A distributed transaction includes one or more statements that, individually or as a group, update data on two or more distinct nodes of a distributed database. For example, assume the database configuration depicted in Figure 32-1:
The following distributed transaction executed by
scott updates the local
sales database, the remote
hq database, and the remote
UPDATE firstname.lastname@example.org SET loc = 'REDWOOD SHORES' WHERE deptno = 10; UPDATE scott.emp SET deptno = 11 WHERE deptno = 10; UPDATE email@example.com SET room = 1225 WHERE room = 1163; COMMIT;
Note:If all statements of a transaction reference only a single remote node, then the transaction is remote, not distributed.
There are two types of permissible operations in distributed transactions:
INSERT (default and direct load)
You can execute DML and DDL statements in parallel, and
INSERT direct load statements serially, but note the following restrictions:
All remote operations must be
These statements must not be clauses in another distributed transaction.
If the table referenced in the table_expression_clause of an
DELETE statement is remote, then execution is serial rather than parallel.
You cannot perform remote operations after issuing parallel DML/DDL or direct load
If the transaction begins using XA or OCI, it executes serially.
No loopback operations can be performed on the transaction originating the parallel operation. For example, you cannot reference a remote object that is actually a synonym for a local object.
If you perform a distributed operation other than a
SELECT in the transaction, no DML is parallelized.
See Also:Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for more information about these SQL statements