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Oracle® OLAP DML Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28126-03
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STDDEV

The STDDEV function calculates the standard deviation of the values of an expression.

When STDDEV is affected by the NASKIP option. When NASKIP is set to YES (the default), STDDEV ignores NA values and returns the standard deviation of the values that are not NA. When NASKIP is set to NO, STDDEV returns NA when any value in the calculation is NA. When all data values for a calculation are NA, STDDEV returns NA for either setting of NASKIP.

Return Value

DECIMAL

Syntax

STDDEV(expression [dimensions])

Arguments

expression

The numeric expression whose standard deviation is to be calculated.

dimensions

The dimensions of the result. By default, STDDEV returns a single value. When you indicate one or more dimensions for the results, STDDEV calculates a standard deviation along the specified dimension(s) and returns an array of values. Each dimension must be either a dimension of expression or related to one of its dimensions. When it is a related dimension, you can specify the name of the relation instead of the dimension name. This enables you to choose the relation to use when there is more than one.

Notes

Using STDDEV With an Expression Dimensioned by a DWMQY Dimension

When expression is dimensioned by a dimension of type DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, or YEAR, you can specify any other dimensions of type DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, or YEAR as a related dimension. Oracle OLAP uses the implicit relation between the dimensions. To control the mapping of one dimensions of type DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, or YEAR to another (for example, from weeks to months), you can define an explicit relation between the two dimensions and specify the name of the relation as the dimension argument to the STDDEV function.

For each time period in the related dimensions of type DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, and YEAR, Oracle OLAP calculates the standard deviation of the data values of the source time periods that end in the target time period. This method is used regardless of which dimension has the more aggregate time periods. To control the way in which data is aggregated or allocated between the periods of two dimensions of type DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, and YEAR, you can use the TCONVERT function.

Examples

Example 8-119 Calculating the Standard Deviation of Monthly Sales

This example calculates the average number of tents sold during the first three months of 1996, along with the standard deviation from that average.

LIMIT district TO ALL
LIMIT month TO 'Jan96' TO 'Mar96'
LIMIT product TO 'Tents'
REPORT HEADING 'Average' AVERAGE(units month) -
   HEADING 'Stddev'STDDEV(units months)

These statements produce the following output.

MONTH           Average     Stddev
-------------- ---------- ----------
Jan96              262.33      49.32
Feb96              247.83      57.37
Mar96              320.50      68.17