Grid Control Quick Installation Guide
10g Release 2 (10.2)
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Quick Installation Guide for Solaris (SPARC), 10g Release 2 (10.2)
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This guide describes how to quickly install Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control on Solaris (SPARC) systems. It includes information about the following:
This guide describes how to perform a basic installation of Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control into a new database or into an existing database.
The procedures in this guide describe how to:
Configure your system to support the following installation types:
"Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database" installation type, which installs the Management Service, central Management Agent, and Management Repository database on a single host
"Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using an Existing Database" installation type, which installs the Management Service and central Management Agent on one host, and installs the Management Repository in an existing, qualified database
Note:For performance reasons, Oracle recommends that you do not install both the Management Service and Management Repository on the same host. Refer to "Hardware Requirements" for more information.
Add a system to the grid, which installs the central Management Agent on a target host
Mount the product disk
Install Grid Control using Oracle Universal Installer's interactive mode
Find more information about other installation scenarios
This guide covers only the basic installation type described above and does not describe how to complete the following tasks:
Install Grid Control in any non-interactive mode
Configure your system to support installation of an additional Management Service or Management Agent
Upgrade an existing installation to the latest version
Install Grid Control on Real Application Clusters
Troubleshoot your installation session
Configure post-installation settings
Use Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Require secure communications between all Management Agents and the secure Management Service
For more information about installing Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control, including tasks not described in this manual, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems).
Note:The entire documentation library for Enterprise Manager can be found on the Oracle Technology Network:
This site may contain later versions of all books, including Oracle Enterprise Manager Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems). The installation procedures documented in this guide apply to all platforms. For platform specific information, refer to the Oracle Enterprise Manager Quick Installation Guide for the specific platform.
The system or systems must meet the minimum hardware and software requirements given in the following sections.
Even though Oracle Universal Installer runs prerequisite checks on your system to verify that it meets the listed requirements, to make sure that prerequisite checks do not fail, you should verify the requirements before running Oracle Universal Installer.
Note:Only requirements for the Management Service and/or Management Repository host(s) are given here. Management Agent and other requirements can be found in Oracle Enterprise Manager Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems).
The system or systems must meet the minimum hardware requirements for hard disk space, available memory, processor speed, and operating memory.
The hard disk requirements are:
4.5 GB for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database" installation type
2.5 GB for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using an Existing Database" installation type,
The available operating memory requirements for installation are:
To install "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database," a minimum of 1 GB of available operating memory for the host
To install "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using an Existing Database," a minimum of 1 GB of available operating memory for the node
The hardware requirements to run Enterprise Manager are:
Minimum of 2 GB of free physical memory for the host running the Management Service
Minimum of 2 GB of free physical memory for the Management Repository node
Refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems) for recommended CPU and memory allocation for the Management Service and Management Repository for Enterprise Manager deployments of various size.
The system or systems must meet the minimum software requirements for operating system, packages, and kernel parameters.
The operating system must be one of the following, with the listed (or later) kernel version if you are installing the new database:
Note:Refer to OracleMetalink's "Certify and Availability" page for additional information about these platforms.
Solaris 8 Update 7 or later
Solaris 9 Update 6 or later
Note:The listed kernel versions are only required for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database" installation type. They are not required if you are using an existing, qualified database for your Management Repository.
The system must be running the following (or later) package versions:
To check if the required operating system packages have been installed on your system, enter the following command:
prompt> pkginfo SUNWarc SUNWbtool SUNWhea SUNWlibm SUNWlibms SUNWsprot SUNWsprox SUNWtoo SUNWi1 of SUNWxwfnt
Note:If any packages are missing, contact your system administrator.
Check whether your system is configured to support 32-bit and 64-bit applications by entering the following command:
prompt> /usr/bin/isainfo -v
The patches required for the different Solaris versions are listed below:
108652-74 or higher: X11 6.4.1: Xsun patch
108921-18 or higher: CDE 1.4: dtwm patch
108940-57 or higher: Motif 1.2.7 and 2.1.1: Runtime library patch
108773-18 or higher: IIIM and X input and output method patch
111310-01 or higher: /usr/lib/libdhcpagent.so.1 patch
109147-26 or higher: Linker patch
111308-04 or higher: /usr/lib/libmtmalloc.so.1 patch
111111-03 or higher: /usr/bin/nawk patch
112396-02 or higher: /usr/bin/fgrep patch
110386-03 or higher: RBAC feature patch
111023-02 or higher: /kernel/fs/mntfs and /kernel/fs/sparcv9/mntfs patch
108987-13 or higher: Patch for patchadd and patchrm
108528-26 or higher: Kernel update patch
108989-02 or higher: /usr/kernel/sys/acctctl and /usr/kernel/sys/exacctsys patch
108993-45 or higher: LDAP2 client, libc, libthread and libnsl libraries patch
111023-02 or higher: Unable to load fontset ... iso-1 or iso-15
113096-03 or higher: X11 6.6.1: OWconfig patch
112785-35 or higher: X11 6.6.1: Xsun patch
113096-03 or higher: X11 6.6.1: OWconfig patch
112785-35 or higher: X11 6.6.1: Xsun patch
To determine the patches that have been installed on the system, follow these steps:
showrev command with the
-p option. The following command saves the sorted output to a file called
Enter the following command:
prompt> showrev -p | sort > patchList
Open the file in a text editor and search for the patch numbers.
Note:If the required patches have not been installed, you can download them from
The system must have at least the following recommended kernel parameters:
Solaris 8 and 9
Verify that the following kernel parameters have been set to a equal to or greater than the value specified in this table:
Note:The following parameters are obsolete in Solaris 9:
On Solaris 10, verify that the kernel parameters shown in the following table are set to values equal to or greater than the recommended values. The table also lists the resource controls that replace the
/etc/system file for a specific kernel parameter.
|Parameter||Resource Control||Recommended Values|
To check and change the kernel parameter, follow the commands listed in these topics:
Solaris 8 and 9
Solaris 8 and 9
To view the current values of the kernel parameters, enter the following commands:
# grep noexec_user_stack/etc/system # /usr/sbin/sysdef | grep SEM # /usr/sbin/sysdef | grep SHM
To change any of the current values, follow these steps:
Create a backup copy of the
/etc/system file, by using a command similar to the following:
# cp /etc/system/etc/system.orig
Open the /
etc/system file in any text editor, and if required, add lines similar to the following (edit the lines if the file already contains them):
set noexec_user_stack=1 set semsys:seminfo_semmini=100 set semsys:seminfo_semmsl=256 set semsys:seminfo_semvmx=32767 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=4292967295 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmin=1 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmni=100 set shmsys:shminfo_shmseg=10
Enter the following command to restart the system
After you have restarted the system, log into the system and switch to the
To view the current values of the resource control, enter the following commands:
#id -p //to verify the project ID uid = 0 (Root) gid = 0 (Root) projid = 1 (user.root) #prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -i project user.root #prctl -n project.max=sem-ids -i project user.root
If you need to change any of the current values, do the following:
To modify the value of max-shm-memory to 6GB:
#prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -v 6gb -r -i project user.root
To modify the value of max-sem-ids to 256:
#prctl -n project.max-sem-ids -v 256 -r -i project user.root
On most Solaris systems, the product disk mounts automatically when you insert it into the drive. If the disk does not mount automatically, follow these steps to mount it manually:
Switch user to the
$ su - root
If necessary, enter a command similar to the following to eject the mounted disk, then remove it from the drive:
Insert the disk into the drive.
To verify that the disk mounted automatically, enter a command similar to the following:
# ls /dvd/dvd0
If this command fails to display the contents of the disk, enter a command similar to the following:
# /usr/sbin/mount -r -F hsfs /dev/dsk/cxtydzs2 /dvd
In this example,
/dvd is the disk mount point directory and
/dev/dsk/cxtydzs2 is the device name for the disk device - for example,
If the Oracle Universal Installer prompts you for the location, enter the disk mount point directory path. For example:
Disk is mounted automatically -
Disk mounted manually -
Once you have configured your system to meet hardware and software requirements, start Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) and install Grid Control as follows:
Start OUI by executing the following commands:
Navigate to the home directory by entering the following command:
Enter the following command:
For example: Enter the command as follows:
Alternately, you can change directory to the Parent Directory (the root directory where you will install the Oracle home) and specify the full path to the
The following table describes the recommended action for each OUI screen for the first two installation types.
If you need more assistance, click Help on that screen. If you have trouble with the installation, check out the "Troubleshooting" chapter of Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems).
|Installation Screen||Recommended Action|
|Specify Installation Type||Select one of the installation types provided. The complete installation type is chosen by default.|
|Specify Installation Location||Specify the "parent" directory location for the installation. All Oracle homes created during installation will be placed as subdirectories under the parent directory.|
|Language Selection||Select the languages to run Grid Control in. The language you specify here is not the language of the installation session.|
|Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials||Appears only during the first installation of Oracle products on a system.
Specify the full path of the Oracle Inventory directory. Make sure to select the appropriate operating group.
|Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks||Verify that all prerequisite checks succeed.
OUI checks the system to verify that it is configured correctly to support your Oracle software. If you have met all hardware and software requirements in this guide, all of the checks should pass.
If a check fails, review the cause of failure, rectify the problem, and retry the check. You can also choose to manually verify failed checks if you are satisfied that your system meets the requirements.
|Specify Configuration||Appears only for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database" installation type.
Specify the name of the database you want to create, as well as the location to store the Management Repository files. Choose a file location outside of the Oracle home.
Select the OSDBA and OSOPER groups that you are a member of. These memberships are required to grant the SYSDBA and SYSOPER privileges required to create the new database.
|Specify Repository Database Configuration||Appears only for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using an Existing Database" installation type.
Specify the database connection details for your existing, qualified database, as well as the locations for the new Management Repository tablespaces.
|Specify Optional Configuration||All parameters can be configured through Grid Control after installation.
If you want, set the parameters for email notification, OracleMetaLink credentials, and proxy configuration settings.
|Specify Security Options||Appears only for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using a New Database" installation type.
Specify password used to secure the Management Service, as well as passwords to secure the Management Repository Database.
|Specify Passwords||Appears only for the "Enterprise Manager Grid Control Using an Existing Database" installation type.
Specify the password used to secure the Management Service, as well as the SYSMAN password.
|Summary||Review the information displayed here, then click Install.|
|Install||This screen displays status information while the product is being installed.|
|Execute Configuration Scripts||When prompted, read the instructions and run the scripts listed here. You must run the scripts as
|Configuration Assistants||Displays status information for configuration assistants|
|End of Installation||Contains important information about your installation, including the URLs configured for your applications. Make a note of these URLs.
The port numbers used in these URLs are recorded in the following file:
In addition to performing a complete Grid Control installation, either using the embedded database or an existing, qualified one, you can perform the following other installation or upgrade operations:
Install an additional Management Service.
Install Management Agents using the Agent Deployment application. This application is part of the Grid Control installation, and can be used to "push" Management Agents from a central location to one or more target hosts in a single operation. Before launching a deployment operation using this method, you must set up SSH connectivity between the Management Service host and all target hosts. To do so, execute the script found at:
<OMS ORACLEHOME>/sysman/prov/resources/scripts/ sshUserSetup.sh
To initiate a deployment operation, click the Install Agent link on the Grid Control Deployments page. For more details, refer to the "Installing the Management Agent Using Agent Deploy" section in Oracle Enterprise Manager Installation and Basic Configuration.
Install Management Agents using the agentDownload script. Launch this script on each target host to "pull" files from a central staging location. The requirements for the agentDownload script are:
The agentDownload script must have execute permission. After you have downloaded the script, change the file permissions as follows:
chmod +x agentDownload . <os>
Ensure that the "jar" command and "wget" is in the system PATH.
To download and run the agentDownload script:
Log into the target host.
Bring up the browser window.
Download the agentDownload script from:
Navigate to the directory where the agentDownload script is available.
Change the file permissions as follows:
chmod +x agentDownload . <OS>
Execute the agentDownload script as follows:
run agentDownload . <OS>
/agentDownload.linux -b /scratch/agentInstall
You can use the
-h option to see the usage details.
Upgrade a previous, qualified version of Enterprise Manager Grid Control. Existing versions of Enterprise Manager will be automatically detected.
Refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration (For Linux x86 systems) for detailed information and instructions on all of the above operations.
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