Oracle® Application Server Forms and Reports Services Installation Guide
10g Release 2 (10.1.2) for Linux x86
This chapter contains the following topics:
The directory in which you install Forms and Reports Services is called the Oracle home. During installation, you must specify the full path to this directory and a name for this Oracle home.
For example, you can install Forms and Reports Services in
/opt/oracle/ and you can name it
If Forms and Reports Services is the first Oracle product to be installed on a computer, the installer displays a screen where you specify an "inventory" directory (also called the "oraInventory" directory). This inventory directory is used by the installer to keep track of all Oracle products installed on the computer.
The inventory directory is separate from the Oracle home directory for Forms and Reports Services.
To ensure that other users in the
oinstall group have access to the inventory directory (so that they can install Oracle products), do not use the
oracle user's home directory as the inventory directory because home directories might not have the proper permissions set up for the
oinstall group. Instead, you can put the inventory directory in the
/opt/oracle directory (for example,
If you have installed an Oracle product on the computer previously, the installer uses the existing inventory directory. Ensure that you have write permissions on that directory. The best way of ensuring this is to run the installer as the same operating system user who installed the existing Oracle products.
It is recommended that you create an operating system user to perform all tasks related to installation of Oracle products. See Section 3.7, "Operating System User".
By default, the installer installs Forms and Reports Services with text in English and in the operating system language. If you need to install additional languages, click Product Languages on the Available Product Components screen.
Note that you cannot install additional languages after installation. You must install additional languages only during installation. If you run Forms and Reports Services in an environment that uses a language you did not install, the user interface may display text in that language and in English, or it may display square boxes (caused by missing fonts) instead of text.
When you install Forms and Reports Services, an instance of Forms and Reports Services is created. The installer prompts you to provide a name for this new instance that you are installing. For example, you can name an instance
J2EE_1012. This name can be different from the Oracle home name. You cannot change this name after installation.
The Enterprise Manager appends the hostname and domain name to the given instance name to form a complete instance name. For example, if you are installing an instance on a computer named
c1, and you name the instance
frs1, then the full name of the instance is
frs1.c1.mydomain.com, assuming the domain name is
Instance names can consist only of the alphanumeric characters (
9) and the
_ (underscore) characters.
There is no maximum length restriction for instance names.
Instance names are important because Forms and Reports Services uses them to uniquely identify instances. This means that if you install multiple Forms and Reports Services instances on the same computer (for example, an OracleAS Infrastructure 10g and a J2EE and Web Cache instance), you must give them different names.
When you administer Forms and Reports Services using Oracle Enterprise Manager Application Server Control, the instance name appears on the screens. You can click the instance name to see details about the instance, such as the components that are installed in that instance, whether the components are running or stopped, and the log files for the components. The Application Server Control is a browser-based administration tool for Forms and Reports Services. See the Oracle Application Server Administrator's Guide for details about this administration tool.
The installer prompts you to specify a password for the
ias_admin user. The
ias_admin user is the administrative user for Forms and Reports Services instances. To manage Forms and Reports Services instances using Application Server Control, log on as
On a computer, you can install multiple Forms and Reports Services instances, each with its own unique instance name, but the name of the administrative user is
ias_admin for all instances. The password for the
ias_admin user can be different for each instance.
Each Forms and Reports Services instance has its own password. Even if you install multiple Forms and Reports Services instances on the same computer using the same operating system user, you have to enter a new password for each instance on the same computer.
Password for the ias_admin User
The password for the
ias_admin user must conform to the following password policy:
The minimum length is five alphanumeric characters.
At least one of the characters must be a number.
The password for the
ias_admin user has these restrictions:
Passwords must be shorter than 30 characters.
Passwords can contain only alphanumeric characters from your database character set, the underscore (
_), the dollar sign (
$), and the number sign (
Passwords must begin with an alphabetic character. Passwords cannot begin with a number, the underscore (
_), the dollar sign (
$), or the number sign (
Passwords cannot be Oracle reserved words. Appendix C in the Oracle9i SQL Reference guide lists the reserved words. You can find this guide on Oracle Technology Network (
http://www.oracle.com/technology). Alternatively, avoid using words that sound as though they may be reserved words.
You must remember the password because you need to enter it to perform the following task:
When you log on to Application Server Control to manage Forms and Reports Services, you log on as the
If you forget the password, you can reset it. See the Oracle Application Server Administrator's Guide for details.
The installer writes files to the following directories:
Table 4-1 Directories to Which the Installer Writes Files
Oracle home directory
Directory in which you install Oracle Application Server 10g Forms and Reports Services.
Directory that the installer uses to keep track of the Oracle products installed on the computer. In subsequent installations, the installer uses the same inventory directory.
Contains information on locations of Oracle homes on the computer.
If you installed Oracle Application Server on your computer, this directory also contains files that provide information for Oracle Enterprise Manager.
Writes files needed only during installation to a temporary directory. By default, the temporary directory is
At least once during installation, the installer prompts you to log in as the root user and run a script. You need to be the root user because the script edits files in the
If the script finds files of the same name, it prompts you if you want to override the existing files. You should back up these files (you can do this from another window), and then overwrite them.
The following lines show the prompts from the
root.sh script. The default values are enclosed in square brackets.
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)[n]: y Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ... The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)[n]: y Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ... The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)[n]: y Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
After running root.sh, you may see warnings that begin with "chmod: WARNING: Corresponding set-ID also disabled...". You may ignore these warnings.
On most Linux systems, the disk mounts automatically when you insert it into the disk drive. To mount the first disk, follow these steps:
Insert Oracle Application Server 10g Forms and Reports Services disk 1 into the disk drive.
To verify that the disk mounted automatically, enter the following command:
# ls /mnt/cdrom
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server:
# ls /media/cdrom
If the command in step 2 fails to display the contents of the disk, enter the following command:
# mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server:
# mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /media/cdrom
To start Oracle Universal Installer:
If your computer does not mount CD-ROMs or DVD-ROMs automatically, you need to set the mount point manually. See Section 4.8, "Setting the Mount Point for the CD-ROMor DVD-ROM".
Log in as the
If you are installing Forms and Reports Services on a multihomed computer, create the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable. Set this variable to point to the hostname of the computer on which you are installing Forms and Reports Services. For more information on installing on multihomed computers, see Section 3.10.2, "Installing on Multihomed (Multi-IP) Computers".
CD-ROM users: Insert Forms and Reports Services disk into the CD-ROM drive.
DVD-ROM users: Insert the Forms and Reports Services DVD-ROM into the DVD-ROM drive.
Run the Oracle Universal Installer using the
prompt> cd prompt> mount_point/forms_reports/runInstaller
prompt> cd prompt> dvd_mount_point/forms_reports/runInstaller
This starts Oracle Universal Installer, through which you can install Forms and Reports Services.