The Oracle Client software is available on disc (DVD) or you can download it from the Oracle Technology Network Web site. In most cases, you use the graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal Installer to install the software. However, you can also use Oracle Universal Installer to complete silent-mode installations, without using the GUI.
See Also:Appendix A for information about silent-mode installations
This chapter includes information about the following topics:
The Oracle Client software is available on compact disc (DVD) or you can download it from the Oracle Technology Network Web site. To install the software from the hard disk, you must either download it from Oracle Technology Network and unpack it, or copy it from the disc, if you have it.
You can access and install Oracle Client by using one of the following methods:
To copy the software to a hard disk, refer to the "Copying the Software to the Hard Disk" section.
To install the software from a disc or from an existing hard disk location, refer to the "Installing the Oracle Client Software" section.
To download the software from Oracle Technology Network, refer to the following section.
This section describes how to download the installation archive files and extract them on your hard disk. It contains the following topics:
To download the installation archive files from Oracle Technology Network:
Use any browser to access the software download page from Oracle Technology Network:
Navigate to the download page for the product that you want to install.
On the download page, identify the required disk space by adding the file sizes for each required file.
The file sizes are listed next to the file names.
In most cases, the available disk space must be at least twice the size of all of the archive files.
On the file system that you selected in step 4, create a parent directory for each product, for example
OraCli10g, to hold the installation directories.
Download all of the installation archive files to the directory that you created in step 5.
Verify that the files you downloaded are the same size as the corresponding files on Oracle Technology Network.
To extract the installation archive files, perform the following steps:
If necessary, change directory to the directory that contains the downloaded installation archive files.
To uncompress each file, enter a command similar to the following:
$ gunzip filename.cpio.gz
This command creates files with names similar to the following:
$ cpio -idcmv < filename.cpio
Note:Refer to the download page for information about the correct options to use with the
Some browsers uncompress files while downloading them, but leave the
gz file extension. If these steps do not work, remove the
.gz extension from the files and repeat step 3.
For each file, this command creates a subdirectory named
n is either 1 or the disk number identified in the file name.
When you have extracted all of the required installation files, refer to "Installing the Oracle Client Software".
Before installing Oracle Client, you might want to copy the software to the hard disk. This enables the installation process to run a bit faster. Before copying the disc content to the hard disk, you must mount the disc. The following section
s describe to mount disc and copy its content to the hard disk.
On most Solaris systems, the disc mounts automatically when you insert it into the disc drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, follow these steps to mount it:
Switch user to
$ su - root
If necessary, enter the following command to eject the currently mounted disc, then remove it from the drive:
Insert the appropriate disc into the disc drive.
To verify that the disc mounted automatically, enter the following command:
# ls /dvd/dvd0
If this command fails to display the contents of the disc, enter a command similar to the following to mount it:
# /usr/sbin/mount -r -F hsfs /dev/dsk/cxtydzs2 /dvd
In this example,
/dvd is the disc mount point directory and
s2 is the device name for the disc device, for example
If Oracle Universal Installer is displaying the Disk Location dialog box, enter the disc mount point directory path, for example:
Disc mounted automatically:
Disc mounted manually:
To continue, go to one of the following sections:
If you want to copy software to a hard disk, refer to the "Copying the Oracle Client Software to a Hard Disk" section.
If you want to install the software from the discs, refer to the "Installing the Oracle Client Software" section.
If the system does not have a DVD drive, you can copy the software from the disc to a file system on another system, then either mount that file system using NFS, or use FTP to copy the files to the system where you want to install the software.
To copy the contents of the disc to a hard disk:
Create a directory on the hard disk to hold the Oracle software:
$ mkdir OraCl10g
Change directory to the directory you created in step 1:
$ cd OraCl10g
Mount the disc, if it is not already mounted.
Some platforms automatically mount the disc when you insert it into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, refer to the "Mounting Discs" section for platform-specific information about mounting it.
Copy the contents of the mounted disc to the corresponding new subdirectory as follows:
$ cp -R /directory_path OraCl10g
If necessary, mount the next disc and repeat step 4.
After you have copied all the required discs, refer to the "Installing the Oracle Client Software" section.
The following sections describe how to install the Oracle software:
Review the following guidelines before starting Oracle Universal Installer:
Oracle Universal Installer
Installations on a cluster
If Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) are already installed on the system, Oracle Universal Installer displays the Specify Hardware Cluster Installation Mode screen. You must select Local Installation on this screen.
If you reinstall Oracle software into an Oracle home directory where Oracle Client is already installed, you must also re-install any components that were installed before you began the re-installation.
This section describes the Basic Installation as a default setting. For any type of installation process, start Oracle Universal Installer and install the software, as follows:
If you are installing the software from disc, mount the first disc if it is not already mounted.
Some platforms automatically mount the disc when you insert the disc into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, refer to the "Mounting Discs" section for platform-specific information about mounting it.
To start Oracle Universal Installer, complete one of the following steps depending on the location of the installation files:
Note:Start Oracle Universal Installer from the terminal session where you logged in as the
oracleuser and set the user's environment (described in Chapter 2).
If the installation files are on disc, enter commands similar to the following, where
directory_path is the path of the client directory on the DVD:
$ cd /tmp $ /directory_path/runInstaller
If the installation files are on the hard disk, change directory to the
client directory and enter the following command:
If Oracle Universal Installer does not appear, refer to the "X Window Display Errors" section for information about troubleshooting.
Follow the instructions displayed on the Oracle Universal Installer screens. If you need additional information, click Help.
When Oracle Universal Installer prompts you to run a script with
root privileges, enter a command similar to the following in a terminal where you are logged in as the
root user, then click Continue or OK:
The following table lists the various screens displayed and the recommended actions required when you select the Basic Installation option.
If you need assistance when using NetCA in interactive mode, then click Help on the screen.
Note:If you chose a default installation, NetCA runs in noninteractive mode.
When all of the configuration tools have finished, click Exit, then click Yes to exit from Oracle Universal Installer.
Refer to Chapter 4 for information about tasks that you must complete after you have installed the software.