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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28286-07
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PREDICTION_SET

Syntax

Description of prediction_set.gif follows
Description of the illustration prediction_set.gif

cost_matrix_clause::=

Description of cost_matrix_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration cost_matrix_clause.gif

mining_attribute_clause::=

Description of mining_attribute_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration mining_attribute_clause.gif

Purpose

This function is for use with classification models created using the DBMS_DATA_MINING package or with the Oracle Data Mining Java API. It is not valid with other types of models. It returns a varray of objects containing all classes in a multiclass classification scenario. The object fields are named PREDICTION, PROBABILITY, and COST. The datatype of the PREDICTION field depends on the target value type used during the build of the model. The other two fields are both Oracle NUMBER. The elements are returned in the order of best prediction to worst prediction.

The cost_matrix_clause clause is relevant for all classification models. When you specify this clause, both bestN and cutoff are treated with respect to the prediction cost, not the prediction probability. The value of bestN restricts the result to the target classes having the N best (lowest) costs, and cutoff restricts the target classes to those with a cost less than or equal to the specified cutoff.

When you specify this clause, each object in the collection is a triplet of scalar values containing the prediction value (the datatype of which depends on the target value type used during model build), the prediction probability, and the prediction cost (both Oracle NUMBER).

If you omit this clause, then each object in the varray is a pair of scalars containing the prediction value and prediction probability. The datatypes returned are as described in the preceding paragraph.

The mining_attribute_clause behaves as described for the PREDICTION function. Refer to mining_attribute_clause.

See Also:

Example

The following example lists, for ten customers, the likelihood and cost of using or rejecting an affinity card. This example has a binary target, but such a query is also useful in multiclass classification such as Low, Med, and High.

This example and the prerequisite data mining operations can be found in the demo file $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/demo/dmdtdemo.sql. General information on data mining demo files is available in Oracle Data Mining Administrator's Guide. The example is presented here to illustrate the syntactic use of the function.

SELECT T.cust_id, S.prediction, S.probability, S.cost
  FROM (SELECT cust_id,
               PREDICTION_SET(dt_sh_clas_sample COST MODEL USING *) pset
          FROM mining_data_apply_v
         WHERE cust_id < 100011) T,
       TABLE(T.pset) S
ORDER BY cust_id, S.prediction;

   CUST_ID PREDICTION PROBABILITY  COST
---------- ---------- ----------- -----
    100001          0      .96682   .27
    100001          1      .03318   .97
    100002          0      .74038  2.08
    100002          1      .25962   .74
    100003          0      .90909   .73
    100003          1      .09091   .91
    100004          0      .90909   .73
    100004          1      .09091   .91
    100005          0      .27236  5.82
    100005          1      .72764   .27
    100006          0     1.00000   .00
    100006          1      .00000  1.00
    100007          0      .90909   .73
    100007          1      .09091   .91
    100008          0      .90909   .73
    100008          1      .09091   .91
    100009          0      .27236  5.82
    100009          1      .72764   .27
    100010          0      .80808  1.54
    100010          1      .19192   .81
 
20 rows selected.