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Oracle® Call Interface Programmer's Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28395-12
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C OCI Function Server Round Trips

This appendix provides information about server round trips incurred during various OCI calls. A server round-trip is defined as the trip from the client to the server and back to the client. This information can be useful to programmers when determining the most efficient way to accomplish a particular task in an application.

This appendix contains these topics:

Overview of Server Round Trips

This appendix provides information about server round trips incurred during various OCI calls. This information can be useful when determining the most efficient way to accomplish a particular task in an application.

Relational Function Round Trips

The number of server round trips required by OCI relational functions are listed in Table C-1:

Table C-1 Server Round Trips for Relational Operations

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCIBreak()

1

OCIDBShutdown()

1

OCIDBStartup()

1

OCIEnvCreate()

0

OCIEnvInit()

0

OCIErrorGet()

0

OCIInitialize()

0

OCILdaToSvcCtx()

0

OCILogoff()

1

OCILogon()

1

OCILogon2()

connection pool/session pool: same as OCISessionGet().

Normal: 2 (depends on authentication and TAF situation.

OCIPasswordChange()

1

OCIPing()

1

OCIReset()

0

OCIServerAttach()

1

OCIServerDetach()

1

OCIServerVersion()

1

OCISessionBegin()

1

OCISessionEnd()

1

OCISessionGet()

session pool: 0 - increment of logins. connection pool: 1 to (1+ (increment * logins)). Depends on cache hit: one for the user session, optional increment for primary sessions.

Normal: 1 login

OCISessionPoolCreate()

sessMin * logins

OCISessionPoolDestroy()

sessions in cache * logoffs

OCISessionRelease()

session pooling: 0, except when explicit session destroys flag set.

Normal: 1 login

OCISvcCtxToLda()

0

OCIStmtExecute()

1

OCIStmtFetch()

0 or 1

OCIStmtFetch2()

0 in pre-fetch, otherwise 1

OCIStmtGetPieceInfo()

1

OCIStmtPrepare()

0

OCIStmtSetPieceInfo()

0

OCITerminate()

1

OCITransCommit()

1

OCITransDetach()

1

OCITransForget()

1

OCITransPrepare()

1

OCItransRollback()

1

OCITransStart()

1

OCIUserCallbackGet()

0

OCIUserCallbackregister()

0


LOB Function Round Trips

Table C-2 lists the server round trips incurred by the OCILob calls.

Note:

To minimize the number of round trips, you can use the data interface for LOBs. You can bind or define character data for a CLOB column or RAW data for a BLOB column.

See Also:

For calls whose number of round trips is "0 or 1", if LOB buffering is on, and the request can be satisfied in the client, no round trips are incurred.

Table C-2 Server Round Trips for OCILob Calls

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCILobAppend()

1

OCILobArrayRead()

1

OCILobArraywrite()

1

OCILobAssign()

0

OCILobCharSetForm()

0

OCILobCharSetId()

0

OCILobClose()

1

OCILobCopy()

1

OCILobCopy2()

1

OCILobCreateTemporary()

1

OCILobDisableBuffering()

0

OCILobEnableBuffering()

0

OCILobErase()

1

OCILobErase2()

1

OCILobFileClose()

1

OCILobFileCloseAll()

1

OCILobFileExists()

1

OCILobFileGetName()

0

OCILobFileIsOpen()

1

OCILobFileOpen()

1

OCILobFileSetName()

0

OCILobFlushBuffer()

1 for each modified page in the buffer for this LOB

OCILobFreeTemporary()

1

OCILobGetChunkSize()

1

OCILobGetLength()

1

OCILobGetLength2()

1

OCILobGetStorageLimit()

1

OCILobIsEqual()

0

OCILobIsOpen()

1

OCILobIsTemporary()

0

OCILobLoadFromFile()

1

OCILobLoadFromFile2()

1

OCILobLocatorAssign()

1 round trip if either the source or the destination locator refers to a temporary LOB

OCILobLocatorIsInit()

0

OCILobOpen()

1

OCILobRead()

0 or 1

OCILobRead2()

0 or 1

OCILobTrim()

1

OCILobTrim2()

1

OCILobWrite()

0 or 1

OCILobWrite2()

0 or 1

OCILobWriteAppend()

0 or 1

OCILobWriteAppend2()

0 or 1


Object and Cache Function Round Trips

Table C-3 lists the number of server round trips required for the object and cache functions. These values assume the cache is in a warm state, meaning that the type descriptor objects required by the application have been loaded.

Table C-3 Server Round Trips for Object and Cache Functions

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCIObjectNew()

0

OCIObjectPin()

1; 0 if the desired object is already in cache

OCIObjectUnpin()

0

OCIObjectPinCountReset()

0

OCIObjectLock()

1

OCIObjectMarkUpdate()

0

OCIObjectUnmark()

0

OCIObjectUnmarkByRef()

0

OCIObjectFree()

0

OCIObjectMarkDelete()

0

OCIObjectMarkDeleteByRef()

0

OCIObjectFlush()

1

OCIObjectRefresh()

1

OCIObjectCopy()

0

OCIObjectGetTypeRef()

0

OCIObjectGetObjectRef()

0

OCIObjectGetInd()

0

OCIObjectExists()

0

OCIObjectIsLocked()

0

OCIObjectIsDirty()

0

OCIObjectPinTable()

1

OCIObjectArrayPin()

1

OCICacheFlush()

1

OCICacheRefresh()

1

OCICacheUnpin()

0

OCICacheFree()

0

OCICacheUnmark()

0


Describe Operation Round Trips

The number of server round trips required by OCIDescribeAny(), OCIAttrGet(), and OCIParamGet() are listed in Table C-4:

Table C-4 Server Round Trips for Describe Operations

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCIDescribeAny()

1 round trip to get the REF of the type descriptor object

OCIAttrGet()

2 round trips to describe a type if the type objects are not in the object cache

1 round trip for each collection element, or each type attribute, method, or method argument descriptor. 1 more round trip if using OCI_ATTR_TYPE_NAME, or OCI_ATTR_SCHEMA_NAME on the collection element, type attribute, or method argument.

0 if all the type objects to be described are already in the object cache following the first OCIAttrGet() call.

OCIParamGet()

0


Datatype Mapping and Manipulation Function Round Trips

The number of round trips for the datatype mapping and manipulation functions are listed in Table C-5. The asterisks in the table indicate that all functions with a particular prefix incur the same number of server round trips. For example, OCINumberAdd(), OCINumberPower(), and OCINumberFromText() all incur zero server round trips.

Table C-5 Server Round Trips for Datatype Manipulation Functions

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCINumber*()

0

OCIDate*()

0

OCIString*()

0

OCIRaw*()

0

OCIRef*()

0

OCIColl*()

0; 1 if the collection is not loaded in the cache

OCITable*()

0; 1 if the nested table is not loaded in the cache

OCIIter*()

0; 1 if the collection is not loaded in the cache


Any Type and Data Function Round Trips

The number of server round trips required by Any Type and Data functions are listed in Table C-6. The functions not listed do not generate any round trips.

Table C-6 Server Round Trips for Any Type and Data Functions

Function Number of Server Round Trips

OCIAnyDataAttrGet()

0; 1 if the type information is not loaded in the cache

OCIAnyDataAttrSet()

0; 1 if the type information is not loaded in the cache

OCIAnyDataCollGetElem()

0; 1 if the type information is not loaded in the cache


Other Local Functions

The functions listed in Table C-7 are local and do not require a server round trip:

Table C-7 Locally Processed Functions

Local Function Name Notes

OCIAttrGet()

When describing an object type, this call does make one round trip to fetch the type descriptor object.

OCIAttrSet()

 

OCIBindByName()

 

OCIBindByPos()

 

OCIBindDynamic()

 

OCIBindObject()

 

OCIBindArrayOfStruct()

 

OCIDefineByPos()

 

OCIDefineDynamic()

 

OCIDefineArrayOfStruct()

 

OCIDefineObject()

 

OCIDescriptorAlloc()

 

OCIDescriptorFree()

 

OCIEnvInit()

 

OCIEnvCreate()

 

OCIErrorGet()

 

OCIHandleAlloc()

 

OCIHandleFree()

 

OCILdaToSvcCtx()

 

OCISvcCtxToLda()

 

OCIStmtGetBindInfo()

 

OCIStmtPrepare()

 

OCIStmtRelease()

 

OCIStmtGetBindInfo()

 

OCIStmtPrepare2()