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Oracle® OLAP DML Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28126-03
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REGRESS

The REGRESS command calculates a simple multiple linear regression. The optional WEIGHTBY keyword lets you calculate a weighted regression when some of the data points are more reliable than others.

You can then execute REGRESS.REPORT to produce a standard report of the regression. You can also use the INFO function to obtain portions of the results for use in your own customized reports or for further analysis.

Tip:

To performing more complex regression analysis use a forecasting context as discussed in "Forecasting Programs".

Syntax

REGRESS [NOINTERCEPT] dependent independent... [WEIGHTBY weight]

Arguments

NOINTERCEPT

Directs Oracle OLAP to suppress the constant term (intercept) in the regression equation. The default is to calculate a constant term.

dependent

An expression to be used as the dependent variable in the regression.

In calculating the results, REGRESS loops over all the dimensions of the dependent and independent variables.

independent

One or more expressions to be used as the independent variables (regressors) in the regression.

WEIGHTBY weight

Specifies a weighted regression. The numeric expression weight supplies the weights for each data point (observation). Giving higher weights to more reliable observations results in a higher quality regression. WEIGHTBY must come last in the REGRESS command.

When weight is less than zero for any observation, an error occurs. When weight is equal to zero for any observation, that observation is ignored in the calculation. When WEIGHTBY is omitted, an unweighted regression is calculated.

Notes

Ignoring NA Values

In performing its calculations, the REGRESS command ignores any observation that has an NA value.

Producing a Standard Report

The standard report for a regression shows the coefficient, standard error, and T-ratio for each independent variable; as well as the R-square, F-Statistic, number of observations, and standard error of estimate for the regression. To produce this report, type the following.

REGRESS.REPORT

Obtaining Results

For information on how to obtain portions of the results of REGRESS for your own reports or further analysis, use an INFO statement.

Examples

Example 10-92 Simple Regression

The following statements limit the product dimension to Canoes, then use regression to investigate the influence of advertising, price, and expense on the sales of canoes.

LIMIT product TO 'Canoes'
REGRESS NOINTERCEPT sales advertising price expense

You can now execute REGRESS.REPORT as illustrated in Example 10-94, "Report for a Simple Regression" to see the results of the regression.

Example 10-93 Weighted Regression

The following statements use a weighted regression, in which districts are weighted using a variable called reliability that has the following definition and values.

DEFINE reliability VARIABLE DECIMAL <district>

DISTRICT       RELIABILITY
-------------- -----------
Boston                1.00
Atlanta               0.90
Chicago               1.00
Dallas                0.80
Denver                0.90
Seattle               0.60

The following statements perform the regression.

REGRESS NOINTERCEPT sales advertising price expense -
WEIGHTBY reliability

You can now execute REGRESS.REPORT as illustrated in Example 10-94, "Report for a Simple Regression" to see the results of the regression.