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Oracle® C++ Call Interface Programmer's Guide,
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28390-07
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Ref Class

The mapping in the C++ programming language of an SQL REF value, which is a reference to an SQL structured type value in the database.

Each REF value has a unique identifier of the object it refers to. An SQL REF value may be used in place of the SQL structured type it references; it may be used as either a column value in a table or an attribute value in a structured type.

Because an SQL REF value is a logical pointer to an SQL structured type, a Ref object is by default also a logical pointer; thus, retrieving an SQL REF value as a Ref object does not materialize the attributes of the structured type on the client.

The only methods valid on a NULL Ref object are isNull(), and operator=().

A Ref object can be saved to persistent storage and is de-referenced through operator*(), operator->() or ptr() methods. T must be a class derived from PObject. In the following sections, T* and PObject* are used interchangeably.

Table 13-34 Enumerated Values Used by Ref Class

Attribute Options
LockOptions
  • OCCI_LOCK_NONE clears the lock setting on the Ref object.

  • OCCI_LOCK_X indicates that the object should be locked, and to wait for the lock to be available if the object is locked by another session.

  • OCCI_LOCK_X_NOWAIT indicates that the object should be locked, and returns an error if it is locked by another session.

PrefetchOption
  • OCCI_MAX_PREFETCH_DEPTH indicates that the fetch should be done to maximum depth.

 

Table 13-35 Summary of Ref Methods

Method Summary

Ref()

Ref object constructor.

clear()

Clears the reference.

getConnection()

Returns the connection this ref was created from.

 

isClear()

Checks if the Ref is cleared.

isNull()

Checks if the Ref is NULL.

markDelete()

Marks the referred object as deleted.

operator->()

Dereferences the Ref and pins the object if necessary.

operator*()

Dereferences the Ref and pins or fetches the object if necessary.

operator==()

Checks if the Ref and the pointer refer to the same object.

operator!=()

Checks if the Ref and the pointer refer to different objects.

operator=()

Assignment operator.

ptr()

Returns a pointer to a PObject. Dereferences the Ref and pins or fetches the object if necessary.

setLock()

Sets the lock option for the object referred from this.

setNull()

Sets the Ref to NULL.

 

setPrefetch()

Sets the prefetch options for complex object retrieval.

unmarkDelete()

Unmarks for delete the object referred by this.



Ref()

Ref object constructor.

Syntax Description
Ref();
Creates a NULL Ref.
Ref(
   const Ref<T> &src);
Creates a copy of Ref.

Parameter Description
src
The Ref that is being copied.


clear()

This method clears the Ref object.

Syntax

void clear();

getConnection()

Returns the connection from which the Ref object was instantiated.

Syntax

const Connection *getConnection() const;

isClear()

This method checks if Ref object is cleared.

Syntax

bool isClear() const;

isNull()

This method tests whether the Ref object is NULL. If the Ref object is NULL, then TRUE is returned; otherwise, FALSE is returned.

Syntax

bool isNull() const;

markDelete()

This method marks the referenced object as deleted.

Syntax

void markDelete();

operator->()

This method dereferences the Ref object and pins, or fetches the referenced object if necessary. This might result in prefetching a graph of objects if prefetch attributes of the referenced object are set.

Syntax Description
T *operator->();
Dereferences and pins or fetches a non-const Ref object.
const T *operator->() const;
Dereferences and pins or fetches a const Ref object.


operator*()

This method dereferences the Ref object and pins or fetches the referenced object if necessary. This might result in prefetching a graph of objects if prefetch attributes of the referenced object are set. The object does not need to be deleted. Destructor would be automatically called when it goes out of scope.

Syntax Description
T& operator*();
Dereferences and pins or fetches a non-const Ref object.
const T& operator*() const;
Dereferences and pins or fetches a const Ref object.


operator==()

This method tests whether two Ref objects are referencing the same object. If the Ref objects are referencing the same object, then TRUE is returned; otherwise, FALSE is returned.

Syntax

bool operator == (
   const Ref<T> &ref) const;
Parameter Description
ref
The Ref object of the object to be compared.


operator!=()

This method tests whether two Ref objects are referencing the same object. If the Ref objects are not referencing the same object, then TRUE is returned; otherwise, FALSE is returned.

Syntax

bool operator!= (
   const Ref<T> &ref) const;
Parameter Description
ref
The Ref object of the object to be compared.


operator=()

Assigns the Ref or the object to a Ref. For the first case, the Refs are assigned and for the second case, the Ref is constructed from the object and then assigned.

Syntax Description
Ref<T>& operator=(
   const Ref<T> &src);
Assigns a Ref to a Ref.
Ref<T>& operator=(
   const T *)obj;
Assigns a Ref to an object.

Parameter Description
src
The source Ref object to be assigned.
obj
The source object pointer whose Ref object is to be assigned.


ptr()

Returns a pointer to a PObject. This operator dereferences the Ref and pins or fetches the object if necessary. This might result in prefetching a graph of objects if prefetch attributes of the Ref are set.

Syntax Description
T *ptr();
Returns a pointer of a non-const Ref object.
const T *ptr() const;
Returns a pointer of a const Ref object.


setLock()

This method specifies how the object should be locked when dereferenced.

Syntax

void setLock(lockOptions);
Argument Description
lockOptions
The lock options as defined by LockOptions in Table 13-34 .


setNull()

This method sets the Ref object to NULL.

Syntax

void setNull();

setPrefetch()

Sets the prefetching options for complex object retrieval. This method specifies depth up to which all objects reachable from this object through Refs (transitive closure) should be prefetched. If only selected attribute types are to be prefetched, then the first version of the method should be used. This method specifies which Ref attributes of the object it refers to should be followed for prefetching of the objects (complex object retrieval) and how many levels deep those links should be followed.

Syntax Description
void setPrefetch(
   const string &typeName,
   unsigned int depth);
Sets the prefetching options for complex object retrieval, using type name and depth.
void setPrefetch(
   unsigned int depth);
Sets the prefetching options for complex object retrieval, using depth only.
void setPrefetch(
   const string &schName,
   const string &typeName,
   unsigned int depth);
Sets the prefetching options for complex object retrieval, using schema, type name, and depth.
void setPrefetch(
   const UString &schName,
   const UString &typeName,
   unsigned int depth);
Sets the prefetching options for complex object retrieval, using schema, type name, and depth, and UString support.

Parameter Description
typeName
Type of the Ref attribute to be prefetched.
schName
Schema name of the Ref attribute to be prefetched.
depth
Depth level to which the links should be followed; can use PrefetchOption as defined in Table 13-34 .


unmarkDelete()

This method unmarks the referred object as dirty and available for deletion.

Syntax

void unmarkDelete();