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Oracle® Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1)

B28420-02
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A Nonpersistent Queues

This appendix describes nonpersistent queues, which are deprecated in Oracle Streams AQ 10g Release 2 (10.2). Oracle recommends that you use buffered messaging instead.

Oracle Streams AQ can deliver nonpersistent messages asynchronously to subscribers. These messages can be event-driven and do not persist beyond the failure of the system (or instance). The messages are stored in a system-created queue table. Oracle Streams AQ supports persistent and nonpersistent messages with a common API.

Nonpersistent queues, which can be either single-consumer or multiconsumer, provide a mechanism for notification to all currently connected users. Subscribers can be added to multiconsumer nonpersistent queues, and nonpersistent queues can be destinations for propagation.

You use the enqueue interface to enqueue messages into a nonpersistent queue in the usual way. You can enqueue RAW and Oracle object type messages into a nonpersistent queue. OCI notifications are used to deliver such messages to users that are currently registered for notification.

This appendix contains these topics:

A.1 Creating Nonpersistent Queues

DBMS_AQADM.CREATE_NP_QUEUE ( 
   queue_name              IN        VARCHAR2, 
   multiple_consumers      IN        BOOLEAN  DEFAULT FALSE, 
   comment                 IN        VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

This procedure creates a nonpersistent queue.

Only local recipients are supported for nonpersistent queues. The queue can be either single-consumer or multiconsumer. All queue names must be unique within a schema. The queues are created in an 8.1-compatible system-created queue table (AQ$_MEM_SC or AQ$_MEM_MC) in the same schema as that specified by the queue name. If the queue name does not specify a schema name, then the queue is created in the login user's schema.


Note:

Names of nonpersistent queues must not be longer than 24 characters. If you attempt to create a nonpersistent queue with a longer name, error ORA-24019 results.

A.2 Managing Nonpersistent Queues

Once a queue is created with CREATE_NP_QUEUE, it can be enabled by calling START_QUEUE. By default, the queue is created with both enqueue and dequeue disabled.

You can enqueue RAW and Oracle object type messages into a nonpersistent queue. You cannot dequeue from a nonpersistent queue. The only way to retrieve a message from a nonpersistent queue is by using the Oracle Call Interface (OCI) notification mechanism. You cannot invoke the listen call on a nonpersistent queue.

A nonpersistent queue can be dropped only by its owner.

A.3 Compatibility of Nonpersistent Queues

For 8.1-style or higher queues, the compatible parameter of init.ora and the compatible parameter of the queue table should be set to 8.1 or higher to use nonpersistent queues.

A.4 Nonpersistent Queue Notification

For nonpersistent queues, the message is delivered as part of the notification. Table A-1 shows the actions performed for nonpersistent queues for different notification mechanisms when RAW presentation is specified. Table A-2 shows the actions performed when XML presentation is specified.

Table A-1 Actions Performed for Nonpersistent Queues When RAW Presentation Specified

Queue Payload Type OCI Callback E-mail PL/SQL Callback
RAW OCI callback receives the RAW data in the payload. Not supported PL/SQL callback receives the RAW data in the payload.
Oracle object type Not supported Not supported Not supported

Table A-2 Actions Performed for Nonpersistent Queues When XML Presentation Specified

Queue Payload Type OCI Callback E-mail PL/SQL Callback
RAW OCI callback receives the XML data in the payload. XML data is formatted as a SOAP message and e-mailed to the registered e-mail address. PL/SQL callback receives the XML data in the payload.
Oracle object type OCI callback receives the XML data in the payload. XML data is formatted as a SOAP message and e-mailed to the registered e-mail address. PL/SQL callback receives the XML data in the payload.

A.5 Restrictions on Nonpersistent Queues

You can create nonpersistent queues of RAW and Oracle object type.You are limited to sending messages only to subscribers and explicitly specified recipients who are local. Propagation is not supported from nonpersistent queues. When retrieving messages, you cannot use the dequeue call, but must instead employ the asynchronous notification mechanism, registering for the notification by mean of OCISubscriptionRegister.

The visibility attribute of enqueue_options must be set to IMMEDIATE for nonpersistent messages.


See Also:

"Enqueue Options"