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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28286-07
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NUMTODSINTERVAL

Syntax

Description of numtodsinterval.gif follows
Description of the illustration numtodsinterval.gif

Purpose

NUMTODSINTERVAL converts n to an INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND literal. The argument n can be any NUMBER value or an expression that can be implicitly converted to a NUMBER value. The argument interval_unit can be of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 datatype. The value for interval_unit specifies the unit of n and must resolve to one of the following string values:

interval_unit is case insensitive. Leading and trailing values within the parentheses are ignored. By default, the precision of the return is 9.

See Also:

Table 2-10, "Implicit Type Conversion Matrix" for more information on implicit conversion

Examples

The following example uses NUMTODSINTERVAL in a COUNT analytic function to calculate, for each employee, the number of employees hired by the same manager within the past 100 days from his or her hire date. Refer to "Analytic Functions" for more information on the syntax of the analytic functions.

SELECT manager_id, last_name, hire_date, 
   COUNT(*) OVER (PARTITION BY manager_id ORDER BY hire_date 
   RANGE NUMTODSINTERVAL(100, 'day') PRECEDING) AS t_count 
   FROM employees;

MANAGER_ID LAST_NAME                 HIRE_DATE    T_COUNT
---------- ------------------------- --------- ----------
       100 Kochhar                   21-SEP-89          1
       100 De Haan                   13-JAN-93          1
       100 Raphaely                  07-DEC-94          1
       100 Kaufling                  01-MAY-95          1
       100 Hartstein                 17-FEB-96          1
. . .
       149 Grant                     24-MAY-99          1
       149 Johnson                   04-JAN-00          1
       201 Goyal                     17-AUG-97          1
       205 Gietz                     07-JUN-94          1
           King                      17-JUN-87          1