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Oracle® Database SQL Language Quick Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

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3 SQL Expressions

This chapter presents the syntax for combining values, operators, and functions into expressions.

This chapter includes the following section:

Syntax for SQL Expression Types

An expression is a combination of one or more values, operators, and SQL functions that evaluate to a value. An expression generally assumes the datatype of its components.

Expressions have several forms. The sections that follow show the syntax for each form of expression. Refer to Chapter 5, "Subclauses" for the syntax of the subclauses.

See Also:

Expressions in Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for detailed information about SQL expressions

CASE expression

CASE { simple_case_expression
     | searched_case_expression
     }
     [ else_clause ]
     END

Compound expression

{ (expr)
| { + | - | PRIOR } expr
| expr { * | / | + | - | || } expr
}
Note: The double vertical bars are part of the syntax
         (indicating concatenation) rather than BNF notation.

CURSOR expression

CURSOR (subquery)

DATETIME expression

expr AT
   { LOCAL
   | TIME ZONE { ' [ + | - ] hh:mm'
               | DBTIMEZONE
               | 'time_zone_name'
               | expr
               }
   }

Function expression

any built-in SQL function or user-defined function can be used as an expression

INTERVAL expression

expr
   { DAY [ (leading_field_precision) ] TO
     SECOND [ (fractional_second_precision) ]
   | YEAR [ (leading_field_precision) ] TO
     MONTH
   }

Model expression

{ measure_column [ { condition | expr }[ , { condition | expr } ...] ]
| aggregate_function 
     { [ { condition | expr }[ , { condition | expr } ...] ]
     | [ single_column_for_loop [, single_column_for_loop] ... ]
     | [ multi_column_for_loop ]
     }
| analytic_function
}

Note:

The outside square brackets shown in boldface type are part of the syntax. In this case, they do not represent optionality.

Object access expression

{ table_alias.column.
| object_table_alias.
| (expr).
}
{ attribute [.attribute ]...
  [.method ([ argument [, argument ]... ]) ]
| method ([ argument [, argument ]... ])
}

Placeholder expression

:host_variable
   [ [ INDICATOR ]
     :indicator_variable
   ]

Scalar subquery expression

a subquery that returns exactly one column value from one row can be used as an expression

Simple expression

{ [ query_name.
  | [schema.]
    { table. | view. | materialized view. }
  ] { column | ROWID }
| ROWNUM
| string
| number
| sequence. { CURRVAL | NEXTVAL }
| NULL
}

Type constructor expression

[ NEW ] [ schema. ]type_name
   ([ expr [, expr ]... ])