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Oracle® Database Administrator's Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28310-04
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Using Job Classes

Jobs classes provide a way to group jobs for resource allocation and prioritization, and a way to easily assign a set of attribute values to member jobs.

There is a default job class that is created with the database. If you create a job without specifying a job class, the job will be assigned to this default job class (DEFAULT_JOB_CLASS). The default job class has the EXECUTE privilege granted to PUBLIC so any database user who has the privilege to create a job can create a job in the default job class.

This section introduces you to basic job class tasks, and discusses the following topics:

See Also:

"Job Classes" for an overview of job classes.

Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures

Table 27-5 illustrates common job class tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges:

Table 27-5 Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures

Task Procedure Privilege Needed

Create a job class

CREATE_JOB_CLASS

MANAGE SCHEDULER

Alter a job class

SET_ATTRIBUTE

MANAGE SCHEDULER

Drop a job class

DROP_JOB_CLASS

MANAGE SCHEDULER


See "Scheduler Privileges" for further information regarding privileges.

Creating Job Classes

You create a job class using the CREATE_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. For example, the following statement creates a job class for all finance jobs:

BEGIN
DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB_CLASS (
   job_class_name             =>  'finance_jobs', 
   resource_consumer_group    =>  'finance_group');
END;
/

To query job classes, use the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views.

See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure and "Configuring Oracle Scheduler" for examples of creating job classes.

Altering Job Classes

You alter a job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Other than the job class name, all the attributes of a job class can be altered. The attributes of a job class are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views.

When a job class is altered, running jobs that belong to the class are not affected. The change only takes effect for jobs that have not started running yet.

See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure and "Configuring Oracle Scheduler".

Dropping Job Classes

You drop one or more job classes using the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. Dropping a job class means that all the metadata about the job class is removed from the database.

You can drop several job classes in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job class names to the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure call. For example, the following statement drops three job classes:

BEGIN
DBMS_SCHEDULER.DROP_JOB_CLASS('jobclass1, jobclass2, jobclass3');
END;
/

See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure.