sizes for the database may be sized correctly, and the application SQL may be performing unwanted or excessive sorts. The sessions performing the most sorts are available through the Top Sessions page sorted by Disk Sorts.

Further drilldown into the session performing the most disk sorts with the Current SQL page shows you the SQL statement responsible for the disk sorts.

The Top SQL page sorted by Sorts provides a mechanism to quickly display the SQL statements in the cache, presented in sorted order by their number sort operations. This is an alternative to viewing a sort of current sessions. It allows you to view sort activity via SQL statements and contains cumulative statistics for all executions of that statement.

If excessive sorts are taking place on disk and the queries are correct, consider increasing the SORT_AREA_SIZE initialization parameter to increase the size of the sort area. A larger sort area allows the Oracle Server to maintain sorts in memory, reducing the number of I/O operations required to do an equivalent amount of work using the current sort area size.

4.17 Failed Logins

The metric in this metric category checks for the number of failed logins on the target database. This check is performed every ten minutes and returns the number of failed logins for that ten-minute interval. This metric will only work for databases where the audit_trail initialization parameter is set to DB or XML and the session is being audited.

4.17.1 Failed Login Count

This metric checks for the number of failed logins on the target database. This check is performed every ten minutes and returns the number of failed logins for that ten-minute interval. This metric will only work for databases where the audit_trail initialization parameter is set to DB or XML and the session is being audited.

If the failed login count crosses the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated. Since it is important to know every time a significant number of failed logins occurs on a system, this metric will fire a new alert for any ten-minute interval where the thresholds are crossed. The user can manually clear these alerts, they will not automatically clear after the next collection.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-62 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 10 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

10

15

1*

There have been %value% Failed Login Attempts


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Time" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Time" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Time" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

The database stores login information in different views, based on the audit_trail setting. The database views used are:

  • DB or DB_EXTENDED: DBA_AUDIT_SESSION

  • XML (10g Release 2 only): DBA_COMMON_AUDIT_TRAIL

4.18 Flash Recovery

This metric category contains the metrics representing flash recovery.

4.18.1 Flash Recovery Area

This metric returns the Flash Recovery Area Location.

Metric Summary 10gR1 or higher Collection every 5 minutes Not evaluated (not alertable)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT value 
  FROM v$parameter 
  WHERE name='db_recovery_file_dest';

User Action

Not available since not alertable.

4.18.2 Flashback On

This metric returns whether or not flashback logging is enabled - YES or NO.

Metric Summary 10gR1 or higher Collection every 5 minutes Not evaluated (not alertable)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT flashback_on 
  FROM v$database;

User Action

Not available since not alertable.

4.18.3 Log Mode

This metric returns the log mode of the database - ARCHIVELOG or NOARCHIVELOG.

Metric Summary 10gR1 or higher Collection every 5 minutes Not evaluated (not alertable)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT log_mode 
  FROM v$database;

User Action

Not available since not alertable.

4.18.4 Oldest Flashback Time

This metric represents the oldest point-in-time to which you can flashback your database.

Metric Summary 10gR1 or higher Collection every 5 minutes Not evaluated (not alertable)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT to_char(oldest_flashback_time, 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') 
  FROM v$flashback_database_log;

User Action

Not applicable since not alertable.

4.18.5 Usable Flash Recovery Area (%)

This metric represents the percentage of space usable in the flash recovery area. The space usable is composed of the space that is free in addition to the space that is reclaimable.

Metric Summary 10gR2 or higher Collection every 5 minutes Not evaluated (not alertable)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT (100 - sum(percent_space_used)) + sum(percent_space_reclaimable) 
  FROM v$flash_recovery_area_usage;

User Action

Not applicable since not alertable.

4.19 Global Cache Statistics

This metric category contains the metrics associated with global cache statistics.

4.19.1 Global Cache Average Convert Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average convert time, measured in hundredths of a second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-63 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.3

0.6

1

Global cache converts time is %value% cs.


Data Source

global cache convert time * 10 / global cache converts

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.19.2 Global Cache Average CR Block Request Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average time, measured in hundredths of a second, that CR block was received.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-64 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.5

1

1

Global cache CR Block request time is %value% cs.


Table 4-65 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.5

1

1

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

global cache CR block receive time * 10 / global cache current blocks received

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.19.3 Global Cache Average Current Block Request Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average time, measured in hundredths of a second, to get a current block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-66 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.5

1

1

Global cache Current Block request time is %value% cs.


Table 4-67 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.5

1

1

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

global cache current block send time * 10 / global cache current blocks served

4.19.4 Global Cache Average Get Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average get time, measured in hundredths of a second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-68 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0.3

0.6

1

Global cache gets time is %value% cs.


Data Source

global cache get time * 10 / global cache gets

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.19.5 Global Cache Blocks Corrupt

This metric represents the number of blocks that encountered a corruption or checksum failure during interconnect over the user-defined observation period.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-69 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0

0

1*

Total global cache blocks corrupt is %value%.


Table 4-70 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

0

0

1*

Generated By Database Server


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Data Source

global cache blocks corrupted

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.19.6 Global Cache Blocks Lost

This metric represents the number of global cache blocks lost over the user-defined observation period.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-71 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

1

3

1*

Total global cache block lost is %value%.


Table 4-72 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every 3 Samples

>

1

3

1*

Generated By Database Server


* Once an alert is triggered for this metric, it must be manually cleared.

Data Source

global cache blocks lost

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.20 Health Check

Health Check metrics

4.20.1 Maintenance

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-73 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Hours

Not Uploaded

=

0

Not Defined

1

The database is in the following maintenance states: %text%.


4.20.2 Mounted

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-74 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Hours

Not Uploaded

=

0

Not Defined

1

The database has been started and is in mounted state.


4.20.3 State

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Hours

4.20.4 State Description

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Hours

4.20.5 Status

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-75 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Hours

Not Uploaded

=

Not Defined

0

1

The instance is shutdown due to: %text%.


4.20.6 Unavailable

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-76 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Hours

Not Uploaded

=

0

Not Defined

1

The database is not available due to the following conditions: %text%.


4.20.7 Unmounted

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-77 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Hours

Not Uploaded

=

0

Not Defined

1

The instance has been started in no-mount state.


4.21 Idle Events

The following is a list of the Idle Events.

  • ARCH random i/o

  • ARCH sequential i/o

  • KXFX: execution message dequeue - Slaves

  • LGWR random i/o

  • LGWR sequential i/o

  • LGWR wait for redo copy

  • Null event

  • PL/SQL lock timer

  • PX Deq Credit: need buffer

  • PX Deq: Execute Reply

  • PX Deq: Execution Msg

  • PX Deq: Index Merge Close

  • PX Deq: Index Merge Execute

  • PX Deq: Index Merge Reply

  • PX Deq: Join ACK

  • PX Deq: Msg Fragment

  • PX Deq: Par Recov Change Vector

  • PX Deq: Par Recov Execute

  • PX Deq: Par Recov Reply

  • PX Deq: Parse Reply

  • PX Deq: Table Q Normal

  • PX Deq: Table Q Sample

  • PX Deq: Txn Recovery Reply

  • PX Deq: Txn Recovery Start

  • PX Deque wait

  • PX Idle Wait

  • Queue Monitor Shutdown Wait

  • Queue Monitor Slave Wait

  • Queue Monitor Wait

  • RFS random i/o

  • RFS sequential i/o

  • RFS write

  • SQL*Net message from client

  • SQL*Net message from dblink

  • STREAMS apply coord waiting for slave message

  • STREAMS apply coord waiting for some work to finish

  • STREAMS apply slave idle wait

  • STREAMS capture process filter callback wait for ruleset

  • STREAMS fetch slave waiting for txns

  • WMON goes to sleep

  • async disk IO

  • client message

  • control file parallel write

  • control file sequential read

  • control file single write

  • db file single write

  • db file parallel write

  • dispatcher timer

  • gcs log flush sync

  • gcs remote message

  • ges reconfiguration to start

  • ges remote message

  • io done

  • jobq slave wait

  • lock manager wait for remote message

  • log file parallel write

  • log file sequential read

  • log file single write

  • parallel dequeue wait

  • parallel recovery coordinator waits for cleanup of slaves

  • parallel query dequeue

  • parallel query idle wait - Slaves

  • pipe get

  • pmon timer

  • queue messages

  • rdbms ipc message

  • recovery read

  • single-task message

  • slave wait

  • smon timer

  • statement suspended, wait error to be cleared

  • unread message

  • virtual circuit

  • virtual circuit status

  • wait for activate message

  • wait for transaction

  • wait for unread message on broadcast channel

  • wait for unread message on multiple broadcast channels

  • wakeup event for builder

  • wakeup event for preparer

  • wakeup event for reader

  • wakeup time manager

4.22 Interconnect

Metrics in this category collect the information of network interfaces used by cluster database instances as internode communication.

4.22.1 Interface Type

Cluster database instances should use private interconnects for internode communication. This metric monitors whether the network interface used by the cluster instance is a private one. If the network interface is known to be public, a critical alert is generated. If the network interface type is unknown, a warning alert is generated.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Interface Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Interface Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Interface Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

V$CLUSTER_INTERCONNECTS

V$CONFIGURED_INTERCONNECTS

User Action

Use oifcfg in the CRS home to correctly configure the private interfaces in OCR.

4.23 Interconnect Traffic

Metrics in this category monitor the internode data transfer rate of cluster database instances.

4.23.1 Transfer Rate (MB/s)

This metric collects the internode communication traffic of a cluster database instance. This is an estimation using the following formula:

(gc cr blocks received/sec + gc current blocks received/sec + gc cr blocks served/sec + gc current blocks served/sec) * db_block_size 
+
( messags sent directly/sec + messages send indirectly/sec + messages received/sec ) * 200 bytes

The critical and warning threshold of this metric are not set by default. Users can set them according to the speed of their cluster interconnects.

Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Instance Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Instance Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Instance Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

V$SYSSTAT

V$DLM_MISC

V$PARAMETER

4.24 Invalid Objects

This metric category contains the metrics associated with invalid objects.

4.24.1 Total Invalid Object Count

This metric represents the total invalid object count.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-78 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 24 Hours

Not Uploaded

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

%value% object(s) are invalid in the database.


4.25 Invalid Objects by Schema

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the number of invalid objects in each schema.

4.25.1 Owner's Invalid Object Count

This metric represents the invalid object count by owner.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-79 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 24 Hours

Not Uploaded

>

2

Not Defined

1

%value% object(s) are invalid in the %owner% schema.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Invalid Object Owner" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Invalid Object Owner" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Invalid Object Owner" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

For each metric index:

SELECT count(1) 

User Action

View the status of the database objects in the schema identified by the Invalid Object Owner metric. Recompile objects as necessary.

4.26 Recovery

Recovery metrics

4.26.1 Corrupt Data Blocks

This metric represents the count of corrupt data blocks.

Metric Summary 9iR2 or higher Evaluated and Collected every 15 minutes Operator > Warning Threshold - 0 Critical Threshold - Not Defined Number of corrupt data blocks is %value%.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-80 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Number of corrupt data blocks is %value%.


Data Source

SELECT count(unique(file#)) 
  FROM v$database_block_corruption;

User Action

Perform a database recovery.

4.26.2 Missing Media Files

This metric represents the count of missing media files.

Metric Summary 8i or higher Evaluated and Collected every 15 minutes Operator > Warning Threshold - 0 Critical Threshold - Not Defined Number of missing media files is %value%.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-81 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

Number of missing media files is %value%.


Data Source

SELECT count(file#) 
  FROM v$datafile_header 
  WHERE recover ='YES' OR error is not null;

User Action

You should perform a database recovery.

4.27 Recovery Area

This metric category contains the recovery area metrics.

This metric is evaluated by the server periodically every 15 minutes or during a file creation, whichever occurs first. It is also printed in the alert log. The Critical Threshold is set for less than 3% and the Warning Threshold is set for less than 15%. It is not user customizable. The user is alerted the first time the alert occurs and the alert is not cleared until the available space rises above 15%.

4.27.1 Recovery Area Free Space (%)

This metric represents the recovery area free space as a percentage.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.28 Response

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the responsiveness of the Oracle Server, with respect to a client.

4.28.1 State

This metric represents the state of the database.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-82 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

CONTAINS

MOUNTED

Not Defined

1

The database status is %value%.


4.28.2 Status

This metric checks whether a new connection can be established to a database. If the maximum number of users is exceeded or the listener is down, this test is triggered.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-83 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

=

Not Defined

0

1

Failed to connect to database instance: %oraerr%.


Data Source

Perl returns 1 when a connection can be made to the database (using Management Agent monitoring connection details), 0 otherwise.

User Action

Check the status of the listener to make sure it is running on the node where the event was triggered. If the listener is running, check to see if the number of users is at the session limit. Note: The choice of user credentials for the Probe metric should be considered. If the preferred user has the RESTRICED SESSION privilege, the user will be able to connect to a database even if the LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS limit is reached.

4.28.3 User Logon Time (msec)

This metric represents the amount of time the agent takes to make a connection to the database, measured in milliseconds.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-84 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

1000

Not Defined

6

User logon time is %value% msecs.


Data Source

Number of milliseconds (as measured in the Perl script) to connect to the database.

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.29 Segment Advisor Recommendations

Oracle uses the Automatic Segment Advisor job to detect segment issues regularly within maintenance windows. It determines whether the segments have unused space that can be released. The Number of recommendations is the number of segments that have Reclaimable Space. The recommendations come from all runs of the automatic segment advisor job and any user scheduled segment advisor jobs.

4.29.1 Number of recommendations

Oracle uses the Automatic Segment Advisor job to detect segment issues regularly within maintenance windows. It determines whether the segments have unused space that can be released. The Number of recommendations is the number of segments that have Reclaimable Space. The recommendations come from all runs of the automatic segment advisor job and any user scheduled segment advisor jobs.

User Action

Oracle recommends shrinking or reorganizing these segments to release unused space.

4.30 Session Suspended

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the number of resumable sessions that are suspended due to some correctable error.

4.30.1 Session Suspended by Data Object Limitation

This metric represents the session suspended by data object limitation.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.30.2 Session Suspended by Quota Limitation

This metric represents the session suspended by quota limitation.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.30.3 Session Suspended by Rollback Segment Limitation

This metric represents the session suspended by rollback segment limitation.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.30.4 Session Suspended by Tablespace Limitation

This metric represents the session suspended by tablespace limitation.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.31 SGA Pool Wastage

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the percentage of the various pools in the SGA that are being wasted.

4.31.1 Java Pool Free (%)

This metric represents the percentage of the Java Pool that is currently marked as free.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-85 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of the Java pool is free.

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of the Java pool is free.


Data Source

((Free/Total)*100) where:

  • Free: select sum(decode(name,'free memory',bytes)) from v$sgastat where pool = 'java pool'

  • Total: select sum(bytes) from v$sgastat where pool = 'java pool'

User Action

If this pool size is too small, the database JVM (Java Virtual Machine) may not have sufficient memory to satisfy future calls, leading potentially to unexpected database request failures.

4.31.2 Large Pool Free (%)

This metric represents the percentage of the Large Pool that is currently marked as free.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-86 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of the large pool is free.

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of the large pool is free.


Data Source

((Free/Total)*100) where:

  • Free: select sum(decode(name,'free memory',bytes)) from v$sgastat where pool = 'large pool'

  • Total: select sum(bytes) from v$sgastat where pool = 'large pool'

User Action

Consider enlarging the large pool or utilizing it more sparingly. This reduces the possibility of large memory areas competing with the library cache and dictionary cache for available memory in the shared pool.

4.31.3 Shared Pool Free (%)

This metric represents the percentage of the Shared Pool that is currently marked as free.

This test checks the percentage of Shared Pool that is currently free. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-87 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of the shared pool is free.


Table 4-88 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

((Free/Total)*100) where:

  • free: select sum(decode(name,'free memory',bytes)) from v$sgastat where pool = 'shared pool'

  • total: select sum(bytes) from v$sgastat where pool = 'shared pool'

User Action

If the percentage of Free Memory in the Shared Pool rises above 50%, too much memory has been allocated to the shared pool. This extra memory could be better utilized by other applications on the machine. In this case the size of the Shared Pool should be decreased. This can be accomplished by modifying the shared_pool_size initialization parameter.

4.32 Snapshot Too Old

This metric category contains the snapshot too old metrics.

4.32.1 Snapshot Too Old due to Rollback Segment Limit

This metric represents the snapshot too old because of the rollback segment limit.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.32.2 Snapshot Too Old due to Tablespace Limit

This metric represents the snapshot too old because of the tablespace limit.

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.33 SQL Response Time

This metric category contains the metrics used to approximate the responsiveness of SQL.

4.33.1 Baseline SQL Response Time

Baseline SQL Response Time

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 5 Minutes

4.33.2 Current SQL Response Time

Current SQL response time

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 5 Minutes

4.33.3 SQL Response Time (%)

SQL Response Time is the average elapsed time per execution of a representative set of SQL statements, relative to a baseline. It is expressed as a percentage.

This metric is unavailable in versions 8.1.7 and earlier.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-89 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

500

Not Defined

4

SQL response time is %value%%% of baseline.


Data Source

PL/SQL packaged procedure mgmt_response.get_metric_curs

User Action

If the SQL Response Time is less than 100%, then SQL statements are taking less time to execute when compared to the baseline. Response Time greater than 100% indicates that the database is not performing well when compared to the baseline.

SQL Response Time is a percentage of the baseline, not a simple percentage. So, for example, 100% of baseline means the SQL Response Time is the same as the baseline. 200% of baseline means the SQL Response Time is two times slower than the baseline. 50% of baseline means SQL Response Time is two times faster than baseline. A warning threshold of 200% indicates that the database is two times slower than the baseline, while a critical threshold of 500% indicates the database is 5 times slower than the baseline.

Representative statements are selected when two V$SQL snapshots are taken. All calculations are based on the deltas between these two snapshots. First, the median elapsed_time/execution for all statements that were executed in the time interval between the two snapshots are calculated. Then all statements that have an elapsed_time/execution > median elapsed_time/execution are taken, and the top 25 most frequently executed statements are displayed.

Pre-requisites for Monitoring SQL Response Time

Some tables and a PL/SQL package must be installed on the monitored database. This can be done by going to the database targets page and pressing the Configure button for your database. If a database has not been configured, the message "Not configured" will be displayed for SQL Response Time.

Configuring the Baseline

The baseline is configured on demand, automatically. The first time the agent calls the stored procedure to get the value of the metric, a snapshot of V$SQL is taken. The second time, another snapshot is taken. Then the representative statements are picked and stored in a table. The next time the agent requests the value of the metric, we are able to calculate and return the relative SQL response time.

Because of baseline configuration, there will be a delay between the time the database is configured and the value of the metric is displayed. During this period, the message "Not available" will be displayed for SQL Response Time.

Enterprise Manager will automatically configure the baseline against which SQL Response Time will be compared. However, in order for the SQL Response Time metric to be truly representative, the DBA must reconfigure the baseline at a time when the load on the database is typical.

To reconfigure the baseline, click on the link titled "Compared to Baseline" located next to the SQL Response Time value on the Database Home Page. The SQL statements used for tracking the SQL Response Time and baseline values are displayed. Click Reset Baseline. This clears the list of statements and the baseline values. Enterprise Manager will then automatically reconfigure the baseline within minutes.

If the database was lightly loaded at the time the baseline was taken, then the metric can indicate that the database is performing poorly under typical load when such is not the case. In this case, the DBA must reset the baseline. If the DBA has never manually reset the baseline, then the metric value will not be representative.

4.34 Streams Apply Coordinator Statistics

This metric shows statistics about the transactions processed by the coordinator process of each apply process. The Total Number of Transactions Received field shows the total number of transactions received by a coordinator process. The Number of Transactions Assigned field shows the total number of transactions assigned by a coordinator process to apply servers. The Total Number of Transactions Applied field shows the total number of transactions successfully applied by the apply process.

The values for an apply process are reset to zero if the apply process is restarted.

4.34.1 Number of Transactions Assigned

This metric shows statistics about the total number of transactions assigned by the coordinator process to apply servers since the apply process last started. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

SELECT APPLY_NAME, TOTAL_RECEIVED, TOTAL_ASSIGNED, TOTAL_APPLIED 
  FROM V$STREAMS_APPLY_COORDINATOR; 

The TOTAL_ASSIGNED column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

User Action

When an apply process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process assigning transactions to apply servers.

4.34.2 Total number of Transactions applied

This metric shows statistics about the total number of transactions applied by the apply process since the apply process last started. For the target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The TOTAL_APPLIED column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

SELECT APPLY_NAME, TOTAL_RECEIVED, TOTAL_ASSIGNED, TOTAL_APPLIED 
  FROM V$STREAMS_APPLY_COORDINATOR; 

User Action

When an apply process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process is applying transactions.

4.34.3 Total Number of Transactions Received

This metric shows statistics about the total number of transactions received by the coordinator process since the apply process last started. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The TOTAL_RECEIVED column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

SELECT APPLY_NAME, TOTAL_RECEIVED, TOTAL_ASSIGNED, TOTAL_APPLIED 
  FROM V$STREAMS_APPLY_COORDINATOR; 

User Action

When an apply process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process is receiving transactions.

4.35 Streams Apply Queue - Buffered

This metric shows the current total number of messages in a buffered queue to be dequeued by each apply process and the total number of messages to be dequeued by each apply process that have spilled from memory into the persistent queue table.

4.35.1 Number of Outstanding Messages

This metric shows information about the number of messages in a buffered queue to be dequeued by the apply process. This number includes both messages in memory and messages spilled from memory. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The NUM_MSGS column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

SELECT APPLY_NAME, S.NUM_MSGS NUM_MSGS, Q.SPILL_MSGS SPILL_MSGS 
  FROM DBA_APPLY A, V$BUFFERED_QUEUES Q,V$BUFFERED_SUBSCRIBERS S 
  WHERE A.QUEUE_NAME = S.QUEUE_NAME AND A.QUEUE_OWNER = S.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
  AND A.QUEUE_NAME = Q.QUEUE_NAME 
  AND A.QUEUE_OWNER = Q.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
  AND S.SUBSCRIBER_ADDRESS IS NULL; 

User Action

When an apply process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process is dequeuing messages.

4.35.2 Number of Overflow Messages

This metric shows information about the number of messages to be dequeued by the apply process that have spilled from memory to the queue table. Messages in a buffered queue can spill from memory into the queue table if they have been staged in the buffered queue for a period of time without being dequeued, or if there is not enough space in memory to hold all of the messages.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The SPILL_MSGS column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

SELECT APPLY_NAME, S.NUM_MSGS NUM_MSGS, Q.SPILL_MSGS SPILL_MSGS 
  FROM DBA_APPLY A, V$BUFFERED_QUEUES Q,V$BUFFERED_SUBSCRIBERS S 
  WHERE A.QUEUE_NAME = S.QUEUE_NAME AND A.QUEUE_OWNER = S.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
  AND A.QUEUE_NAME = Q.QUEUE_NAME 
  AND A.QUEUE_OWNER = Q.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
  AND S.SUBSCRIBER_ADDRESS IS NULL;

User Action

The number of spilled messages should be kept as low as possible for the best performance. A high number of spilled messages might result in the following cases:

  • There might be a problem with an apply process that applies messages captured by the capture process. When this happens, the number of messages can build in a queue because they are not being consumed. In this case, make sure the relevant apply processes are enabled, and correct any problems with these apply processes.

  • The Streams pool may be too small to hold the captured messages. In this case, increase the size of the Streams pool. If the database is Oracle Database 10g release 2 (10.2) or higher, then you can configure Automatic Shared Memory Management to manage the size of the Streams pool automatically. Set the SGA_TARGET initialization parameter to use Automatic Shared Memory Management.

4.36 Streams Apply Queue - Persistent

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent queue in READY state and WAITING state for each apply process.

4.36.1 Ready

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent queue that are ready to be dequeued by the apply process. The apply process has not yet attempted to dequeue these messages.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 10 Minutes

Data Source

The data source includes the following data dictionary views: DBA_QUEUES, DBA_APPLY, and AQ$queue_table_name.

User Action

Monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process is dequeuing messages that are ready.

4.36.2 Waiting

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent queue that are waiting to be dequeued by the apply process. The apply process has attempted to dequeue these messages at least once, and the apply process failed. The apply process might attempt to dequeue a waiting message again.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 10 Minutes

Data Source

The data source includes the following data dictionary views: DBA_QUEUES, DBA_APPLY, and AQ$queue_table_name.

User Action

The messages in WAITING might have been enqueued with a delay attribute set. In this case, after the specified delay period is finished, the messages will be ready to dequeue.

4.37 Streams Apply Reader Statistics

The reader server for an apply process dequeues messages from the queue. The reader server is a parallel execution server that computes dependencies between LCRs and assembles messages into transactions. The reader server then returns the assembled transactions to the coordinator, which assigns them to idle apply servers.

This metric shows the total number of messages dequeued by the reader server for the apply process since the last time the apply process was started.

4.37.1 Total number of Messages Dequeued

The reader server for an apply process dequeues messages from the queue. The reader server is a parallel execution server that computes dependencies between LCRs and assembles messages into transactions. The reader server then returns the assembled transactions to the coordinator, which assigns them to idle apply servers.

This metric shows the total number of messages dequeued by the reader server for the apply process since the last time the apply process was started. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The TOTAL_MESSAGES_DEQUEUED column in the following query shows this metric for an apply process:

SELECT APPLY_NAME, TOTAL_MESSAGES_DEQUEUED FROM V$STREAMS_APPLY_READER; 

User Action

When an apply process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the apply process is dequeuing messages.

4.38 Streams Capture Message Statistics

This metric shows the number of messages captured and the number of messages enqueued by each capture process since the capture process last started.

The Total Messages Captured field shows the total number of redo entries passed by LogMiner to the capture process for detailed rule evaluation. A capture process converts a redo entry into a message and performs detailed rule evaluation on the message when capture process prefiltering cannot discard the redo entry. After detailed rule evaluation, the message is enqueued if it satisfies the capture process rule sets, or the message is discarded if it does not satisfy the capture process rule sets. The Total Messages Enqueued field shows the total number of messages enqueued. The number of captured messages captured can be higher than the number of enqueued messages.

The total messages enqueued includes enqueued logical change records (LCRs) that encapsulate data manipulation language (DML) and data definition language (DDL) changes. The total messages enqueued also includes messages that contain transaction control statements. These messages contain directives such as COMMIT and ROLLBACK. Therefore, the total messages enqueued is higher than the number of row changes and DDL changes enqueued by a capture process.

4.38.1 Total Messages Captured

This metric shows information about the number of redo entries passed by LogMiner to the capture process for detailed rule evaluation. A capture process converts a redo entry into a message and performs detailed rule evaluation on the message when capture process prefiltering cannot discard the change.

After detailed rule evaluation, the message is enqueued if it satisfies the capture process rule sets, or the message is discarded if it does not satisfy the capture process rule sets.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The TOTAL_MESSAGES_CAPTURED column in the following query shows this metric for a capture process:

SELECT CAPTURE_NAME, TOTAL_MESSAGES_CAPTURED, TOTAL_MESSAGES_ENQUEUED 
  FROM V$STREAMS_CAPTURE;

User Action

When a capture process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the capture process is scanning redo entries.

4.38.2 Total Messages Enqueued

This metric shows information about the number of messages enqueued by a capture process. The number of messages enqueued includes logical change records (LCRs) that encapsulate data manipulation language (DML) and data definition language (DDL) changes. The number of messages enqueued also includes messages that contain transaction control statements. These messages contain directives such as COMMIT and ROLLBACK. Therefore, the number of messages enqueued is higher than the number of row changes and DDL changes enqueued by a capture process.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The TOTAL_MESSAGES_ENQUEUED column in the following query shows this metric for a capture process:

SELECT CAPTURE_NAME, TOTAL_MESSAGES_CAPTURED, TOTAL_MESSAGES_ENQUEUED 
  FROM V$STREAMS_CAPTURE;

User Action

When a capture process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the capture process is enqueuing messages. If you know that there were source database changes that should be captured by the capture process, and the capture process is not capturing these changes, then there might be a problem with the rules used by the capture process.

4.39 Streams Capture Queue Statistics

This metric shows the current total number of messages in a buffered queue that were enqueued by each capture process and the total number of messages enqueued by each capture process that have spilled from memory into the persistent queue table.

If queue publishers other than the capture process enqueue messages into a buffered queue, then the values shown can include messages from these other queue publishers.

4.39.1 Number of Messages

This metric shows information about the number of messages enqueued by a capture process in a buffered queue. This number includes both messages in memory and messages spilled from memory.

If queue publishers other than the capture process enqueue messages into a buffered queue, then the values shown can include messages from these other queue publishers.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The NUM_MSGS column in the following query shows this metric for a capture process:

SELECT CAPTURE_NAME, P.NUM_MSGS NUM_MSGS, Q.SPILL_MSGS SPILL_MSGS 
  FROM V$BUFFERED_PUBLISHERS P, V$BUFFERED_QUEUES Q, DBA_CAPTURE C 
  WHERE C.QUEUE_NAME = P.QUEUE_NAME 
    AND C.QUEUE_OWNER = P.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
    AND C.QUEUE_NAME = Q.QUEUE_NAME 
    AND C.QUEUE_OWNER = Q.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
    AND C.CAPTURE_NAME = P.SENDER_NAME 
    AND P.SENDER_ADDRESS IS NULL 
    AND P.SENDER_PROTOCOL = 1;

User Action

When a capture process is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the capture process enqueuing messages.

4.39.2 Number of Spilled Messages

This metric shows information about the number of messages enqueued by a capture process that have spilled from memory to the queue table. Messages in a buffered queue can spill from memory into the queue table if they have been staged in the buffered queue for a period of time without being dequeued, or if there is not enough space in memory to hold all of the messages.

If queue publishers other than the capture process enqueue messages into a buffered queue, then the values shown can include messages from these other queue publishers.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The SPILL_MSGS column in the following query shows this metric for a capture process:

SELECT CAPTURE_NAME, P.NUM_MSGS NUM_MSGS, Q.SPILL_MSGS SPILL_MSGS 
  FROM V$BUFFERED_PUBLISHERS P, V$BUFFERED_QUEUES Q, DBA_CAPTURE C 
  WHERE C.QUEUE_NAME = P.QUEUE_NAME 
    AND C.QUEUE_OWNER = P.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
    AND C.QUEUE_NAME = Q.QUEUE_NAME 
    AND C.QUEUE_OWNER = Q.QUEUE_SCHEMA 
    AND C.CAPTURE_NAME = P.SENDER_NAME 
    AND P.SENDER_ADDRESS IS NULL 
    AND P.SENDER_PROTOCOL = 1; 

User Action

The number of spilled messages should be kept as low as possible for the best performance. A high number of spilled messages can result in the following cases:

  • There might be a problem with a propagation that propagates the messages captured by the capture process, or there might be a problem with an apply process that applies messages captured by the capture process. When this happens, the number of messages can build in a queue because they are not being consumed. In this case, make sure the relevant propagations and apply processes are enabled, and correct any problems with these propagations and apply processes.

  • The Streams pool might be too small to hold the captured messages. In this case, increase the size of the Streams pool. If the database is Oracle Database 10g release 2 (10.2) or higher, then you can configure Automatic Shared Memory Management to manage the size of the Streams pool automatically. Set the SGA_TARGET initialization parameter to use Automatic Shared Memory Management.

4.40 Streams Processes Count

This metric shows the total number of Streams capture processes, propagations, and apply processes at the local database. This metric also shows the number of capture processes, propagations, and apply processes that have encountered errors.

4.40.1 Apply Processes Having Errors

This metric shows the number of apply processes that have encountered errors at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_APPLY data dictionary view.

User Action

If an apply process has encountered errors, then correct the conditions that caused the errors.

4.40.2 Capture Processes Having Errors

This metric shows the number of capture processes that have encountered errors at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_CAPTURE data dictionary view.

User Action

If a capture process has encountered errors, then correct the conditions that caused the errors.

4.40.3 Number of Apply Processes

This metric shows the number of apply processes at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_APPLY data dictionary view.

User Action

Use this metric to determine the total number of apply processes at the local database.

4.40.4 Number of Capture Processes

This metric shows the number of capture processes at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_CAPTURE data dictionary view.

User Action

Use this metric to determine the total number of capture processes at the local database.

4.40.5 Number of Propagation Jobs

This metric shows the number of propagations at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_PROPAGATION data dictionary view.

User Action

Use this metric to determine the total number of propagations at the local database.

4.40.6 Propagation Errors

This metric shows the number of propagations that have encountered errors at the local database. For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The information in this metric is in the DBA_PROPAGATION data dictionary view.

User Action

If a propagation has encountered errors, then correct the conditions that caused the errors.

4.41 Streams Propagation - Buffered Queue Propagation

This metric shows the total number of messages and kilobytes propagated by each propagation from a buffered queue at the local database.

4.41.1 Total Number of KBytes Propagated

This metric shows the total number of messages propagated by the propagation from a buffered at the local database.

Data Source

The TOTAL_BYTES column in the following query shows this metric for a propagation:

SELECT PROPAGATION_NAME, TOTAL_NUMBER, TOTAL_BYTES/1024 KBYTES 
  FROM DBA_PROPAGATION P, DBA_QUEUE_SCHEDULES Q 
  WHERE P.SOURCE_QUEUE_NAME = Q.QNAME 
    AND P.SOURCE_QUEUE_OWNER = Q.SCHEMA 
    AND MESSAGE_DELIVERY_MODE = 'BUFFERED'; 

User Action

When a propagation is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages.

4.41.2 Total Number of Messages Propagated

This metric shows the total number of messages propagated by the propagation from a buffered queue at the local database.

Data Source

The TOTAL_NUMBER column in the following query shows this metric for a propagation:

SELECT PROPAGATION_NAME, TOTAL_NUMBER, TOTAL_BYTES/1024 KBYTES 
  FROM DBA_PROPAGATION P, DBA_QUEUE_SCHEDULES Q 
  WHERE P.SOURCE_QUEUE_NAME = Q.QNAME 
    AND P.SOURCE_QUEUE_OWNER = Q.SCHEMA 
    AND MESSAGE_DELIVERY_MODE = 'BUFFERED'; 

User Action

When a propagation is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages.

4.42 Streams Propagation - Buffered Queue State

This metric shows the number of messages in a buffered queue in READY state for each propagation.

4.42.1 Messages in Ready State

This metric shows the number of messages in a buffered source queue that are ready to be propagated by the propagation to the destination queue. The propagation has not yet attempted to propagate these messages.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The NUM_MSGS column in the following query shows this metric for a propagation:

SELECT PROPAGATION_NAME, NUM_MSGS READY 
  FROM V$BUFFERED_SUBSCRIBERS, DBA_PROPAGATION 
  WHERE SUBSCRIBER_NAME IS NULL 
    AND SUBSCRIBER_ADDRESS = DESTINATION_DBLINK 
    AND QUEUE_SCHEMA = SOURCE_QUEUE_OWNER 
    AND QUEUE_NAME = SOURCE_QUEUE_NAME; 

User Action

Monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages that are ready.

4.43 Streams Propagation - Persistent Queue Propagation

This metric shows the total number of messages and kilobytes propagated by each propagation from a persistent queue at the local database.

4.43.1 Total Number of KBytes Propagated

This metric shows the total number of kilobytes propagated by the propagation from a persistent queue at the local database.

Data Source

The TOTAL_BYTES column in the following query shows this metric for a propagation:

SELECT PROPAGATION_NAME, TOTAL_NUMBER, TOTAL_BYTES/1024 KBYTES 
  FROM DBA_PROPAGATION P, DBA_QUEUE_SCHEDULES Q 
  WHERE P.SOURCE_QUEUE_NAME = Q.QNAME 
    AND P.SOURCE_QUEUE_OWNER = Q.SCHEMA 
    AND MESSAGE_DELIVERY_MODE = 'PERSISTENT';

User Action

When a propagation is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages.

4.43.2 Total Number of Messages Propagated

This metric shows the total number of messages propagated by the propagation from a persistent queue at the local database.

Data Source

The TOTAL_NUMBER column in the following query shows this metric for a propagation:

SELECT PROPAGATION_NAME, TOTAL_NUMBER, TOTAL_BYTES/1024 KBYTES 
  FROM DBA_PROPAGATION P, DBA_QUEUE_SCHEDULES Q 
  WHERE P.SOURCE_QUEUE_NAME = Q.QNAME 
    AND P.SOURCE_QUEUE_OWNER = Q.SCHEMA 
    AND MESSAGE_DELIVERY_MODE = 'PERSISTENT'; 

User Action

When a propagation is enabled, monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages.

4.44 Streams Propagation - Persistent Queue State

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent queue in READY state and WAITING state for each propagation.

4.44.1 Messages in Ready State

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent source queue that are ready to be propagated by the propagation to the destination queue. The propagation has not yet attempted to propagate these messages.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The data source includes the following data dictionary views: DBA_QUEUES, DBA_PROPAGATION, and AQ$queue_table_name.

User Action

Monitor this metric to ensure that the propagation is propagating messages that are ready.

4.44.2 Messages in Waiting State

This metric shows the number of messages in a persistent source queue that are waiting to be propagated by the propagation to the destination queue. The propagation has attempted to propagate these messages at least once, and the propagation failed. The propagation might attempt to propagate a waiting message again after a specified retry delay interval.

For target version 10.1.0.x, the collection frequency for this metric is every 10 minutes.

Data Source

The data source includes the following data dictionary views: DBA_QUEUES, DBA_PROPAGATION, and AQ$queue_table_name.

User Action

Common failures that prevent message propagation include the following:

  • Database link failed

  • Remote database is not available

  • Remote queue does not exist

  • Remote queue was not started

  • Security violation while trying to enqueue messages into remote queue

Determine the problem that is causing propagation to fail, and correct the problem.

4.45 Suspended Session

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the number of resumable sessions that are suspended due to some correctable error.

4.45.1 Suspended Session Count

This metric represents the number of resumable sessions currently suspended in the database.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-90 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

Not Uploaded

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% session(s) are suspended.


Data Source

SELECT count(*) 
  FROM v$resumable 
  WHERE status = 'SUSPENDED' and enabled = 'YES'

User Action

Query the v$resumable view to see what the correctable errors are that are causing the suspension. The way to correct each error depends on the nature of the error.

4.46 System Response Time Per Call

This metric category contains the system response time metrics.

4.46.1 System Response Time (centi-seconds)

This metric represents the average time taken for each call (both user calls and recursive calls) within the database. A change in this value indicates that either the workload has changed or that the database�s ability to process the workload has changed because of either resource constraints or contention.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-91 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Not Defined


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.47 System Sessions Waiting

This metric category contains the metrics that represent the number of sessions waiting.

4.47.1 Waiting Session Count

This metric represents the number of sessions waiting at the sample time.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-92 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

%value% sessions are waiting.


Data Source

SELECT count(*) 
  FROM v$session_wait 
  WHERE wait_time = 0 and event not in IdleEvents

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

When this count is high, the system is doing more waiting than anything else. Evaluate the various types of wait activity using the real-time and historical performance monitoring capabilities of Enterprise Manager.

4.48 Tablespace Allocation

The metrics in this metric category check the amount of space used and the amount of space allocated to each tablespace. The used space can then be compared to the allocated space to determine how much space is unused in the tablespace. This metric is not intended for alerts. Rather it is intended for reporting. Historical views of unused allocated free space can help DBAs to correctly size their tablespaces, eliminating wasted space.

4.48.1 Tablespace Allocated Space (MB)

The allocated space of a tablespace is the sum of the current size of its datafiles. A portion of this allocated space is used to store data while some may be free space. If segments are added to a tablespace, or if existing segments grow, they will use the allocated free space. The allocated free space is only available to segments within the tablespace. If, over time, the segments within a tablespace are not using this free space, then the allocated free space is being unused.

This metric calculates the space allocated for each tablespace. It is not intended to generate alerts. Rather it should be used in conjunction with the Allocated Space Used (MB) metric to produce an historical view of the amount of space being used and unused by each tablespace.

For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 7 hours.

Data Source

Tablespace Allocated Space (MB) is calculated by looping though the tablespaces data files and totalling the size of the data files.

4.48.2 Tablespace Used Space (MB)

The allocated space of a tablespace is the sum of the current size of its datafiles. Some of this allocated space is used to store data and some of it may be free space. If segments are added to a tablespace, or if existing segments grow, they will use the allocated free space. The allocated free space is only available to segments within the tablespace. If, over time, the segments within a tablespace are not using this free space, then the allocated free space is being wasted.

This metric calculates the space used for each tablespace. It is not intended to generate alerts. Rather it should be used in conjunction with the Tablespace Allocated Space (MB) metric to produce an historical view of the amount of space being used and unused by each tablespace.

For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 7 hours.

Data Source

Tablespace Used Space (MB) is Tablespace Allocated Space (MB) Tablespace Allocated Free Space (MB) where:

Tablespace Allocated Space (MB) is calculated by looping through the tablespaces data files and totaling the size of the data files.

Tablespace Allocated Free Space (MB) is calculated by looping through the tablespaces data files and totaling the size of the free space in each data file.

4.49 Tablespaces Full

The metrics in this metric category check for the amount of space used by each tablespace. The used space is then compared to the available free space to determine tablespace fullness. The available free space takes into account the maximum data file size as well as available disk space. This means that a tablespace will not be flagged as full if datafiles can extend and there is enough disk space available for them to extend.

4.49.1 Tablespace Free Space (MB)

As segments within a tablespace grow, the available free space decreases. If there is no longer any available free space, meaning datafiles have hit their maximum size or there is no more disk space, then the creation of new segments or the extension of existing segments will fail.

This metric checks for the total available free space in each tablespace. This metric is intended for larger tablespaces, where the Available Space Used (%) metric is less meaningful. If the available free space falls below the size specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-93 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

less than or equal to

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Tablespace [%name%] has [%value% mbytes] free


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

MaximumSize - Total Used Space where:

  • TotalUsedSpace: total used space in MB of tablespace

  • MaximumSize: Maximum size (in MB) of the tablespace. The maximum size is determined by looping through the tablespaces data files, as well as additional free space on the disk that would be available for the tablespace should a data file autoextend.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by: Enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, Manually resizing one of its existing data files, or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

  • Relocate segments to another tablespace, thus increasing the free space in this tablespace.

  • Run the Segment Advisor on the tablespace.

4.49.2 Tablespace Space Used (%)

As segments within a tablespace grow, the available free space decreases. If there is no longer any available free space, meaning datafiles have hit their maximum size or there is no more disk space, then the creation of new segments or the extension of existing segments will fail.

This metric checks the Available Space Used (%) for each tablespace. If the percentage of used space is greater than the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-94 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

85

97

1

Tablespace [%name%] is [%value% percent] full

 

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

85

97

1

Not Defined


Table 4-95 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 10 Minutes

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

85

97

1

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

(TotalUsedSpace / MaximumSize) * 100 where:

  • TotalUsedSpace: total used space in MB of tablespace

  • MaximumSize: Maximum size (in MB) of the tablespace. The maximum size is determined by looping through the tablespaces data files, as well as additional free space on the disk that would be available for the tablespace should a data file autoextend.

For additional information about the data source, refer to the fullTbsp.pl Perl script located in the sysman/admin/scripts directory.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by: Enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, Manually resizing one of its existing data files, or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

  • Relocate segments to another tablespace, thus increasing the free space in this tablespace.

  • Run the Segment Advisor on the tablespace.

4.50 Tablespaces Full (dictionary managed)

The metrics in this metric category check for the amount of space used by each tablespace. The used space is then compared to the available free space to determine tablespace fullness. The available free space takes into account the maximum data file size as well as available disk space. This means that a tablespace will not be flagged as full if datafiles can extend and there is enough disk space available for them to extend.

4.50.1 Tablespace Free Space (MB) (dictionary managed)

As segments within a tablespace grow, the available free space decreases. If there is no longer any available free space, meaning datafiles have hit their maximum size or there is no more disk space, then the creation of new segments or the extension of existing segments will fail.

This metric checks for the total available free space in each tablespace. This metric is intended for larger tablespaces, where the Available Space Used (%) metric is less meaningful. If the available free space falls below the size specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-96 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

less than or equal to

Not Defined

Not Defined

1

Tablespace [%name%] has [%value% mbytes] free


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

MaximumSize - Total Used Space where:

  • TotalUsedSpace: total used space in MB of tablespace

  • MaximumSize: Maximum size (in MB) of the tablespace. The maximum size is determined by looping through the tablespaces data files, as well as additional free space on the disk that would be available for the tablespace should a data file autoextend.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by: Enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, Manually resizing one of its existing data files, or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

  • Relocate segments to another tablespace, thus increasing the free space in this tablespace.

  • Run the Segment Advisor on the tablespace.

4.50.2 Tablespace Space Used (%) (dictionary managed)

As segments within a tablespace grow, the available free space decreases. If there is no longer any available free space, meaning datafiles have hit their maximum size or there is no more disk space, then the creation of new segments or the extension of existing segments will fail.

This metric checks the Available Space Used (%) for each tablespace. If the percentage of used space is greater than the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-97 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every 30 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

85

97

1

Tablespace [%name%] is [%value% percent] full


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

(TotalUsedSpace / MaximumSize) * 100 where:

  • TotalUsedSpace: total used space in MB of tablespace

  • MaximumSize: Maximum size (in MB) of the tablespace. The maximum size is determined by looping through the tablespace�s data files, as well as additional free space on the disk that would be available for the tablespace should a data file autoextend.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by: Enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, Manually resizing one of its existing data files, or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

  • Relocate segments to another tablespace, thus increasing the free space in this tablespace.

  • Run the Segment Advisor on the tablespace.

4.51 Tablespaces With Problem Segments

The metrics in this metric category check for the following:

  • The largest chunk-free space in the tablespace. If any table, index, cluster, or rollback segment within the tablespace cannot allocate one additional extent, then an alert is generated.

  • Whether any of the segments in the tablespace are approaching their maximum extents. If, for any segment, the maximum number of extents minus the number of existing extents is less than 2, then an alert is generated.

Only the tablespaces with problem segments are returned as results.

4.51.1 Segments Approaching Maximum Extents

Segments which are nearing the upper limit of maximum extents. For all target versions, the collection frequency for this metric is every 24 hours.

Data Source

The first 10 segments names which are approaching their MaxExtent in the tablespace.

User Action

If possible, increase the value of the segments MAXEXTENTS storage parameter.

Otherwise, rebuild the segment with a larger extent size ensuring the extents within a segment are the same size by specifying STORAGE parameters where NEXT=INITIAL and PCTINCREASE = 0.

For segments that are linearly scanned, choose an extent size that is a multiple of the number of blocks read during each multiblock read. This will ensure that the Oracle multiblock read capability is used efficiently.

4.51.2 Segments Approaching Maximum Extents Count

This metric checks for segments which are nearing the upper limit of the number of maximum extents. If the number of segments is greater than the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-98 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 24 Hours

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% segments in %name% tablespace approaching max extents.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

Number of segments for which the maximum number of extents minus the number of existing extents is less than 2.

For additional information about the data source, refer to the problemTbsp.pl Perl script located in the sysman/admin/scripts directory.

User Action

If possible, increase the value of the segments MAXEXTENTS storage parameter.

Otherwise, rebuild the segment with a larger extent size ensuring the extents within a segment are the same size by using a locally managed tablespace. In the case of a dictionary managed tablespace, specify STORAGE parameters where NEXT=INITIAL and PCTINCREASE = 0.

4.51.3 Segments Not Able to Extend

Segments which cannot allocate an additional extent.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 24 Hours

Data Source

The first 10 segments names which cannot allocate an additional extent in the tablespace.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, manually resizing one of its existing data files. or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

4.51.4 Segments Not Able to Extend Count

This metric checks for segments which cannot allocate an additional extent. If the number of segments is greater than the values specified in the threshold arguments, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-99 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 24 Hours

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

1

%value% segments in %name% tablespace unable to extend.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Tablespace Name" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Tablespace Name" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

After checking for the largest chunk free space in the tablespace, this is the number of segments which cannot allocate an additional extent.

For additional information about the data source, refer to the problemTbsp.pl Perl script located in the sysman/admin/scripts directory.

User Action

Perform one of the following:

  • Increase the size of the tablespace by enabling automatic extension for one of its existing data files, manually resizing one of its existing data files. or adding a new data file.

  • If the tablespace is suffering from tablespace free space fragmentation problems, consider reorganizing the entire tablespace.

  • Relocate segments to another tablespace thus increasing the free space in this tablespace.

4.52 Throughput

This metric category contains the metrics that represent rates of resource consumption, or throughput.

4.52.1 All Sessions

This metric represents the number of users logged on at the sampling time.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every 5 Minutes

Data Source

SELECT value 
  FROM v$sysstat 
  WHERE name = 'logons current'; 

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.52.2 BG Checkpoints (per second)

This metric represents the BG checkpoints per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-100 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-101 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


4.52.3 Branch Node Splits (per second)

Number of times per second an index branch block was split because of the insertion of an additional value.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-102 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-103 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

branch node splits / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.4 Branch Node Splits (per transaction)

Number of times per transaction an index branch block was split because of the insertion of an additional value.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-104 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-105 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

branch node splits / transaction

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.5 Consistent Read Blocks Created (per second)

This metric represents the number of current blocks per second cloned to create consistent read (CR) blocks.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-106 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-107 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

CR blocks created / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.6 Consistent Read Blocks Created (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of current blocks per transaction cloned to create consistent read (CR) blocks.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-108 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-109 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

CR blocks created / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.7 Consistent Read Changes (per second)

This metric represents the number of times per second a user process has applied rollback entries to perform a consistent read on the block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-110 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-111 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

consistent changes / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.8 Consistent Read Changes (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of times per transaction a user process has applied rollback entries to perform a consistent read on the block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-112 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-113 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

consistent changes / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.9 Consistent Read Gets (per second)

This metric represents the number of times per second a consistent read was requested for a block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-114 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-115 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

consistent gets / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.10 Consistent Read Gets (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of times per transaction a consistent read was requested for a block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-116 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-117 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

consistent gets / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.11 Consistent Read Undo Records Applied (per second)

This metric represents the number of undo records applied for consistent read per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-118 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-119 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

current blocks converted for CR / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.12 Consistent Read Undo Records Applied (per transaction)

This metric represents the consistent read undo records applied per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-120 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-121 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.13 Cumulative Logons (per second)

This metric represents the number of logons per second during the sample period.

This test checks the number of logons that occurred per second during the sample period. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-122 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

100

Not Defined

2

Cumulative logon rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

100

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-123 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

100

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaLogons / Seconds where:

  • DeltaLogons: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='logons cumulative'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

A high logon rate may indicate that an application is inefficiently accessing the database. Database logon's are a costly operation. If an application is performing a logon for every SQL access, that application will experience poor performance as well as affect the performance of other applications on the database. If there is a high logon rate try to identify the application that is performing the logons to determine if it could be redesigned such that session connections could be pooled, reused or shared.

4.52.14 Cumulative Logons (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of logons per transaction during the sample period.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of logons that occurred per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-124 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Cumulative logon rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-125 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaLogons / Transactions where:

  • DeltaLogons: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='logons cumulative'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

A high logon rate may indicate that an application is inefficiently accessing the database. Database logon's are a costly operation. If an application is performing a logon for every SQL access, that application will experience poor performance as well as affect the performance of other applications on the database. If there is a high logon rate try to identify the application that is performing the logons to determine if it could be redesigned such that session connections could be pooled, reused or shared.

4.52.15 Database Block Changes (per second)

This metric represents the total number of changes per second that were part of an update or delete operation that were made to all blocks in the SGA.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-126 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-127 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

db block changes / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.16 Database Block Changes (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of changes per transaction that were part of an update or delete operation that were made to all blocks in the SGA.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-128 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-129 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

db block changes / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.17 Database Block Gets (per second)

This metric represents the number of times per second a current block was requested.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-130 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-131 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

db block gets / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.18 Database Block Gets (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of times per transaction a current block was requested.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-132 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-133 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

db block gets / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.19 DBWR Checkpoints (per second)

This metric represents the number of times, per second, during this sample period DBWn was asked to scan the cache and write all blocks marked for a checkpoint.

The database writer process (DBWn) writes the contents of buffers to datafiles. The DBWn processes are responsible for writing modified (dirty) buffers in the database buffer cache to disk.

When a buffer in the database buffer cache is modified, it is marked dirty. The primary job of the DBWn process is to keep the buffer cache clean by writing dirty buffers to disk. As user processes dirty buffers, the number of free buffers diminishes. If the number of free buffers drops too low, user processes that must read blocks from disk into the cache are not able to find free buffers. DBWn manages the buffer cache so that user processes can always find free buffers.

When the Oracle Server process cannot find a clean reusable buffer after scanning a threshold of buffers, it signals DBWn to write. When this request to make free buffers is received, DBWn writes the least recently used (LRU) buffers to disk. By writing the least recently used dirty buffers to disk, DBWn improves the performance of finding free buffers while keeping recently used buffers resident in memory. For example, blocks that are part of frequently accessed small tables or indexes are kept in the cache so that they do not need to be read in again from disk. The LRU algorithm keeps more frequently accessed blocks in the buffer cache so that when a buffer is written to disk, it is unlikely to contain data that may be useful soon.

Additionally, DBWn periodically writes buffers to advance the checkpoint that is the position in the redo log from which crash or instance recovery would need to begin.

This test checks the number of times DBWR was asked to advance the checkpoint. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-134 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

DBWR checkpoint rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-135 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaCheckpoints / Seconds where:

  • DeltaCheckpoints: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='DBWR checkpoints'' between sample end and start

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

A checkpoint tells the DBWR to write out modified buffers to disk. This write operation is different from the make free request in that the modified buffers are not marked as free by the DBWR process. Dirty buffers may also be written to disk at this time and freed.

The write size is dictated by the _db_block_checkpoint_batch parameter. If writing, and subsequently waiting for checkpoints to complete is a problem, the checkpoint completed event displays in the Top Waits page sorted by Time Waited or the Sessions Waiting for this Event page.

If the database is often waiting for checkpoints to complete you may want to increase the time between checkpoints by checking the init.ora parameter db_block_checkpoint_batch: select name, value, is default from v$parameter where name = db_block_checkpoint_batch. The value should be large enough to take advantage of parallel writes. The DBWR uses a write batch that is calculated like this: (db_files * db_file_simultaneous_writes)/2 The write_batch is also limited by two other factors:

  • A port specific limit on the numbers of I/Os (compile time constant).

  • 1/4 of the number of buffers in the SGA.

The db_block_checkpoint_batch is always smaller or equal to the _db_block_write_batch. You can also consider enabling the check point process.

4.52.20 Enqueue Deadlocks (per second)

This metric represents the number of times per second that a process detected a potential deadlock when exchanging two buffers and raised an internal, restartable error.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-136 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-137 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue deadlocks / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.21 Enqueue Deadlocks (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of times per transaction that a process detected a potential deadlock when exchanging two buffers and raised an internal, restartable error.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-138 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-139 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue deadlocks / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.22 Enqueue Requests (per second)

This metric represents the total number of table or row locks acquired per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-140 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-141 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue requests / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.23 Enqueue Requests (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of table or row locks acquired per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-142 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-143 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue requests / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.24 Enqueue Timeout (per second)

This metric represents the total number of table and row locks (acquired and converted) per second that time out before they could complete.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-144 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-145 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue timeouts / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.25 Enqueue Timeout (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of table and row locks (acquired and converted) per transaction that timed out before they could complete.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-146 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-147 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue timeouts / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.26 Enqueue Waits (per second)

This metric represents the total number of waits per second that occurred during an enqueue convert or get because the enqueue get was deferred.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-148 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-149 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue waits / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.27 Enqueue Waits (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of waits per transaction that occurred during an enqueue convert or get because the enqueue get was deferred.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-150 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-151 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

enqueue waits / transaction

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.28 Executes (per second)

This metric represents the rate of SQL command executions over the sampling interval.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-152 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Data Source

DeltaExecutions / Seconds where:

  • DeltaExecutions: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='execute count'' between end and start of sample period.

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.52.29 Executes Performed without Parses (%)

This metric represents the percentage of statement executions that do not require a corresponding parse. A perfect system would parse all statements once and then execute the parsed statement over and over without reparsing. This ratio provides an indication as to how often the application is parsing statements as compared to their overall execution rate. A higher number is better.

This test checks the percentage of executes that do not require parses. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-153 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Only %value%%% of executes are performed without parses.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-154 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

((DeltaExecuteCount - (DeltaParseCountTotal)) / DeltaExecuteCount) * 100 where:

  • DeltaParseCountTotal: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (total)'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaExecuteCount: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='execute count'' between sample end and start

User Action

An execute to parse ratio of less than 70% indicates that the application may be parsing statements more often than it should. Reparsing the statement, even if it is a soft parse, requires a network round trip from the application to the database, as well as requiring the processing time to locate the previously compiled statement in the cache. Reducing network round trips and unnecessary processing improves application performance.

Use the Top Sessions page sorted by Parses to identify the sessions responsible for the bulk of the parse activity within the database. Start with these sessions to determine whether the application could be modified to make more efficient use of its cursors.

4.52.30 Full Index Scans (per second)

This metric represents the number of fast full index scans per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-155 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-156 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

index fast full scans (full) / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.31 Full Index Scans (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of fast full index scans per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-157 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-158 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

index fast full scans (full) / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.32 Hard Parses (per second)

This metric represents the number of hard parses per second during this sample period. A hard parse occurs when a SQL statement has to be loaded into the shared pool. In this case, the Oracle Server has to allocate memory in the shared pool and parse the statement.

Each time a particular SQL cursor is parsed, this count will increase by one. There are certain operations that will cause a SQL cursor to be parsed. Parsing a SQL statement breaks it down into atomic steps, which the optimizer will evaluate when generating an execution plan for the cursor.

This test checks the number of parses of statements that were not already in the cache. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-159 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Hard parse rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-160 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaParses / Seconds where:

  • DeltaParses: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (hard)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

If there appears to be excessive time spent parsing, evaluate SQL statements to determine those that can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses will show you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses. Hard parses happen when the server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. Hard parses can be avoided by sharing SQL statements efficiently. The use of bind variables instead of literals in queries is one method to increase sharing.

By showing you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses, this page may lead you to the application or programs that are the best candidates for SQL rewrites.

Also, examine SQL statements which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The SHARED_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter controls the total size of the shared pool. Consider increasing the SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which SQL requests are being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new requests.

To take advantage of the additional memory available for shared SQL areas, you may also need to increase the number of cursors permitted per session. You can increase this limit by increasing the value of the initialization parameter OPEN_CURSORS.

4.52.33 Hard Parses (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of hard parses per second during this sample period. A hard parse occurs when a SQL statement has to be loaded into the shared pool. In this case, the Oracle Server has to allocate memory in the shared pool and parse the statement.

Each time a particular SQL cursor is parsed, this count will increase by one. There are certain operations which will cause a SQL cursor to be parsed. Parsing a SQL statement breaks it down into atomic steps which the optimizer will evaluate when generating an execution plan for the cursor. The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of hard parses per second during this sample period. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-161 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Hard parse rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-162 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaParses / Transactions where:

  • DeltaParses: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (hard)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

If there appears to be excessive time spent parsing, evaluate SQL statements to determine which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses will show you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses. Hard parses happen when the server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. Hard parses can be avoided by sharing SQL statements efficiently. The use of bind variables instead of literals in queries is one method to increase sharing.

By showing you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses, this page may lead you to the application or programs that are the best candidates for SQL rewrites.

Also, examine SQL statements which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The SHARED_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter controls the total size of the shared pool. Consider increasing the SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which SQL requests are being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new requests.

To take advantage of the additional memory available for shared SQL areas, you may also need to increase the number of cursors permitted per session. You can increase this limit by increasing the value of the initialization parameter OPEN_CURSORS.

4.52.34 Leaf Node Splits (per second)

Number of times per second an index leaf node was split because of the insertion of an additional value.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-163 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-164 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

leaf node splits / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.35 Leaf Node Splits (per transaction)

Number of times per transaction an index leaf node was split because of the insertion of an additional value.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-165 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-166 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

leaf node splits / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.36 Network Bytes (per second)

This metric represents the total number of bytes sent and received through the SQL Net layer to and from the database.

This test checks the network read/write per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the Number of Occurrences parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-167 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Bytes transmitted via SQL*Net is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-168 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(DeltaBytesFromClient+DeltaBytesFromDblink+DeltaBytesToClient+DeltaBytesToDblink) / Seconds where:

  • Delta Bytes From Client: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, visitation n where n.name='bytes received via SQL*Net from client' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between end and start of sample period

  • DeltaBytesFromClient: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='bytes received via SQL*Net from dblink' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between end and start of sample period

  • DeltaBytesFromClient: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='bytes sent via SQL*Net to client' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between end and start of sample period

  • DeltaBytesFromClient: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='bytes sent via SQL*Net to dblink' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

This metric represents the amount of network traffic in and out of the database. This number may only be useful when compared to historical levels to understand network traffic usage related to a specific database.

4.52.37 Number of Transactions (per second)

This metric represents the total number of commits and rollbacks performed during this sample period.

This test checks the number of commits and rollbacks performed during sample period. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-169 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Transaction rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-170 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>=

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaCommits + DeltaRollbacks where:

  • DeltaCommits: difference of 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user commits'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaRollbacks: difference of 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user rollbacks'' between sample end and start

User Action

This statistic is an indication of how much work is being accomplished within the database. A spike in the transaction rate may not necessarily be bad. If response times stay close to normal, it means your system can handle the added load. Actually, a drop in transaction rates and an increase in response time may be indicators of problems. Depending upon the application, transaction loads may vary widely across different times of the day.

4.52.38 Open Cursors (per second)

This metric represents the total number of cursors opened per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-171 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-172 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

opened cursors cumulative / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.39 Open Cursors (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of cursors opened per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-173 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-174 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

opened cursors cumulative / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.40 Parse Failure Count (per second)

This metric represents the total number of parse failures per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-175 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-176 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

parse count (failures) / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.41 Parse Failure Count (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of parse failures per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-177 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-178 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

parse count (failures) / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.42 Physical Reads (per second)

This metric represents the number of data blocks read from disk per second during this sample period. When a user performs a SQL query, Oracle tries to retrieve the data from the database buffer cache (memory) first, then searches the disk if it is not already in memory. Reading data blocks from disk is much more inefficient than reading the data blocks from memory. The goal with Oracle should always be to maximize memory utilization.

This test checks the data blocks read from disk per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-179 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Physical reads are %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-180 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaPhysicalReads / Seconds where:

  • DeltaPhysicalReads: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='physical reads' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between sample end and start

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

Block reads are inevitable so the aim should be to minimize unnecessary IO. This is best achieved by good application design and efficient execution plans. Changes to execution plans can yield profound changes in performance. Tweaking at system level usually only achieves percentage gains.

To view I/O on a per session basis to determine which sessions are responsible for your physical reads, you should visit the Top Sessions page sorted by Physical Reads. This approach allows you to identify problematic sessions and then drill down to their current SQL statement and perform tuning from there.

To identify the SQL that is responsible for the largest portion of physical reads, visit the Top SQL page sorted by Physical Reads. This page allows you to quickly determine which SQL statements are the causing your I/O activity. From this display you can view the full text of the SQL statement.

The difference between the two methods for identifying problematic SQL is that the Top Sessions view displays sessions that are performing the most physical reads at the moment. The Top SQL view displays the SQL statements that are still in the SQL cache that have performed the most I/O over their lifetime. A SQL statement could show up in the Top SQL view that is not currently being executed.

If the SQL statements are properly tuned and optimized, consider the following suggestions. A larger buffer cache may help - test this by actually increasing DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS. Do not use DB_BLOCK_LRU_EXTENDED_STATISTICS, as this may introduce other performance issues. Never increase the SGA size if it may induce additional paging or swapping on the system.

A less obvious issue which can affect the I/Orates is how well data is clustered physically. For example, assume that you frequently fetch rows from a table where a column is between two values via an index scan. If there are 100 rows in each index block then the two extremes are: 1.Each of the table rows is in a different physical block (100 blocks need to be read for each index block). 2.The table rows are all located in the few adjacent blocks (a handful of blocks need to be read for each index block).

Pre-sorting or reorganizing data can improve this situation in severe situations as well.

4.52.43 Physical Reads (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of disk reads per transaction during the sample period. When a user performs a SQL query, Oracle tries to retrieve the data from the database buffer cache (memory) first, then goes to disk if it is not in memory already. Reading data blocks from disk is much more expensive than reading the data blocks from memory. The goal with Oracle should always be to maximize memory utilization.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the data blocks read from disk per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-181 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Physical reads are %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-182 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaReads / Transactions where:

  • DeltaReads: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='physical reads'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

Block reads are inevitable so the aim should be to minimize unnecessary IO. This is best achieved by good application design and efficient execution plans. Changes to execution plans can yield orders of magnitude changes in performance. Tweaking at system level usually only achieves percentage gains.

To identify the SQL that is responsible for the largest portion of physical reads, visit the Top SQL page sorted by Physical Reads. This view will allow you to quickly determine which SQL statements are causing the I/O activity. From this display you can view the full text of the SQL statement.

To view I/O on a per session basis to determine which sessions are responsible for your physical reads, you can visit the Top Sessions page sorted by Physical Reads. This approach allows you to identify problematic sessions and then drill down to their current SQL statement to perform tuning.

If the SQL statements are properly tuned and optimized the following suggestions may help. A larger buffer cache may help - test this by actually increasing DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS and not by using DB_BLOCK_LRU_EXTENDED_STATISTICS. Never increase the SGA size if it will induce additional paging or swapping on the system.

A less obvious issue which can affect the I/Orates is how well data is clustered physically. For example, assume that you frequently fetch rows from a table where a column is between two values via an index scan. If there are 100 rows in each index block then the two extremes are: 1. Each of the table rows is in a different physical block (100 blocks need to be read for each index block). 2. The table rows are all located in the few adjacent blocks (a handful of blocks need to be read for each index block).

Pre-sorting or reorganizing data can help to tackle this in severe situations as well.

4.52.44 Physical Reads Direct (per second)

This metric represents the number of direct physical reads per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-183 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-184 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical reads direct / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.45 Physical Reads Direct (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of direct physical reads per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-185 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-186 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical reads direct / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.46 Physical Reads Direct Lobs (per second)

This metric represents the number of direct large object (LOB) physical reads per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-187 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-188 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical reads direct (lob) / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.47 Physical Reads Direct Lobs (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of direct large object (LOB) physical reads per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-189 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-190 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical reads direct (lob) / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.48 Physical Writes (per second)

This metric represents the number of disk writes per second during the sample period. This statistic represents the rate of database blocks written from the SGA buffer cached to disk by the DBWR background process, and from the PGA by processes performing direct writes.

This test checks the data blocks written disk per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-191 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Physical writes are %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-192 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaWrites / Seconds where:

  • DeltaWrites: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='physical writes'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

Because this statistic shows both DBWR writes as well as direct writes by sessions, you should view the physical writes directly to determine where the write activity is actually occurring. If the physical writes direct value comprises a large portion of the writes, then there are probably many sorts or writes to temporary tablespaces occurring.

If the majority of the writes are not direct, they are being performed by the DBWR writes process. This is only be a problem if log writer or redo waits are showing up in the Sessions Waiting for this Event page or the Top Waits page sorted by Time Waited.

4.52.49 Physical Writes (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of disk writes per transaction during the sample period.

The value of this statistic is zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name is a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the data blocks written disk per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-193 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Physical writes are %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-194 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaWrites / Transactions where:

  • DeltaWrites: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='physical writes'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

Because this statistic shows both DBWR writes as well as direct writes by sessions, you should view the physical writes directly to determine where the write activity is really occurring. If the physical writes direct value comprises a large portion of the writes, then there are likely many sorts or writes to temporary tablespaces that are occurring.

If the majority of the writes are not direct, they are being performed by the DBWR writes process. This will typically only be a problem if log writer or redo waits are showing up in the Sessions Waiting for this Event page or the Top Waits page sorted by Time Waited.

4.52.50 Physical Writes Direct (per second)

This metric represents the number of direct physical writes per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-195 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-196 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical writes direct / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central on the Database Home page.

4.52.51 Physical Writes Direct (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of direct physical writes per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-197 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-198 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical writes direct / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.52 Physical Writes Direct Lobs (per second)

This metric represents the number of direct large object (LOB) physical writes per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-199 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-200 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical writes direct (lob) / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.53 Physical Writes Direct Lobs (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of direct large object (LOB) physical writes per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-201 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-202 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

physical writes direct (lob) / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.54 Recursive Calls (per second)

This metric represents the number of recursive calls, per second during the sample period.

Sometimes, to execute a SQL statement issued by a user, the Oracle Server must issue additional statements. Such statements are called recursive calls or recursive SQL statements. For example, if you insert a row into a table that does not have enough space to hold that row, the Oracle Server makes recursive calls to allocate the space dynamically if dictionary managed tablespaces are being used. Recursive calls are also generated:

  • When data dictionary information is not available in the data dictionary cache and must be retrieved from disk

  • In the firing of database triggers

  • In the execution of DDL statements

  • In the execution of SQL statements within stored procedures, functions, packages and anonymous PL/SQL blocks

  • In the enforcement of referential integrity constraints

This test checks the number of recursive SQL calls per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-203 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Recursive call rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-204 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRecursiveCalls / Seconds where:

  • DeltaRecursiveCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='recursive calls'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

If the Oracle Server appears to be making excessive recursive calls while your application is running, determine what activity is causing these recursive calls. If you determine that the recursive calls are caused by dynamic extension, either reduce the frequency of extension by allocating larger extents or, if you are using Oracle8i, considering taking advantage of locally managed tablespaces.

4.52.55 Recursive Calls (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of recursive calls, per second during the sample period.

Sometimes, to execute a SQL statement issued by a user, the Oracle Server must issue additional statements. Such statements are called recursive calls or recursive SQL statements. For example, if you insert a row into a table that does not have enough space to hold that row, the Oracle Server makes recursive calls to allocate the space dynamically if dictionary managed tablespaces are being used. Recursive calls are also generated:

  • When data dictionary information is not available in the data dictionary cache and must be retrieved from disk

  • In the firing of database triggers

  • In the execution of DDL statements

  • In the execution of SQL statements within stored procedures, functions, packages and anonymous PL/SQL blocks

  • In the enforcement of referential integrity constraints

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of calls that result in changes to internal tables. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-205 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Recursive call rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-206 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRecursiveCalls / Transactions where:

  • DeltaRecursiveCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='recursive calls'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

If the Oracle Server appears to be making excessive recursive calls while your application is running, determine what activity is causing these recursive calls. If you determine that the recursive calls are caused by dynamic extension, either reduce the frequency of extension by allocating larger extents or, if you are using Oracle8i, considering taking advantage of locally managed tablespaces.

4.52.56 Redo Generated (per second)

This metric represents the amount of redo, in bytes, generated per second during this sample period.

The redo log buffer is a circular buffer in the SGA that holds information about changes made to the database. This information is stored in redo entries. Redo entries contain the information necessary to reconstruct, or redo, changes made to the database by INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER or DROP operations. Redo entries can be used for database recovery if necessary.

This test checks the amount of redo in bytes generated per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-207 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Redo generated is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-208 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRedoSize / Seconds where:

  • DeltaRedoSize: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='redo size'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

The LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter determines the amount of memory that is used when redo entries are buffered to the redo log file.

Consider increasing the LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter to increase the size of the redo log buffer should waiting be a problem. Redo log entries contain a record of the changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer process (LGWR) writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log. The redo log buffer should be sized so space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy.

4.52.57 Redo Generated (per transaction)

This metric represents the amount of redo, in bytes, generated per transaction during this sample period.

The redo log buffer is a circular buffer in the SGA that holds information about changes made to the database. This information is stored in redo entries. Redo entries contain the information necessary to reconstruct, or redo, changes made to the database by INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER or DROP operations. Redo entries are used for database recovery, if necessary.

The value of this statistic is zero if there have been no write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the amount of redo in bytes generated per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-209 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Redo generated is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-210 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRedoSize / DeltaTransactions where:

  • DeltaRedoSize: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='redo size'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name = 'user commits'' between end and start of sample period

User Action

The LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter determines the amount of memory that is used when buffering redo entries to the redo log file.

Consider increasing the LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter to increase the size of the redo log buffer should waiting be a problem. Redo log entries contain a record of the changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer process (LGWR) writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log. The redo log buffer should be sized so space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy.

4.52.58 Redo Writes (per second)

This metric represents the number redo write operations per second during this sample period.

The redo log buffer is a circular buffer in the SGA that holds information about changes made to the database. This information is stored in redo entries. Redo entries contain the information necessary to reconstruct, or redo, changes made to the database by INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER or DROP operations. Redo entries can be used for database recovery if necessary.

The log writer processes (LGWR) is responsible for redo log buffer management; that is, writing the redo log buffer to a redo log file on disk.

This test checks the number of writes by LGWR to the redo log files per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-211 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Redo write rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-212 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRedoWrites / Seconds where:

  • DeltaRedoWrites: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='redo writes'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

The LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter determines the amount of memory that is used when redo entries are buffered to the redo log file.

Should waiting be a problem, consider increasing the LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter to increase the size of the redo log buffer. Redo log entries contain a record of the changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer process (LGWR) writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log. The redo log buffer should be sized so space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy.

4.52.59 Redo Writes (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of redo write operations per second during this sample period.

The redo log buffer is a circular buffer in the SGA that holds information about changes made to the database. This information is stored in redo entries. Redo entries contain the information necessary to reconstruct, or redo, changes made to the database by INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER or DROP operations. Redo entries are used for database recovery, if necessary.

The log writer process (LGWR) is responsible for redo log buffer management; that is, writing the redo log buffer to a redo log file on disk.

This test checks the number of writes by LGWR to the redo log files per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-213 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Redo write rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-214 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRedoWrites /(DeltaCommits+DeltaRollbacks) where:

  • DeltaRedoWrites: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='redo writes' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between sample end and start

  • DeltaCommits: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='user commits' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between sample end and sample start

  • DeltaRollbacks: difference in 'select s.value from v$sysstat s, v$statname n where n.name='user commits' and n.statistic#=s.statistic#' between sample end and sample start

User Action

The LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter determines the amount of memory that is used when buffering redo entries to the redo log file.

Consider increasing the LOG_BUFFER initialization parameter to increase the size of the redo log buffer should waiting be a problem. Redo log entries contain a record of the changes that have been made to the database block buffers. The log writer process (LGWR) writes redo log entries from the log buffer to a redo log. The redo log buffer should be sized so space is available in the log buffer for new entries, even when access to the redo log is heavy.

4.52.60 Rows Processed (per sort)

This metric represents the average number of rows per sort during this sample period.

This test checks the average number of rows per sort during sample period. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-215 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Average sort size is %value% rows.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-216 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(DeltaSortRows / (DeltaDiskSorts + DeltaMemorySorts)) * 100 where:

  • DeltaSortRows: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (rows)'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaMemorySorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (memory)'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaDiskSorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (disk)'' between sample end and start

User Action

This statistic displays the average number of rows that are being processed per sort. The size provides information about the sort size of the database. This can help you to determine the SORT_AREA_SIZE appropriately. If the rows per sort are high, you should investigate the sessions and SQL performing the most sorts to see if those SQL statements can be tuned to reduce the size of the sort sample set.

The sessions that are performing the most sorts should be identified, such that the SQL they are executing can be further identified. The sort area sizes for the database may be sized correctly and the application SQL may be performing unwanted or excessive sorts. The sessions performing the most sorts are available through the Top Sessions page sorted by Disk Sorts.

Further drilldown into the session performing the most disk sorts with the Current SQL page displays the SQL statement responsible for the disk sorts.

The Top SQL page sorted by Sorts provides a mechanism to quickly display the SQL statements in the cache presented in sorted order by their number of sort operations. This is an alternative to viewing the sort of current sessions. It allows you to view sort activity via SQL statements and contains cumulative statistics for all executions of that statement.

If excessive sorts are taking place on disk and the queries are correct, consider increasing the SORT_AREA_SIZE initialization parameter to increase the size of the sort area. A larger sort area allows the Oracle Server to keep sorts in memory, reducing the number of I/O operations required to do an equivalent amount of work using the current sort area size.

4.52.61 Scans on Long Tables (per second)

This metric represents the number of long table scans per second during sample period. A table is considered 'long' if the table is not cached and if its high-water mark is greater than 5 blocks.

This test checks the long table scans per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-217 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Rate of scans on long tables is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-218 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaScans / Seconds where:

  • DeltaScans: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='table scans (long tables)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

A table scan means that the entire table is being scanned record by record in order to satisfy the query. For small tables that can easily be read into and kept in the buffer cache this may be advantageous. But for larger tables this will force a lot of physical reads and potentially push other needed buffers out of the cache. SQL statements with large physical read and logical read counts are candidates for table scans. They can be identified either through the Top SQL page sorted by Physical Reads, or through the Top Sessions page sorted by Physical Reads, with a drilldown to the current SQL for a session.

4.52.62 Scans on Long Tables (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of long table scans per transaction during sample period. A table is considered 'long' if the table is not cached and if its high-water mark is greater than 5 blocks.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of long table scans per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-219 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Rate of scans on long tables is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-220 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaScans / Transactions where:

  • DeltaScans: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='table scans (long tables)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

A table scan means that the entire table is being scanned record by record in order to satisfy the query. For small tables that can easily be read into and kept in the buffer cache this may be advantageous. But for larger tables this will force a lot of physical reads and potentially push other needed buffers out of the cache. SQL statements with large physical read and logical read counts are candidates for table scans. They can be identified either through the Top SQL page sorted by Physical Reads, or through the Top Sessions page sorted by Physical Reads, with a drilldown to the current SQL for a session.

4.52.63 Session Logical Reads (per second)

This metric represents the number of logical reads per second during the sample period. A logical read is a read request for a data block from the SGA. Logical reads may result in a physical read if the requested block does not reside with the buffer cache.

This test checks the logical(db block gets + consistent gets) reads per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-221 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Session logical reads are %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-222 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

LogicalReads / Seconds where:

  • LogicalReads: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='session logical reads'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

Excessive logical reads, even if they do not result in physical reads, can still represent an area that should be considered for performance tuning. Typically large values for this statistic indicate that full table scans are being performed. To identify the SQL that is performing the most logical reads (buffer gets), use the Top SQL page sorted by Buffer Gets. This quickly identifies the SQL responsible for the bulk of the logical reads. You can further investigate these SQL statements via drilldowns. Tuning these SQL statements will reduce your buffer cache access.

4.52.64 Session Logical Reads (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of logical reads per transaction during the sample period.

The value of this statistic is zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding per second metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the logical (db block gets + consistent gets) reads per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-223 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Session logical reads are %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-224 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaReads / Transactions where:

  • DeltaReads: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='session logical reads'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

Excessive logical reads, even if they do not result in physical reads, can still represent an area that should be considered for performance tuning. Typically large values for this statistic indicate that full table scans are being performed. To identify the SQL that is performing the most logical reads (buffer gets) use the Top SQL page sorted by Buffer Gets. This quickly identifies the SQL responsible for the bulk of the logical reads.

4.52.65 Soft Parse (%)

A soft parse is recorded when the Oracle Server checks the shared pool for a SQL statement and finds a version of the statement that it can reuse.

This metric represents the percentage of parse requests where the cursor was already in the cursor cache compared to the number of total parses. This ratio provides an indication as to how often the application is parsing statements that already reside in the cache as compared to hard parses of statements that are not in the cache.

This test checks the percentage of soft parse requests to total parse requests. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-225 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Only %value%%% of parses are soft parses.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-226 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

((DeltaParseCountTotal - DeltaParseCountHard) / DeltaParseCountTotal) * 100 where:

  • DeltaParseCountTotal: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (total)'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaParseCountHard: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (hard)'' between sample end and start

User Action

Soft parses consume less resources than hard parses, so the larger the value for this item, the better. But many soft parses indicate the application is using SQL inefficiently. Reparsing the statement, even if it is a soft parse, requires a network round trip from the application to the database, as well as requiring the processing time to locate the previously compiled statement in the cache. Reducing network round trips and unnecessary processing will improve application performance.

If this metric value is below 80% you should look at the Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses. This page lists the sessions that are currently performing the most hard parses. Starting with these sessions and the SQL statements they are executing will indicate which applications and corresponding SQL statements are being used inefficiently.

If the metric is currently showing a high value, the expensive hard parses are not occurring but the application can still be tuned by reducing the amount of soft parses. Visit the Top SQL page sorted by Parses to identify the SQL statements that have been most parsed. This will allow you to quickly identify SQL that is being re-parsed unnecessarily. You should investigate these statements first for possible application logic changes such that cursors are opened once, and executed or fetched from many times.

4.52.66 Sorts to Disk (per second)

This metric represents the number of sorts going to disk per second for this sample period. For best performance, most sorts should occur in memory, because sorts to disks are expensive to perform. If the sort area is too small, extra sort runs will be required during the sort operation. This increases CPU and I/O resource consumption.

This test checks the number of sorts performed to disk per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-227 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

The rate of sorts to disk is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-228 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaDiskSorts / Seconds where:

  • DeltaDiskSorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (disk)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

The sessions that are performing the most sorts should be identified, such that the SQL they are executing can be further identified. The sort area sizes for the database may be sized correctly, the application SQL may be performing unwanted or excessive sorts. The sessions performing the most sorts are available through the Top Sessions sorted by Disk Sorts page.

Further drilldown into the session performing the most disk sorts with the Current SQL page will show you the SQL statement responsible for the disk sorts.

The Top SQL page sorted by Sorts provides a mechanism to quickly display the SQL statements in the cache, presented in sorted order by their number sort operations. This is an alternative to viewing sort of current sessions, it allows you to view sort activity via SQL statements, and will contain cumulative statistics for all executions of that statement.

If excessive sorts are taking place on disk, and the query's are correct, consider increasing the SORT_AREA_SIZE initialization parameter to increase the size of the sort area. A larger sort area will allow the Oracle Server to keep sorts in memory, reducing the number of I/O operations required to do an equivalent amount of work using the current sort area size.

4.52.67 Sorts to Disk (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of sorts going to disk per transactions for this sample period. For best performance, most sorts should occur in memory, because sorts to disks are expensive to perform. If the sort area is too small, extra sort runs will be required during the sort operation. This increases CPU and I/O resource consumption.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of sorts performed to disk per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-229 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

The rate of sorts to disk is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-230 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaDiskSorts / Transactions where:

  • DeltaDiskSorts: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='sorts (disk)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

The sessions that are performing the most sorts should be identified, such that the SQL they are executing can be further identified. The sort area sizes for the database may be sized correctly, the application SQL may be performing unwanted or excessive sorts. The sessions performing the most sorts are available through the Top Sessions page sorted by Disk Sorts.

Further drilldown into the session performing the most disk sorts with the Current SQL page will show you the SQL statement responsible for the disk sorts.

The Top SQL page sorted by Sorts provides a mechanism to quickly display the SQL statements in the cache, presented in sorted order by their number sort operations. This is an alternative to viewing sort of current sessions, it allows you to view sort activity via SQL statements, and will contain cumulative statistics for all executions of that statement.

If excessive sorts are taking place on disk, and the query's are correct, consider increasing the SORT_AREA_SIZE initialization parameter to increase the size of the sort area. A larger sort area will allow the Oracle Server to keep sorts in memory, reducing the number of I/O operations required to do an equivalent amount of work using the current sort area size.

4.52.68 Total Index Scans (per second)

This metric represents the total number of index scans per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-231 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-232 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

index scans kdiixs1 / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.69 Total Index Scans (per transaction)

This metric represents the total number of index scans per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-233 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-234 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

index scans kdiixsl / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.70 Total Parses (per second)

This number reflects the total number of parses per second, both hard and soft. A hard parse occurs when a SQL statement has to be loaded into the shared pool. In this case, the Oracle Server has to allocate memory in the shared pool and parse the statement. A soft parse is recorded when the Oracle Server checks the shared pool for a SQL statement and finds a version of the statement that it can reuse.

Each time a particular SQL cursor is parsed, this count will increase by one. There are certain operations which will cause a SQL cursor to be parsed. Parsing a SQL statement breaks it down into atomic steps which the optimizer will evaluate when generating an execution plan for the cursor.

This test checks the number of parse calls per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-235 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Total parse rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-236 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaParses / Seconds where:

  • DeltaParses: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (total)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

If there appears to be excessive time spent parsing, evaluate SQL statements to determine which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses will show you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses. Hard parses happen when the server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. Hard parses can be avoided by sharing SQL statements efficiently. The use of bind variables instead of literals in queries is one method to increase sharing.

By showing you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses, this page may lead you to the application or programs that are the best candidates for SQL rewrites.

Also, examine SQL statements which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The SHARED_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter controls the total size of the shared pool. Consider increasing the SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which SQL requests are being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new requests.

To take advantage of the additional memory available for shared SQL areas, you may also need to increase the number of cursors permitted per session. You can increase this limit by increasing the value of the initialization parameter OPEN_CURSORS.

4.52.71 Total Parses (per transaction)

This number reflects the total number of parses per transaction, both hard and soft. A hard parse occurs when a SQL statement has to be loaded into the shared pool. In this case, the Oracle Server has to allocate memory in the shared pool and parse the statement. A soft parse is recorded when the Oracle Server checks the shared pool for a SQL statement and finds a version of the statement that it can reuse.

Each time a particular SQL cursor is parsed, this count will increase by one. There are certain operations which will cause a SQL cursor to be parsed. Parsing a SQL statement breaks it down into atomic steps which the optimizer will evaluate when generating an execution plan for the cursor.

This test checks the number of parse calls per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-237 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Total parse rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-238 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaParses / Transactions where:

  • DeltaParses: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='parse count (total)'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

If there appears to be excessive time spent parsing, evaluate SQL statements to determine which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The Top Sessions page sorted by Hard Parses will show you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses. Hard parses happen when the server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. Hard parses can be avoided by sharing SQL statements efficiently. The use of bind variables instead of literals in queries is one method to increase sharing.

By showing you which sessions are incurring the most hard parses, this page may lead you to the application or programs that are the best candidates for SQL rewrites.

Also, examine SQL statements which can be modified to optimize shared SQL pool memory use and avoid unnecessary statement reparsing. This type of problem is commonly caused when similar SQL statements are written which differ in space, case, or some combination of the two. You may also consider using bind variables rather than explicitly specified constants in your statements whenever possible.

The SHARED_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter controls the total size of the shared pool. Consider increasing the SHARED_POOL_SIZE to decrease the frequency in which SQL requests are being flushed from the shared pool to make room for new requests.

To take advantage of the additional memory available for shared SQL areas, you may also need to increase the number of cursors permitted per session. You can increase this limit by increasing the value of the initialization parameter OPEN_CURSORS.

4.52.72 User Calls (%)

This metric represents the percentage of user calls to recursive calls.

Occasionally, to execute a SQL statement issued by a user, the Oracle Server must issue additional statements. Such statements are called recursive calls or recursive SQL statements. For example, if you insert a row into a table that does not have enough space to hold that row, the Oracle Server makes recursive calls to allocate the space dynamically if dictionary managed tablespaces are being used. Recursive calls are also generated:

When data dictionary information is not available in the data dictionary cache and must be retrieved from disk.

  • In the firing of database triggers

  • In the execution of DDL statements

  • In the execution of SQL statements within stored procedures, functions, packages and anonymous PL/SQL blocks

  • In the enforcement of referential integrity constraints

This test checks the percentage of user calls to recursive calls. If the value is less than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-239 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

%value%%% of calls are user calls.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-240 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

<

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(DeltaUserCalls/(DeltaRecursiveCalls + DeltaUserCalls)) * 100 where:

  • DeltaRecursiveCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='recursive calls'' between sample end and start

  • DeltaUserCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user calls'' between sample end and start

User Action

A low value for this metric means that the Oracle Server is making a large number of recursive calls. If the Oracle Server appears to be making excessive recursive calls while your application is running, determine what activity is causing these recursive calls. If you determine that the recursive calls are caused by dynamic extension, either reduce the frequency of extension by allocating larger extents or, if you are using Oracle8i, considering taking advantage of locally managed tablespaces.

4.52.73 User Calls (per second)

This metric represents the number of logins, parses, or execute calls per second during the sample period.

This test checks the number of logins, parses, or execute calls. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-241 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User call rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-242 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaUserCalls / Seconds where:

  • DeltaUserCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user calls'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

This statistic is a reflection of how much activity is going on within the database. Spikes in the total user call rate should be investigated to determine which of the underlying calls is actually increasing. Parse, execute and logon calls each signify different types of user or application actions and should be addressed individually. User Calls is an overall activity level monitor.

4.52.74 User Calls (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of logins, parses, or execute calls per transaction during the sample period.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of logins, parses, or execute calls per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-243 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User call rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-244 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaUserCalls / Transactions where:

  • DeltaUserCalls: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user calls'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

This statistic is a reflection of how much activity is going on within the database. Spikes in the total user call rate should be investigated to determine which of the underlying calls is actually increasing. Parse, execute and logon calls each signify different types of user or application actions and should be addressed individually. User Calls is an overall activity level monitor.

4.52.75 User Commits (per second)

This metric represents the number of user commits performed, per second during the sample period. When a user commits a transaction, the redo generated that reflects the changes made to database blocks must be written to disk. Commits often represent the closest thing to a user transaction rate.

This test checks the number of user commits per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-245 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User commit rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-246 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaCommits / Seconds where:

  • DeltaCommits: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user commits'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

This statistic is an indication of how much work is being accomplished within the database. A spike in the transaction rate may not necessarily be bad. If response times stay close to normal, it means your system can handle the added load. Actually, a drop in transaction rates and an increase in response time may be indicators of problems. Depending upon the application, transaction loads may vary widely across different times of the day.

4.52.76 User Commits (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of user commits performed, per transaction during the sample period. When a user commits a transaction, the redo generated that reflects the changes made to database blocks must be written to disk. Commits often represent the closest thing to a user transaction rate.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the number of user commits per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-247 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User commit rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-248 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaCommits / Transactions where:

  • DeltaCommits: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user commits'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

This statistic is an indication of how much work is being accomplished within the database. A spike in the transaction rate may not necessarily be bad. If response times stay close to normal, it means your system can handle the added load. Actually, a drop in transaction rates and an increase in response time may be indicators of problems. Depending upon the application, transaction loads may vary widely across different times of the day.

4.52.77 User Rollback Undo Records Applied (per second)

This metric represents the number of undo records applied to user-requested rollback changes per second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-249 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-250 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(rollback changes - undo records applied) / time

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.78 User Rollback Undo Records Applied (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of undo records applied to user-requested rollback changes per transaction.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-251 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-252 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

(rollback changes - undo records applied) / transactions

User Action

View the latest Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. For a more detailed analysis, run ADDM from the Advisor Central link on the Database Home page.

4.52.79 User Rollbacks (per second)

This metric represents the number of times, per second during the sample period, that users manually issue the ROLLBACK statement or an error occurred during a user's transactions.

This test checks the number of rollbacks per second. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-253 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User rollback rate is %value%/sec.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-254 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRollbacks / Seconds where:

  • DeltaRollbacks: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user rollbacks'' between end and start of sample period

  • Seconds: number of seconds in sample period

User Action

This value shows how often users are issuing the ROLLBACK statement or encountering errors in their transactions. Further investigation should be made to determine if the rollbacks are part of some faulty application logic or due to errors occurring through database access.

4.52.80 User Rollbacks (per transaction)

This metric represents the number of times, per transaction during the sample period, that users manually issue the ROLLBACK statement or an error occurred during a user's transactions.

The value of this statistic will be zero if there have not been any write or update transactions committed or rolled back during the last sample period. If the bulk of the activity to the database is read only, the corresponding "per second" metric of the same name will be a better indicator of current performance.

This test checks the Number of rollbacks per transaction. If the value is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-255 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

User rollback rate is %value%/transaction.

10.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Not Defined


Table 4-256 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 5 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

2

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaRollbacks / Transactions where:

  • DeltaRollbacks: difference in 'select value from v$sysstat where name='user rollbacks'' between end and start of sample period

  • Transactions: number of transactions in sample period

User Action

This value shows how often users are issuing the ROLLBACK statement or encountering errors in their transactions. Further investigation should be made to determine if the rollbacks are part of some faulty application logic or due to errors occurring through database access.

4.53 User Audit

This metric category contains the metrics used to represent logons to the database by audited users (such as SYS).

4.53.1 Audited User

This metric monitors specified database user connections. For example, an alert is displayed when a particular database user connection, specified by the User name filter argument, has been detected.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-257 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

All Versions

Every 15 Minutes

Not Uploaded

=

SYS

Not Defined

1

User %value% logged on from %machine%.


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Username_Machine" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Username_Machine" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Username_Machine" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

For each metric index:

SELECT username

User Action

User actions may vary depending on the user connection that is detected.

4.53.2 Audited User Host

This metric represents the host machine from which the audited user's logon originated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 15 Minutes

Data Source

For each metric index:

SELECT machine

User Action

Review the access to the database from this client machine.

4.53.3 Audited User Session Count

This metric represents the number of logons the audited user has from a given machine.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
All Versions Every 15 Minutes

Data Source

For each metric index:

SELECT count(username)

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.54 User Block

This metric category contains the metrics that tell to what extent, and how consistently, a given session is blocking multiple other sessions.

4.54.1 Blocking Session Count

This metric signifies that a database user is blocking at least one other user from performing an action, such as updating a table. An alert is generated if the number of consecutive blocking occurrences reaches the specified value.

Note: The catblock.sql script needs to be run on the managed database prior to using the User Blocks test. This script creates some additional tables, view, and public synonyms that are required by the User Blocks test.

Note: Unlike most metrics, which accept thresholds as real numbers, this metric can only accept an integer as a threshold.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-258 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every 5 Minutes

Not Uploaded

>

0

Not Defined

3

Session %sid% blocking %value% other sessions.


Table 4-259 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

0

Not Defined

15

Generated By Database Server


Multiple Thresholds

For this metric you can set different warning and critical threshold values for each "Blocking Session ID" object.

If warning or critical threshold values are currently set for any "Blocking Session ID" object, those thresholds can be viewed on the Metric Detail page for this metric.

To specify or change warning or critical threshold values for each "Blocking Session ID" object, use the Edit Thresholds page.

Data Source

SELECT SUM(num_blocked) 
  FROM (SELECT id1, id2, MAX(DECODE(block, 1, sid, 0)) blocking_sid,
    SUM(DECODE(request, 0, 0, 1)) num_blocked 
    FROM v$lock 
      WHERE block = 1 OR request>0 
      GROUP BY id1, id2) 
  GROUP BY blocking SID 

User Action

Either have user who is blocking other users rollback the transaction, or wait until the blocking transaction has been committed.

4.55 User-Defined SQL Metrics

The UDM metric allows you to execute your own SQL statements. The data returned by these SQL statements can be compared against thresholds and generate severity alerts similar to alerts in predefined metrics.

4.55.1 User-Defined Numeric Metric

Contains a value if the value type is NUMBER. Otherwise, the value is "", if the value is STRING.

Data Source

SQL statement which can be either a Select statement or function that returns a single scalar value (numeric or string).

4.55.2 User-Defined String Metric

Contains a value if the value type is STRING. Otherwise, the value is "", if the value is NUMBER.

Data Source

SQL statement which can be either a Select statement or function that returns a single scalar value (numeric or string).

4.56 Wait Bottlenecks

This metric category contains the metrics that approximate the percentage of time spent waiting by user sessions. This approximation takes system-wide totals and discounts the effects of sessions belonging to background processes.

4.56.1 Active Sessions Using CPU

This metric represents the active sessions using CPU.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every Minute

4.56.2 Active Sessions Waiting: I/O

This metric represents the active sessions waiting for I/O.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every Minute

4.56.3 Active Sessions Waiting: Other

This metric represents all the waits that are neither idle nor user I/O.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every Minute

4.56.4 Average Instance CPU (%)

This metric represents the average instance CPU as a percentage.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every Minute

4.56.5 Buffer busy waits (%)

This wait happens when a session wants to access a database block in the buffer cache but it cannot because the buffer is busy. Another session is modifying the block and the contents of the block are in flux during the modification. To guarantee that the reader has a coherent image of the block with either all of the changes or none of the changes, the session modifying the block marks the block header with a flag letting other users know a change is taking place and to wait until the complete change is applied.

The two main cases where this wait can occur are:

  • Another session is reading the block into the buffer

  • Another session holds the buffer in an incompatible mode to our request

While the block is being changed, the block is marked as unreadable by others. The changes that are being made should last under a few hundredths of a second. A disk read should be under 20 milliseconds and a block modification should be under one millisecond. Therefore it will take a lot of buffer busy waits to cause a problem.

However, in a problem situation, there is usually a hot block, such as the first block on the free list of a table, with high concurrent inserts. All users will insert into that block at the same time, until it fills up, then users start inserting into the next free block on the list, and so on.

Another example of a problem is of multiple users running full table scans on the same large table at the same time. One user will actually read the block physically off disk, and the other users will wait on Buffer Busy Wait for the physical I/O to complete.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-260 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'buffer busy waits' event.


Data Source

(DeltaBufferBusyWaitsTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaBufferBusyWaitsTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'buffer busy waits' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Look at v$waitstat (or the buffer busy drill down page) and determine the block type with the highest waits.

Block Type and Action:

  • Undo Header - Use Automatic Undo Management (AUM) or add more RBS segments)

  • Undo Block - Use AUM (or increase RBS sizes)

  • Data Block - First determine if it is an I/O problem. The Buffer Busy Waits drill-down page should provide this information. Otherwise, sample from v$session_wait

    SELECT p3, count(*) 
      FROM v$session_wait 
      WHERE event='buffer busy wait' ; 
    
    

    If p3 is less than 200 then it is an I/O problem. Either improve I/O performance or change application. Applications running concurrent batch jobs that do full table scans on the same large tables run into this problem.

  • Free List - Use ASSM (or freelists groups)

4.56.6 CPU Time Delta (sec)

This metric represents the time spent using CPU during the interval, measured in hundredths of a second.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x Every Minute

Data Source

The difference of sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start.

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.56.7 DB file scattered read (%)

This is the same type of event as "db file sequential read", except that Oracle will read multiple data blocks. Multi-block reads are typically used on full table scans. The name "scattered read" refers to the fact that multiple blocks are read into database block buffers that are 'scattered' throughout memory.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-261 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

5

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'db file scattered read' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDbFileScatteredReadTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDbFileScatteredReadTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'db file scattered read' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

If the TIME spent waiting for multiblock reads is significant, then it is helpful to determine against which segments Oracle is performing the reads. The files where the reads are occurring can be found by looking at the V$FILESTAT view where BLKS_READ / READS > 1. (A ratio greater than one indicates there are some multiblock reads occurring).

It is also useful to see which sessions are performing scans and trace them to see if the scans are expected. This statement can be used to see which sessions may be worth tracing:

SELECT sid, total_waits, time_waited 
  FROM v$session_event 
  WHERE event='db file scattered read' and total_waits>0 
  ORDER BY 3,2 ; 

You can also look at:

  • Statements with high DISK_READS in the V$SQL view

  • Sessions with high table scans blocks gotten in the V$SESSTAT view

4.56.8 DB file sequential read (%)

This event shows a wait for a foreground process while doing a sequential read from the database. The I/O is generally issued as a single I/O request to the OS; the wait blocks until the I/O request completes.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-262 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

5

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'db file sequential read' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDbFileSequentialReadTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDbFileSequentialReadTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'db file sequential read' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Because I/O is a normal activity, take notice of unnecessary or slow I/O activity. If the TIME spent waiting for I/Os is significant, then it can be determined for which segments Oracle has to go to disk. See the "Tablespace I/O" and "File I/O" sections of the ESTAT or STATSPACK reports to get information on which tablespaces and files are servicing the most I/O requests, and to get an indication of the speed of the I/O subsystem.

If the TIME spent waiting for reads is significant, then determine against which segments Oracle is performing the reads. The files where the reads are occurring can be found by looking at the V$FILESTAT view.

Also, see which sessions are performing reads and trace them to see if the I/Os are expected. You can use this statement to see which sessions are worth tracing:

SELECT sid, total_waits, time_waited 
  FROM v$session_event 
  WHERE event='db file sequential read' and total_waits>0 
  ORDER BY 3,2 ; 

You can also look at:

  • Statements with high DISK_READS in the V$SQL view

  • Sessions with high "physical reads" in the V$SESSTAT view

4.56.9 DB file single write (%)

This event is used to wait for the writing of the file headers.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-263 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'db file single write' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDbFileSingleWriteTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDbFileSingleWriteTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'db file single write' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.56.10 Direct path read (%)

The session is waiting for a direct read to complete. A direct read is a physical I/O from a data file that bypasses the buffer cache and reads the data block directly into process-private memory.

If asynchronous I/O is supported (and in use), then Oracle can submit I/O requests and continue processing. Oracle can then pick up the results of the I/O request later and wait on "direct path read" until the required I/O completes.

If asynchronous I/O is not being used, then the I/O requests block until completed but these do not show as waits at the time the I/O is issued. The session returns later to pick up the completed I/O data but can then show a wait on "direct path read" even though this wait will return immediately.

Hence this wait event is very misleading because:

  • The total number of waits does not reflect the number of I/O requests

  • The total time spent in "direct path read" does not always reflect the true wait time.

This style of read request is typically used for:

  • Sort I/O (when a sort does not fit in memory)

  • Parallel Query slaves

  • Read ahead (where a process may issue an I/O request for a block it expects to need in the near future)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-264 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'direct path read' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDirectPathReadTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDirectPathReadTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'direct path read' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

In DSS type systems, or during heavy batch periods, waits on "direct path read" are normal. However, if the waits are significant on an OLTP style system, there may be a problem.

You can:

  • Examine the V$SESSION_EVENT view to identify sessions with high numbers of waits

  • Examine the V$SESSTAT view to identify sessions with high "physical reads direct" (statistic only present in newer Oracle releases)

  • Examine the V$FILESTAT view to see where the I/O is occurring

  • Examine the V$SQLAREA view for statements with SORTS and high DISK_READS (which may or may not be due to direct reads)

  • Determine whether the file indicates a temporary tablespace check for unexpected disk sort operations.

  • Ensure that the DISK_ASYNCH_IO parameter is set to TRUE. This is unlikely to reduce wait times from the wait event timings but may reduce sessions elapsed times (as synchronous direct I/O is not accounted for in wait event timings).

  • Ensure the OS asynchronous I/O is configured correctly.

  • Check for I/O heavy sessions and SQL and see if the amount of I/O can be reduced.

  • Ensure no disks are I/O bound.

4.56.11 Direct path read (lob) (%)

The session is waiting for a direct read of a large object (lob) to complete. A direct read is a physical I/O from a data file that bypasses the buffer cache and reads the data block directly into process-private memory.

If asynchronous I/O is supported (and in use), then Oracle can submit I/O requests and continue processing. Oracle can then pick up the results of the I/O request later and wait on "direct path read" until the required I/O completes.

If asynchronous I/O is not being used, then the I/O requests block until completed but these do not show as waits at the time the I/O is issued. The session returns later to pick up the completed I/O data but can then show a wait on "direct path read" even though this wait will return immediately.

Hence this wait event is very misleading because:

  • The total number of waits does not reflect the number of I/O requests

  • The total time spent in "direct path read" does not always reflect the true wait time.

This style of read request is typically used for:

  • Sort I/O (when a sort does not fit in memory)

  • Parallel Query slaves

  • Read ahead (where a process may issue an I/O request for a block it expects to need in the near future)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-265 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'direct path read (lob)' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDirectPathReadLobTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDirectPathReadLobTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'direct path read (lob)' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

For noncached lob segments, it is helpful to place the data files where the LOB SEGMENTS reside on a buffered disk, for example, on a File system disk. This placement allows the direct reads to benefit from a cache not on Oracle for data read operations.

4.56.12 Direct path write (%)

Session is waiting for a direct write to complete.

Direct path writes allow a session to queue an I/O write request and continue processing while the OS handles the I/O. If the session needs to know if an outstanding write is complete, then it waits for this wait event. This can happen because the session is either out of free slots and needs an empty buffer (it waits on the oldest I/O) or it needs to ensure all writes are flushed.

If asynchronous I/O is not being used, then the I/O write request blocks until it is completed but this does not show as a wait at the time the I/O is issued. The session returns later to pick up the completed I/O data but can then show a wait on "direct path write" even though this wait will return immediately.

Hence this wait event is misleading because:

  • The total number of waits does not reflect the number of I/O requests

  • The total time spent in "direct path write" does not always reflect the true wait time.

This style of read request is typically used for:

  • Sort I/O (when a sort does not fit in memory)

  • Parallel DML are issued to create and populate objects

  • Direct load operations, for example, Create Table as Select (CTAS)

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-266 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'direct path write' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDirectPathWriteTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDirectPathWriteTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'direct path write' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

It is unusual to see lots of waits on "direct path write" except for specific jobs. If the figure is a large proportion of the overall wait time it is best to identify where the writes are coming from.

You can:

  • Examine the V$SESSION_EVENT view to identify sessions with high numbers of waits.

  • Examine the V$SESSTAT view to identify sessions with high "physical writes direct" (statistic only present in newer Oracle releases).

  • Examine the V$FILESTAT view to see where the I/O is occurring.

  • Determine whether the file indicates a temporary tablespace check for unexpected disk sort operations.

  • Ensure the DISK_ASYNCH_IO parameter is set to TRUE. This is unlikely to reduce wait times from the wait event timings but may reduce sessions elapsed times because synchronous direct I/O is not accounted for in wait event timings.

  • Ensure the OS asynchronous I/O is configured correctly.

  • Ensure no disks are I/O bound.

  • For parallel DML, check the I/O distribution across disks and make sure that the I/O subsystem is adequately sized for the degree of parallelism.

4.56.13 Direct path write (lob) (%)

Direct path write to a large object (LOB). The session is waiting on the operating system to complete the write operation.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-267 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

50

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'direct path write (lob)' event.


Data Source

(DeltaDirectPathWriteLobTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaDirectPathWriteLobTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'direct path write (lob)' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

It is unusual to see lots of waits on "direct path write (lob)" except for specific jobs. If the figure is a large proportion of the overall wait time it is best to identify where the writes are coming from.

You can:

  • Examine the V$SESSION_EVENT view to identify sessions with high numbers of waits.

  • Examine the V$SESSTAT view to identify sessions with high "physical writes direct" (statistic only present in newer Oracle releases).

  • Examine the V$FILESTAT view to see where the I/O is occurring.

  • Determine whether the file indicates a temporary tablespace check for unexpected disk sort operations.

  • Ensure the DISK_ASYNCH_IO parameter is set to TRUE. This is unlikely to reduce wait times from the wait event timings but may reduce sessions elapsed times because synchronous direct I/O is not accounted for in wait event timings.

  • Ensure the OS asynchronous I/O is configured correctly.

  • Ensure no disks are I/O bound.

  • For parallel DML, check the I/O distribution across disks and make sure that the I/O subsystem is adequately sized for the degree of parallelism.

4.56.14 Enqueue - other (%)

Enqueues are local locks that serialize access to various resources. This wait event indicates a wait for a lock that is held by another session (or sessions) in an incompatible mode to the requested mode.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-268 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue' event, or any other 'enqueue:' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

The action to take depends on the lock type which is causing the most problems. The most common lock waits are generally for:

  • TX: Transaction Lock -- Generally due to application or table setup issues, for example row level locking conflicts and ITL allocation

  • TM: DML enqueue -- Generally due to application issues, particularly if foreign key constraints have not been indexed.

  • ST: Space management enqueue -- Usually caused by too much space management occurring (for example, small extent sizes, lots of sorting, and so on)

  • HW: High Water Mark -- Concurrent users trying to extend a segment's high-water mark for space allocated.

In Oracle9i and earlier releases, all enqueue wait times are included in this alert.

To determine which enqueues are causing the most waits systemwide:

  • In Oracle9i and later, examine the V$ENQUEUE_STAT view thus:

    SELECT eq_type "Lock", total_req# "Gets", total_wait# "Waits", cum_wait_time
      FROM V$enqueue_stat 
      WHERE Total_wait# > 0 ; 
    
    
  • In Oracle8i and earlier, examine the X$KSQST view thus:

    SELECT ksqsttyp "Lock", ksqstget "Gets", ksqstwat "Waits" 
      FROM X$KSQST 
      where KSQSTWAT>0 ;
    
    

The above give the systemwide number of waits for each lock type. Remember that it only takes one long wait to distort the average wait time figures.

You can also examine:

  • Sessions with high numbers of "enqueue waits" in the V$SESSTAT view

  • Sampling of the V$LOCK view to find waiting / blocking sessions

4.56.15 Enqueue: DML - contention (%)

TM Per table locks are acquired during the execution of a transaction when referencing a table with a DML statement so that the object is not dropped or altered during the execution of the transaction, if and only if the dml_locks parameter is non-zero.

TM Locks are held for base table/partition operations under the following conditions:

  • Enabling of referential constraints

  • Changing constraints from DIASABLE NOVALIDATE to DISABLE VALIDATE

  • Rebuild of an IOT

  • Create View or Alter View operations

  • Analyze table compute statistics or validate structure

  • Parallel DML operations

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-269 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: DML - contention' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueDMLTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueDMLTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: DML - contention' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Examine the database locks page and determine the user who is blocking another user and why, then decide the appropriate action.

4.56.16 Enqueue: HW, Segment High Water Mark - contention (%)

The HW enqueue is used to serialize the allocation of space above the high-water mark in an object.

This lock is acquired when a segment's high-water mark is moved, which typically is the case during heavy inserts.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-270 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: HW, Segment High Water Mark - contention' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueHWTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueHWTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: Segment High Water Mark - contention' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Use Locally Managed Tablespaces.

For version dictionary managed tablespaces:

  • Recreate the objects and preallocate extents with the following: ALTER TABLE...ALLOCATE EXTENT statements.

  • Increasing the number of free lists may help, as well as moving the high-water mark. This depends on the number of freelists.

4.56.17 Enqueue: ST, Space Transaction - contention (%)

When Oracle needs to perform a space management operation (such as allocating temporary segments for a sort) the user session acquires a special enqueue called the 'ST' enqueue.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-271 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: ST, Space Transaction - contention' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueSTTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueSTTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: Space Transaction - contention' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Ensure that temporary tablespaces are proper temporary tablespaces of type "temporary".

4.56.18 Enqueue: TM, TX, Transaction - row lock contention (%)

Two users are attempting to change the same row.

These locks are of type TX.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-272 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: TM,TX, Transaction - row lock contention' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueRowLockTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueRowLockTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: Transaction - row lock contention' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Examine the database locks page and determine the user who is blocking another user and why, then decide the appropriate action.

4.56.19 Enqueue: TX mode 4, Transaction - allocate ITL entry (%)

Oracle keeps note of which rows are locked by which transaction in an area at the top of each data block known as the 'interested transaction list'. The number of ITL slots in any block in an object is controlled by the INITRANS and MAXTRANS attributes. INITRANS is the number of slots initially created in a block when it is first used, while MAXTRANS places an upper bound on the number of entries allowed. Each transaction which wants to modify a block requires a slot in this 'ITL' list in the block.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-273 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: TX mode 4, Transaction - allocate ITL entry' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueAllocITLTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueAllocITLTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: TX mode 4, Transaction - allocate ITL entry' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

To increase the number of ITL slots, recreate the table and increase the INITRANS parameter for the object with the contention. An alter table statement can be run to increase the ITL slots by increasing the value for INITRANS, but this will only take effect for new blocks.

4.56.20 Enqueue: UL: User-defined - contention (%)

Caused by the application explicitly running commands of the nature "lock table".

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-274 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'enqueue: UL: User-defined - contention' event.


Data Source

(DeltaEnqueueUserDefTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaEnqueueUserDefTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'enqueue: User-defined - contention' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This is an application issue. Determine where the application code is locking objects and why. Make relevant application changes if necessary.

Use the �Blocking Sessions� page to find lock holds and waits.

4.56.21 Free buffer waits (%)

This event occurs mainly when a server process is trying to read a new buffer into the buffer cache but too many buffers are either pinned or dirty and thus unavailable for reuse. The session posts to DBWR then waits for DBWR to create free buffers by writing out dirty buffers to disk.

DBWR may not be keeping up with writing dirty buffers in the following situations:

  • The I/O system is slow.

  • There are resources it is waiting for, such as latches.

  • The buffer cache is so small that DBWR spends most of it's time cleaning out buffers for server processes.

  • The buffer cache is so big that one DBWR process is not enough to free enough buffers in the cache to satisfy requests.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-275 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'free buffer waits' event.


Data Source

(DeltaFreeBufferWaitsTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaFreeBufferWaitsTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'free buffer waits' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Sometimes the easy solution is to increase the buffer cache to allow for more free blocks. This works in many cases, but if the application is generating a sustained amount of dirty blocks then increasing the buffer cache may only help or delay the problem but not solve it.

If this event occurs frequently, examine the session waits for DBWR to see whether there is anything delaying DBWR.

Run this query to see if the I/O is evenly distributed.

SELECT name, phyrds, phywrts 
  FROM v$filestat a, v$datafile b 
  WHERE a.file# = b.file# 

Also look for files having full table scans, using this query:

SELECT name, phyrds, phyblkrd, phywrts 
  FROM v$filestat a, v$datafile b 
  WHERE a.file# = b.file# 
    AND phyrds != phyblkrd 

4.56.22 Host CPU Utilization (%)

This metric represents the percentage of CPU being used on the host.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected.

Target Version Collection Frequency
10.1.0.x Every 15 Minutes

4.56.23 Latch free - other (%)

A latch is a low-level internal lock used by Oracle to protect memory structures. Latches are similar to short duration locks that protect critical bits of code. This wait indicates that the process is waiting for a latch that is currently busy (held by another process).

The latch free event is updated when a server process attempts to get a latch, and the latch is unavailable on the first attempt.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-276 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'latch free' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLatchFreeTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLatchFreeTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'latch free' event, or any other 'latch:' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Determine which latch is causing the highest amount of contention.

To find the problem latches since database startup, run the following query:

SELECT n.name, l.sleeps 
  FROM v$latch l, v$latchname n 
  WHERE n.latch#=l.latch# and l.sleeps > 0 order by l.sleeps ; 

To see latches that are currently a problem on the database run:

SELECT n.name, SUM(w.p3) Sleeps 
  FROM V$SESSION_WAIT w, V$LATCHNAME n 
  WHERE w.event = `latch free' 
    AND w.p2 = n.latch# 
  GROUP BY n.name; 

Take action based on the latch with the highest number of sleeps.

4.56.24 Latch: cache buffer chains (%)

The cache buffers chains latches are used to protect a buffer list in the buffer cache. These latches are used when searching for, adding, or removing a buffer from the buffer cache.

Blocks in the buffer cache are placed on linked lists (cache buffer chains) which hang off a hash table. The hash chain that a block is placed on is based on the DBA and CLASS of the block. Each hash chain is protected by a single child latch. Processes need to get the relevant latch to allow them to scan a hash chain for a buffer so that the linked list does not change underneath them.

Contention on this latch usually means that there is a block that is in great contention (known as a hot block).

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-277 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'latch: cache buffer chains' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLatchCacheBufferChainsTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLatchCacheBufferChainsTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'latch: cache buffer chains' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

To identify the heavily accessed buffer chain, and hence the contended for block, look at latch statistics for the cache buffers chains latches using the V$LATCH_CHILDREN view. If there is a specific cache buffers chains child latch that has many more GETS, MISSES, and SLEEPS when compared with the other child latches, then this is the contended for child latch.

This latch has a memory address, identified by the ADDR column.

SELECT addr, sleeps 
  FROM v$latch_children c, v$latchname n 
  WHERE n.name='cache buffers chains' 
    and c.latch#=n.latch# and sleeps > 100 
  ORDER BY sleeps / 

Use the value in the ADDR column joined with the V$BH view to identify the blocks protected by this latch. For example, given the address (V$LATCH_CHILDREN.ADDR) of a heavily contended latch, this queries the file and block numbers:

SELECT file#, dbablk, class, state, TCH 
  FROM X$BH WHERE HLADDR='address of latch'; 

X$BH.TCH is a touch count for the buffer. A high value for X$BH.TCH indicates a hot block.

Many blocks are protected by each latch. One of these buffers will probably be the hot block. Any block with a high TCH value is a potential hot block. Perform this query a number of times, and identify the block that consistently appears in the output.

After you have identified the hot block, query DBA_EXTENTS using the file number and block number to identify the segment.

4.56.25 Latch: library cache (%)

There are multiple library cache latches. Each one protects a range of 'hash buckets' and the latch covers all heaps.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-278 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'latch: library cache' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLatchLibraryCacheTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLatchLibraryCacheTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'latch: library cache' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Contention for the library cache latches can be caused by excessive parsing of literal SQL. It is advisable to use sharable SQL wherever possible.

4.56.26 Latch: redo copy (%)

When a sessions redo buffer is larger than Parameter: log_small_entry_max_size the kernel first allocates a redo copy buffer, protected by a redo copy latch.

The buffer will not be used until space is allocated on the log buffer and some header has been set. However, the redo copy latch is acquired to reduce the code inside the allocation latch holding and to prevent further contention.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-279 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'latch: redo copy' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLatchRedoCopyTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLatchRedoCopyTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'latch: redo copy' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

The number of redo copy latches is controlled by the init.ora Parameter:log_simultaneous_copies. If the parameter is not set, it defaults to the number of CPUs.

For log generating processes, the latch get is made in an immediate mode, then it will be convenient to have enough redo copy latches to reduce contention of foreground processes.

Before flushing out the log buffer, the LGWR will acquire all redo copy latches in a willing-to-wait mode. Thus an excessive number of copy latches will cause contention in the log buffer flushing process.

The number of LWGR redo copy latch allocations is redo writes * No.redo copy latches.

4.56.27 Latch: shared pool (%)

This latch protects the allocation of memory from the shared pool.

If there is contention on this latch, it is often an indication that the shared pool is fragmented.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-280 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'latch: shared pool' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLatchSharedPoolTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLatchSharedPoolTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'latch: shared pool' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Shared pool latch contention is often an indication of high hard parsing usually caused by the use of literal values in SQL statements. These statements could otherwise be shared if bind variables were used.

Prior to Oracle Server release 8.1.6, shared pool fragmentation could be acerbated by a shared pool that was too large. Reducing the size of the shared pool would reduce the contention for this latch.

For Oracle Server release 8.1.6 and later, there should be very little shared pool latch contention. If there is, it is probably a symptom of an application using literals. One possible solution is to use the init.ora parametercursor_sharing=FORCE.

4.56.28 Library cache load lock (%)

Oracle tries to find the load lock for the database object so that it can load the object. The load lock is always gotten in Exclusive mode, so that no other process can load the same object. If the load lock is busy the session will wait on this event until the lock becomes available.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-281 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'library cache load lock' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLibraryCacheLoadLockTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLibraryCacheLoadLockTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'library cache load lock' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

To be waiting for a load lock means that there is a blocker with a higher or incompatible mode. This event in itself is not affected by the parallel server. However, you must have acquired the 'library cache lock' before you get to this point. The 'cache lock' is a DFS lock.

4.56.29 Library cache lock (%)

The library cache lock controls the concurrency between clients of the library cache by acquiring a lock on the object handle so that one client can prevent other clients from accessing the same object or the client can maintain a dependency for a long time (no other client can change the object). This lock is also gotten to locate an object in the library cache.

Blocking situations can occur when two sessions compile the same PL/SQL package, or one session is recreating an index while another session is trying to execute a SQL statement that depends on that index.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-282 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'library cache lock' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLibraryCacheLockTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLibraryCacheLockTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'library cache lock' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Waiting for a load lock indicates that there is a blocker with a higher or incompatible mode. Locks map to Instance Locks.

The following query will list waiters and the holder of the resource along with the event the resource holder is waiting for.

column h_wait format A20 
SELECT s.sid, 
  waiter.p1raw w_p1r, 
  waiter.p2raw w_p2r, 
  holder.event h_wait, 
  holder.p1raw h_p1r, 
  holder.p2raw h_p2r, 
  count(s.sid) users_blocked, 
  sql.hash_value 
FROM 
  v$sql sql, 
  v$session s, 
  x$kgllk l, 
  v$session_wait waiter, 
  v$session_wait holder 
WHERE 
  s.sql_hash_value = sql.hash_value and 
  l.KGLLKADR=waiter.p2raw and 
  s.saddr=l.kgllkuse and 
  waiter.event like 'library cache lock' and 
  holder.sid=s.sid 
GROUP BY 
  s.sid, 
  waiter.p1raw , 
  waiter.p2raw , 
  holder.event , 
  holder.p1raw , 
  holder.p2raw , s
  ql.hash_value ; 

4.56.30 Library cache pin (%)

Library cache pins are used to manage library cache concurrency. Pinning an object causes the heaps to be loaded into memory (if not already loaded). PINS can be acquired in NULL, SHARE or EXCLUSIVE modes and can be considered like a special form of lock. A wait for a "library cache pin" implies some other session holds that PIN in an incompatible mode.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-283 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'library cache pin' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLibraryCachePinTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLibraryCachePinTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'library cache pin' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

What to do to reduce these waits depends heavily on what blocking scenario is occurring. A common problem scenario is the use of DYNAMIC SQL from within a PL/SQL procedure where the PL/SQL code is recompiled and the DYNAMIC SQL calls something which depends on the calling procedure.

  • If there is general widespread waiting then the shared pool may need tuning.

  • If there is a blocking scenario, collect evidence as described in the following query and contact Oracle support.

The following query will list the waiters and the session holding the pin, along with the wait event the holder is waiting for.

column h_wait format A20 
SELECT s.sid, 
  waiter.p1raw w_p1r, 
  holder.event h_wait, 
  holder.p1raw h_p1r, 
  holder.p2raw h_p2r, 
  holder.p3raw h_p2r, 
  count(s.sid) users_blocked, 
  sql.hash_value 
FROM 
  v$sql sql, 
  v$session s, 
  x$kglpn p, 
  v$session_wait waiter, 
  v$session_wait holder 
WHERE 
  s.sql_hash_value = sql.hash_value and 
  p.kglpnhdl=waiter.p1raw and 
  s.saddr=p.kglpnuse and 
  waiter.event like 'library cache pin' and 
  holder.sid=s.sid 
GROUP BY 
  s.sid, 
  waiter.p1raw , 
  holder.event , 
  holder.p1raw , 
  holder.p2raw , 
  holder.p3raw , 
  sql.hash_value ; 

4.56.31 Local write wait (%)

The wait event can be caused by truncate operations. Truncate operations cause the DBWR to be posted to flush out the space header.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-284 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'local write wait' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLocalWriteWaitTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLocalWriteWaitTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'local write wait' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

Wait time: Up to one second, then loop back and check that buffer is clean.

Parameters:

P1: Absolute file number

P2: Block number

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.56.32 Log buffer space (%)

The system is waiting for space in the log buffer because data is being written into the log buffer faster than LGWR can write it out.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-285 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log buffer space' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogBufferSpaceTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogBufferSpaceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log buffer space' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Consider making the log buffer bigger if it is small, or moving the log files to faster disks such as striped disks.

4.56.33 Log file switch (archiving needed) (%)

The system is waiting for a log switch because the log being switched into has not been archived yet.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-286 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

1

5

1

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log file switch (archiving needed)' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogFileSwitchArchTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogFileSwitchArchTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log file switch (archiving needed)' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Check the alert file to make sure that archiving has not stopped due to a failed archive write. To speed up archiving consider adding more archive processes or putting the archive files on striped disks.

If the archiver is slow, then it might be prudent to prevent I/O contention between the archiver process and LGWR by ensuring that archiver reads and LGWR writes are separated. This is achieved by placing logs on alternating drives.

4.56.34 Log file switch (checkpoint complete) (%)

Waiting for a log switch because the system cannot wrap into the next log because the checkpoint for that log has not completed.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-287 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

5

50

1

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log file switch (checkpoint complete) event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogFileSwitchCkptTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogFileSwitchCkptTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log file switch (checkpoint complete)' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

Increase the redo log sizes.

To speed up checkpoint, consider making the buffer cache smaller, or increasing Parameter:DB_BLOCK_CHECKPOINT_BATCH, or adding more DBWR processes. You can also enable the checkpoint process by setting the init.ora Parameter:CHECKPOINT_PROCESS = TRUE.

4.56.35 Log file switch completion (%)

Waiting for log switch because current log is full and LGWR needs to complete writing to current log and open the new log or some other request to switch log files.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-288 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log file switch completion' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogFileSwitchCompleteTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogFileSwitchCompleteTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log file switch completion' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

For the log file switch (checkpoint incomplete) event:

  • Check if there are too few, or too small redo logs. If there are a few redo logs or small redo logs, and the system produces enough redo to cycle through all the logs before DBWR has been able to complete the checkpoint, then increase the size or number of redo logs. This is often the easiest solution but may increase time to recovery.

  • Check if DBWR is slow, possibly due to an overloaded or slow I/O system. Check the DBWR write times, check the I/O system, and distribute I/O if necessary.

4.56.36 Log file sync (%)

When a user session COMMITs (or rolls back), the sessions redo information needs to be flushed to the redo log file. The user session will post the LGWR to write all redo required from the log buffer to the redo log file. When the LGWR has finished it will post the user session. The user session waits on this wait event while waiting for LGWR to post it back to confirm all redo changes are safely on disk.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-289 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

30

Not Defined

5

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log file sync' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogFileSyncTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogFileSyncTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log file sync' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

There are 3 main things you can do to help reduce waits on "log file sync":

  • Tune LGWR to get good throughput to disk.

    • Do not put redo logs on RAID 5.

    • Place log files on dedicated disks.

    • Consider putting log files on striped disks.

  • If there are lots of short duration transactions, see if it is possible to BATCH transactions together so there are fewer distinct COMMIT operations. Each commit has to have it confirmed that the relevant REDO is on disk. Although commits can be piggybacked by Oracle, reducing the overall number of commits by batching transactions can have a very beneficial effect.

  • Determine whether any activity can safely be done with NOLOGGING / UNRECOVERABLE options.

4.56.37 Log switch/archive (%)

Used as part of the 'alter system archive log change scn' command. Oracle is basically waiting for the current log from an open thread other than our own to be archived.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-290 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

5

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'log switch/archive' event.


Data Source

(DeltaLogSwitchArchTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaLogSwitchArchTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'log switch/archive' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

No user action is necessary.

4.56.38 Pipe put (%)

The session is waiting for the pipe send timer to expire or for space to be made available in the pipe.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-291 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'pipe put' event.


Data Source

(DeltaPipePutTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaPipePutTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'pipe put' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

You are dependent on space being freed up on the pipe, so you are not actually dependent on any one session. You can query X$KGLOB to find the pipe name. There is virtually no way of finding the pipe name other than via SQL, as there are no useful addresses.

4.56.39 Row cache lock (%)

This metric is used to wait for a lock on a data dictionary cache specified by "cache id". If one is running in shared mode (Parallel Server), the LCK0 is signaled to get the row cache lock for the foreground waiting on this event. The LCK0 process will get the lock asynchronously. In exclusive mode, the foreground process will try to get the lock.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-292 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'row cache lock' event.


Data Source

(DeltaRowCacheLockTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaRowCacheLockTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'row cache lock' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

If this event shows up a lot, consider increasing the shared pool so that more data dictionary can be cached.

4.56.40 SQL*Net break/reset to client (%)

The server is sending a break or reset message to the client. The session running on the server is waiting for a reply from the client.

These waits are caused by an application attempting to:

  • Select from a closed cursor

  • Select on a cursor after the last row has already been fetched and no data has been returned

  • Select on a non-existent table

  • Insert a duplicate row into a uniquely indexed table

  • Issuing a query with invalid syntax

If the value, v$session_wait.p2, for this parameter equals 0, it means a reset was sent to the client. A non-zero value means that the break was sent to the client.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-293 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net break/reset to client' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetResetToClientTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetResetToClientTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net break/reset to client' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

Wait time: Up to one second, then loop back and check that buffer is clean.

Parameters:

P1: Absolute file number

P2: Block number

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

If these waits are significant, track down the application logic producing these errors to reduce these waits. If you are using Oracle9i or higher, check in v$sysstat "parse count (failures)" to see that statements have been parsed where columns or tables are unknown. The statistic "parse count (failures)" does not increase if you send SQL with invalid syntax.

The clearest method to track down the root cause of the error is to run tracing on the users experiencing the wait. Their trace files will contain the SQL statements failing and generating the break/reset wait.

4.56.41 SQL*Net break/reset to dblink (%)

The server is sending a break or reset message to the client. The session running on the server is waiting for a reply from the client.

These waits are caused by an application attempting to:

  • Select from a closed cursor

  • Select on a cursor after the last row has already been fetched and no data has been returned

  • Select on a non-existent table

  • Insert a duplicate row into a uniquely indexed table

  • Issuing a query with invalid syntax

If the value, v$session_wait.p2, for this parameter equals 0, it means a reset was sent to the client. A non-zero value means that the break was sent to the client.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-294 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net break/reset to dblink' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetResetToDblinkTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetResetToDblinkTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net break/reset to dblink' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

If these waits are significant, track down the application logic producing these errors to reduce these waits. If you are using Oracle9i or higher, check in v$sysstat "parse count (failures)" to see that statements have been parsed where columns or tables are unknown. The statistic "parse count (failures)" does not increase if you send SQL with invalid syntax.

4.56.42 SQL*Net message to client (%)

The shadow process is waiting for confirmation of a send to the client process.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-295 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net message to client' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMsgToClientTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMsgToClientTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net message to client' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate network latency problems.

4.56.43 SQL*Net message to dblink (%)

The shadow process is waiting for confirmation of a send to the client process.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-296 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net message to dblink' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMsgToDblinkTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMsgToDblinkTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net message to dblink' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate network latency problems.

4.56.44 SQL*Net more data from client (%)

The shadow process has received part of a call from the client process (for example, SQL*Plus, Pro*C, and JDBC) in the first network package and is waiting for more data for the call to be complete. Examples are large SQL or PL/SQL block and insert statements with large amounts of data.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-297 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net more data from client' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMoreFromClientTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMoreFromClientTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net more data from client' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate:

  • Network latency problems

  • tcp_no_delay configuration issues

  • Large array insert

  • Soft parsing, shipping SQL and PL/SQL text. Using stored procedures and packages will help alleviate this problem.

4.56.45 SQL*Net more data from dblink (%)

The shadow process has received part of a call from the client process (for example, SQL*Plus, Pro*C, and JDBC) in the first network package and is waiting for more data for the call to be complete. Examples are large SQL or PL/SQL block and insert statements with large amounts of data.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-298 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net more data from dblink' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMoreFromDblinkTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMoreFromDblinkTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net more data from dblink' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate:

  • Network latency problems

  • tcp_no_delay configuration issues

  • Large array insert

  • Large number of columns or wide column data

4.56.46 SQL*Net more data to client (%)

The shadow process has completed a database call and is returning data to the client process (for example SQL*Plus). The amount of data being sent requires more than one send to the client. The shadow process waits for the client to receive the last send. This happens, for example, in a SQL statement that returns a large amount of data.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-299 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net more data to client' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMoreToClientTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMoreToClientTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net more data to client' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate:

  • Network latency problems

  • tcp_no_delay configuration issues

  • Large array insert

  • Large number of columns or wide column data

4.56.47 SQL*Net more data to dblink (%)

The shadow process has completed a database call and is returning data to the client process (for example SQL*Plus). The amount of data being sent requires more than one send to the client. The shadow process waits for the client to receive the last send. This happens, for example, in a SQL statement that returns a large amount of data.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-300 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

20

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of service time is spent waiting on the 'SQL*Net more data to dblink' event.


Data Source

(DeltaNetMoreToDblinkTime/DeltaServiceTime)*100 where:

  • DeltaNetMoreToDblinkTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on the 'SQL*Net more data to dblink' event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaServiceTime: difference of 'sum of time waited for sessions of foreground processes on events not in IdleEvents + sum of 'CPU used when call started' for sessions of foreground processes' between sample end and start

See the Idle Events section in this chapter.

User Action

This event could indicate:

  • Network latency problems

  • tcp_no_delay configuration issues

  • Large array insert

  • Large number of columns or wide column data

4.56.48 Wait Time (%)

This metric represents the percentage of time spent waiting, instance-wide, for resources or objects during this sample period.

This test checks the percentage time spent waiting, instance-wide, for resources or objects during this sample period. If the % Wait Time is greater than or equal to the threshold values specified by the threshold arguments, and the number of occurrences exceeds the value specified in the "Number of Occurrences" parameter, then a warning or critical alert is generated.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-301 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

%value%%% of database service time is spent waiting.


Table 4-302 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Server Evaluation Frequency Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

10.1.0.x

Every Minute

Every 15 Minutes

After Every Sample

>

Not Defined

Not Defined

3

Generated By Database Server


Data Source

DeltaTotalWait / (DeltaTotalWait + DeltaCpuTime) where:

  • DeltaTotalWait: difference of 'sum of time waited for all wait events in v$system_event' between sample end and start

  • DeltaCpuTime: difference of 'select value from v$sysstat where name='CPU used by this session' between sample end and start

User Action

Investigate further into which specific wait events are responsible for the bulk of the wait time. Individual wait events may identify unique problems within the database. Diagnosis will be tailored where appropriate through drilldowns specific to individual wait events.

4.56.49 Write complete waits (%)

The session is waiting for a buffer to be written. The write is caused by normal aging or a cross instance call.

A user wants to modify a block that is part of DBWR�s current write batch. When DBWR grabs buffers to write, it marks them as 'being written'. All the collected buffers are then written to disk. The wait 'write complete waits' implies we wanted a buffer while this flag was set. The flags are cleared as each buffer is written.

Metric Summary

The following table shows how often the metric's value is collected and compared against the default thresholds. The 'Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification' column indicates the consecutive number of times the comparison against thresholds should hold TRUE before an alert is generated.

Table 4-303 Metric Summary Table

Target Version Evaluation and Collection Frequency Upload Frequency Operator Default Warning Threshold Default Critical Threshold Consecutive Number of Occurrences Preceding Notification Alert Text

8.1.7.4; 9.0.1.x; 9.2.0.x

Every Minute