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11g Release 1 (11.1)

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7 Oracle Net Listener Parameters (listener.ora)

This chapter provides a complete listing of the listener.ora file configuration parameters.

This chapter contains these topics:

Overview of Oracle Net Listener Configuration File

Oracle Net Listener configuration, stored in the listener.ora file, consists of the following elements:

By default, the listener.ora file is located in the $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin directory on UNIX operating systems and the %ORACLE_HOME%\network\admin directory on Windows. listener.ora can also be stored the following locations:

It is possible to configure multiple listeners, each with unique name, in one listener.ora file. Multiple listener configuration is possible because each of the top-level configuration parameters has a suffix of the listener name or is the listener name itself.

Note:

It is often useful to configure multiple listeners in one listener.ora file. However, Oracle recommends running only one listener for each node in most customer environments.

Example 7-1 shows a listener.ora file for a listener named LISTENER, which is the default name of the listener.

Example 7-1 Example listener.ora File

LISTENER=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS_LIST=
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sale-server)(PORT=1521))
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))))
SID_LIST_LISTENER=
  (SID_LIST=
    (SID_DESC=
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME=sales.us.example.com)
      (ORACLE_HOME=/oracle11g)
      (SID_NAME=sales))
    (SID_DESC=
      (SID_NAME=plsextproc)
      (ORACLE_HOME=/oracle11g)
      (PROGRAM=extproc)))

Oracle Net Listener Parameters

This section lists and describes the listener.ora file parameters. Listener configuration parameters fall into the following categories:

Protocol Address Section

The protocol address section of the listener.ora file defines the protocol addresses that the listener is accepting connection requests on. Discussed next are the most common parameters used in protocol addresses. Note that ADDRESS_LIST is also supported.

See Also:

Chapter 4, "Protocol Address Configuration" for information about the ADDRESS_LIST parameter

This section lists and describes the following parameters:

ADDRESS

Purpose

Use the ADDRESS parameter to specify a single listener protocol address.

Embed this parameter under the DESCRIPTION parameter.

See Also:

Chapter 4, "Protocol Address Configuration" for descriptions of the correct parameters to use for each type of support protocol

Example

listener_name=
 (DESCRIPTION=
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=hr-server)(PORT=1521))
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)))

DESCRIPTION

Purpose

Use the DESCRIPTION parameter as a container for listener protocol addresses.

Example

listener_name=
 (DESCRIPTION=
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=hr-server)(PORT=1521))
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)))

IP

Purpose

If the user specifies a host name for the HOST parameter in the ADDRESS line of the listener.ora file, the listener listens on IN_ADDRANY in case the host name is default host name. If the user wants the listener to listen on the first IP to which the specified host name resolves, the address must further be qualified with (IP=FIRST).

Default

This feature is disabled by default.

Example

listener_name=
 (DESCRIPTION=
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rancode1-vip)(PORT=1521)IP=FIRST))

QUEUESIZE

Purpose

Use the QUEUESIZE parameter to specify the number of concurrent connection requests that the listener can accept on a TCP/IP or IPC listening endpoint (protocol address).

Embed this parameter at the end of the protocol address with its value set to the expected number of concurrent connection requests.

Default

The default number of concurrent connection requests is operating system specific. Following are the defaults for the Solaris Operating System and Windows:

  • Solaris Operating System: 5

  • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation: 5

  • Windows NT 4.0 Server: 50

Usage Notes

See Also:

Oracle Net Services Administrator's Guide for information about configuring this parameter

Example

listener_name=
 (DESCRIPTION=
  (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=hr-server)(PORT=1521)(QUEUESIZE=20)))

RECV_BUF_SIZE

Purpose

Use the RECV_BUF_SIZE parameter to specify, in bytes, the buffer space for receive operations of sessions. This parameter is supported by the TCP/IP, TCP/IP with SSL, and SDP protocols.

Note:

Additional protocols might support this parameter on certain operating systems. Refer to operating-system specific documentation for information about additional protocols that support this parameter.

Embed this parameter under the DESCRIPTION parameter or at the end of the protocol address with its value set to the expected number of bytes.

Default

The default value for this parameter is operating-system specific. The default for the Solaris 2.6 Operating System is 32768 bytes (32 KB).

Usage Notes

See Also:

Oracle Net Services Administrator's Guide for information about configuring this parameter

Example

listener_name=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)
       (RECV_BUF_SIZE=11784))
    (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)
       (RECV_BUF_SIZE=11784)))
listener_name=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (RECV_BUF_SIZE=11784))
    (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)
    (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))

SEND_BUF_SIZE

Purpose

Use the SEND_BUF_SIZE parameter to specify, in bytes, the buffer space for send operations of sessions. This parameter is supported by the TCP/IP, TCP/IP with SSL, and SDP protocols.

Note:

Additional protocols might support this parameter on certain operating systems. Refer to operating-system specific documentation for information about additional protocols that support this parameter.

Embed this parameter under the DESCRIPTION parameter or at the end of the protocol address.

Default

The default value for this parameter is 8192 bytes (8 KB).

Usage Notes

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for information about configuring this parameter

Example

listener_name=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS_LIST=
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)
       (SEND_BUF_SIZE=11280))
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)
       (SEND_BUF_SIZE=11280))))
listener_name=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS_LIST=
      (SEND_BUF_SIZE=11280))
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521)
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))))

Static Service Registration (SID_LIST) Section

You can use the SID_LIST section of the listener.ora to statically configure service information for the listener.

The SID_LIST section is required for Oracle8 release 8.0 or Oracle7 database services, as well as external procedure calls and Heterogeneous Services, and some management tools, including Oracle Enterprise Manager.

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
    (GLOBAL_DBNAME=global_database_name)
    (SID_NAME=sid)
    (ORACLE_HOME=oracle_home))
   (SID_DESC=...))

For later database releases, the listener uses the dynamic service information about the database and instance it has received through service registration before using statically configured information in the listener.ora file. Therefore, the SID_LIST is not required, unless Oracle Enterprise Manager is used to monitor an Oracle9i or Oracle8 database.

This section lists and describes the following parameters:

ENVS

Purpose

Use the parameter ENVS to specify environment variables for the listener to set prior to executing (as a child process) a dedicated server program or an executable specified with the PROGRAM parameter.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Note:

This parameter in not supported on Windows. Any process started by the listener will simply inherit the listener's environment.

Usage Notes

Enclose an environment variable and its value within double quotes ("):

(ENVS="variable=value")

A list of environment variables and their values can be specified. Enclose the list within double quotes, from end to end, and separate environment variable definitions with commas and no space.

(ENVS="variable=value,variable=value")

Note:

Single quotes (') are supported for backward compatibility.

The use of the following characters within the environment variable or its value definition (ENVS="variable=value") are not supported:

  • Comma (,)

  • Single quotes (')

  • Double quotes (")

  • Equal sign (=)

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
 (SID_LIST=
  (SID_DESC=
   (SID_NAME=plsextproc)
   (ORACLE_HOME=/oracle11g)
   (PROGRAM=extproc)
   (ENVS="LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/oracle/11g/lib:/oracle/11g/ctx/lib"))
 (SID_DESC=
  (SID_NAME=test)
  (PROGRAM=/tmp/myexec)
  (ENVS="LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/private/xpm/lib:/private/mylibs,MYPATH=/usr/ucb:/usr/local/packages,APL_ENV_FILE=/apl/conf/env.txt")))

GLOBAL_DBNAME

Purpose

Use the parameter GLOBAL_DBNAME to identify the database service.

While processing a client connection request, the listener tries to match the value of this parameter with the value of the SERVICE_NAME parameter in the client connect descriptor. If the client connect descriptor uses the SID parameter, then the listener does not attempt to map the values. This parameter is primarily intended for configurations with Oracle8 release 8.0 or Oracle7 databases (where dynamic service registration is not supported for dedicated servers). This parameter may also be required for use with Oracle9i and Oracle8 database services by some configurations and management tools.

The value for this parameter is typically obtained from the combination of the DB_NAME and DB_DOMAIN parameters (DB_NAME.DB_DOMAIN) in the initialization parameter file, but the value can also contain any valid name used by clients to identify the service.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
    (GLOBAL_DBNAME=sales.us.example.com)
    (SID_NAME=sales)
    (ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle)))

ORACLE_HOME

Purpose

Use the parameter ORACLE_HOME to identify the Oracle home location of the service.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
     (SID_NAME=extproc)
     (ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle)
     (PROGRAM=extproc)))

PROGRAM

Purpose

Use the parameter PROGRAM to identify the service executable program name.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
     (SID_NAME=sales)
     (ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle)
     (PROGRAM=extproc)))

SID_DESC

Purpose

Use the parameter SID_DESC to specify service information for a specific database instance or a non-database service.

Embed this parameter under the SID_LIST parameter.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=  
(SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=...)
   (SID_DESC=...)) 

SID_DESC permits the following parameters:

SID_LIST

Purpose

Use the parameter SID_LIST to identify a list of SID descriptions.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=...)
   (SID_DESC=...))

SID_NAME

Purpose

Use the parameter SID_NAME to identify the Oracle System Identifier (SID) of the instance. You can obtain the SID value from the INSTANCE_NAME parameter in the initialization parameter file.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
    (GLOBAL_DBNAME=sales.us.example.com)
    (SID_NAME=sales)
    (ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle)))

SDU

Purpose

Use the parameter SDU to instruct Oracle Net to optimize the transfer rate of data packets being sent across the network with the session data unit (SDU) size you specify.

Embed this parameter under the SID_DESC parameter.

Usage

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for information about configuring this parameter

Default

8192 bytes (8KB)

Values

512 bytes to 32767

Example

SID_LIST_listener_name=
  (SID_LIST= 
   (SID_DESC=
    (SDU=8192)
    (GLOBAL_DBNAME=sales.us.example.com)
    (SID_NAME=sales)
    (ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle)))

Connection Rate Limiter

The connection rate limiter feature in the Oracle Net Listener enables a DBA to specify limits to the number of new connections handled by the listener. When this feature is enabled, the Oracle Net Listener imposes a user-specified maximum limit on the number of new connections handled by the listener every second.

Depending on the configuration, the rate can be applied to a collection of endpoints, or to a specific endpoint.

This feature is controlled through the following two listener.ora configuration parameters:

CONNECTION_RATE_listener name

Purpose

The CONNECTION_RATE_listener name parameter specifies a global rate that is enforced across all listening endpoints that are rate-limited. When this parameter is specified, it overrides any endpoint-level numeric rate values that might be specified.

Syntax

CONNECTION_RATE_listener_name=number_of_connections_per_second

RATE_LIMIT

Purpose

The RATE_LIMIT parameter indicates that a particular listening endpoint is rate limited. The parameter is specified in the ADDRESS section of the listener endpoint configuration.

Syntax

LISTENER= (ADDRESS_LIST=
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521)(RATE_LIMIT=yes))
   )

There are two possible configurations:

  1. When the RATE_LIMIT parameter is set to yes, the end-point is included in the enforcement of a listener-wide connection rate. This is used in conjunction with the CONNECTION_RATE_listener_name parameter.

  2. When the RATE_LIMIT parameter is set to a value greater than 0, the rate limit is enforced at that endpoint level.

Examples

The following two scenarios are examples using the CONNECTION_RATE_listener name and RATE_LIMIT parameters.

Scenario 1

CONNECTION_RATE_LISTENER1=10

LISTENER= (ADDRESS_LIST=
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521)(RATE_LIMIT=yes))
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1522)(RATE_LIMIT=yes))
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1523))
   )

In this configuration, the total number of new connections through ports 1521 and 1522 is capped at 10 every second. Connections through port 1523 are not limited and do not count towards the overall rate of 10 connections every second.

Scenario 2

LISTENER= (ADDRESS_LIST=
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521)(RATE_LIMIT=5))
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1522)(RATE_LIMIT=10))
   (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1523))
   )

In this configuration, the connection rates are enforced at the endpoint level. A maximum of 5 connections are processed through port 1521 every second.

The limit for connections through port 1522 is 10 every second. Connections through port 1523 are not rate-limited.

Note:

The global CONNECTON_RATE_listener_name parameter is not specified in this configuration. If it is specified, the limits on ports 1521 and 1522 are ignored, and the global value is used, instead.

Control Parameters

This section describes the following parameters that control the behavior of the listener:

ADMIN_RESTRICTIONS_listener_name

Purpose

Use the ADMIN_RESTRICTIONS_listener_name parameter to restrict run-time administration of the listener.

Setting ADMIN_RESTRICTIONS_listener_name=on disables the run-time modification of parameters in listener.ora. That is, the listener will refuse to accept SET commands that alter its parameters. To change any of the parameters in listener.ora, including ADMIN_RESTRICTIONS_listener_name itself, modify the listener.ora file manually and reload its parameters (with the RELOAD command) for the new changes to take effect without explicitly stopping and restarting the listener.

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for further information about password security of the listener

Default

off

Example

ADMIN_RESTRICTIONS_listener=on

CRS_NOTIFICATION_listener_name

Purpose

By default, the Oracle Net listener notifies Cluster Ready Service (CRS) when it is started or stopped. These notifications allow CRS to manage the listener in an Oracle Real Application Clusters environment. This behavior can be prevented by setting the CRS_NOTIFICATION_listener_name parameter to off.

Default

The default value is on.

Values

on | off

DEFAULT_SERVICE_listener_name

Purpose

Use the DEFAULT_SERVICE_listener_name parameter to enable users to connect to the database without having to specify a service name from client side.

In Oracle Database 11g, when a client tries to connect to the database the connection request passes through the listener. The listener may be servicing several different databases. If a service name is configured in this parameter, users may not necessarily need to specify a service name in the connect syntax. If a user specifies a service name, the listener will connect the user to that specific database, otherwise the listener will connect to the service name specified by the DEFAULT_SERVICE_listener_name parameter.

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for more information about the easy connect naming method

Default

There is no default value for the DEFAULT_SERVICE_listener_name parameter. If this parameter is not configured and a user does not specify a fully qualified service name in the connect syntax, the connection attempt fails. This parameter only accepts one value.

Example

DEFAULT_SERVICE_LISTENER=sales.us.example.com

INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name

Purpose

Use the INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name parameter to specify the time, in seconds, for the client to complete its connect request to the listener after the network connection had been established.

If the listener does not receive the client request in the time specified, then it terminates the connection. In addition, the listener logs the IP address of the client and an ORA-12525:TNS: listener has not received client's request in time allowed error message to the listener.log file.

To protect both the listener and the database server, Oracle recommends setting this parameter in combination with the SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter in the sqlnet.ora file. When specifying values for these parameters, consider the following recommendations:

  • Set both parameters to an initial low value.

  • Set the value of the INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name parameter to a lower value than the SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter.

For example, you can set INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name to 2 seconds and INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter to 3 seconds. If clients are unable to complete connections within the specified time due to system or network delays that are normal for the particular environment, then increment the time as needed.

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for information about configuring these parameters

Default

60 seconds

Example

INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener=2

PASSWORDS_listener_name

Purpose

Use the PASSWORDS_listener_name parameter to store an encrypted password for a listener, so that certain privileges operations, such as SAVE_CONFIG and STOP, used from the Listener Control utility are secure. An encrypted password can be set using either the Listener Control utility CHANGE_PASSWORD command or Oracle Net Manager.

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for further information about password security of the listener

Example

PASSWORDS_LISTENER=(2D6C48144CF753AC)

SAVE_CONFIG_ON_STOP_listener_name

Purpose

Use the SAVE_CONFIG_ON_STOP_listener_name parameter to specify whether or not run-time configuration changes are saved into the listener.ora file.

When you set the parameter to true, any parameters that were modified while the listener was running using the Listener Control utility SET command are saved to the listener.ora file when the STOP command is issued. When you set the parameter to false, the Listener Control utility does not save the run-time configuration changes to the listener.ora file.

Default

false

Values

true | false

Example

SAVE_CONFIG_ON_STOP_listener=true

SSL_CLIENT_AUTHENTICATION

Purpose

Use the SSL_CLIENT_AUTHENTICATION parameter to specify whether or not a client is authenticated using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).

Default

true

Values

true | false

Usage Notes

The database server authenticates the client. Therefore, this value should be set to false. If this parameter is set to true, the listener attempts to authenticate the client, which can result in a failure.

Example

SSL_CLIENT_AUTHENTICATION=true

STARTUP_WAIT_TIME_listener_name

Note:

This parameter is deprecated and will be desupported in a future release. If you require this parameter to run the listener, please notify Oracle Support Services.

Purpose

Use the STARTUP_WAIT_TIME_listener_name parameter to set the number of seconds that the listener waits before responding to a Listener Control utility START command.

Default

0

Example

STARTUP_WAIT_TIME_listener=5

SUBSCRIBE_NODE_DOWN_EVENT_listener_name

Purpose

By default, the listener subscribes to the Oracle Notification Service (ONS) node down event on startup, if ONS is available. This subscription enables the listener to remove the affected service when it receives node down event notification from ONS. The listener uses asynchronous subscription for the event notification. Alter this behavior setting SUBSCRIBE_NODE_DOWN_EVENT_listener_name=off in listener.ora.

Default

on

Values

on | off

WALLET_LOCATION

Purpose

Use the WALLET_LOCATION parameter to specify the location of wallets. Wallets are certificates, keys, and trustpoints processed by SSL that allow for secure connections.

Syntax

Oracle wallets on file system:

WALLET_LOCATION=
  (SOURCE=
    (METHOD=file)
    (METHOD_DATA=
       (DIRECTORY=directory)
       [(PKCS11=TRUE/FALSE)]))

Microsoft certificate store:

WALLET_LOCATION=
  (SOURCE=
     (METHOD=mcs))

Oracle wallets in the Windows registry:

WALLET_LOCATION=
   (SOURCE=
      (METHOD=reg)
      (METHOD_DATA=
         (KEY=registry_key)))

Entrust wallets:

WALLET_LOCATION=
   (SOURCE=
      (METHOD=entr)
      (METHOD_DATA=
         (PROFILE=file.epf)
         (INIFILE=file.ini)))

Subparameters

WALLET_LOCATION supports the following subparameters:

SOURCE: Specify the type of storage for wallets and storage location.

METHOD: Specify the type of storage.

METHOD_DATA: Specify the storage location.

DIRECTORY: Specify the location of Oracle wallets on file system.

KEY: Specify the wallet type and location in the Windows registry.

PROFILE: Specify the Entrust profile file (.epf).

INIFILE: Specify the Entrust initialization file (.ini).

Default

None

Usage Notes

  • The key/value pair for Microsoft's certificate store (MCS) omits the METHOD_DATA parameter because MCS does not use wallets. Instead, Oracle PKI (public key infrastructure) applications obtain certificates, trustpoints and private keys directly from the user's profile.

  • If an Oracle wallet is stored in the Windows registry and the wallet's key (KEY) is SALESAPP, the storage location of the encrypted wallet is HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\WALLETS\SALESAPP\EWALLET.P12. The storage location of the decrypted wallet is HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\WALLETS\SALESAPP\CWALLET.SSO.

Examples

Oracle wallets on file system:

WALLET_LOCATION=  
  (SOURCE=
      (METHOD=file)
      (METHOD_DATA=  
         (DIRECTORY=/etc/oracle/wallets/databases)))

Microsoft certificate store:

WALLET_LOCATION=
   (SOURCE=
     (METHOD=mcs))
   

Oracle Wallets in the Windows registry:

WALLET_LOCATION=
   (SOURCE=
     (METHOD=REG)
     (METHOD_DATA=
        (KEY=SALESAPP)))

Entrust Wallets:

WALLET_LOCATION=
   (SOURCE=
     (METHOD=entr)
     (METHOD_DATA=
       (PROFILE=/etc/oracle/wallets/test.epf)
       (INIFILE=/etc/oracle/wallets/test.ini)))

Diagnostic Parameters for Oracle Net Listener

This section is divided into those parameters used when ADR is enabled (when DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name is set to on) and those used when ADR is disabled (when DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name is set to off). Non-ADR parameters listed in the listener.ora file are ignored when ADR is enabled.

ADR Diagnostic Parameters in listener.ora

This section lists the parameters used when ADR is enabled (when DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name is set to on):

ADR_BASE_listener_name

Purpose

Use the ADR_BASE_listener_name parameter to specify the base directory into which tracing and logging incidents are stored when ADR is enabled.

Default

The default is $ORACLE_BASE, or $ORACLE_HOME/log if $ORACLE_BASE is not defined.

Values

Any valid directory path to a directory with write permission.

Example

ADR_BASE=/oracle/network/trace

DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name

Purpose

The DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name parameter indicates whether ADR tracing is enabled.

Usage

When the DIAG_ADR_ENABLED_listener_name parameter is set to OFF, non-ADR file tracing is used.

Default

on

Values

on or off

Example

DIAG_ADR_ENABLED=on

LOGGING_listener_name

Purpose

Use the LOGGING_listener_name parameter to turn logging on or off. This parameter is also applicable when non-ADR tracing is used.

Default

on

Values

on | off

Example

LOGGING_listener=on

TRACE_LEVEL_listener_name

Purpose

Use the TRACE_LEVEL_listener_name parameter to turn listener tracing on, at a specific level, or off. This parameter is also applicable when non-ADR tracing is used.

Default

off or 0

Values

  • off or 0 for no trace output

  • user or 4 for user trace information

  • admin or 10 for administration trace information

  • support or 16 for Oracle Support Services trace information

Example

TRACE_LEVEL_listener=admin

TRACE_TIMESTAMP_listener_name

Purpose

When the TRACE_LEVEL_listener_name parameter is set to a specific tracing level, you can use the TRACE_TIMESTAMP_listener_name parameter to add a time stamp in the form of dd-mon-yyyy hh:mi:ss:mil to every trace event in the trace file for the listener. This parameter is also applicable when non-ADR tracing is used.

Default

on

Values

on or true | off or false

Example

TRACE_TIMESTAMP_listener=true

Non-ADR Diagnostic Parameters in listener.ora

This section lists the parameters used when ADR is disabled (when DIAG_ADR_ENABLEDlistener_name is set to off):

Notes:

LOG_DIRECTORY_listener_name

Purpose

Use the LOG_DIRECTORY_listener_name parameter to specify the destination directory of the listener log file. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

The $ORACLE_HOME/network/log directory on UNIX operating systems and the %ORACLE_HOME%\network\log directory on Windows operating systems.

Example

LOG_DIRECTORY_listener=/oracle/network/admin/log

LOG_FILE_listener_name

Purpose

Use the LOG_FILE_listener_name parameter to specify the name of the log file for the listener. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

listener.log

Example

LOG_FILE_listener=list.log

TRACE_DIRECTORY_listener_name

Purpose

Use the TRACE_DIRECTORY_listener_name parameter to specify the destination directory of the listener trace file. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

The $ORACLE_HOME/network/trace directory on UNIX operating systems and the %ORACLE_HOME%\network\trace directory on Windows

Example

TRACE_DIRECTORY_listener=/oracle/network/admin/trace

TRACE_FILE_listener_name

Purpose

Use the TRACE_FILE_listener_name parameter to specify the name of the trace file for the listener. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

listener.trc

Example

TRACE_FILE_listener=list.trc

TRACE_FILELEN_listener_name

Purpose

Use the TRACE_FILELEN_listener_name parameter to specify the size of the listener trace files in kilobytes (KB). When the size is met, the trace information is written to the next file. The number of files is specified using the TRACE_FILENO_listener_name parameter. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

Unlimited

Example

TRACE_FILELEN_listener=100

TRACE_FILENO_listener_name

Purpose

Use the TRACE_FILENO_listener_name parameter to specify the number of trace files for listener tracing. When this parameter is set along with the TRACE_FILELEN_listener_name parameter, trace files are used in a cyclical fashion. The first file is filled first, then the second file, and so on. When the last file has been filled, the first file is re-used, and so on.

The trace file names are distinguished from one another by their sequence number. For example, if the default trace file of listener.trc is used, and this parameter is set to 3, the trace files would be named listener1.trc, listener2.trc and listener3.trc.

In addition, trace events in the trace files are preceded by the sequence number of the file. Use this parameter when ADR is not enabled.

Default

1

Example

TRACE_FILENO_listener=3

Class of Secure Transports (COST) Parameters

The class of secure transports (COST) parameters specify a list of transports that are considered secure for administration and registration of a particular listener. Configuring these parameters is optional. The COST parameters are:

See Also:

Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for more information about COST parameters and listener security

SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name

Purpose

Use the SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name parameter to specify the transports on which control commands are to be serviced.

Syntax

SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name = 
[(]transport1[,transport2, ....,transportn)]

In the preceding example, transport1, transport2, and transportn are valid, installed transport protocol names.

Configuration

If the SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name parameter is configured with the list of transport names, the control commands will be serviced only if the connection is one of the transports listed. The connections arriving by other transport protocols are refused. For example:

SECURE_CONTROL_listener1 = (TCPS, IPC)

In the preceding example, administration requests are accepted only on TCPS and IPC transports.

If no values are entered for this parameter, the listener accepts any connection on any endpoint.

Example 7-2 SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name Parameter Configuration

LISTENER1=
 (DESCRIPTION=
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1522))   )
  SECURE_CONTROL_LISTENER1=tcps

In Example 7-2, control commands are accepted only on the TCPS transport.

SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name

Purpose

Use the SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name parameter to specify the transports on which registration requests are to be accepted.

Syntax

SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name = 
[(]transport1[,transport2, ....,transportn)]

In the preceding example, transport1, transport2, and transportn are valid, installed transport protocol names.

Configuration

If the SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name parameter is configured with the list of transport names, only the connections arriving on the specified transports will be able to register the service with the listener. The connections arriving by other transport protocols are refused. For example:

SECURE_REGISTER_listener1 = (TCPS, IPC)

In the preceding example, registration requests are accepted only on TCPS and IPC transports.

If no values are entered for this parameter, the listener accepts registration requests from any transport.

If this parameter and SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name are configured, they override the SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name parameter.

Example 7-3 SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name Parameter Configuration

LISTENER1=
 (DESCRIPTION=
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1522))   )
  SECURE_REGISTER_LISTENER1=tcps

In Example 7-3, service registrations are accepted only on the TCPS transport.

SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name

Purpose

Use the SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name parameter to specify the transports on which administration and registration requests are to be accepted.

Syntax

SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name = 
[(]transport1[,transport2, ....,transportn)]

In the preceding example, transport1, transport2, and transportn are valid, installed transport protocol names.

Configuration

If this parameter is configured with the list of transport names, the control commands and service registration can happen only if the connection belongs to the list of transports configured.

If this parameter is not present and neither SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name nor SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name are configured, all supported transports accept control and registration requests.

If the SECURE_CONTROL_listener_name and SECURE_REGISTER_listener_name parameters are configured, they override the SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name parameter.

Example 7-4 SECURE_PROTOCOL_listener_name Parameter Configuration

LISTENER1=
 (DESCRIPTION=
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1522))   )
  SECURE_PROTOCOL_LISTENER1=tcps

In Example 7-4, both service registrations and control commands are accepted only on the TCPS transport.

DYNAMIC_REGISTRATION_listener_name

Purpose

Use the DYNAMIC_REGISTRATION_listener_name parameter to enable or disable dynamic registration. When set to on, the listener accepts dynamic registration; when set to off, the listener refuses dynamic registration. Static registrations are not affected.

Syntax

DYNAMIC_REGISTRATION_listener_name={on|off}

Default

The default value is on. Unless this parameter is explicitly set to off, all registration connections are accepted.

Using COST Parameters in Combination

COST parameters can also be used in combination to further control which transports accept service registration and control commands.

Example 7-5 Combining COST Parameters

LISTENER1=
 (DESCRIPTION=
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1522))   )
  SECURE_CONTROL_LISTENER1=(tcps,ipc)
  SECURE_REGISTER_LISTENER1=ipc

In Example 7-5, control commands are accepted only on the IPC channel and the TCPS transport, and service registrations are accepted only on an IPC channel.

Example 7-6 is another example of combining COST parameters.

Example 7-6 Combining COST Parameters

LISTENER1=
 (DESCRIPTION=
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1521))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))
     (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=sales-server)(PORT=1522))   )
  SECURE_CONTROL_LISTENER1=tcps
  SECURE_PROTOCOL_LISTENER1=ipc

In Example 7-6, control commands are accepted only on the TCPS transport and service registrations are accepted only on the IPC channel.