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Oracle® Clusterware Installation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1) for Solaris Operating System

B28262-08
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Index

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X 

Numerics

64-bit
checking system architecture, 2.5

A

architecture
checking system architecture, 2.5
ASM
and multiple databases, 3.2.1.3
characteristics of failure groups, 5.5.1
checking disk availability, 5.6.3
creating the asmdba group, 3.2.2.4
disk groups, 5.5.1
displaying attached disks, 5.6.3
failure groups, 5.5.1
examples, 5.5.1
identifying, 5.5.1
identifying available disks, 5.6.3
identifying disks, 5.6.3
number of instances on each node, 1.12, 5.1.1
OSDBA group for ASM, 3.2.1.3
recommendations for disk groups, 5.5.1
space required for preconfigured database, 5.5.1
storage option for data files, 5.1.2
asm group
creating, 3.2.2.3
asmdba group
creating, 3.2.2.4
authorized problem analysis report
See APAR
Automatic Storage Management
storage option for data files, 4.1.1.2

B

Bourne shell
default user startup file, 2.13.3
setting shell limits, 2.13.4

C

C shell
default user startup file, 2.13.3
setting shell limits, 2.13.4
Central Inventory, 3.2.1.1
about, 2.4.1
See also oraInventory
changing host names, 6.1
checking existence of the nobody user, 3.1.2.1, 3.2.2.7
chmod command, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
chown command, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
cluster configuration file, 6.3.2
cluster file system
single-instance storage option for data files, 4.1.1.2
storage option for data files, 4.1.1.2, 5.1.2
cluster name
requirements for, 6.2
cluster nodes
private node names, 6.2
public node names, 6.2
specifying uids and gids, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
virtual node names, 6.2
Cluster Ready Services
upgrading, 6.2
Cluster Synchronization Services, 6.2
Cluster Verification Utility
hardware and operating system setup stage verification, 2.16.2, 5.8
Oracle Clusterware configuration check, 6.1
shared storage area check, 4.1.2, 5.2
user equivalency troubleshooting, 6.1.1
clusterware diagnostics, A.4
COBOL, 2.7.1
commands
chmod, 5.4.7
chown, 5.4.7
fdisk, 5.6.3, 5.6.3
groupadd, 3.2.2.8
id, 3.1.2.1, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.7, 3.2.2.8
lsdev, 5.6.3
mkdir, 5.4.7
passwd, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
umask, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
useradd, 2.4.5.2, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.5.2, 3.2.2.6, 3.2.2.8
usermod, 3.2.2.5.3
configuring kernel parameters, 2.10
control files
raw devices for, 5.6.2
creating partitions, 5.6.3
CRS
raw device for OCR, 4.3.1
CSS, 6.2
OCCSD, 6.2
custom database
failure groups for ASM, 5.5.1
requirements when using ASM, 5.5.1
Custom installation type
reasons for choosing, 3.2.1.2

D

data files
creating separate directories for, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
setting permissions on data file directories, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
single-instance database storage options, 4.1.1.2
storage options, 4.1.1.2, 5.1.2
data loss
minimizing with ASM, 5.5.1
database files
supported storage options, 5.1.2
databases
ASM requirements, 5.5.1
dba group
and SYSDBA privilege, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
creating, 3.2.2.1, 3.2.2.1, 3.2.2.3, 3.2.2.4
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
default file mode creation mask
setting, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
device names
IDE disks, 5.6.3
SCSI disks, 5.6.3
df command, 2.13.3
diagnostics, A.4
Direct NFS
disabling, 5.4.5
enabling, 5.4.4
for datafiles, 5.4.3
directory
creating separate data file directories, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
permission for data file directories, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
disk group
ASM, 5.5.1
recommendations for ASM disk groups, 5.5.1
disk space
checking, 2.5
requirements for preconfigured database in ASM, 5.5.1
disks
checking availability for ASM, 5.6.3
displaying attached disks, 5.6.3
raw voting disk, 4.3.1
DISPLAY environment variable
setting, 2.13.3
displaying attached disks, 5.6.3

E

emulator
installing from X emulator, 2.2
environment
configuring for oracle user, 2.13
environment variables
DISPLAY, 2.13.3
removing from shell startup file, 2.13.3
SHELL, 2.13.3
TEMP and TMPDIR, 2.5, 2.13.3
error
X11 forwarding, 2.12.4
errors
X11 forwarding, 2.12.3
/etc/security/limits.so file, 2.13.4
/etc/system file, 2.10.1
EXAMPLE tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2
examples
ASM failure groups, 5.5.1
external jobs
UNIX user required for, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
extjob executable
UNIX user required for, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1

F

failover
of single-instance databases using Oracle Clusterware, 4.1.1.2
failure group
ASM, 5.5.1
characteristics of ASM failure group, 5.5.1
examples of ASM failure groups, 5.5.1
fdisk command, 5.6.3, 5.6.3
features, new, Preface
file mode creation mask
setting, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
file system
storage option for data files, 4.1.1.2, 5.1.2
storage option for single instance data files, 4.1.1.2
files
$ORACLE_HOME/lib/libnfsodm10.so, 5.4.4
$ORACLE_HOME/lib/libodm10.so, 5.4.4
control files
raw devices for, 5.6.2
editing shell startup file, 2.13.3
/etc/security/limits.so, 2.13.4
/etc/system, 2.10.1
.login, 2.13.3
password file
raw devices for, 5.6.2
.profile, 2.13.3
redo log files
raw devices for, 5.6.2
SPFILE
raw devices for, 5.6.2
SPFILE file
raw devices for, 5.6.2
filesets, 2.7
FORTRAN, 2.7.1

G

gcc
required for ODBC, 2.7.1
getconf command, 2.5
gid
identifying existing, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
globalization
support for, 6.2
group IDs
identifying existing, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
groups
checking for existing oinstall group, 2.4.3, 2.4.3
creating identical groups on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8, 3.2.2.8
creating the asm group, 3.2.2.3, 3.2.2.3
creating the asmdba group, 3.2.2.4, 3.2.2.4
creating the dba group, 3.2.2.1, 3.2.2.1
creating the oinstall group, 2.4.1, 2.4.1
creating the oper group, 3.2.2.2, 3.2.2.2
specifying when creating users, 3.1.2.3, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8, 3.2.2.8
UNIX OSDBA group (dba), 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
UNIX OSOPER group (oper), 3.2.1.2
using NIS, 3.1, 3.1.2.3, 3.2, 3.2.2.8

H

hangcheck timer
replaced by OPROCD, Preface
hardware requirements, 2.5
host names
changing, 6.1

I

id command, 3.1.2.1, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.7, 3.2.2.8
IDE disk device names, 5.6.3
IDE disks
device names, 5.6.3
identifying disks for ASM, 5.6.3
installation
and globalization, 6.2
using cluster configuration file, 6.3.2
installation types
and ASM, 5.5.1
instfix command, 2.9.1
interconnect
and UDP, 4.2.2
intermittent hangs
and socket files, 6.4
isainfo command, 2.5

J

Java
font package requirements for Solaris, 2.7.1
JDK
font packages required on Solaris, 2.7.1
JDK requirements, 2.7

K

kernel parameters, 2.10
checking on Solaris, 2.10.1, 2.10.1
making changes persist on Solaris, 2.10.1
Korn shell
default user startup file, 2.13.3
setting shell limits, 2.13.4
ksh
See Korn shell

L

libnfsodm10.so, 5.4.4
libodm10.so, 5.4.4
limits.so file, 2.13.4
.login file, 2.13.3
lsdev command, 5.6.3
LVM
recommendations for ASM, 5.5.1

M

mask
setting default file mode creation mask, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
maxuprc
shell limit on Solaris, 2.13.4
memory requirements, 2.5
mkdir command, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
mode
setting default file mode creation mask, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
multiple databases
and ASM, 3.2.1.3
multiple oracle homes, 2.4.5, 4.2.4, 5.4.7

N

Network Information Services
See NIS
new features, Preface
NFS, 4.2.3, 5.4.6
and data files, 5.4.2
and Oracle Clusterware files, 5.4.1
buffer size parameters, 4.2.3
buffer size parameters for, 5.4.6
Direct NFS, 5.4.3
for datafiles, 5.4.2
rsize, 4.2.3, 5.4.6
NIS
alternative to local users and groups, 3.1, 3.1.2, 3.2, 3.2.2
nobody user
checking existence of, 3.1.2.1, 3.2.2.7
description, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
noexec_user_stack, 2.10.1

O

OCCSD, 6.2
OCR
mirroring, 4.2.1
raw device for, 4.3.1
OCR. See Oracle Cluster Registry
ODBC
driver for, 2.7.1
oinstall
and oraInst.loc, 2.4.3
oinstall group
checking for existing, 2.4.3
creating, 2.4.1
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 2.3
olsnodes command, A.4
oper group
and SYSOPER privilege, 3.2.1.2
creating, 3.2.2.2, 3.2.2.2
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 3.2.1.2
operating system
checking version of Solaris, 2.8
operating system requirements, 2.7
Oracle base directory
minimum disk space for, 2.5
Oracle Cluster Registry
configuration of, 6.2
mirroring, 5.4.1
partition sizes, 4.2.1
See OCR
Oracle Clusterware
and single-instance databases, 4.1.1.2
and upgrading ASM instances, 1.12, 5.1.1
installing, 6
installing with Oracle Universal Installer, 6.3
raw device for voting disk, 4.3.1
rolling upgrade of, 6.2
upgrading, 4.2.1
Oracle Database
creating data file directories, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
data file storage options, 4.1.1.2, 5.1.2
privileged groups, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
requirements with ASM, 5.5.1
single instance data file storage options, 4.1.1.2
supported storage options for, 5.1.1
Oracle Disk Manager
and Direct NFS, 5.4.4
Oracle Inventory Group
and Central Inventory (oraInventory), 2.4.1
Oracle Inventory group
checking for existing, 2.4.3
creating, 2.4.1, 2.4.4
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 2.3
Oracle Notification Server Configuration Assistant, 6.3.1
Oracle patch updates, 7.1.2
Oracle Private Interconnect Configuration Assistant, 6.3.1
Oracle RAC
configuring disks for raw devices, 5.6.2
Oracle Real Application Clusters
shared storage device setup, 5.6.1
Oracle Software Owner user
configuring environment for, 2.13
creating, 2.4.5, 2.4.5.1, 3.2.2.5, 3.2.2.5.1
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
determining default shell, 2.13.3
required group membership, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
setting shell limits for, 2.13.4
Oracle Universal Installer
and Oracle Clusterware, 6.3
Oracle Upgrade Companion, 2.1
oracle user
configuring environment for, 2.13
creating, 2.4.5, 2.4.5.1, 2.4.5.2, 3.2.2.5, 3.2.2.5.1, 3.2.2.5.2
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
determining default shell, 2.13.3
required group membership, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
setting shell limits for, 2.13.4
ORACLE_BASE environment variable
removing from shell startup file, 2.13.3
ORACLE_HOME environment variable
removing from shell startup file, 2.13.3
ORACLE_SID environment variable
removing from shell startup file, 2.13.3
OracleMetaLink, 7.1.2
oraInst.loc
and Central Inventory, 2.4.3
contents of, 2.4.3
oraInventory, 3.2.1.1
creating, 2.4.4
permissions for, 2.4.6
oraInventory directory
and Oracle Inventory Group, 2.4.1
permissions for, 2.4.3
OSASM
and multiple databases, 3.2.1.3
and SYSASM, 3.2.1.3
OSASM group
creating, 3.2.2.3
OSDBA group
and SYSDBA privilege, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
creating, 3.2.2.1
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
for ASM, 3.2.1.3
OSDBA group for ASM
creating, 3.2.2.4
OSOPER group
and SYSOPER privilege, 3.2.1.2
creating, 3.2.2.2
creating on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
description, 3.2.1.2
OUI
see Oracle Universal Installer

P

packages
checking on Solaris, 2.8
parameters
UDP and interconnect, 4.2.2
partition
using with ASM, 5.5.1
partitions
creating, 5.6.2, 5.6.3
creating raw partitions, 4.3.1
required sizes for raw devices, 4.3.1
passwd command, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
password file
raw devices for, 5.6.2
patch updates
download, 7.1.2
install, 7.1.2
OracleMetaLink, 7.1.2
patchadd command, 2.9.1
patches
download location for Solaris, 2.9.1
PC X server
installing from, 2.2
permissions
for data file directories, 4.2.4, 5.4.7
oraInventory, 2.4.6
oraInventory directory, 2.4.3
physical RAM requirements, 2.5
pkginfo command, 2.8
postinstallation
patch download and install, 7.1.2
root.sh back up, 7.2.1
preconfigured database
ASM disk space requirements, 5.5.1
requirements when using ASM, 5.5.1
preinstallation
shared storage device creation, 5.6.1
privileged groups
for Oracle Database, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
Pro*C/C++
patches required on Solaris, 2.9.1
Pro*COBOL, 2.7.1
Pro*FORTRAN, 2.7.1
process.max-sem-nsems
recommended value for Solaris, 2.10.2
processor
checking system architecture, 2.5
.profile file, 2.13.3
program technical fix
See PTF
programming language
for Oracle RAC databases, 2.7.1
project.max-sem-ids
recommended value for Solaris, 2.10.2
project.max-shm-ids
recommended value for Solaris, 2.10.2
project.max-shm-memory
recommended value for Solaris, 2.10.2

R

RAID
and mirroring OCR and voting disk, 4.2.1
and mirroring Oracle Cluster Registry and voting disk, 5.4.1
kernel packages for, 2.7.1
recommended ASM redundancy level, 5.5.1
RAM requirements, 2.5
raw device
for OCR, 4.3.1
for SPFILE, 5.6.2
for SPFILE file, 5.6.2
for voting disk, 4.3.1
raw device sizes, 4.3.1
raw devices
creating partitions, 5.6.3
creating partitions on, 5.6.2
creating raw partitions, 4.3.1
for control files, 5.6.2
for EXAMPLE tablespace, 5.6.2
for password file, 5.6.2
for redo log files, 5.6.2
for SYSAUX tablespace, 5.6.2
for SYSTEM tablespace, 5.6.2
for TEMP tablespace, 5.6.2
for UNDOTBS tablespace, 5.6.2
for USER tablespace, 5.6.2
required sizes, 4.3.1
storage option for data files, 4.1.1.2, 5.1.2
Real Application Clusters
See Oracle Real Application Clusters
reboot command, 2.10.1
recovery files
supported storage options, 5.1.2
redo log files
raw devices for, 5.6.2
redundancy level
and space requirements for preconfigured database, 5.5.1
requirements, 5.5.1
hardware, 2.5
resource control
process.max-sem-nsems, 2.10.2
project.max-sem-ids, 2.10.2
project.max-shm-ids, 2.10.2
project.max-shm-memory, 2.10.2
rlim_fd_max
shell limit on Solaris, 2.13.4
rolling upgrade
Oracle Clusterware, 6.2
root user
logging in as, 2.2
root.sh, 6.3.1
back up, 7.2.1
running, 6.2
rsize parameter, 4.2.3, 5.4.6

S

scripts
root.sh, 6.2
SCSI disks
device names, 5.6.3
security
dividing ownership of Oracle software, 3.2
seminfo_semmni parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
seminfo_semmns parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
seminfo_semmsl parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
seminfo_semvmx parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
semmni parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
semmns parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
semmsl parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
semvmx parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
setting shell limits, 2.13.4
shared storage devices
configuring for datafiles, 5.6
shell
determining default shell for oracle user, 2.13.3
SHELL environment variable
checking value of, 2.13.3
shell limits, 2.13.4
setting on Solaris, 2.13.4
shell startup file
editing, 2.13.3
removing environment variables, 2.13.3
shminfo_shmmax parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
shminfo_shmmni parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
shmmax parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
shmmni parameter
recommended value on Solaris, 2.10.1
software requirements, 2.7
checking software requirements, 2.8
Solaris
checking kernel parameters, 2.10.1, 2.10.1
checking version, 2.8
font packages for Java, 2.7.1
making kernel parameter changes persist, 2.10.1
patch download location, 2.9.1
setting shell limits, 2.13.4
Sun Cluster requirement, 2.7.1
SPFILE
raw devices for, 5.6.2, 5.6.2
SSH
home directory permissions and, 2.12.2.1
ssh
and X11 Forwarding, 2.12.4
Standard Edition Oracle Database
supported storage options for, 5.1.1
startup file
for shell, 2.13.3
storage
NFS, 4.2.3, 4.2.4
SAN, 4.2.4
storage options
for Enterprise Edition installations, 5.1.1
for Standard Edition installations, 5.1.1
Sun Cluster
patches required on Solaris, 2.9.1
requirement on Solaris, 2.7.1
supported storage options, 5.1.2, 5.1.2
swap space
requirements, 2.5
SYSASM
and OSASM, 3.2.1.3
SYSAUX tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2
SYSDBA
using database SYSDBA on ASM deprecated, 3.2.1.3
SYSDBA privilege
associated UNIX group, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
sysdef command, 2.10.1, 2.10.1
SYSOPER privilege
associated UNIX group, 3.2.1.2
system architecture
checking, 2.5
system file, 2.10.1
SYSTEM tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2

T

tcsh shell
setting shell limits, 2.13.4
TEMP environment variable, 2.5
setting, 2.13.3
TEMP tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2
temporary directory, 2.5
temporary disk space
checking, 2.5
freeing, 2.5
requirements, 2.5
/tmp directory
checking space in, 2.5
freeing space in, 2.5
TMPDIR environment variable, 2.5
setting, 2.13.3
troubleshooting
intermittent hangs, 6.4
user equivalency, 6.1.1

U

UDP, 4.2.2
UDP parameter
udp_recv_hiwat, 4.2.2
udp_xmit_hiwat, 4.2.2
udp_recv_hiwat
recommended setting for, 4.2.2
udp_xmit_hiwat
recommended setting for, 4.2.2
uid
identifying existing, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
umask command, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 3.5
uname command, 2.8
UNDOTBS tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2
UNIX commands
chmod, 4.2.4
chown, 4.2.4
getconf, 2.5
instfix, 2.9.1
isainfo, 2.5
mkdir, 4.2.4
patchadd, 2.9.1
pkginfo, 2.8
reboot, 2.10.1
swap, 2.5
swapon, 2.5
sysdef, 2.10.1, 2.10.1
uname, 2.8
xhost, 2.2
xterm, 2.2
UNIX groups
oinstall, 2.3
OSDBA (dba), 3.1.1, 3.2.1.2
OSOPER (oper), 3.2.1.2
required for oracle user, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
using NIS, 3.1.2, 3.2.2
UNIX users
nobody, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
oracle, 2.3, 3.2.1.1
required for external jobs, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
unprivileged user, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
using NIS, 3.1.2, 3.2.2
UNIX workstation
installing from, 2.2
unprivileged user
nobody user, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
upgrade
of Cluster Ready Services, 6.2
of Oracle Clusterware, 6.2
upgrades, 2.1
upgrading
and existing ASM instances, 1.12, 5.1.1
and OCR partition sizes, 4.2.1
and voting disk partition sizes, 4.2.1
user equivalence
testing, 6.1.1
user IDs
identifying existing, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
specifying on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8
USER tablespace
raw devices for, 5.6.2
useradd command, 2.4.5.2, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.5.2, 3.2.2.6, 3.2.2.8
users
checking existence of the nobody user, 3.1.2.1, 3.1.2.1, 3.2.2.7, 3.2.2.7
creating identical users on other nodes, 3.1.2.3, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8, 3.2.2.8
creating the oracle user, 2.4.5, 2.4.5, 2.4.5.1, 2.4.5.1, 3.2.2.5, 3.2.2.5, 3.2.2.5.1, 3.2.2.5.1
Oracle Software Owner user (oracle), 2.3, 3.2.1.1
setting shell limits for, 2.13.4
setting shell limits for users, 2.13.4
specifying groups when creating, 3.1.2.3, 3.1.2.3, 3.2.2.8, 3.2.2.8
UNIX nobody user, 3.1.1, 3.2.1.1
using NIS, 3.1, 3.1.2.3, 3.2, 3.2.2.8

V

voting disk
configuration of, 6.2
mirroring, 4.2.1, 5.4.1
raw device for, 4.3.1
voting disks, 4.1.1.2
partition sizes, 4.2.1
requirement of absolute majority of, 4.1.1.2

W

wsize, 4.2.3, 5.4.6
wsize parameter, 4.2.3, 5.4.6

X

X emulator
installing from, 2.2
X window system
enabling remote hosts, 2.2, 2.2
X11 forwarding
error, 2.12.4
X11 forwarding errors, 2.12.3
xhost command, 2.2
xterm command, 2.2