Conditions can have several forms, as shown in the following syntax.
If you have installed Oracle Text, then you can create conditions with the built-in operators that are part of that product, including
MATCHES. For more information on these Oracle Text elements, please refer to Oracle Text Reference.
If you are using Oracle Expression Filter, then you can create conditions with the built-in
EVALUATE operator that is part of that product. For more information, please refer to Oracle Database Application Developer's Guide - Expression Filter.
The sections that follow describe the various forms of conditions. You must use appropriate condition syntax whenever
condition appears in SQL statements.
You can use a condition in the
WHERE clause of these statements:
You can use a condition in any of these clauses of the
Note:The combined values of the
NLS_SORTsettings determine the rules by which characters are sorted and compared. If
NLS_COMPis set to
LINGUISTICfor your database, then all entities in this chapter will be interpreted according to the rules specified by the
NLS_COMPis not set to
LINGUISTIC, then the functions are interpreted without regard to the
NLS_SORTcan be explicitly set. If it is not set explicitly, it is derived from
NLS_LANGUAGE. Please refer to Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for more information on these settings.
A condition could be said to be of a logical datatype, although Oracle Database does not formally support such a datatype.
The following simple condition always evaluates to
1 = 1
The following more complex condition adds the
salary value to the
commission_pct value (substituting the value 0 for null) and determines whether the sum is greater than the number constant 25000:
NVL(salary, 0) + NVL(salary + (salary*commission_pct, 0) > 25000)
Logical conditions can combine multiple conditions into a single condition. For example, you can use the
AND condition to combine two conditions:
(1 = 1) AND (5 < 7)
Here are some valid conditions:
name = 'SMITH' employees.department_id = departments.department_id hire_date > '01-JAN-88' job_id IN ('SA_MAN', 'SA_REP') salary BETWEEN 5000 AND 10000 commission_pct IS NULL AND salary = 2100
See Also:The description of each statement in Chapter 10 through Chapter 19 for the restrictions on the conditions in that statement
Precedence is the order in which Oracle Database evaluates different conditions in the same expression. When evaluating an expression containing multiple conditions, Oracle evaluates conditions with higher precedence before evaluating those with lower precedence. Oracle evaluates conditions with equal precedence from left to right within an expression.
Table 7-1 lists the levels of precedence among SQL condition from high to low. Conditions listed on the same line have the same precedence. As the table indicates, Oracle evaluates operators before conditions.
|Type of Condition||Purpose|
SQL operators are evaluated before SQL conditions
exponentiation, logical negation