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Oracle® Database Backup and Recovery Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28273-03
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fileNameConversionSpec

Purpose

Use the fileNameConversionSpec subclause to specify one or more patterns to be used in generating new filenames based on old filenames. Used with BACKUP, CONVERT, and DUPLICATE as one way of generating output filenames.

Usage Notes

The rules for string patterns and how they affect file naming are the same as those for the initialization parameter DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT. In parentheses, provide an even number of string patterns.

When RMAN generates a new filename based on an old one, it compares the original filename to the first member of each pair of string patterns. The first time that RMAN finds a pattern that is a substring of the original filename, RMAN generates the new filename by substituting the second member of the pair for the substring that matched.

The pattern does not have to match at the beginning of the filename. The following command creates an image copy of datafile /disk1/dbs/users.dbf as /disk1/newdbs/users.dbf:

BACKUP AS COPY TABLESPACE users
    DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('dbs','newdbs');

When multiple possible matches exist for a given filename being converted, RMAN uses the first match in the list of patterns to generate the new filename. The following command has the same effect as the previous example because the pattern dbs matches the filename, so that the filename is never compared to the second pattern /disk1:

BACKUP AS COPY TABLESPACE users
    DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('dbs','newdbs','/disk1','/newdisk');

For the CONVERT TABLESPACE, CONVERT DATABASE, and BACKUP AS COPY commands, if the source files for these operations are Oracle-managed files, then you cannot use fileNameConversionSpec to convert the source filenames into new output filenames. For Oracle-managed files, either in Automated Storage Management (ASM) or in ordinary file system storage, the database must be allowed to generate the filenames for the output files. For example, an OMF filename for a datafile in non-ASM storage might be of the following form:

/private/boston/datafile/01_mf_system_ab12554_.dbf

An OMF filename in ASM storage might be of the following form:

+DISK/boston/datafile/system.256.4543080

Only the database can generate and manage OMF filenames. Typically, substituting the name of a different disk group or a different OMF location into an OMF filename does not produce a valid filename in the new destination. To convert OMF filenames for storage in another OMF location, use an alternative such as a FORMAT clause with these commands to specify the new output location and allow the database to manage the specific output filenames.

Syntax

fileNameConversionSpec::=

Description of filenameconversionspec.gif follows
Description of the illustration filenameconversionspec.gif

Semantics

Syntax Element Description
string_pattern Specifies pairs of strings used to convert the filenames. You can use as many pairs of primary and standby replacement strings as required. For example, you could set the string pattern to a value such as:

DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('str1','str2','str3', 'str4' ...)

In this example, str1 is a pattern matching the original filename, str2 is the pattern replacing str1 in the generated filename, str3 is a pattern matching the original filename, and str4 is the pattern replacing str3 in the generated filename.


Examples

Example 3-17 Using DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT with a Single Conversion Pair

In this example, the tablespace users contains datafiles in directory /disk1/oradata/prod/, whereas tablespace tools contains datafiles in /disk1/oradata/prod/. For each datafile to be converted, if disk1/oradata/prod is a substring of the datafile name, then the image copy name is created by replacing the string with disk2.

BACKUP AS COPY    DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('disk1/oradata/prod','disk2')
  TABLESPACE users, tools;

Example 3-18 Using DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT with Multiple Conversion Pairs

This example creates image copies of the same datafiles described in Example 3-17. The first string in each pair specifies a pattern to match in the name of the source datafiles. The second string in each pair is the substitution pattern to use when generating the names of the image copies.

BACKUP AS COPY 
    DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT=('/disk1/oradata/prod/users','/disk2/users',
                          '/disk1/oradata/prod/tools','/tmp/tools')
    TABLESPACE tools, users;

The following sample output for this command demonstrates how RMAN uses the conversion pairs to name the output image copies:

Starting backup at 08-MAR-07
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00027 name=/disk1/oradata/prod/tools01.dbf
output file name=/tmp/tools01.dbf tag=TAG20070308T143300 RECID=33 STAMP=616689181
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00028 name=/disk1/oradata/prod/users01.dbf
output file name=/disk2/users01.dbf tag=TAG20070308T143300 RECID=34 STAMP=616689182
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 08-MAR-07
 
Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 08-MAR-07
piece handle=/disk2/PROD/autobackup/2007_03_08/o1_mf_s_616689184_2z13s1kx_.bkp comment=NONE
Finished Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 08-MAR-07