Description of to_binary_double.gif follows
Description of the illustration to_binary_double.gif


TO_BINARY_DOUBLE returns a double-precision floating-point number.

  • expr can be a character string or a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE. If expr is BINARY_DOUBLE, then the function returns expr.

  • The optional 'fmt' and 'nlsparam' arguments are valid only if expr is a character string. They serve the same purpose as for the TO_CHAR (number) function.

    • The case-insensitive string 'INF' is converted to positive infinity.

    • The case-insensitive string '-INF' is converted to negative identity.

    • The case-insensitive string 'NaN' is converted to NaN (not a number).

You cannot use a floating-point number format element (F, f, D, or d) in a character string expr.

Conversions from character strings or NUMBER to BINARY_DOUBLE can be inexact, because the NUMBER and character types use decimal precision to represent the numeric value, and BINARY_DOUBLE uses binary precision.

Conversions from BINARY_FLOAT to BINARY_DOUBLE are exact.


The examples that follow are based on a table with three columns, each with a different numeric datatype:

CREATE TABLE float_point_demo
  (dec_num NUMBER(10,2), bin_double BINARY_DOUBLE, bin_float BINARY_FLOAT);

INSERT INTO float_point_demo
  VALUES (1234.56,1234.56,1234.56);

SELECT * FROM float_point_demo;

---------- ---------- ----------
   1234.56 1.235E+003 1.235E+003

The following example converts a value of datatype NUMBER to a value of datatype BINARY_DOUBLE:

SELECT dec_num, TO_BINARY_DOUBLE(dec_num)
  FROM float_point_demo;

---------- -------------------------
   1234.56                1.235E+003

The following example compares extracted dump information from the dec_num and bin_double columns:

SELECT DUMP(dec_num) "Decimal",
   DUMP(bin_double) "Double"
   FROM float_point_demo;

Decimal                     Double
--------------------------- ---------------------------------------------
Typ=2 Len=4: 194,13,35,57   Typ=101 Len=8: 192,147,74,61,112,163,215,10