|Oracle® OLAP DML Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
In order to use PROGRAM to enter the contents of a program object, the program object definition must be the one most recently defined or considered during the current session. When it is not, you must first use a CONSIDER statement to make it the current definition.
An alternative to a PROGRAM statement is an EDIT PROGRAM statement, which is available only in OLAP Worksheet. An EDIT PROGRAM statement opens an Edit window in which you can add, delete, or change the specification for a program object.
See also:For a discussion of writing, compiling, and debugging OLAP DML programs, see Chapter 4, "OLAP DML Programs".
A text expression that is the OLAP DML statements that are the lines of the program. You can use most OLAP DML statements within a program. For a discussion of writing, compiling, and debugging OLAP DML programs, see Chapter 4, "OLAP DML Programs".
The maximum number of lines you can have in a program is 4,000.When coding a PROGRAM statement at the command line level, separate program lines with newline delimiters (
\n), or use the JOINLINES function as shown in "Program On the Fly".
Suppose your analytic workspace contains a variable called
units.plan, which is dimensioned by the
month dimensions. The variable holds INTEGER data that indicates the number of product units that are expected to be sold.
Suppose also that you define a program named
units_goals_met. This program is a user-defined function. It accepts three dimension-value arguments that specify a given cell of the
units.plan variable, and it accepts a fourth argument that specifies the number of units that were actually sold for that cell. The program returns a Boolean value to the calling program. It returns
YES when the actual figure comes up to within 10 percent of the planned figure; it returns
NO when the actual figure does not.
The definition of the
units_goals_met program is follows.
DEFINE units_goal_met PROGRAM BOOLEAN LD Tests whether actual units met the planned estimate "Program Initialization ARGUMENT userprod TEXT ARGUMENT userdist TEXT ARGUMENT usermonth TEXT ARGUMENT userunits INTEGER VARIABLE answer boolean TRAP ON errorlabel PUSH product district month "Program Body LIMIT product TO userprod LIMIT district TO userdist LIMIT month TO usermonth IF (units.plan - userunits) / units.plan GT .10 THEN answer = NO ELSE answer = YES "Normal Exit POP product district month RETURN answer "Abnormal Exit errorlabel: POP product district month SIGNAL ERRORNAME ERRORTEXT END
To execute the
units_goal_met program and store the return value in a variable called
success, you can use an assignment statement (SET).
success = units_goal_met('TENTS' 'BOSTON' 'JUN96' 2000)
This example creates a flexible report program "on the fly" to avoid the inefficiencies of a more conventional program using ampersand substitution. The conventional program would contain the following loop.
FOR &dimname ROW &dimname &varname
To avoid ampersand substitution, define a program, for example, STANDARDREP, and leave it without any code in it, or with code that can be discarded. Then in your report program, insert lines such as the following.
DEFINE myreport PROGRAM LD Program to produce my report PROGRAM ARGUMENT dimname TEXT ARGUMENT varname TEXT ... CONSIDER standardrep PROGRAM JOINLINES(JOINCHARS('FOR ', dimname) - JOINCHARS(' ROW ', dimname, ' ', varname) ) COMPILE standardrep standardrep ...
This example presents the text of a simple program that is in an ASCII disk file called
salesrep.inf. The first line in the file defines the program, the second line contains a PROGRAM statement, and the subsequent lines provide the lines of the program.
DEFINE salesrep PROGRAM PROGRAM PUSH month product district TRAP ON haderror LIMIT month TO FIRST 3 LIMIT product TO FIRST 3 LIMIT district TO ALL REPORT grandtotals sales haderror: POP month product district END
To include the
salesrep program in your analytic workspace, you can execute the following statement.
You can create an input file from an existing program using an OUTFILE statement
When you use OLAP Worksheet to create a new program, you can use an EDIT statement to display an Edit window where you can enter the contents. For example, use the following statements to define a new program named
salesrep and display it in an Edit window.
DEFINE salesrep PROGRAM EDIT salesrep