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Oracle® Database Globalization Development Kit Java API Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E10730-01


oracle.i18n.servlet
Class ServletHelper

java.lang.Object
  extended by oracle.i18n.servlet.ServletHelper


public class ServletHelper
extends Object

The ServletHelper class is a delegate class that provides a bridge between Java servlets and globalization objects. All operations that involve Java servlets are performed using this class.

In order to enable a J2EE based Web application to use the GDK framework, it is necessary to configure a GDK filter and a listener in the application deployment descriptor file web.xml. This allows the GDK framework to be hooked into the Web application. See the sample web.xml descriptor file below.

First the GDK filter is configured in the deployment descriptor file, whose purpose is to instantiate the GDK wrappers for HTTP requests and responses. The GDKFilter filter specifies the oracle.i18n.servlet.filter.ServletFilter Javaclass for use as the GDK filter. Additionally, the GDK default listener is configured that instantiates the GDK ApplicationContext object, that controls application scope operations for the framework. In this case the Java class oracle.i18n.servlet.listener.ContextListener is configured as the listener.

web.xml that enables the GDK framework

 <?xml version = '1.0' encoding = 'windows-1252'?>
 <!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
              "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">
 <web-app>
   <description>web.xml file for enabling GDK in the application</description>
   
   <!-- Enable the application to use the GDK Application Framework.-->
   <filter> 
     <filter-name>GDKFilter</filter-name>
     <filter-class>oracle.i18n.servlet.filter.ServletFilter</filter-class>
   </filter>
   <filter-mapping>
     <filter-name>GDKFilter</filter-name>
     <url-pattern>*.jsp</url-pattern>
   </filter-mapping>
 
   <listener> 
     <listener-class>oracle.i18n.servlet.listener.ContextListener</listener-class>
   </listener> 

 ....
 
   <session-config>
     <session-timeout>35</session-timeout>
   </session-config>

 ....
 
 </web-app>
 

Once the GDK framework has been enabled for your application, you need to configure its behavior via the use of the gdkapp.xml framework configuration file. The complete steps on how to enable the GDK framework within your application and its configuration is documented in the Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide.

The GDK application framework is driven by the application configuration file, which by default is gdkapp.xml and resides in the same directory as the web.xml file. See below for a sample listing of the gdkapp.xml file, which shows configuration of the most applicable elements for J2EE applications. The <application-locales> section is used to declare all the locales that the application supports, so they don't have to be hard coded somewhere, plus can be accessed from the application in a generic manner via the GDK API. The <locale-determine-rule> section is used to define locale sources in priority order, as to the sources that supply locale preferences. See the LocaleSource class for more information. Finally, the message resource bundles allow a GDK application access to localized static content that may be displayed in a web page. They are declared using the <message-bundles> section. In this case the message bundle named Messages, is declared as the default application resource bundle. The Localizer class exposes methods to retrieve localized messages from the declared resource bundles.

The GDK configuration file – gdkapp.xml

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gdkapp xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
                   xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="gdkapp.xsd">  

   <!-- All pages are generated using the UTF-8 encoding          -->
   <page-charset default="yes">UTF-8</page-charset>

   <!-- The application locale list for the Web application, i.e. -->
   <!-- all the locales that are supported by the application.    -->
   <application-locales>
     <locale>de-CH</locale>
     <locale default="yes">en-US</locale>
     <locale>zh-CN</locale>
   </application-locales>

   <locale-determine-rule>
     <locale-source>
       oracle.i18n.servlet.localesource.UserInput
     </locale-source>
     <locale-source>
       oracle.i18n.servlet.localesource.HttpAcceptLanguage
     </locale-source>
   </locale-determine-rule>
 
   <!-- Declare a default application resource bundle that        --> 
   <!-- supplies all the messages to the application.             -->
   <message-bundles> 
     <resource-bundle name="default">
       com.oracle.demo.Messages
     </resource-bundle>
   </message-bundles> 
 </gdkapp>
 
Since:
10.1.0.2

Method Summary
static ApplicationContext getApplicationContextInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
          Returns an ApplicationContext object associated with the Web application.
static LocaleSource getLocaleSourceInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
          Returns a LocaleSource object associated with the HTTP request object.
static Localizer getLocalizerInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
          Returns a Localizer object derived from the HTTP request object.
static void refreshLocales(HttpServletRequest request)
          Refreshes the locale objects associated with the request.
static String rewriteURL(String baseURL, HttpServletRequest request)
          Rewrites a URL based on the rules specified in the GDK application configuration file.
static String rewriteURL(String baseURL, String name, HttpServletRequest request)
          Rewrites a URL based on the rules specified in the GDK application configuration file.

 

Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

 

Method Detail

getApplicationContextInstance

public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContextInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
Returns an ApplicationContext object associated with the Web application.
Parameters:
request - an HTTP request object
Returns:
an ApplicationContext object
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if ApplicationContext cannot be instantiated

getLocaleSourceInstance

public static LocaleSource getLocaleSourceInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
Returns a LocaleSource object associated with the HTTP request object. This associated locale source is determined by the ServletRequestWrapper as part of the GDK framework functionality.
Parameters:
request - an HTTP request object
Returns:
a LocaleSource object

getLocalizerInstance

public static Localizer getLocalizerInstance(HttpServletRequest request)
Returns a Localizer object derived from the HTTP request object. The Localizer's properties are based on the locale source object associated with the request.
Parameters:
request - an HTTP request object
Returns:
Localizer object

rewriteURL

public static String rewriteURL(String baseURL,
                                HttpServletRequest request)
Rewrites a URL based on the rules specified in the GDK application configuration file. This method is used to determine the URL where a localized static content resource exists.
Parameters:
baseURL - a URL string
request - an HTTP request object
Returns:
a URL referencing the localized content
See Also:
ServletHelper.rewriteURL(String, String, HttpServletRequest)

rewriteURL

public static String rewriteURL(String baseURL,
                                String name,
                                HttpServletRequest request)
Rewrites a URL based on the rules specified in the GDK application configuration file. This method is used to determine the URL where a localized static content resource exists. The name of the rewrite URL rule can be specified when you use nondefault, multiple rules.

For example, if localized contents are supplied in /images/es/welcome.jpg for Spanish and /images/ja/welcome.jpg for Japanese locales, the baseURL would be /images/welcome.jpg, and the rule defined in the regular expression should be "(.)/([^\/]+)$" in order that the URL be replaced with the string "$1/$A/$2".

Parameters:
baseURL - a URL string
name - the name of the rewrite URL rule
request - an HTTP request object
Returns:
a URL referencing the localized content
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if invalid regular expression is specified

refreshLocales

public static void refreshLocales(HttpServletRequest request)
Refreshes the locale objects associated with the request.

By calling this method, you can explicitly refresh the locale objects associated with the request. With the servlet authentication, usually it performs the FORWARD operation to jump to the success page or the failure page based on the results of authentication. However, because the FORWARD operation does not involve the servlet filter, GDK cannot refresh the locale information after the authentication. Instead, the page after the success page will take the effect. This method resolves this issue and provides the flexibility of taking advantage of GDK locale determination feature.

For struts framework, the session attribute Action.LOCALE_KEY is updated.

Parameters:
request - an HTTP request object

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Oracle® Database Globalization Development Kit Java API Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E10730-01


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