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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

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121 DBMS_SPM

The DBMS_SPM package supports the SQL plan management feature by providing an interface for the DBA or other user to perform controlled manipulation of plan history and SQL plan baselines maintained for various SQL statements.

See Also:

For more information about "Using SQL Plan Management" in the Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_SPM


Security Model

The package is owned by SYS. The EXECUTE package privilege is required to execute its procedures. Any user granted the ADMINISTER SQL MANAGEMENT OBJECT privilege is able to execute the DBMS_SPM package.


Summary of DBMS_SPM Subprograms

This table list the package subprograms in alphabetical order.

Table 121-1 DBMS_SPM Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ALTER_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

Changes an attribute of a single plan or all plans associated with a SQL statement using the attribute name/value format

CONFIGURE Procedure

Sets configuration options for SQL management base, in parameter/value format

CREATE_STGTAB_BASELINE Procedure

Creates a staging table that will be used for the purpose of transporting SQL plan baselines from one system to another

DROP_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

drops a single plan, or all plans associated with a SQL statement

EVOLVE_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

Evolves SQL plan baselines associated with one or more SQL statements

LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE Functions

Loads one or more plans present in the cursor cache for a SQL statement

LOAD_PLANS_FROM_SQLSET Function

Loads plans stored in a SQL tuning set (STS) into SQL plan baselines

PACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function

Packs (exports) SQL plan baselines from SQL management base into a staging table

UNPACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function

Unpacks (imports) SQL plan baselines from a staging table into SQL management base



ALTER_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

This function changes an attribute of a single plan or all plans associated with a SQL statement using the attribute name/value format.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.ALTER_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE (
   sql_handle        IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   plan_name         IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   attribute_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   attribute_value   IN VARCHAR2)
 RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

Parameters

Table 121-2 ALTER_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

sql_handle

SQL statement handle. It identifies plans associated with a SQL statement for an attribute change. If NULL then plan_name must be specified.

plan_name

Plan name. It identifies a specific plan. Default NULL means set the attribute for all plans associated with a SQL statement identified by sql_handle. If NULL then sql_handle must be specified.

attribute_name

Name of plan attribute to set (see table below).

attribute_value

Value of plan attribute to use (see table below)


Table 121-3 Names & Values for ALTER_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function Parameters

Name Description Possible Values

enabled

'YES' means the plan is available for use by the optimizer. It may or may not be used depending on accepted status.

'YES' or 'NO'

fixed

'YES' means the SQL plan baseline is not evolved over time. A fixed plan takes precedence over a non-fixed plan.

'YES' or 'NO'

autopurge

'YES' means the plan is purged if it is not used for a time period. 'NO' means it is never purged.

'YES' or 'NO'

plan_name

Name of the plan

String of up to 30-characters

description

Plan description.

String of up to 500-characters


Return Values

The number of plans altered.

Usage Notes

When a single plan is specified, one of various statuses, or plan name, or description can be altered. When all plans for a SQL statement are specified, one of various statuses, or description can be altered. This function can be called numerous times, each time setting a different plan attribute of same plan(s) or different plan(s).


CONFIGURE Procedure

This procedure sets configuration options for SQL management base, in parameter/value format. This function can be called numerous times, each time setting a different configuration option.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.CONFIGURE (
   parameter_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   parameter_value   IN NUMBER);

Parameters

Table 121-4 CONFIGURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

parameter_name

Name of parameter to set (see table below)

parameter_value

Value of parameter to use (see table below)


Table 121-5 Names & Values for CONFIGURE Procedure Parameters

Name Description Possible Values Default Value

space_budget_percent

Maximum percent of SYSAUX space that can be used for SQL management base

1,2, …, 50

10

plan_retention_weeks

Number of weeks to retain unused plans before they are purged

5,6, …, 523

53


Usage Notes


CREATE_STGTAB_BASELINE Procedure

This procedure creates a staging table that will be used for the purpose of transporting SQL plan baselines from one system to another.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.CREATE_STGTAB_BASELINE (
   table_name        IN VARCHAR2,
   table_owner       IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   tablespace_name   IN VARCHAR2 := NULL);

Parameters

Table 121-6 CREATE_STGTAB_BASELINE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of staging table to create for the purpose of packing and unpacking SQL plan baselines

table_owner

Name of owner of the staging table. Default NULL means current schema is the table owner.

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace. Default NULL means create staging table in the default tablespace.


Usage Notes

The creation of staging table is the first step. To migrate SQL plan baselines from one system to another, the user/DBA has to perform a series of steps as follows:

  1. Create a staging table in the source system

  2. Select SQL plan baselines in the source system and pack them into the staging table

  3. Export staging table into a flat file using Oracle EXP utility or Data Pump

  4. Transfer flat file to the target system

  5. Import staging table from the flat file using Oracle IMP utility or Data Pump

  6. Select SQL plan baselines from the staging table and unpack them into the target system


DROP_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

This function drops a single plan, or all plans associated with a SQL statement.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.DROP_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE (
   sql_handle     IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   plan_name      IN VARCHAR2 := NULL)
RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

Parameters

Table 121-7 DROP_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

sql_handle

SQL statement handle. It identifies plans associated with a SQL statement that are to be dropped. If NULL then plan_name must be specified.

plan_name

Plan name. It identifies a specific plan. Default NULL means to drop all plans associated with the SQL statement identified by sql_handle.


Return Values

The number of plans dropped


EVOLVE_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function

This function evolves SQL plan baselines associated with one or more SQL statements. A SQL plan baseline is evolved when one or more of its non-accepted plans is changed to an accepted plan or plans. If interrogated by the user (parameter verify = 'YES'), the execution performance of each non-accepted plan is compared against the performance of a plan chosen from the associated SQL plan baseline. If the non-accepted plan performance is found to be better than SQL plan baseline performance, the non-accepted plan is changed to an accepted plan provided such action is permitted by the user (parameter commit = 'YES').

The second form of the function employs a plan list format.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.EVOLVE_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE (
   sql_handle   IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   plan_name    IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   time_limit   IN INTEGER  := DBMS_SPM.AUTO_LIMIT,
   verify       IN VARCHAR2 := 'YES',
   commit       IN VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
  RETURN CLOB;

DBMS_SPM.EVOLVE_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE (
   plan_list    IN DBMS_SPM.NAME_LIST,
   time_limit   IN INTEGER  := DBMS_SPM.AUTO_LIMIT,
   verify       IN VARCHAR2 := 'YES',
   commit       IN VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
  RETURN CLOB;

Parameters

Table 121-8 EVOLVE_SQL_PLAN_BASELINE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

sql_handle

SQL statement identifier. Unless plan_name is specified, NULL means to consider all statements with non-accepted plans in their SQL plan baselines.

plan_name

Plan identifier. Default NULL means to consider all non- accepted plans in the SQL plan baseline of either the identified SQL statement or all SQL statements if sql_handle is NULL.

plan_list

A list of plan names. Each plan in the list can belong to same or different SQL statement.

time_limit

Time limit in number of minutes. This applies only if verify = 'YES'. The time limit is global and it is used as follows: The time limit for first non-accepted plan verification is set equal to the input value; the time limit for second non-accepted plan verification is set equal to (input value - time spent in first plan verification); and so on.

  • DBMS_SPM.AUTO_LIMIT (Default) lets the system choose an appropriate time limit based on the number of plan verifications required to be done.

  • DBMS_SPM.NO_LIMIT means there is no time limit.

  • A positive integer value represents a user specified time limit.

verify

Specifies whether to execute the plans and compare the performance before changing non-accepted plans into accepted plans. A performance verification involves executing a non-accepted plan and a plan chosen from corresponding SQL plan baseline and comparing their performance statistics. If non-accepted plan shows performance improvement, it is changed to an accepted plan.

  • 'YES' (Default) will verify that a non-accepted plan gives better performance before changing it to an accepted plan.

  • 'NO' means not to execute plans but only to change non-accepted plans into accepted plans.

commit

Specifies whether to update the ACCEPTED status of non-accepted plans from 'NO' to 'YES'.

  • 'YES' (Default) - perform updates of qualifying non-accepted plans and generate a report that shows the updates and the result of performance verification when verify = 'YES'.

  • 'NO' - generate a report without any updates. Note that commit = 'NO' together with verify = 'NO' represents a no-op.


Return Values

A CLOB containing a formatted text report showing non-accepted plans in sequence, each with a possible change of its ACCEPTED status, and if verify = 'YES' the result of their performance verification.

Usage Notes

Invoking this subprogram requires the ADMINISTER SQL MANAGEMENT OBJECT privilege.


LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE Functions

This function loads one or more plans present in the cursor cache for a SQL statement, or a set of SQL statements. It has four overloads: using SQL statement text, using SQL handle, using SQL ID, or using attribute_name and attribute_value pair.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE (
   sql_id            IN  VARCHAR2,
   plan_hash_value   IN  NUMBER   := NULL,
   sql_text          IN  CLOB,
   fixed             IN  VARCHAR2 := 'NO',
   enabled           IN  VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
 RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

DBMS_SPM.LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE (
   sql_id            IN  VARCHAR2,
   plan_hash_value   IN  NUMBER   := NULL,
   sql_handle        IN  VARCHAR2,
   fixed             IN  VARCHAR2 := 'NO',
   enabled           IN  VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
 RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

DBMS_SPM.LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE (
   sql_id            IN  VARCHAR2,
   plan_hash_value   IN  NUMBER   := NULL,
   fixed             IN  VARCHAR2 := 'NO',
   enabled           IN  VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
 RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

DBMS_SPM.LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE (
   attribute_name   IN VARCHAR2,
   attribute_value  IN VARCHAR2,
   fixed            IN VARCHAR2 := 'NO',
   enabled          IN VARCHAR2 := 'YES')
  RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

Parameters

Table 121-9 LOAD_PLANS_FROM_CURSOR_CACHE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

sql_id

SQL statement identifier. Identifies a SQL statement in the cursor cache. Note: In the third overload the text of identified SQL statement is extracted from cursor cache and it is used to identify the SQL plan baseline into which the plan(s) will be loaded. If the SQL plan baseline doesn't exist it is created.

plan_hash_value

Plan identifier. Default NULL means capture all plans present in the cursor cache for the SQL statement identified by SQL_ID.

sql_text

SQL text to use in identifying the SQL plan baseline into which the plans are loaded. If the SQL plan baseline does not exist, it is created. The use of text is crucial when the user tunes a SQL statement by adding hints to its text and then wants to load the resulting plan(s) into the SQL plan baseline of the original SQL statement.

sql_handle

SQL handle to use in identifying the SQL plan baseline into which the plans are loaded. The sql_handle must denote an existing SQL plan baseline. The use of handle is crucial when the user tunes a SQL statement by adding hints to its text and then wants to load the resulting plan(s) into the SQL plan baseline of the original SQL statement.

fixed

Default 'NO' means the loaded plans will be used as 'non-fixed' plans. Value 'YES' means the loaded plans will be used as 'fixed' plans and the SQL plan baseline will not be evolved over time.

attribute_name

One of possible attribute names:

  • SQL_TEXT''

  • 'PARSING_SCHEMA_NAME'

  • 'MODULE'

  • 'ACTION'

attribute_value

Attribute value is used as a search pattern of LIKE predicate if attribute name is 'SQL_TEXT'. Otherwise, it is used as an equality search value. (for example, for specifying attribute_name => 'SQL_TEXT', and attribute_value => '% HR-123 %' means applying SQL_TEXT LIKE '% HR-123 %' as a selection filter. Similarly, specifying attribute_name => 'MODULE', and attribute_value => 'HR' means applying MODULE = 'HR' as a plan selection filter). The attribute value is upper-cased except when it is enclosed in double quotes or attribute name is 'SQL_TEXT'.

enabled

Default 'YES' means the loaded plans are enabled for use by the optimizer


Return Values

Number of plans loaded

Usage Notes

Invoking this subprogram requires the ADMINISTER SQL MANAGEMENT OBJECT privilege.


LOAD_PLANS_FROM_SQLSET Function

This function loads plans stored in a SQL tuning set (STS) into SQL plan baselines. The plans loaded from STS are not verified for performance but added as accepted plans to existing or new SQL plan baselines. This procedure can be used to seed SQL management base with new SQL plan baselines.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.LOAD_PLANS_FROM_SQLSET (
   sqlset_name      IN  VARCHAR2,
   sqlset_owner     IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   basic_filter     IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   fixed            IN  VARCHAR2 := 'NO',
   enabled          IN  VARCHAR2 := 'YES'
   commit_rows      IN  NUMBER   := 1000)
RETURN PLS_INTEGER;

Parameters

Table 121-10 LOAD_PLANS_FROM_SQLSET Function Parameters

Parameter Description

sqlset_name

Name of the STS from where the plans are loaded into SQL plan baselines

sqlset_owner

Owner of STS. NULL means current schema is the owner.

basic_filter

A filter applied to the STS to select only qualifying plans to be loaded. The filter can take the form of any WHERE clause predicate that can specified against the view DBA_SQLSET_STATEMENTS. For example basic_filter => 'sql_text like ''select /*LOAD_STS*/%''' or basic_filter => 'sql_id="b62q7nc33gzwx"'.

fixed

Default 'NO' means the loaded plans will be used as 'non-fixed' plans. Value 'YES' means the loaded plans will be used as 'fixed' plans and the SQL plan baseline will not be evolved over time.

enabled

Default 'YES' means the loaded plans are enabled for use by the optimizer

commit_rows

Number of SQL plans to load before doing a periodic commit. This helps to shorten the undo log.


Return Values

The number of plans loaded

Usage Notes


PACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function

This function packs (exports) SQL plan baselines from SQL management base into a staging table.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.PACK_STGTAB_BASELINE (
   table_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   table_owner      IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   sql_handle       IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   plan_name        IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   sql_text         IN CLOB     := NULL,
   creator          IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,   origin           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   enabled          IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   accepted         IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   fixed            IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   module           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   action           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL)
RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 121-11 PACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of staging table into which SQL plan baselines will be packed (case insensitive unless double quoted)

table_owner

Name of staging table owner.Default NULL means current schema is the table owner

sql_handle

SQL handle (case sensitive)

plan_name

Plan name (case sensitive, % wildcards accepted)

sql_text

SQL text string (case sensitive, % wildcards accepted)

creator

Creator of SQL plan baseline (case insensitive unless double quoted)

origin

Origin of SQL plan baseline, should be 'MANUAL-LOAD', 'AUTO-CAPTURE', 'MANUAL_SQLTUNE' or 'AUTO-SQLTUNE' (case insensitive)

enabled

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

accepted

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

fixed

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

module

Module (case sensitive)

action

Action (case sensitive)


Return Values

Number of SQL plan baselines packed


UNPACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function

This function unpacks (imports) SQL plan baselines from a staging table into SQL management base.

Syntax

DBMS_SPM.UNPACK_STGTAB_BASELINE (
   table_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   table_owner      IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   sql_handle       IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   plan_name        IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   sql_text         IN CLOB     := NULL,
   creator          IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,   origin           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   enabled          IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   accepted         IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   fixed            IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   module           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   action           IN VARCHAR2 := NULL)
RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 121-12 UNPACK_STGTAB_BASELINE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of staging table from which SQL plan baselines will be unpacked (case insensitive unless double quoted)

table_owner

Name of staging table owner.Default NULL means current schema is the table owner

sql_handle

SQL handle (case sensitive)

plan_name

Plan name (case sensitive, % wildcards accepted)

sql_text

SQL text string (case sensitive, % wildcards accepted)

creator

Creator of SQL plan baseline (case insensitive unless double quoted)

origin

Origin of SQL plan baseline, should be 'MANUAL-LOAD', 'AUTO-CAPTURE','MANUAL_SQLTUNE' or 'AUTO-SQLTUNE' (case insensitive)

enabled

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

accepted

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

fixed

Must be 'YES' or 'NO' (case insensitive)

module

Module (case sensitive)

action

Action (case sensitive)


Return Values

Number of plans unpacked