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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28419-03
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15 DBMS_ADDM

The DBMS_ADDM package facilitates the use of Advisor functionality regarding the Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor.

See Also:

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_ADDM


Security Model

The DBMS_ADDM package runs with the caller's permission, not the definer's, and then applies the security constraints required by the DBMS_ADVISOR package.

See Also:

The DBMS_ADVISOR package for more information about "Security Model".

Summary of DBMS_ADDM Subprograms

Table 15-1 DBMS_ADDM Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ANALYZE_DB Procedure

Creates an ADDM task for analyzing in database analysis mode and executes it

ANALYZE_INST Procedure

Creates an ADDM task for analyzing in instance analysis mode and executes it.

ANALYZE_PARTIAL Procedure

Creates an ADDM task for analyzing a subset of instances in partial analysis mode and executes it

DELETE Procedure

Deletes an already created ADDM task (of any kind)

DELETE_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Deletes a finding directive

DELETE_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Deletes a parameter directive

DELETE_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Deletes a segment directive

DELETE_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Deletes a SQL directive

GET_REPORT Function

Retrieves the default text report of an executed ADDM task

INSERT_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Creates a directive to limit reporting of a specific finding type.

INSERT_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Creates a directive to prevent ADDM from creating actions to alter the value of a specific system parameter

INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Creates a directive to prevent ADDM from creating actions to "run Segment Advisor" for specific segments

INSERT_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure

Creates a directive to limit reporting of actions on specific SQL



ANALYZE_DB Procedure

This procedure creates an ADDM task for analyzing in database analysis mode and executes it.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_DB (
   task_name           IN OUT VARCHAR2,
   begin_snapshot      IN     NUMBER,
   end_snapshot        IN     NUMBER,
   db_id               IN     NUMBER := NULL);

Parameters

Table 15-2 ANALYZE_DB Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task to be created

begin_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that starts the analysis period

end_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that ends the analysis period

db_id

Database ID for the database you to analyze. By default, this is the database currently connected


Return Values

The name of the created task is returned in the task_name parameter. It may be different from the value that is given as input (only in cases that name is already used by another task).

Examples

To create an ADDM task in database analysis mode and execute it, with its name in variable tname:

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  :tname := 'my_database_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_DB(:tname, 1, 2);
END

To see a report:

SET LONG 100000
SET PAGESIZE 50000
SELECT DBMS_ADDM.GET_REPORT(:tname) FROM DUAL;

Note that the return type of a report is a CLOB, formatted to fit line size of 80.


ANALYZE_INST Procedure

This procedure creates an ADDM task for analyzing in instance analysis mode and executes it.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST (
   task_name           IN OUT VARCHAR2,
   begin_snapshot      IN     NUMBER,
   end_snapshot        IN     NUMBER,
   instance_number     IN     NUMBER := NULL,
   db_id               IN     NUMBER := NULL);

Parameters

Table 15-3 ANALYZE_INST Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task to be created

begin_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that starts the analysis period

end_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that ends the analysis period

instance_number

Number of the instance to analyze. By default it is the instance currently connected

db_id

Database ID for the database you to analyze. By default, this is the database currently connected


Return Values

The name of the created task is returned in the task_name parameter. It may be different from the value that is given as input (only in cases that name is already used by another task).

Usage Notes

On single instance systems (i.e., not using RAC) the resulting task is identical to using the ANALYZE_DB procedure.

Examples

To create an ADDM task in instance analysis mode and execute it, with its name in variable tname:

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  :tname := 'my_instance_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST(:tname, 1, 2);
END

To see a report:

SET LONG 100000
SET PAGESIZE 50000
SELECT DBMS_ADDM.GET_REPORT(:tname) FROM DUAL;

Note that the return type of a report is a CLOB, formatted to fit line size of 80.


ANALYZE_PARTIAL Procedure

This procedure creates an ADDM task for analyzing a subset of instances in partial analysis mode and executes it.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_PARTIAL (
   task_name           IN OUT VARCHAR2,
   instance_numbers    IN     VARCHAR2,
   begin_snapshot      IN     NUMBER,
   end_snapshot        IN     NUMBER,
   db_id               IN     NUMBER := NULL);

Parameters

Table 15-4 ANALYZE_PARTIAL Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task to be created

instance_numbers

Comma separated list of instance numbers to analyze

begin_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that starts the analysis period

end_snapshot

Number of the snapshot that ends the analysis period

db_id

Database ID for the database you to analyze. By default, this is the database currently connected


Return Values

The name of the created task is returned in the task_name parameter. It may be different from the value that is given as input (only in cases that name is already used by another task).

Examples

To create an ADDM task in partial analysis mode and execute it, with its name in variable tname:

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  :tname := 'my_partial_analysis_modetask';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_PARTIAL(:tname, '1,2,3', 1, 2);
END

To see a report:

SET LONG 100000
SET PAGESIZE 50000
SELECT DBMS_ADDM.GET_REPORT(:tname) FROM DUAL;

Note that the return type of a report is a CLOB, formatted to fit line size of 80.


DELETE Procedure

This procedure deletes an already created ADDM task (of any kind). For database analysis mode and partial analysis mode this will delete the local tasks associated with the main task.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.DELETE (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-5 DELETE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task to be deleted


Examples

BEGIN
  DBMS_ADDM.DELETE ('my_partial_analysis_mode_task');
END

DELETE_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure deletes a finding directive.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.DELETE_FINDING_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name            IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-6 DELETE_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it is a system directive.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.



DELETE_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure deletes a parameter directive. This removes a specific system directive for parameters. Subsequent ADDM tasks will not be affected by this directive.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.DELETE_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name            IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-7 DELETE_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it is a system directive.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.


Examples

BEGIN
   DBMS_ADDM.DELETE_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE (NULL,'my Parameter directive'); 
END;

DELETE_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure deletes a segment directive.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.DELETE_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name            IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-8 DELETE_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it is a system directive.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.



DELETE_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure deletes a SQL directive.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.DELETE_SQL_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name            IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-9 DELETE_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it is a system directive.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.



GET_REPORT Function

This function retrieves the default text report of an executed ADDM task.

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.GET_REPORT (
   task_name           IN VARCHAR2
  RETURN CLOB);

Parameters

Table 15-10 GET_REPORT Function Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task to be reported on


Examples

Set long 1000000
Set pagesize 50000
SELECT DBMS_ADDM.GET_REPORT('my_partial_analysis_mode_task') FROM DUAL;

INSERT_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure creates a directive to limit reporting of a specific finding type. The directive can be created for a specific task (only when the task is in INITIAL status), or for all subsequently created ADDM tasks (such as a system directive).

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_FINDING_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name             IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name              IN VARCHAR2,
   finding_name          IN VARCHAR2,
   min_active_sessions   IN NUMBER := 0,
   min_perc_impact       IN NUMBER := 0); 

Parameters

Table 15-11 INSERT_FINDING_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it applies to all subsequently created ADDM Tasks.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.

finding_name

Name of an ADDM finding to which this directive applies. All valid findings names appear in the NAME column of view DBA_ADVISOR_FINDING_NAMES.

min_active_sessions

Minimal number of active sessions for the finding. If a finding has less than this number, it is filtered from the ADDM result.

min_perc_impact

Minimal number for the "percent impact" of the finding relative to total database time in the analysis period. If the finding's impact is less than this number, it is filtered from the ADDM result.


Examples

A new ADDM task is created to analyze a local instance. However, it has special treatment for 'Undersized SGA' findings. The result of GET_REPORT will only show an 'Undersized SGA' finding if the finding is responsible for at least 2 average active sessions during the analysis period, and this constitutes at least 10% of the total database time during that period.

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_FINDING_DIRECTIVE(
   NULL, 
   'Undersized SGA directive',
   'Undersized SGA', 
   2, 
   10); 
  :tname := 'my_instance_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST(:tname, 1, 2);
END;

To see a report containing 'Undersized SGA' findings regardless of the directive:

SELECT DBMS_ADVISOR.GET_TASK_REPORT(:tname, 'TEXT', 'ALL') FROM DUAL;

INSERT_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure creates a directive to prevent ADDM from creating actions to alter the value of a specific system parameter. The directive can be created for a specific task (only when the task is in INITIAL status), or for all subsequently created ADDM tasks (such as a system directive).

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name             IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name              IN VARCHAR2,
   parameter_name        IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 15-12 INSERT_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it applies to all subsequently created ADDM Tasks.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.

parameter_name

Specifies the parameter to use. Valid parameter names appear in V$PARAMETER.


Examples

A new ADDM task is created to analyze a local instance. However, it has special treatment for all actions that recommend modifying the parameter 'sga_target'. The result of GET_REPORT will not show actions these actions.

var tname varchar2(60);
BEGIN
  DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_PARAMETER_DIRECTIVE(
   NULL,
   'my Parameter directive',
   'sga_target'); 
  :tname := 'my_instance_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST(:tname, 1, 2);
END;

To see a report containing all actions regardless of the directive:

SELECT DBMS_ADVISOR.GET_TASK_REPORT(:tname, 'TEXT', 'ALL') FROM DUAL;

INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure creates a directive to prevent ADDM from creating actions to "run Segment Advisor" for specific segments. The directive can be created for a specific task (only when the task is in INITIAL status), or for all subsequently created ADDM tasks (such as a system directive).

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name             IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name              IN VARCHAR2,
   owner_name            IN VARCHAR2,
   object_name           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   sub_object_name       IN VARCHAR2 := NULL);
   
DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name             IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name              IN VARCHAR2,
   object_number         IN NUMBER);

Parameters

Table 15-13 INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it applies to all subsequently created ADDM Tasks.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.

owner_name

Specifies the owner of the segment/s to be filtered. A wildcard is allowed in the same syntax used for "like" constraints.

object_name

Name of the main object to be filtered. Again, wildcards are allowed. The default value of NULL is equivalent to a value of '%'.

sub_object_name

Name of the part of the main object to be filtered. This could be a partition name, or even sub partitions (separated by a '.').Again, wildcards are allowed. The default value of NULL is equivalent to a value of '%'.

object_number

Object number of the SEGMENT that this directive is to filter, found in views DBA_OBJECTS or DBA_SEGMENTS


Examples

A new ADDM task is created to analyze a local instance. However, it has special treatment for all segments that belong to user SCOTT. The result of GET_REPORT will not show actions for running Segment advisor for segments that belong to SCOTT.

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_SEGMENT_DIRECTIVE(NULL,
                                     'my Segment directive',
                                     'SCOTT'); 
  :tname := 'my_instance_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST(:tname, 1, 2);
END;

To see a report containing all actions regardless of the directive:

SELECT DBMS_ADVISOR.GET_TASK_REPORT(:tname, 'TEXT', 'ALL') FROM DUAL;

INSERT_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure

This procedure creates a directive to limit reporting of actions on specific SQL. The directive can be created for a specific task (only when the task is in INITIAL status), or for all subsequently created ADDM tasks (such as a system directive).

Syntax

DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_SQL_DIRECTIVE (
   task_name             IN VARCHAR2,
   dir_name              IN VARCHAR2,
   sql_id                IN VARCHAR2,
   min_active_sessions   IN NUMBER := 0,
   min_response_time     IN NUMBER := 0); 

Parameters

Table 15-14 INSERT_SQL_DIRECTIVE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

task_name

Name of the task this directive applies to. If the value is NULL, it applies to all subsequently created ADDM Tasks.

dir_name

Name of the directive. All directives must be given unique names.

sql_id

Identifies which SQL statement to filter. A valid value contains exactly 13 characters from '0' to '9' and 'a' to 'z'.

min_active_sessions

Minimal number of active sessions for the SQL. If a SQL action has less than this number, it is filtered from the ADDM result.

min_response_time

Minimal value for response time of the SQL (in microseconds). If the SQL had lower response time, it is filtered from the ADDM result.


Examples

A new ADDM task is created to analyze a local instance. However, it has special treatment for SQL with id 'abcd123456789'. The result of GET_REPORT will only show actions for that SQL (actions to tune the SQL, or to investigate application using it) if the SQL is responsible for at least 2 average active sessions during the analysis period, and the average response time was at least 1 second.

var tname VARCHAR2(60);
BEGIN
  DBMS_ADDM.INSERT_SQL_DIRECTIVE(
      NULL,
      'my SQL directive',
      'abcd123456789',
      2,
      1000000); 
  :tname := 'my_instance_analysis_mode_task';
  DBMS_ADDM.ANALYZE_INST(:tname, 1, 2);
END;

To see a report containing all actions regardless of the directive:

SELECT DBMS_ADVISOR.GET_TASK_REPORT(:tname, 'TEXT', 'ALL') FROM DUAL;