TRIM

Syntax

Description of trim.gif follows
Description of the illustration trim.gif

Purpose

TRIM enables you to trim leading or trailing characters (or both) from a character string. If trim_character or trim_source is a character literal, then you must enclose it in single quotation marks.

  • If you specify LEADING, then Oracle Database removes any leading characters equal to trim_character.

  • If you specify TRAILING, then Oracle removes any trailing characters equal to trim_character.

  • If you specify BOTH or none of the three, then Oracle removes leading and trailing characters equal to trim_character.

  • If you do not specify trim_character, then the default value is a blank space.

  • If you specify only trim_source, then Oracle removes leading and trailing blank spaces.

  • The function returns a value with datatype VARCHAR2. The maximum length of the value is the length of trim_source.

  • If either trim_source or trim_character is null, then the TRIM function returns null.

Both trim_character and trim_source can be VARCHAR2 or any datatype that can be implicitly converted to VARCHAR2. The string returned is of VARCHAR2 datatype if trim_source is a character datatype and a LOB if trim_source is a LOB datatype. The return string is in the same character set as trim_source.

Examples

This example trims leading zeros from the hire date of the employees in the hr schema:

SELECT employee_id,
      TO_CHAR(TRIM(LEADING 0 FROM hire_date))
      FROM employees
      WHERE department_id = 60
      ORDER BY employee_id;

EMPLOYEE_ID TO_CHAR(T
----------- ---------
        103 3-JAN-90
        104 21-MAY-91
        105 25-JUN-97
        106 5-FEB-98
        107 7-FEB-99