This chapter includes the following topics:
See Also:Appendix B for help with upgrading the Oracle databases and Oracle Enterprise Manager in a Data Guard broker configuration
Oracle Data Guard is included with the Enterprise Edition of the Oracle database software. You can manage a Data Guard configuration by using either SQL*Plus, the Data Guard broker's command-line interface (DGMGRL), or Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control.
To use DGMGRL, the best practice is to install the Oracle Enterprise Edition or Personal Edition database software on each location you expect to include in broker configurations. You must install Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control to use the Enterprise Manager Web-based user interface for Data Guard.
In addition, to use fast-start failover you must install DGMGRL and run the observer software. Oracle recommends running the observer on a computer system that is separate from the primary and standby systems. To install DGMGRL on the observer computer, use one of the methods described in the following list:
This installation includes DGMGRL but it does not include the Oracle Enterprise Manager agent. This allows you to manage the observer using DGMGRL commands but not Oracle Enterprise Manager.
Install the full Oracle Database 11g software kit.
This installation includes DGMGRL and the Oracle Enterprise Manager agent, allowing you to manage the observer using Oracle Enterprise Manager or DGMGRL commands.
Note:The observer can be run from any platform that supports it, and that platform can be different from the platform of the primary or target standby database.
The primary and standby databases must be running Oracle Database 11g (11.1) and each can be installed in either a single-instance or multi-instance environment. The database must be licensed for Oracle Enterprise Edition or Personal Edition.
You must use a server parameter file (SPFILE) to ensure the broker can persistently reconcile values between broker properties and any related initialization parameter values. See Section 4.3.2 for more information.
The value of the
DG_BROKER_START initialization parameter must be set to
TRUE. See Section 3.3 for more information. (Enterprise Manager sets this parameter automatically.)
If any of the databases in the configuration is an Oracle RAC database, you must set up the
n initialization parameters for that database such that they point to the same shared files for all instances of that database. The shared files could be files on a cluster file system, if available, on raw devices, or stored using Automatic Storage Management (ASM).
Oracle Net Services network files must be set up on the primary database and on the standby database if you configure an existing standby database into the broker configuration. Otherwise, Enterprise Manager automatically sets up the network files when it creates a standby database.
The connect identifier that you specify for each database in a broker configuration, using the
DGConnectIdentifier property, must:
Allow all other databases in the configuration to reach it.
Allow all instances of an Oracle RAC database to be reached.
Specify a service that all instances dynamically register with the listeners so that connect-time failover on an Oracle RAC database is possible.
Have failover attributes set to allow the primary database's Redo Transport Services to continue shipping redo data to an Oracle RAC standby database, even if the receiving instance of that standby database has failed.
To enable DGMGRL to restart instances during the course of broker operations, a service with a specific name must be statically registered with the local listener of each instance. A static service registration is also required to enable the observer to restart instances as part of automatic reinstatement of the old primary database after Fast-Start Failover has occurred. The value for the
GLOBAL_DBNAME attribute must be set to a concatenation of
db_domain. For example, in the
LISTENER = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=host_name) (PORT=port_num)))) SID_LIST_LISTENER=(SID_LIST=(SID_DESC=(SID_NAME=sid_name) (GLOBAL_DBNAME=db_unique_name_DGMGRL.db_domain) (ORACLE_HOME=oracle_home)))
You must set the
COMPATIBLE initialization parameter to 10.2.0.1.0 or higher for both the primary and standby databases. However, if you want to take advantage of new Oracle Database 11g features, set the
COMPATIBLE parameter to 11.0.0 on all databases within the Data Guard configuration.
COMPATIBLE initialization parameter is set to the same value on both the primary and standby databases. If the values differ, redo transport services may be unable to transmit redo data from the primary database to the standby databases.
Select and configure a redo transport authentication method, as described in Oracle Data Guard Concepts and Administration.
Section 3.3 for more information about preparing and starting Oracle Data Guard broker
Oracle Data Guard Concepts and Administration for more information about setting up network files