129 DBMS_STREAMS

The DBMS_STREAMS package, one of a set of Oracle Streams packages, provides subprograms to convert ANYDATA objects into logical change record (LCR) objects, to return information about Oracle Streams attributes and Oracle Streams clients, and to annotate redo entries generated by a session with a binary tag. This tag affects the behavior of a capture process, a propagation, or an apply process whose rules include specifications for these binary tags in redo entries or LCRs.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration and Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about this package and Oracle Streams

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_STREAMS

This section contains topics which relate to using the DBMS_STREAMS package.


Security Model

User group PUBLIC is granted EXECUTE privilege on this package.

See Also:

Oracle Database Security Guide for more information about user group PUBLIC

Summary of DBMS_STREAMS Subprograms

Table 129-1 DBMS_STREAMS Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

COMPATIBLE_11_1 Function

Returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_11_1 constant

COMPATIBLE_10_2 Function

Returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_2 constant

COMPATIBLE_10_1 Function

Returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_1 constant

COMPATIBLE_9_2 Function

Returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_9_2 constant

CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_DDL Function

Converts a ANYDATA object to a SYS.LCR$_DDL_RECORD object

CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_ROW Function

Converts a ANYDATA object to a SYS.LCR$_ROW_RECORD object

CONVERT_LCR_TO_XML Function

Converts a logical change record (LCR) encapsulated in a ANYDATA object into an XML object that conforms to the XML schema for LCRs

CONVERT_XML_TO_LCR Function

Converts an XML object that conforms to the XML schema for LCRs into a logical change record (LCR) encapsulated in a ANYDATA object

GET_INFORMATION Function

Returns information about various Oracle Streams attributes

GET_STREAMS_NAME Function

Returns the name of the invoker

GET_STREAMS_TYPE Function

Returns the type of the invoker

GET_TAG Function

Gets the binary tag for all redo entries generated by the current session

SET_TAG Procedure

Sets the binary tag for all redo entries subsequently generated by the current session


Note:

The subprograms in this package do not commit.

COMPATIBLE_11_1 Function

This function returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_11_1 constant.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_11_1
RETURN INTEGER;

Usage Notes

You can use this function with the GET_COMPATIBLE member function for logical change records (LCRs) to specify behavior based on compatibility.

The constant value returned by this function corresponds to 11.1.0 compatibility in a database. You control the compatibility of an Oracle database using the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter.

See Also:


COMPATIBLE_10_2 Function

This function returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_2 constant.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_2
RETURN INTEGER;

Usage Notes

You can use this function with the GET_COMPATIBLE member function for logical change records (LCRs) to specify behavior based on compatibility.

The constant value returned by this function corresponds to 10.2.0 compatibility in a database. You control the compatibility of an Oracle database using the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter.

See Also:


COMPATIBLE_10_1 Function

This function returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_1 constant.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_10_1
RETURN INTEGER;

Usage Notes

You can use this function with the GET_COMPATIBLE member function for logical change records (LCRs) to specify behavior based on compatibility.

The constant value returned by this function corresponds to 10.1.0 compatibility in a database. You control the compatibility of an Oracle database using the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter.

See Also:


COMPATIBLE_9_2 Function

This function returns the DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_9_2 constant.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.COMPATIBLE_9_2
RETURN INTEGER;

Usage Notes

You can use this function with the GET_COMPATIBLE member function for logical change records (LCRs) to specify behavior based on compatibility.

The constant value returned by this function corresponds to 9.2.0 compatibility in a database. You control the compatibility of an Oracle database using the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter.

See Also:


CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_DDL Function

This function converts a ANYDATA object into a SYS.LCR$_DDL_RECORD object.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_DDL(
   source  IN  ANYDATA) 
RETURN SYS.LCR$_DDL_RECORD;

Parameters

Table 129-2 CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_DDL Function Parameters

Parameter Description

source

The ANYDATA object to be converted. If this object is not a DDL logical change record (DDL LCR), then the function raises an exception.


Usage Notes

You can use this function in a transformation created by the CREATE_TRANSFORMATION procedure in the DBMS_TRANSFORM package. Use the transformation you create when you add a subscriber for propagation of DDL LCRs from a ANYDATA queue to a SYS.LCR$_DDL_RECORD typed queue.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about this function

CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_ROW Function

This function converts a ANYDATA object into a SYS.LCR$_ROW_RECORD object.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_ROW(
   source  IN  ANYDATA) 
RETURN SYS.LCR$_ROW_RECORD;

Parameters

Table 129-3 CONVERT_ANYDATA_TO_LCR_ROW Function Parameters

Parameter Description

source

The ANYDATA object to be converted. If this object is not a row logical change record (row LCR), then the function raises an exception.


Usage Notes

You can use this function in a transformation created by the CREATE_TRANSFORMATION procedure in the DBMS_TRANSFORM package. Use the transformation you create when you add a subscriber for propagation of row LCRs from a ANYDATA queue to a SYS.LCR$_ROW_RECORD typed queue.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about this function

CONVERT_LCR_TO_XML Function

This function converts a logical change record (LCR) encapsulated in a ANYDATA object into an XML object that conforms to the XML schema for LCRs. The LCR can be a row LCR or a DDL LCR.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the XML schema for LCRs

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.CONVERT_LCR_TO_XML(
   anylcr  IN  ANYDATA) 
RETURN SYS.XMLTYPE;

Parameters

Table 129-4 CONVERT_LCR_TO_XML Function Parameters

Parameter Description

anylcr

The ANYDATA encapsulated LCR to be converted. If this object is not a ANYDATA encapsulated LCR, then the function raises an exception.



CONVERT_XML_TO_LCR Function

This function converts an XML object that conforms to the XML schema for logical change records (LCRs) into an LCR encapsulated in a ANYDATA object. The LCR can be a row or DDL LCR.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the XML schema for LCRs

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.CONVERT_XML_TO_LCR(
   xmldat  IN  SYS.XMLTYPE) 
RETURN ANYDATA;

Parameters

Table 129-5 CONVERT_XML_TO_LCR Function Parameters

Parameter Description

xmldat

The XML LCR object to be converted. If this object does not conform to XML schema for LCRs, then the function raises an exception.



GET_INFORMATION Function

This function returns information about various Oracle Streams attributes.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.GET_INFORMATION(
   name  IN  VARCHAR2) 
RETURN ANYDATA;

Parameters

Table 129-6 GET_INFORMATION Function Parameters

Parameter Description

name

The type of information you want to retrieve. Currently, the following names are available:

  • SENDER: Returns the name of the sender for the current logical change record (LCR) from its AQ message properties. This function is called inside an apply handler. An apply handler is a DML handler, a DDL handler, an error handler, or a message handler. Returns NULL if called outside of an apply handler. The return value is to be interpreted as a VARCHAR2.

  • CONSTRAINT_NAME: Returns the name of the constraint that was violated for an LCR that raised an error. This function is called inside a DML handler or error handler for an apply process. Returns NULL if called outside of a DML handler or error handler. The return value is to be interpreted as a VARCHAR2.



GET_STREAMS_NAME Function

This function gets the Oracle Streams name of the invoker if the invoker is one of the following Oracle Streams types:

  • CAPTURE

  • APPLY

  • ERROR_EXECUTION

If the invoker is not one of these types, then this function returns a NULL.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.GET_STREAMS_NAME
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Usage Notes

You can use this function in rule conditions, rule-based transformations, apply handlers, and error handlers. For example, if you use one error handler for multiple apply processes, then you can use the GET_STREAMS_NAME function to determine the name of the apply process that raised the error.


GET_STREAMS_TYPE Function

This function gets the Oracle Streams type of the invoker and returns one of the following types:

  • CAPTURE

  • APPLY

  • ERROR_EXECUTION

If the invoker is not one of these types, then this function returns a NULL.

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.GET_STREAMS_TYPE
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Usage Notes

This function can be used in rule conditions, rule-based transformations, apply handlers, and error handlers. For example, you can use the GET_STREAMS_TYPE function to instruct a DML handler to operate differently if it is processing messages from the error queue (ERROR_EXECUTION type) instead of the apply process queue (APPLY type).


GET_TAG Function

This function gets the binary tag for all redo entries generated by the current session.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about tags

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.GET_TAG
RETURN RAW;

Examples

The following example illustrates how to display the current logical change record (LCR) tag as output:

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
DECLARE
   raw_tag RAW(2000);
BEGIN
   raw_tag := DBMS_STREAMS.GET_TAG();
   DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Tag Value = ' || RAWTOHEX(raw_tag));
END;
/

You can also display the value by querying the DUAL view:

SELECT DBMS_STREAMS.GET_TAG FROM DUAL; 

SET_TAG Procedure

This procedure sets the binary tag for all redo entries subsequently generated by the current session. Each redo entry generated by DML or DDL statements in the current session will have this tag. This procedure affects only the current session.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about tags

Syntax

DBMS_STREAMS.SET_TAG(
   tag  IN RAW  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 129-7 SET_TAG Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tag

The binary tag for all subsequent redo entries generated by the current session. A raw value is a sequence of bytes, and a byte is a sequence of bits.

By default, the tag for a session is NULL.

The size limit for a tag value is 2000 bytes.


Usage Notes

To set the tag to the hexadecimal value of '17' in the current session, run the following procedure:

EXEC DBMS_STREAMS.SET_TAG(tag => HEXTORAW('17'));

The following are considerations for the SET_TAG procedure:

  • This procedure is not transactional. That is, the effects of SET_TAG cannot be rolled back.

  • If the SET_TAG procedure is run to set a non-NULL session tag before a data dictionary build has been performed on the database, then the redo entries for a transaction that started before the dictionary build might not include the specified tag value for the session. Therefore, perform a data dictionary build before using the SET_TAG procedure in a session. A data dictionary build happens when the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD procedure is run. The BUILD procedure can be run automatically when a capture process is created.

See Also:

BUILD Procedure