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Oracle® Database Vault Installation Guide
10g Release 2 (10.2) for HP-UX Itanium

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2 Installing Oracle Database Vault

This chapter includes an overview of the major steps required to install Oracle Database Vault into an existing Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) database. These procedures transform an existing Oracle Database system (including associated applications) into an Oracle Database Vault system. Databases upgraded using the procedures described in this chapter can work almost in the same manner as in earlier releases and, optionally, can leverage new Oracle Database Vault functionality. For a list of changes that Database Vault makes, refer to Appendix F, "Initialization Parameters" and Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide.

Note:

In order to upgrade a pre-10g release 2 Oracle Database to Oracle Database Vault, you first need to upgrade the database to a 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) database.

See Also:

Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for information about upgrading your Oracle Database to Oracle Database 10g Release 2

This chapter covers the following topics:

2.1 Preinstallation and Installation Tasks

This section covers the following topics:

2.1.1 Become Familiar with the Features of Oracle Database Vault

Before you plan the upgrade process, become familiar with the features of Oracle Database Vault. Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide discusses the basic features of Oracle Database Vault.

2.1.2 Check the Hardware Requirements

The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:

  • At least 1024MB of available physical RAM

  • The following table gives the relationship between the available RAM and the required swap space.

    Available RAM Swap Space Required
    Between 1024 MB and 2048 MB 1.5 times the size of RAM
    Between 2049 MB and 8192 MB Equal to the size of RAM
    More than 8192 MB 0.75 times the size of RAM

  • 400 MB of disk space in the /tmp directory

  • Up to 5 GB of disk space for the Oracle software, depending on the installation type

  • 1.2 GB of disk space for a preconfigured database that uses file system storage (optional).

Note:

The disk space requirement for databases that use Automatic Storage Management or raw device storage is described later in this chapter.

Additional disk space, either on a file system or in an Automatic Storage Management disk group, is required for the flash recovery area if you choose to configure automated backups.

To ensure that the system meets these requirements:

  1. To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:

    # /usr/contrib/bin/machinfo  | grep -i Memory
    

    If the size of the physical RAM is less than the required size, then you must install more memory before continuing.

  2. To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:

    # /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a
    

    If necessary, refer to the operating system documentation for information about how to configure additional swap space.

  3. To determine the amount of disk space available in the /tmp directory, enter the following command:

    # bdf /tmp
    

    If there is less than 400 MB of free disk space available in the /tmp directory, then complete one of the following steps:

    • Delete unnecessary files from the /tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.

    • Set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables when setting the oracle user's environment.

    • Extend the file system that contains the /tmp directory. If necessary, contact your system administrator for information about extending file systems.

  4. To determine the amount of free disk space on the system, enter the following command:

    # bdf
    
  5. To determine whether the system architecture can run the software, enter the following command:

    # /bin/getconf KERNEL_BITS
    

    Note:

    The expected output of this command is 64. If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.

2.1.3 Check the Operating System Requirements

Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that the following software is installed on the system. The procedure following the table describes how to verify whether these requirements are addressed.

Note:

Oracle Universal Installer performs checks on your system to verify that it meets the listed requirements. To ensure that these checks pass, verify the requirements before you start Oracle Universal Installer.
Item Requirement
Operating system Operating system version:

HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23)

Note: The operating system requirements are the same as those for Oracle Database 10g release 2. If you already have Oracle Database 10g release 2 installed, then your system automatically meets these requirements.


To ensure that the system meets these requirements:

  1. To determine which version of HP-UX is installed, enter the following command:

    # uname -a
    HP-UX hostname B.11.23 ia64 109444686 unlimited-user license
    

    In this example, the version of HP-UX 11i is 11.23.

  2. To determine whether a bundle, product, or fileset is installed, enter a command similar to the following, where level is bundle, product, or fileset:

    # /usr/sbin/swlist -l level | more
    

    If a required bundle, product, or fileset is not installed, then you must install it. Refer to your operating system or software documentation for information about installing products.

In addition, you need to verify that the following patches, or their later versions, are installed on the system. The procedure following the table describes how to check these requirements.

Note:

There may be more recent versions of the patches listed installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then determine whether a more recent version is installed before installing the version listed.
Installation Type or Product Requirement
All installations The following operating system patches:
  • BUNDLE11i B.11.23.0409.3: Patch Bundle for HP-UX 11i V2

    Note: You must have the August 2004 version of BUNDLE11i B.11.23.0408.1 for HP-UX 11i v2 on your system prior to updating to the HP-UX 11i v2 September 2004 or later release.

  • PHCO 32426: Reboot(1M) cumulative patch

  • PHKL 32646: wsio.h header file patch

  • PHKL 32632: Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI and MSI-X)

  • PHKL 32645: SIO (IO) subsystem MSI/MSI-X/WC Patch

  • PHKL 33552: VM Copy on write data corruption fix

  • PHSS_31850: 11.23 assembler patch

  • PHSS_31851: 11.23 Integrity Unwind Library

  • PHSS_31854: 11.23 milli cumulative patch

  • PHSS_31855: 11.23 aC++ Runtime (IA: A.05.60, PA A.03.60)

  • PHSS_33275: s700_800 11.23 linker + fdp cumulative patch

  • PHSS_33276: 11.23 Math Library Cumulative Patch

All installations The following JDK patches:
  • PHCO_31553: s700_800 11.23 pthread library cumulative patch

  • PHKL_31500: s700_800 11.23 sept04 base patch

  • PHSS_32213: s700_800 11.23 aries cumulative patch

Note: Refer to the following Web site for information about additional patches that may be required by JDK 1.4.2:

http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/java/patches/index.html


To determine whether a patch is installed, enter a command similar to the following:

# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | grep PHSS_33279

Alternatively, to list all installed patches, enter the following command:

# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | more

If a required patch is not installed, then download it from the following Web site and install it:

http://itresourcecenter.hp.com

If the Web site shows a more recent version of the patch, then download and install that version.

Creating Required Symbolic Links

Note:

This task is required only if the Motif 2.1 Development Environment package (X11MotifDevKit.MOTIF21-PRG) is not installed.

To enable you to successfully relink Oracle products after installing this software, enter the following commands to create required X library symbolic links in the /usr/lib directory:

# cd /usr/lib
# ln -s libX11.3 libX11.sl
# ln -s libXIE.2 libXIE.sl
# ln -s libXext.3 libXext.sl
# ln -s libXhp11.3 libXhp11.sl
# ln -s libXi.3 libXi.sl
# ln -s libXm.4 libXm.sl
# ln -s libXp.2 libXp.sl
# ln -s libXt.3 libXt.sl
# ln -s libXtst.2 libXtst.sl

2.1.4 Check Kernel Parameters

Note:

The kernel parameter values shown in the following section are recommended values only. For production database systems, Oracle recommends that you tune these values to optimize the performance of the system. Refer to your operating system documentation for more information about tuning kernel parameters.

Verify that the kernel parameters shown in the following table are set either to the formula shown, or to values greater than or equal to the recommended value shown. The procedure following the table describes how to verify and set the values.

Parameter Recommended Formula or Value
ksi_alloc_max (nproc*8)
executable_stack 0
max_thread_proc 1024
maxdsiz 1073741824 (1 GB)
maxdsiz_64bit 2147483648 (2 GB)
maxssiz 134217728 (128 MB)
maxssiz_64bit 1073741824 (1 GB)
maxuprc ((nproc*9)/10)
msgmap (msgtql+2)
msgmni (nproc)
msgseg 32767
msgtql (nproc)
ncsize (ninode+1024)
nfile (15*nproc+2048)
nflocks (nproc)
ninode (8*nproc+2048)
nkthread (((nproc*7)/4)+16)
nproc 4096
semmni (nproc)
semmns (semmni*2)
semmnu (nproc-4)
semvmx 32767
shmmax The size of physical memory or 1073741824 (0X40000000), whichever is greater.

Note: To avoid performance degradation, the value should be greater than or equal to the size of the available memory.

shmmni 512
shmseg 120
vps_ceiling 64

To view the current value or formula specified for these kernel parameters, and to change them if necessary:

  1. Follow these steps:

    1. Enter the following command to start the kcweb application:

      # /usr/sbin/kcweb -F
      
    2. Check the value or formula specified for each of these parameters and, if necessary, modify that value or formula.

      If necessary, refer to the kcweb online Help for more information about completing this step.

      Note:

      If you modify the value of a parameter that is not dynamic, then you must restart the system.
  2. If necessary, when the system restarts, log in and switch user to root.

2.1.5 Check the Database Requirements

In order to install Oracle Database Vault, you must be running the Enterprise Edition of Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5). The database should also have Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 10.2.0.5.0 installed. In addition, the Database Vault installer requires write access to the files, oratab and oraInst.loc.

A listener must have been configured for the existing database. Oracle Net Configuration Assistant configures the listener when you first install the database. You can also use Oracle Enterprise Manager to administer listeners.

You must have an existing password file for the database. The password file authentication parameter, REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE must have been set to EXCLUSIVE or SHARED.

You can set the REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE parameter in the init.ora file. Use the orapwd utility to create and manage password files.

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information on creating and maintaining a password file

The following topics discuss applying the 10.2.0.5 patch set and installing the required components:

2.1.5.1 Install Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB

Before installing Oracle Database Vault, you should ensure that Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 10.2.0.5.0 is installed. Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB is installed using the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI). The following steps summarize installing Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB:

  1. Run Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) and perform a custom installation to install Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 10.2.0.1.0. Add Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB from the list of available product components.

  2. Apply the Oracle Database release 10.2.0.5 patch set.

Note:

You can configure the database to use Enterprise Manager Database Control by using Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA). However, configuring Enterprise Manager Database Control is not a prerequisite for installing Oracle Database Vault.

2.1.5.2 Apply Oracle Database Release 10.2.0.5 Patch Set

To install Oracle Database Vault, you need to upgrade the database to Oracle Database release 10.2.0.5. Oracle strongly recommends that you back up your database before performing any upgrade or installation.

See Also:

Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Advanced User's Guide for information about database backups

This section covers the following topics:

Patch Set Overview

You can apply the Oracle Database release 10.2.0.5 patch set to the following Oracle Database 10g release 2 installations:

  • Oracle Database

  • Oracle Real Application Clusters

  • Oracle Database Client

  • Oracle Database Companion CD

  • Oracle Clusterware

  • Oracle Database Vault

Oracle Universal Installer Version Requirements

This patch set includes Oracle Universal Installer release 10.2.0.5, which is also installed when you install this patch set. This is to ensure that your Oracle home can be patched in the future. You should not use the Installer from the earlier maintenance release media or Oracle home.

This is not a complete software distribution. You must install it in an existing Oracle Database 10g release 2 installation.

Patch Set Documentation

There is a document related to this release of the Oracle Database patch set:

Oracle Database Patch Set Notes, 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) Patch Set for HP-UX Itanium

This document is included with the patch set. In addition, it is available on the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetalink) Web site:

https://support.oracle.com

2.1.6 Prepare a Backup Strategy

Oracle strongly recommends that you back up your database before performing any upgrade or installation. The ultimate success of your upgrade depends heavily on the design and execution of an appropriate backup strategy. To develop a backup strategy, consider the following questions:

  • How long can the production database remain inoperable before business consequences become intolerable?

  • What backup strategy should be used to meet your availability requirements?

  • Are backups archived in a safe, offsite location?

  • How quickly can backups be restored (including backups in offsite storage)?

  • Have recovery procedures been tested successfully?

Your backup strategy should answer all of these questions and include procedures for successfully backing up and recovering your database.

See Also:

Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Advanced User's Guide for information about database backups

2.1.7 Disable Custom Profiles

If you have created custom profiles and password complexity checks in your existing database, then you need to disable these before performing the installation. You can reenable these after the installation is complete. Use the following steps to achieve this:

  1. Extract the profile names and associated settings for each profile that is being used. You can use a script to accomplish this.

    Example 2-1 shows a sample script that extracts the profile names and settings to create an output script called, myprofiles.sql. After the installation is complete, you can run myprofiles.sql to restore the profile settings.

    Example 2-1 Extracting Profiles

     set serverout on size 100000
     spool myprofiles.sql
     .
     declare
     l_last varchar2(30) := 'X';
     l_count number := 0;
     begin
         for c in (
             select profile, resource_name , limit
             from dba_profiles
             order by profile, resource_name
         ) loop
             if l_last <> c.profile then
                 l_last := c.profile;
                 if l_count > 0 then
                     dbms_output.put_line(';');
                 end if;
                 l_count := l_count + 1;
                 dbms_output.put_line('create profile ' || c.profile || ' limit ');
             else
                 dbms_output.put_line('    ' || c.resource_name || ' ' || c.limit);
             end if;
         end loop;
         dbms_output.put_line(';');
     end;
     /
     .
     spool off 
    
  2. Disable the custom profiles and password complexity settings. For example:

    SQL> ALTER PROFILE SomeCustomProfile LIMIT
    PASSWORD_REUSE_MAX UNLIMITED -- The number of times a password can be reused
    PASSWORD_REUSE_TIME UNLIMITED -- The number of days between reuses of a password
    PASSWORD_VERIFY_FUNCTION NULL
    /
    
  3. After the Oracle Database Vault installation is complete, reenable the profiles by running the script created in Step 1.

    SQL>@myprofiles.sql

2.1.8 Verify That Oracle Clusterware Is Running (Oracle RAC Only)

Oracle Clusterware should be running for the Database Vault installer to find the existing Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) instances. If you have stopped Oracle Clusterware, then you should restart it before running Oracle Universal Installer. Use the following command to start Oracle Clusterware:

$CRS_HOME/bin/crsctl start crs

Note:

  • You must run the crsctl command as the root user. You need to run this command on all cluster nodes.

  • The crsctl start crs command also starts the database. You will need to shut down the database before running Oracle Universal Installer.

2.1.9 Stop Existing Oracle Processes

Stop all processes running in the Oracle home, except the database listener. You must complete this task to enable Oracle Universal Installer to relink certain executables and libraries. For Oracle RAC databases, you need to stop the processes on all nodes.

Note:

The database listener process must be running before you run the installer.

Stop the processes in the following order:

  1. Stop the Enterprise Manager Database Control Process

  2. Stop the iSQL*Plus Process

  3. Shut Down All Database Instances

2.1.9.1 Stop the Enterprise Manager Database Control Process

Stop the Enterprise Manager Database Control process, if it is running. Use the following command:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/emctl stop dbconsole

Note:

If you are installing Database Vault for Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC), then you need to shut down all Oracle processes on all cluster nodes. See Appendix A, "How to Stop Processes in an Existing Oracle Real Application Clusters Database" for more details.

2.1.9.2 Stop the iSQL*Plus Process

Stop the iSQL*Plus process, using the following command:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/isqlplusctl stop

2.1.9.3 Shut Down All Database Instances

Shut down all database instances running from the Oracle home directory into which Oracle Database Vault is to be installed.

sqlplus SYS "AS SYSDBA"
Enter password:
SQL> shutdown immediate

Note:

Do not use SQL*Plus to start and stop Oracle RAC instances. See Appendix A, "How to Stop Processes in an Existing Oracle Real Application Clusters Database" for more details.

2.1.10 Configure the Oracle User's Environment

Run Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) using the account that owns the Oracle software. This is usually the oracle account.

However, before you start Oracle Universal Installer you must configure the environment of the oracle user. To configure the environment, you must:

  • Set the default file mode creation mask (umask) to 022 in the shell startup file.

  • Set the DISPLAY environment variable.

Note:

Ensure that the PATH variable contains $ORACLE_HOME/bin before /usr/X11R6/bin.

To set the oracle user's environment:

  1. Start a new terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).

  2. Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can display on this system:

    $ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
    

    For example:

    $ xhost somehost.us.acme.com
    
  3. If you are not already logged in to the system where you want to install the software, then log in to that system as the oracle user.

  4. If you are not logged in as the oracle user, then switch user to oracle:

    $ su - oracle
    
  5. To determine the default shell for the oracle user, enter the following command:

    $ echo $SHELL
    
  6. Open the oracle user's shell startup file in any text editor:

    Note:

    On Red Hat Linux, .bash_profile is the user startup file for the Bash shell.
    • Bourne shell (sh), Bash shell (bash), or Korn shell (ksh):

      $ vi .bash_profile
      
    • C shell (csh or tcsh):

      % vi .login
      
  7. Enter or edit the following line, specifying a value of 022 for the default file mode creation mask:

    umask 022
    
  8. If the ORACLE_SID, ORACLE_HOME, or ORACLE_BASE environment variable is set in the file, then remove the corresponding lines from the file.

  9. Save the file, and exit from the editor.

  10. To run the shell startup script, enter one of the following commands:

    • Bash shell on Red Hat Enterprise Linux:

      $ . ./.bash_profile
      
    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ . ./.profile
      
    • C shell:

      % source ./.login
      
  11. If you are not installing the software on the local system, then enter a command similar to the following to direct X applications to display on the local system:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ DISPLAY=local_host:0.0 ; export DISPLAY
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
      

    In this example, local_host is the host name or IP address of the system that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer (your workstation or PC).

  12. If you determined that the /tmp directory has less than 400 MB of free disk space, then identify a file system with at least 400 MB of free space and set the TEMP and TMPDIR environment variables to specify a temporary directory on this file system:

    1. Use the df -k command to identify a suitable file system with sufficient free space.

    2. If necessary, enter commands similar to the following to create a temporary directory on the file system that you identified, and set the appropriate permissions on the directory:

      $ su - root
      # mkdir /mount_point/tmp
      # chmod a+wr /mount_point/tmp
      # exit
      
    3. Enter commands similar to the following to set the TEMP and TMPDIR environment variables:

      • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

        $ TEMP=/mount_point/tmp
        $ TMPDIR=/mount_point/tmp
        $ export TEMP TMPDIR
        
      • C shell:

        % setenv TEMP /mount_point/tmp
        % setenv TMPDIR /mount_point/tmp
        
  13. Enter commands similar to the following to set the ORACLE_BASE and ORACLE_SID environment variables:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
      $ ORACLE_SID=sales
      $ export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_SID
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle
      % setenv ORACLE_SID sales
      

    In these examples, /u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you created or identified earlier and sales is the name that you want to call the database (typically no more than five characters).

  14. Enter the following commands to ensure that the ORACLE_HOME and TNS_ADMIN environment variables are not set:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ unset ORACLE_HOME
      $ unset TNS_ADMIN
      
    • C shell:

      % unsetenv ORACLE_HOME
      % unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
      
  15. To verify that the environment has been set correctly, enter the following commands:

    $ umask
    $ env | more
    

    Verify that the umask command displays a value of 22, 022, or 0022 and the environment variables that you set in this section have the correct values.

2.1.11 Run Oracle Universal Installer to Install

This section contains:

2.1.11.1 Downloading the Oracle Database Vault Software

You can download the Oracle Database Vault software from the following web site:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/database-vault/index-090593.html

2.1.11.2 Installing Oracle Database Vault with Oracle Universal Installer

After you download and extract the Oracle Database Vault software, you can use Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), which is provided in the download, to install Oracle Database Vault into an existing Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) database.

To install Oracle Database Vault:

  1. Log on as a member of the Administrators group.

    If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.

  2. Insert Oracle Database Vault installation media and navigate to the database directory. Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the installation files.

    Use the same installation media to install Oracle Database Vault on all supported Windows platforms.

  3. Double-click setup.exe to start Oracle Universal Installer.

  4. In the Specify Installation Details screen, you need to specify the path to the Oracle home that contains the existing Oracle Database. The Destination Path box lists the Oracle home paths of all Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) Enterprise Edition databases registered with the system.

    Select the Oracle home corresponding to the database into which you want to install Oracle Database Vault.

    Note:

    • If an Oracle home does not have an Enterprise Edition of Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) installed, then it is not displayed. You must ensure that the Oracle home has an Enterprise Edition of Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.5) installed.

    • If an Oracle home does not have Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 10.2.0.5.0 installed, then it is not displayed. You must ensure that the Oracle home has Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 10.2.0.5.0 installed.

    • If an Oracle home contains an Automatic Storage Management (ASM) instance, then it is not displayed. You cannot install Oracle Database Vault into an Oracle home that also contains an ASM instance.

    • If an Oracle home already contains Oracle Database Vault, then it is not displayed. You cannot install Oracle Database Vault into an Oracle home more than once.

    • Oracle Clusterware should be running for the Database Vault installer to find the existing Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) databases. Ensure that Oracle Clusterware is running before installing Oracle Database Vault. You can use the crsctl command to start Oracle Clusterware.

  5. Enter a user name for the Database Vault Owner account in the Database Vault Owner field. The user name can be a minimum of 2 and maximum of 30 characters long.

  6. Enter a password for the Database Vault Owner account in the Database Vault Owner Password field. The password can be a minimum of 8 and a maximum of 30 characters. The password must include at least one alphabet, one digit, and one nonalphanumeric character (symbol). It cannot be the same as the account names for either the Database Vault owner or the Database Vault account manager. It cannot contain any consecutive repeating characters.

  7. Reenter the password in the Confirm Password field.

  8. Select Create a Separate Account Manager if you want to create a separate Account Manager to manage Oracle Database Vault accounts.

  9. In the Database Vault Account Manager field, enter a user name for the Database Vault Account Manager if you have chosen to select the Create a Separate Account Manager check box. The user name can be a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 30 characters.

  10. Enter a password for the Database Vault Account Manager account in the Account Manager Password field. The password can be a minimum of 8 and a maximum of 30 characters. The password must include at least one alphabet, one digit, and one nonalphanumeric character (symbol). It cannot be the same as the account names for either the Database Vault owner or the Database Vault account manager. It cannot contain any consecutive repeating characters.

  11. Reenter the password in the Confirm Password field. Click Next.

  12. The Select Existing Database screen is displayed. A list of all databases running from the selected Oracle home is displayed. Select the database into which you wish to install Oracle Database Vault.

    Note:

    • Oracle recommends that you install Oracle Database Vault into an Oracle home containing only a single database.

      If there are multiple databases in an Oracle home, you must enable Database Vault for all the databases. You cannot have Database Vault enabled databases coexist with non-Database Vault enabled databases in the same Oracle home. In order to enable Database Vault for addtional databases in the same Oracle home, refer to Appendix C, "Running DVCA After Creating a Database Vault Database"

    • If a database is not listed, then check to make sure that you have followed the instructions under "Check the Database Requirements".

  13. Enter the existing SYS user password for the selected database in the Existing Database SYS Password field.

  14. Reenter the SYS password in the Confirm Password field. Click Next.

    Note:

    At this point, the database requirements are validated.
  15. You are prompted to shut down all Oracle processes running from the Oracle home before proceeding. Shut down the Oracle processes, if you have not already done so.

    See Also:

    "Stop Existing Oracle Processes" for more information on stopping existing Oracle processes
  16. Product-specific prerequisite checks are performed. Confirm that all tests have passed. Click Next to continue.

  17. The Summary screen is displayed with the installation details. Verify the details and click Install.

  18. The Installation screen is displayed. After the installation completes, the Database Vault Configuration Assistant (DVCA) is run automatically. DVCA helps configure the Database Vault installation.

2.2 Postinstallation Tasks

This section lists the tasks to perform after you have completed an upgrade of your database. The following topics are discussed:

2.2.1 Back Up the Database

Make sure you perform a full backup of the production database. See Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Advanced User's Guide for details about backing up a database.

2.2.2 Update Environment Variables After the Upgrade (UNIX Systems Only)

Make sure that the following environment variables point to the correct Oracle Database Vault directories:

  • ORACLE_HOME

  • PATH

  • ORA_NLS10

    Note:

    The ORA_NLS10 environment variable replaces the ORA_NLS33 environment variable, so you may need to unset ORA_NLS33 and set ORA_NLS10.
  • LD_LIBRARY_PATH

2.2.3 Change Passwords for Oracle-Supplied Accounts

Oracle strongly recommends that you change the password for each account after installation. This enables you to effectively implement the strong security provided by Oracle Database Vault.

Note:

If you are creating a database using Database Configuration Assistant, you can unlock accounts after the database is created by clicking Password Management before you exit from Database Configuration Assistant.

2.2.3.1 Using SQL*Plus to Unlock Accounts and Reset Passwords

To unlock and reset user account passwords using SQL*Plus:

  1. Start SQL*Plus and log in using the Database Vault Account Manager account. If you did not create the Database Vault Account Manager account during installation, then you will need to log in using the Database Vault Owner account.

  2. Enter a command similar to the following, where account is the user account that you want to unlock and password is the new password:

    SQL> ALTER USER account [ IDENTIFIED BY password ] ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
    

    In this example:

    • The ACCOUNT UNLOCK clause unlocks the account.

    • The IDENTIFED BY password clause resets the password.

    Note:

    If you unlock an account but do not reset the password, then the password remains expired. The first time someone connects as that user, they must change the user's password.

    To permit unauthenticated access to your data through HTTP, unlock the ANONYMOUS user account.

    See Also:

    Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about:
    • Unlocking and changing passwords after installation

    • Oracle security procedures

    • Best security practices

2.2.4 Disable Remote SYSDBA Connections (Optional)

Oracle Database Vault allows you to disable remote logins with SYSDBA privileges. This enables enhanced security for your database.

To disable remote SYSDBA connections, re-create the password file with the nosysdba flag set to y (Yes). A user can still log in AS SYSDBA locally using Operating System (OS) authentication. However, remote connections AS SYSDBA will fail.

Use the following syntax to re-create the password file:

orapwd file=filename password=password [entries=users] force=y nosysdba=y

Where:

  • file: Name of password file (mandatory)

  • password: Password for SYS (mandatory). Enter at least six alphanumeric characters.

  • entries: Maximum number of distinct DBA users

  • force: Whether to overwrite the existing file

  • nosysdba: Whether to enable or disable the SYS logon

    The default is no, so if you omit this flag, the password file will be created enabling SYSDBA access for Oracle Database Vault instances.

For example:

orapwd file=$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapworcl password=5hjk99 force=y nosysdba=y

Note:

Do not insert spaces around the equal (=) character.

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information on using the orapwd utility.

When you re-create the password file, any accounts other than SYS that were granted the SYSDBA or SYSOPER privileges will have those privileges removed. You will need to regrant the privileges for these accounts after you have re-created the password file.

You can reenable the ability to connect with the SYSDBA privilege by re-creating the password file with the nosysdba flag set to n (No). You might need to reenable the ability to connect with SYSDBA privileges, if certain products or utilities require it's use.

Enabling or Disabling Connecting with SYSDBA on Oracle Real Application Clusters Systems

Under a cluster file system and raw devices, the password file under $ORACLE_HOME is in a symbolic link that points to the shared storage location in the default configuration. In this case, the orapwd command you issue affects all nodes.

Enabling or Disabling Connecting with SYSDBA on Automatic Storage Management Systems

For Automatic Storage Management systems, you need to update each node to enable or disable the SYSDBA connection privilege by using the orapwd utility.

2.2.5 Start the Database on Other Nodes (Oracle RAC Only)

You need to start the database on all Oracle RAC nodes other than the one on which the installation is performed. Use the following command to start the database:

Note:

You need SYSDBA privileges to run these commands.
srvctl start instance -d sid -i instance_name

Note:

You must use the Server Control (srvctl) utility to start and stop Oracle RAC instances. Do not use SQL*Plus to start and stop Oracle RAC instances.

2.2.6 Configure Oracle Database Vault on Oracle RAC Nodes (Oracle RAC Only)

After you install Oracle Database Vault for an Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) instance, complete the following procedure for each Oracle RAC node. This procedure assumes that you have a separate Oracle home for each node.

Note:

The dvca -action optionrac option has been deprecated and can no longer be used to configure Oracle RAC nodes.
  1. Log in to SQL*Plus as user SYS with the SYSDBA privilege.

    sqlplus sys as sysdba
    Enter password: password
    
  2. Run the following ALTER SYSTEM statements:

    ALTER SYSTEM SET AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS=TRUE SCOPE=SPFILE;
    ALTER SYSTEM SET OS_ROLES=FALSE SCOPE=SPFILE; 
    ALTER SYSTEM SET RECYCLEBIN='OFF' SCOPE=SPFILE; 
    ALTER SYSTEM SET REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE='EXCLUSIVE' SCOPE=SPFILE;
    ALTER SYSTEM SET SQL92_SECURITY=TRUE SCOPE=SPFILE; 
    ALTER SYSTEM SET OS_AUTHENT_PREFIX='' SCOPE=SPFILE;
    
  3. Restart Oracle Database.

    $ORACLE_HOME/bin/srvctl stop database -d db_name
    $ORACLE_HOME/bin/srvctl start database -d db_name
    

2.2.7 Set the Timeout Value for DVA (Optional)

Oracle Database Vault Administrator (DVA) is a browser-based graphical user interface console that you can use to manage Oracle Database Vault.

You can modify the length of time that DVA stays connected while inactive. By default, the connection duration is 35 minutes. Your session automatically gets expired after 35 minutes of inactivity.

To set the session time for Oracle Database Vault Administrator:

  1. Back up the web.xml file, which by default is in the $ORACLE_HOME/dv/jlib/dva_webapp/dva_webapp/WEB-INF directory.

  2. In a text editor, open the web.xml file .

  3. Search for the following setting:

    <session-config>
     <session-timeout>35</session-timeout>
    </session-config>
    
  4. Change the <session-timeout> setting to the amount of time in minutes that you prefer.

  5. Save and close the web.xml file.

  6. Stop and restart the DVA application.

    You can use the following command to restart DVA:

    emctl stop dbconsole
    emctl start dbconsole
    

2.2.8 Manually Deploy Oracle Database Vault Administrator (Special Cases)

If you have created an Oracle database manually, and have configured Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control by using Enterprise Manager Configuration Assistant, you must manually deploy Oracle Database Vault Administrator. This procedure deploys Database Vault Administrator in the same OC4J container as the current Enterprise Manager, rather than creating a new application.

This section contains:

2.2.8.1 Deploying Database Vault Administrator to a Standalone OC4J Container

You can manually deploy Database Vault Administrator to the Oracle Application Server Containers for J2EE (OC4J) home, which by default is in the $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home directory.

To manually deploy Database Vault Administrator:

  1. Edit the file $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home/config/server.xml. Enter the following line just before the last line that reads, </application-server>:

    <application name="dva" path="$ORACLE_HOME/dv/jlib/dva_webapp.ear" auto-start="true" />
    

    For example:

    <application name="dva" path="/u00/app/oracle/oracle/product/dv12/dv/jlib/dva_webapp.ear" auto-start="true" />
    
  2. Edit the file $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home/config/http-web-site.xml. Enter the following line just above the last line that reads, </web-site>:

    <web-app application="dva" name="dva_webapp" root="/dva" />
    
  3. Edit the file $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home/config/global-web-application.xml. Search for <servlet-class>oracle.jsp.runtimev2.JspServlet</servlet-class>. Uncomment the following lines after this:

    <init-param>
       <param-name>main_mode</param-name>
       <param-value>justrun</param-value>
    </init-param>
    
  4. Create the following directory:

    mkdir -p $ORACLE_HOME/dv/jlib/sysman/config
    
  5. Create the database connection configuration file, emoms.properties, in the configuration directory that you just created. Add the following lines to the file:

    oracle.sysman.emSDK.svlt.ConsoleMode=standalone
    oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepRAC=FALSE
    oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepDBName=oracle_sid
    oracle.system.eml.mntr.emdRepConnectDescriptor=TNS_connection_string
    

    Follow these instructions:

    • For an Oracle RAC environment, set oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepRAC to TRUE.

    • For oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepConnectDescriptor, you can use an alias from $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora. Alternatively, you can use the following syntax:

      oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepConnectDescriptor=
        (DESCRIPTION\=
          (ADDRESS_LIST\=(ADDRESS\=(PROTOCOL\=TCP) (HOST\=HOSTNAME)(PORT\=PORT))) 
          (CONNECT_DATA\=
             (SERVICE_NAME\=ORACLE_SID))
      
  6. Ensure that the correct environment variables are set.

    For example:

    ORACLE_SID=orcl
    export ORACLE_SID
    ORACLE_HOME=/u00/app/oracle/product/10.2/dv
    export ORACLE_HOME
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/jdbc/lib
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/jdk/bin:$PATH
    export PATH
    

    Ensure that you set the LD_LIBRARY_PATH variable to use the OCI-based JDBC libraries.

  7. Start OC4J using the following syntax:

    $ORACLE_HOME/jdk/bin/java -Djava.awt.headless=true -DEMDROOT=$ORACLE_HOME/dv/jlib -jar $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home/oc4j.jar -userThreads -config $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/home/config/server.xml
    

After you complete these steps, you can start Database Vault Administrator. The HTTP port defaults to 8888 for this environment. Use the following syntax for the URL:

http://hostname:8888/dva

2.2.8.2 Deploying Database Vault Administrator to the Database Console OC4J Container

To manually deploy Database Vault Administrator to the Database Console OC4J container:

  1. Stop Oracle Database Console.

    UNIX: Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/bin directory and run the following command:

    ./emctl stop dbconsole
    
  2. Create a backup copy and then open the $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_service_name/config/server.xml file.

  3. Add the following line before the </application-server> element:

    <application name="dva" path="$ORACLE_HOME/dv/jlib/dva_webapp.ear" parent="default" start="true" />
    

    On Windows systems, replace $ORACLE_HOME with the absolute path to your Oracle Database home.

  4. Create a backup copy and then open the $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_service_name/config/http-web-site.xml file.

  5. Add the following line before the </web-site> element:

    <web-app application="dva" name="dva_webapp" load-on-startup="true" root="/dva" shared="true"/>
    
  6. Restart Oracle Database Console.

    UNIX: Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/bin directory and run the following command:

    ./emctl start dbconsole
    

After you complete these steps, you can start Oracle Database Vault Administrator by using the following URL:

https://hostname:port/dva

For example:

https://myserver:1158/dva

If you are unsure of the port number, open the ORACLE_HOME/host_sid/sysman/config/emd.properties file and search for REPOSITORY_URL. In most cases, the host name and port number are the same as Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control.

2.3 Removing Oracle Database Vault

The following procedures uninstall Oracle Database Vault from an Oracle Database installation. They apply to both single-instance and Oracle RAC installations.

2.3.1 Step 1: Deconfigure Oracle Database Vault

  1. Disable Oracle Database Vault, as described under "Step 1: Disable Oracle Database Vault" in Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide.

  2. In SQL*Plus, connect as user SYS with the SYSDBA privilege.

    CONNECT SYS/AS SYSDBA
    Enter password: password
    
  3. Disable the recycle bin.

    To check if the recycle bin is enabled, enter the following command:

    SHOW PARAMETER RECYCLEBIN
    

    If it is enabled, then run the following SQL statement:

    ALTER SYSTEM SET RECYCLEBIN = OFF;
    

    Disabling the recycle bin does not purge or otherwise affect objects that are already in the recycle bin.

  4. Run the following SQL script:

    @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/dvremov.sql
    
  5. Manually drop the DV_OWNER and DV_ACCTMGR user accounts.

    For example:

    DROP USER dbv_owner CASCADE;
    DROP USER dbv_acctmgr CASCADE;
    
  6. Restart the database.

    For example:

    SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE
    STARTUP
    

2.3.2 Step 2: Deinstall Oracle Database Vault

  1. Start OUI by invoking runInstaller from the $ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin directory.

  2. In the Welcome window, select Deinstall Products.

  3. Navigate to the correct directory and then select Database Vault 10.2.0.5 from the list.

  4. In the confirmation window, select Yes.

  5. Exit OUI.

Afterward, you can double-check that Oracle Database Vault is truly deinstalled by logging in to SQL*Plus and entering the following statement:

SELECT * FROM V$OPTION WHERE PARAMETER = 'Oracle Database Vault';

If Oracle Database Vault is deinstalled, the following output appears:

PARAMETER                     VALUE
----------------------------- -----------------------
Oracle Database Vault         FALSE