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Oracle® Database Quick Installation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1) for AIX Based Systems

B32333-04
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Oracle® Database

Quick Installation Guide

11g Release 1 (11.1) for AIX Based Systems

B32333-04

June 2010

This guide describes how to quickly install Oracle Database 11g on AIX system. It includes information about the following:

1 Reviewing Information About This Guide

This guide describes how to install Oracle Database by using the default installation options.

Tasks Described in This Guide

The procedures in this guide describe how to:

Results of a Successful Installation

After you successfully install Oracle Database:

Tasks Not Described in This Guide

This guide covers the Basic Installation scenario and does not describe how to complete the following tasks:

Where to Get Additional Installation Information

For more information about installing Oracle Database, including information about the tasks not described in this guide, refer to one of the following guides:

All these guides are available on the product disc. To access them, use a Web browser to open the welcome.htm file located in the top-level directory of the installation media, and then select the Documentation tab.

2 Logging In to the System as root

Before you install the Oracle software, you must complete several tasks as the root user. To log in as the root user, complete one of the following procedures:

Note:

You must install the software from an X Window System workstation, an X terminal, or a PC or other system with X server software installed

3 Checking the Hardware Requirements

The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:

3.1 Memory Requirements

The following are the memory requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 1:

  • At least 1 GB of physical RAM

    To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:

    # /usr/sbin/lsattr -E -l sys0 -a realmem
    

    If the size of the RAM is less than the required size, then you must install more memory before continuing.

  • The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and the configured swap space requirement:

    Available RAM Swap Space Required
    Between 1024 MB and 2048 MB 1.5 times the size of RAM
    Between 2049 MB and 8192 MB Equal to the size of RAM
    More than 8192 MB 0.75 times the size of RAM

To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:

# /usr/sbin/lsps -a

If necessary, refer to the operating system documentation for information about how to configure additional swap space.

Note:

Oracle recommends that you take multiple values for the available RAM and swap space before finalizing a value. This is because the available RAM and swap space keep changing depending on the user interactions with the computer.

3.2 System Architecture

To determine whether the system architecture can run the software, enter the following command:

# /usr/bin/getconf HARDWARE_BITMODE

Note:

This command displays the processor type. Verify that the processor architecture matches the Oracle software release that you want to install. If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.

To determine if the system is started in 64-bit mode, enter the following command:

# bootinfo -K

The result of this command must be 64, indicating that the 64-bit kernel is enabled.

Note:

Oracle Database 11g supports 64-bit kernel and does not provide support for 32-bit kernel applications.

3.3 Disk Space Requirements

The following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 1:

  • 240 MB of disk space in the /tmp directory

    To determine the amount of disk space available in the /tmp directory, enter the following command:

    # df -k /tmp
    

    If there is less than 400 MB of free disk space available in the /tmp directory, then complete one of the following steps:

    • Delete unnecessary files from the /tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.

    • Set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables when setting the oracle user's environment (described later).

    • Extend the file system that contains the /tmp directory. If necessary, contact the system administrator for information about extending file systems.

  • To determine the amount of free disk space on the system, enter the following command:

    • GPFS:

      # df -k
      
    • Raw Logical Volumes in Concurrent VG (HACMP); in the following example, the variable lv_name is the name of the raw logical volume whose space you want to verify:

      # lslv lv_name
      
    • Raw hard disks; in the following example, the variable rhdisk# is the raw hard disk number that you want to verify, and the variable size_mb is the size in megabytes of the partition that you want to verify:

      # lsattr -El rhdisk# -a size_mb
      
  • The following table describes the disk space requirements for software files for each installation type:

    Installation Type Requirement for Software Files (GB)
    Enterprise Edition 6.45
    Standard Edition 6.18
    Custom (maximum) 3.95

  • The following table describes the disk space for data files for each installation type:

    Installation Type Disk Space for Data Files (GB)
    Enterprise Edition 1.6
    Standard Edition 1.6
    Custom (maximum) 1.81

    Additional disk space, either on a file system or in an Automatic Storage Management disk group, is required for the flash recovery area if you choose to configure automated backups.

4 Checking the Software Requirements

Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that the following software are installed on the system.

4.1 Operating System Requirements

The following is the operating system requirement for Oracle Database 11g Release 1:

  • AIX 5L version 5.3, TL 05, Service Pack 06

  • AIX 6L version 6.1, TL 00, Service Pack 04 or later

The following operating system filesets are required for Oracle Database 11g Release 1:

  • bos.adt.base

  • bos.adt.lib

  • bos.adt.libm

  • bos.perf.libperfstat

  • bos.perf.perfstat

  • bos.perf.proctools

  • xlC.aix50.rte:8.0.0.7 or later (AIX 5.3)

  • xlC.rte:8.0.0.7 or later (AIX 5.3)

  • xlC.aix61.rte:9.0.0.1 or later (AIX 6.1)

  • xlC.rte:9.0.0.1 or later (AIX 6.1)

  1. To determine the distribution and version of AIX installed, enter the following command:

    # oslevel -s
    

    If the operating system version is lower than AIX 5.3.0.0 Technology Level 5 SP 6, then upgrade your operating system to this level. AIX 5L version 5.3 maintenance packages are available from the following Web site:

    http://www-912.ibm.com/eserver/support/fixes/

  2. To determine whether the required filesets are installed and committed, enter a command similar to the following:

    # lslpp -l bos.adt.base bos.adt.lib bos.adt.libm bos.perf.perfstat \
    bos.perf.libperfstat bos.perf.proctools
    
  3. To determine the supported kernel mode, enter a command similar to the following:

    # getconf KERNEL_BITMODE
    

    Note:

    • The expected output of this command is 64. If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.

    • Oracle Database 11g supports 64-bit kernel and does not provide support for 32-bit kernel applications.

4.2 Compiler Requirements

The following are the compiler requirements for Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK) with Oracle Database 11g Release 1:

XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX:

You can download this software from the following link:

http://www-1.ibm.com/support/

Note:

If you do not install the IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 compiler, then you need to install this compiler for AIX Runtime Environment Component. The runtime environment file sets can be downloaded with no license requirements from the following link:

http://www-1.ibm.com/support/

4.3 Patch Requirement

In addition, you need to verify that the following patches are installed on the system.

Note:

There may be more recent versions of the patches listed installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then determine whether a more recent version is installed before installing the version listed.
  • Authorized Problem Analysis Reports (APARs) for AIX 5L v5.3:

    • IY89080

    • IY92037

    • IY94343

    • IZ01060 or efix for IZ01060

    • IZ03260, or efix for IZ03260

  • If you use HACMP, then note the following additional requirements:

    • AIX: AIX 5.3 TL06 or newer (bosrte.lvm must be at least 5.3.0.60)

    • HACMP: Ensure the following versions are installed:

      HACMP v. 5.3 with PTFS (APAR:IY94307) and cluster.es.clvm installed

      HACMP APAR: IZ01809

APARs required for GPFS v3.1.0.10: None

The following procedure describes how to check these requirements:

4.4 Additional Software Requirements

Depending on the components you want to use, you must ensure that the following software are installed:

4.4.1 Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers

You can use the following optional IBM JDK versions with the Oracle Java Database Connectivity and Oracle Call Interface drivers. However, they are not mandatory for the installation:

  • JDK 1.5 (32 bit)

  • JDK 1.5 (64 Bit)

4.4.2 ODBC Drivers

ODBC driver is supported on the AIX operating system. To use ODBC, install gcc 3.4.5.

4.4.3 Oracle Messaging Gateway

Oracle Messaging Gateway supports the integration of Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) with the following software:

IBM WebSphere MQ V5.3, client and server:

mqm.Client.Bnd
mqm.Server.Bnd

If you require a CSD for WebSphere MQ, then refer to the following Web site for download and installation information:

http://www-306.ibm.com/software/integration/wmq/support

4.4.4 Browser Requirements

Web browsers must support Java Script and the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards. The following Web browsers are supported for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:

  • On Oracle Application Express:

    • Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or later version

    • Firefox 1.0 or a later version

  • On Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:

    • Netscape Navigator 7.2

    • Netscape Navigator 8.1

    • Mozilla version 1.7

    • Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2

    • Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0

    • Firefox 1.0.4

    • Firefox 1.5

    • Firefox 2.0

5 Creating Required Operating System Groups and Users

The following local operating system groups and users are required if you are installing Oracle Database:

To determine whether these groups and users already exist, and if necessary, to create them, follow these steps:

  1. To determine whether the oinstall group exists, enter the following command:

    # more /etc/oraInst.loc
    

    If the output of this command shows the oinstall group name, then the group already exists.

    Note:

    In Oracle documentation, Oracle Inventory group is called oinstall. However, it is not mandatory to use the same name, you can enter a different name for the group.

    If the oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar to the following:

    inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory
    inst_group=oinstall
    

    The inst_group parameter shows the name of the Oracle Inventory group, for example oinstall.

  2. To determine whether the dba group exists, enter the following command:

    # grep dba /etc/group
    

    If the output from this commands shows the dba group name, then the group already exists.

  3. If necessary, enter the following commands to create the oinstall and dba groups:

    # /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
    # /usr/sbin/groupadd dba
    
  4. To determine whether the oracle user exists and belongs to the correct groups, enter the following command:

    # id oracle
    

    If the oracle user exists, then this command displays information about the groups to which the user belongs. The output should be similar to the following, indicating that oinstall (for example) is the primary group and dba is a secondary group:

    uid=440(oracle) gid=200(oinstall) groups=201(dba),202(oper)
    
  5. If necessary, complete one of the following actions:

    • If the oracle user exists, but its primary group is not oinstall or it is not a member of the dba group, then enter the following command:

      # /usr/sbin/usermod -g oinstall -G dba oracle
      
    • If the oracle user does not exist, enter the following command to create it:

      # /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
      

      This command creates the oracle user and specifies oinstall as the primary group and dba as the secondary group.

  6. Enter the following command to set the password of the oracle user:

    # passwd oracle
    

6 Configure Shell Limits and System Configuration Parameters

Note:

The parameter and shell limit values shown in this section are recommended values only. For production database systems, Oracle recommends that you tune these values to optimize the performance of the system. See your operating system documentation for more information about tuning kernel parameters.

Oracle recommends that you set shell limits and system configuration parameters as described in this section.

6.1 Configure Shell Limits

Verify that the shell limits shown in the following table are set to the values shown.

Shell Limit (As Shown in smit) Recommended Value
Soft FILE size -1 (Unlimited)
Soft CPU time -1 (Unlimited)

Note: This is the default value.

Soft DATA segment -1 (Unlimited)
Soft STACK size -1 (Unlimited)
Soft Real Memory size -1 (Unlimited)

To view the current value specified for these shell limits, and to change them if necessary:

  1. Enter the following command:

    # smit chuser
    
  2. In the User NAME field, enter the user name of the Oracle software owner, for example oracle.

  3. Scroll down the list and verify that the value shown for the soft limits listed in the previous table is -1.

    If necessary, edit the existing value.

  4. When you have finished making changes, press F10 to exit.

6.2 Configure System Configuration Parameters

The following procedure describes how to verify and set the values.

  • To verify that the maximum number of processes allowed per user is set to 2048 or greater, use the following steps:

    Note:

    For production systems, this value should be at least 128 plus the sum of the PROCESSES and PARALLEL_MAX_SERVERS initialization parameters for each database running on the system.
    1. Enter the following command:

      # smit chgsys
      
    2. Verify that the value shown for Maximum number of PROCESSES allowed per user is greater than or equal to 2048.

      If necessary, edit the existing value.

    3. When you have finished making changes, press F10 to exit.

  • To verify that long commands can be executed from shell, use the following steps:

    Note:

    Oracle recommends that you set the ncargs system attribute to a value greater than or equal to 128. The ncargs attribute determines the maximum number of values that can be passed as command line arguments.
    1. Enter the following command:

      # smit chgsys
      
    2. Verify that the value shown for ARG/ENV list size in 4K byte blocks is greater than or equal to 128.

      If necessary, edit the existing value.

    3. When you have finished making changes, press F10 to exit.

7 Creating Required Directories

Create directories with names similar to the following, and specify the correct owner, group, and permissions for them:

The Oracle base directory must have 3 GB of free disk space, or 4 GB of free disk space if you choose not to create a separate Oracle data file directory.

Note:

If you do not want to create a separate Oracle data file directory, then you can install the data files in a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this is not recommended for production databases.

To create the Oracle base directory:

  1. Enter the following command to display information about all mounted file systems:

    # df -k
    

    This command displays information about all the file systems mounted on the system, including:

    • The physical device name

    • The total amount, used amount, and available amount of disk space

    • The mount point directory for that file system

  2. From the display, identify either one or two file systems that meet the disk space requirements mentioned earlier in this section.

  3. Note the name of the mount point directory for each file system that you identified.

  4. Enter commands similar to the following to create the recommended subdirectories in the mount point directory that you identified and set the appropriate owner, group, and permissions on them:

    # mkdir -p /mount_point/app/
    # chown -R oracle:oinstall /mount_point/app/
    # chmod -R 775 /mount_point/app/
    

    For example:

    # mkdir -p /u01/app/
    # chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/
    # chmod -R 775 /u01/app/
    

8 Configuring the oracle User's Environment

You run Oracle Universal Installer from the oracle account. However, before you start Oracle Universal Installer, you must configure the environment of the oracle user. To configure the environment, you must:

To set the oracle user's environment:

  1. Start a new terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).

  2. Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can display on this system:

    $ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
    

    For example:

    $ xhost somehost.us.example.com
    
  3. Complete one of the following steps:

    • If the terminal session is not connected to the system where you want to install the software, then log in to that system as the oracle user.

    • If the terminal session is connected to the system where you want to install the software, then switch user to oracle:

      $ su - oracle
      
  4. To determine the default shell for the oracle user, enter the following command:

    $ echo $SHELL
    
  5. Open the oracle user's shell startup file in any text editor:

    • Bash shell (bash):

      $ vi .profile
      
    • Bourne shell (sh), Bash shell (bash), or Korn shell (ksh):

      $ vi .bash_profile
      
    • C shell (csh or tcsh):

      % vi .login
      
  6. Enter or edit the following line in the shell startup file, specifying a value of 022 for the default file mode creation mask:

    umask 022
    
  7. If the ORACLE_SID, ORACLE_HOME, or ORACLE_BASE environment variable is set in the file, then remove the corresponding lines from the file.

  8. Save the file, and exit from the editor.

  9. To run the shell startup script, enter the following command:

    • Bash shell:

      $ . ./.bash_profile
      
    • Bourne shell, Bash shell, or Korn shell:

      $ . ./.profile
      
    • C shell:

      % source ./.login
      
  10. If you are not installing the software on the local computer, then run the following command on the remote machine to set the DISPLAY variable:

    • Bourne, Bash or Korn shell:

      $ export DISPLAY=local_host:0.0      
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
      

    In this example, local_host is the host name or IP address of the local computer that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer.

    Run the following command on the remote machine to check if the shell and the DISPLAY environmental variable are set correctly:

    echo $SHELL
    echo $DISPLAY
    

    Now to enable X applications, run the following commands on the local computer:

    $ xhost + fully_qualified_remote_host_name
    

    To verify that X applications display is set properly, run a X11 based program that comes with the operating system such as xclock:

    $ xclock_path
    

    In this example, xclock_path is the directory path. For example, you can find xclock at /usr/X11R6/bin/xclocks. If the DISPLAY variable is set properly, then you can see xclock on your computer screen.

    See Also:

    PC-X Server or Operating System vendor documents for further assistance
  11. If you determined that the /tmp directory had insufficient free disk space when checking the hardware requirements, then identify a file system with the required amount of free space and set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables as follows:

    1. Use the df -k command to identify a suitable file system with sufficient free space.

    2. If necessary, enter commands similar to the following to create a temporary directory on the file system that you identified, and set the appropriate permissions on the directory:

      # sudo mkdir /mount_point/tmp
      # sudo chmod a+wr /mount_point/tmp
      # exit
      
    3. Enter commands similar to the following to set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables:

      Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ TMP=/mount_point/tmp
      $ TMPDIR=/mount_point/tmp
      $ export TMP TMPDIR
      

      C shell:

      % setenv TMP /mount_point/tmp
      % setenv TMPDIR /mount_point/tmp
      
  12. Enter commands similar to the following to set the ORACLE_BASE and ORACLE_SID environment variables:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
      $ ORACLE_SID=sales
      $ export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_SID
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle
      % setenv ORACLE_SID sales
      

    In these examples, /u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you created or identified earlier and sales is the name that you want to call the database (typically no more than five characters).

  13. Enter the following commands to ensure that the ORACLE_HOME and TNS_ADMIN environment variables are not set:

    Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

    $ unset ORACLE_HOME
    $ unset TNS_ADMIN
    

    C shell:

    % unsetenv ORACLE_HOME
    % unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
    
  14. To verify that the environment has been set correctly, enter the following commands:

    $ umask
    $ env | more
    

    Verify that the umask command displays a value of 22, 022, or 0022 and the environment variables that you set in this section have the correct values.

9 Running the rootpre.sh Script

Note:

Do not run the rootpre.sh script if you have a later release of the Oracle Database software already installed on this system.

Run the rootpre.sh script:

  1. Switch user to root:

    $ su -
    password:
    #
    
  2. Complete one of the following steps, depending on the location of the installation files:

    • If the installation files are on disc, enter a command similar to the following, where directory_path is the disc mount point directory or the path of the db directory on the DVD:

      # /directory_path/rootpre/rootpre.sh 
      
    • If the installation files are on the hard disk, change directory to the Disk1 directory and enter the following command:

      # ./rootpre.sh
      
  3. Exit from the root account:

    # exit
    

10 Mounting the Product Disc

On most AIX systems, the product disc mounts automatically when you insert it into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, then follow these steps to mount it:

  1. Switch user to root:

    $ su -
    password:
    
  2. If necessary, enter a command similar to the following to eject the currently mounted disc, then remove it from the drive:

    # umount /dvd
    
  3. Insert the disc into the disc drive, then enter a command similar to the following to mount it:

    # /usr/sbin/mount -rv cdrfs /dev/cd0 /dvd
    

    In this example, /dev/cd0 is the device name of the disc drive and /dvd is the mount point directory.

  4. If Oracle Universal Installer displays the Disk Location dialog box, enter the disc mount point directory path, for example:

    /dvd
    

11 Installing Oracle Database

After configuring the oracle user's environment, start Oracle Universal Installer and install Oracle Database as follows:

  1. Insert Oracle Database DVD and mount it.

  2. To start Oracle Universal Installer, enter the following command:

    $ /mount_point/db/runInstaller
    

    If Oracle Universal Installer does not start, then refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide for AIX 5L Based Systems (64-Bit) for information about how to troubleshoot X Window display problems.

  3. The following table describes the recommended action for each Oracle Universal Installer screen. Use the following guidelines to complete the installation:

    Note:

    • If you have completed the tasks listed previously, then you can complete the installation by choosing the default values on most screens.

    • In Oracle documentation, Oracle Inventory group is called oinstall. However, it is not mandatory to use the same name, you can enter a different name for the group.

    Screen Recommended Action
    Welcome The Oracle Universal Installer guides you through the installation and configuration of various Oracle products.

    You can scan the installed products list and de-install the products if required. Click Next to proceed with the installaton.

    Select Installation Method The Basic Installation option is selected by default.

    Specify the directory path of the Oracle home. Ensure that the oinstall group (for example) is selected. If you want to create a starter database, then specify a name and password for it. Then, click Next.

    Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials This screen is displayed only during the first installation of Oracle products on a system.

    Specify the full path of the Oracle Inventory directory. Ensure that the operating system group selected is oinstall. Then, click Next.

    Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks Verify that all of the prerequisite checks succeed, and then click Next.

    Oracle Universal Installer checks the system to verify that it is configured correctly to run Oracle software. If you have completed all of the preinstallation steps in this guide, all of the checks should pass.

    If a check fails, then review the cause of the failure listed for that check on the screen. If possible, rectify the problem and rerun the check. Alternatively, if you are satisfied that your system meets the requirements, then you can select the check box for the failed check to manually verify the requirement.

    Oracle Configuration Manager Enter the Customer Identification Number, My Oracle Support User Name, Country code, and Click Next. The new screen prompts you to accept the license agreement. Click Accept license Agreement to accept the agreement.

    If you decline this agreement, then Oracle Configuration Manager is installed but not configured.

    Summary Review the information displayed on this screen, and then click Install.
    Install This screen displays status information while the product is installed.
    Configuration Assistants This screen displays status information for the configuration assistants that configure the software and create a database. When the message is displayed at the end of this process, click OK to continue.
    Execute Configuration Scripts When prompted, read the instructions and then run the scripts mentioned on this screen. Click OK to continue.
    End of Installation The configuration assistants configure several Web-based applications, including Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. This screen displays the URLs configured for these applications. Make a note of the URLs used. The port numbers used in these URLs are also recorded in the following file:
    oracle_home/install/portlist.ini
    

    To exit from Oracle Universal Installer, click Exit and then click Yes.


12 Installing Oracle Database Examples

If you plan to use the following products or features, then download and install the products from the Oracle Database Examples media:

For information about installing software and various Oracle product demonstrations from the Oracle Database Examples media, refer to Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide.

13 What to Do Next?

To become familiar with this release of Oracle Database, it is recommended that you complete the following tasks:

14 Additional Information

This section contains information about the following:

Product Licenses

You are welcome to install and evaluate the products included in this media pack for 30 days under the terms of the Trial License Agreement. However, you must purchase a program license if you want to continue using any product after the 30 day evaluation period. See the following section for information about purchasing program licenses.

Purchasing Licenses, Version Updates, and Documentation

You can purchase program licenses, updated versions of Oracle products, and printed versions of Oracle documentation from the Oracle Store Web site:

http://oraclestore.oracle.com

Contacting Oracle Support Services

If you have purchased Oracle Product Support, you can call Oracle Support Services for assistance 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For information about purchasing Oracle Product Support or contacting Oracle Support Services, go to the Oracle Support Services Web site:

http://www.oracle.com/support

Locating Product Documentation

Documentation for Oracle products is available in both HTML and Adobe portable document format (PDF) formats from several locations:

To view PDF documents, download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader from the Adobe Web site, if necessary:

http://www.adobe.com

15 Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible to all users, including users that are disabled. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/.

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation

This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

Deaf/Hard of Hearing Access to Oracle Support Services

To reach Oracle Support Services, use a telecommunications relay service (TRS) to call Oracle Support at 1.800.223.1711. An Oracle Support Services engineer will handle technical issues and provide customer support according to the Oracle service request process. Information about TRS is available at http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/consumerfacts/trs.html, and a list of phone numbers is available at http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/dro/trsphonebk.html.


Oracle Database Installation Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1) for AIX Based Systems

B32333-04

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This software is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous applications, including applications which may create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software in dangerous applications, then you shall be responsible to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup, redundancy, and other measures to ensure the safe use of this software. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates disclaim any liability for any damages caused by use of this software in dangerous applications.

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