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Oracle® Spatial Developer's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E11830-15
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31 SDO_TUNE Package (Tuning)

This chapter contains descriptions of the tuning subprograms shown in Table 31-1.

Table 31-1 Tuning Subprograms

Subprogram Description

SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR

Calculates the average minimum bounding rectangle for geometries in a layer.

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE

Estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for an R-tree spatial index table.

SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF

Returns the minimum bounding rectangle of the data in a layer.

SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO

Calculates geometry type information for a spatial layer, such as the percentage of each geometry type.

SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION

Returns the quality degradation for an index or the average quality degradation for all index tables for an index, or returns the quality degradation for a specified index table. (Deprecated)


SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR

Format

SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR(

     table_name IN VARCHAR2,

     column_name IN VARCHAR2,

     width OUT NUMBER,

     height OUT NUMBER);

Description

Calculates the average minimum bounding rectangle (MBR) for geometries in a layer.

Parameters

table_name

Spatial geometry table.

column_name

Geometry column for which the average minimum bounding rectangle is to be computed.

width

Width of the average minimum bounding rectangle.

height

Height of the average minimum bounding rectangle.

Usage Notes

This procedure computes and stores the width and height of the average minimum bounding rectangle for all geometries in a spatial geometry table. It calculates the average MBR by keeping track of the maximum and minimum X and Y values for all geometries in a spatial geometry table.

Examples

The following example calculates the minimum bounding rectangle for the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.

DECLARE
  table_name  VARCHAR2(32) := 'COLA_MARKETS';
  column_name  VARCHAR2(32) := 'SHAPE';
  width  NUMBER;
  height  NUMBER;
BEGIN
SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR(
  table_name,
  column_name,
  width,
  height);
DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Width = ' || width);
DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Height = ' || height);
END;
/
Width = 3.5                                                                     
Height = 4.5

Related Topics

SDO_AGGR_MBR spatial aggregate function (in Chapter 20)

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE

Format

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(

     schemaname IN VARCHAR2,

     tabname IN VARCHAR2,

     colname IN VARCHAR2,

     partname IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL

     ) RETURN NUMBER;

or

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(

     number_of_geoms IN INTEGER,

     db_block_size IN INTEGER,

     sdo_rtr_pctfree IN INTEGER DEFAULT 10,

     num_dimensions IN INTEGER DEFAULT 2,

     is_geodetic IN INTEGER DEFAULT 0

     ) RETURN NUMBER;

Description

Estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for an R-tree spatial index table.

Parameters

schemaname

Schema that owns the spatial geometry table.

tabname

Spatial geometry table name.

colname

Geometry column name.

partname

Name of a partition containing geometries from colname. If you specify this parameter, the value returned by the function is the estimated size for an R-tree index table on geometries in that partition. If you do not specify this parameter, the value is the estimated size for an R-tree index table on all geometries in colname.

number_of_geoms

Approximate number of geometries in the spatial geometry table.

db_block_size

Database block size (in bytes).

sdo_rtr_pctfree

Minimum percentage of slots in each index tree node to be left empty when the index is created. Slots that are left empty can be filled later when new data is inserted into the table. The value can range from 0 to 50. The default value (10) is best for most applications; however, a value of 0 is recommended if no updates will be performed to the geometry column.

num_dimensions

Number of dimensions to be indexed. The default value is 2. If you plan to specify the sdo_indx_dims parameter in the CREATE INDEX statement, the num_dimensions value should match the sdo_indx_dims value.

is_geodetic

A value indicating whether or not the spatial index will be a geodetic index: 1 for a geodetic index, or 0 (the default) for a non-geodetic index.

Usage Notes

The function returns the estimated maximum number of megabytes needed for the spatial index table (described in Section 2.9.2) for an R-tree spatial index to be created. The value returned is the maximum number of megabytes needed after index creation. During index creation, approximately three times this value of megabytes will be needed in the tablespace, to ensure that there is enough space for temporary tables while the index is being created.

This function has two formats:

  • Use the format with character string parameters (schemaname, tabname, colname, and optionally partname) in most cases when the spatial geometry table already exists, you do not plan to add substantially more geometries to it before creating the index, and you plan to use the default R-tree indexing parameters.

  • Use the format with integer parameters (number_of_geoms, db_block_size, sdo_rtr_pctfree, num_dimensions, is_geodetic) in any of the following cases: the spatial geometry table does not exist; the spatial geometry table exists but you plan to add substantially more geometries to it before creating the index; or the num_dimensions value is not 2 for non-geodetic data or 3 for geodetic data, and a nondefault value will be specified using the sdo_indx_dims parameter in the CREATE INDEX statement.

Examples

The following example estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for a spatial index table for an index given the following information: number_of_geoms = 1000000 (one million), db_block_size = 2048, sdo_rtr_pctfree = 10, num_dimensions = 2, is_geodetic = 0.

SELECT SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(1000000, 2048, 10, 2, 0) FROM DUAL;

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(1000000,2048,10,2,0)
-----------------------------------------------------
                                                   82

The following example estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for a spatial index table for an index on the SHAPE column in the COLA_MARKETS table in the SCOTT schema. The estimate is based on the geometries that are currently in the table.

SELECT SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE('SCOTT', 'COLA_MARKETS', 'SHAPE') FROM DUAL;

SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE('SCOTT','COLA_MARKETS','SHAPE')
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    1

SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF

Format

SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF(

     table_name IN VARCHAR2,

     column_name IN VARCHAR2

     ) RETURN SDO_GEOMETRY;

Description

Returns the minimum bounding rectangle (MBR) of all geometries in a layer.

Parameters

table_name

Spatial geometry table.

column_name

Geometry column for which the minimum bounding rectangle is to be returned.

Usage Notes

The SDO_AGGR_MBR function, documented in Chapter 20, also returns the MBR of geometries. The SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function has better performance than the SDO_AGGR_MBR function if a spatial index is defined on the geometry column; however, the SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function is limited to two-dimensional geometries, whereas the SDO_AGGR_MBR function is not. In addition, the SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function computes the extent for all geometries in a table; by contrast, the SDO_AGGR_MBR function can operate on subsets of rows.

If a spatial index is used, this function may return an approximate MBR that encloses the largest extent of data stored in the index, even if data was subsequently deleted.

Examples

The following example calculates the minimum bounding rectangle for the objects in the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.

SELECT SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF('COLA_MARKETS', 'SHAPE') 
  FROM DUAL;

SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF('COLA_MARKETS','SHAPE')(SDO_GTYPE, SDO_SRID, SDO_POINT(X, Y, 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SDO_GEOMETRY(2003, NULL, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 1003, 3), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(1, 1, 10, 11))

Related Topics

SDO_AGGR_MBR aggregate function (in Chapter 20)

SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR procedure

SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO

Format

SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO(

     table_name IN VARCHAR2,

     column_name IN VARCHAR2

     [, total_geom OUT INTEGER,

     point_geom OUT INTEGER,

     curve_geom OUT INTEGER,

     poly_geom OUT INTEGER,

     complex_geom OUT INTEGER] );

Description

Calculates geometry type information for a spatial layer, such as the percentage of each geometry type.

Parameters

table_name

Spatial geometry table.

column_name

Geometry object column for which the geometry type information is to be calculated.

total_geom

Total number of geometry objects.

point_geom

Number of point geometry objects.

curve_geom

Number of curve string geometry objects.

poly_geom

Number of polygon geometry objects.

complex_geom

Number of complex geometry objects.

Usage Notes

This procedure calculates geometry type information for the table. It calculates the total number of geometries, as well as the number of point, curve string, polygon, and complex geometries.

Examples

The following example displays information about the mix of geometry objects in the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.

CALL SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO('COLA_MARKETS',  'SHAPE');
Total number of geometries: 4                                                   
Point geometries:        0  (0%)                                                
Curvestring geometries:   0  (0%)                                               
Polygon geometries:      4  (100%)                                              
Complex geometries:      0  (0%)  

SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION

Format

SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION(

     schemaname IN VARCHAR2,

     indexname IN VARCHAR2

     ) RETURN NUMBER;

or

SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION(

     schemaname IN VARCHAR2,

     indexname IN VARCHAR2,

     indextable IN VARCHAR2

     ) RETURN NUMBER;

Description

Returns the quality degradation for an index or the average quality degradation for all index tables for an index, or returns the quality degradation for a specified index table.

Note:

This function is deprecated, and it will not be documented in future releases. You should not use this function. It is not needed because Spatial indexes are self-tuning.

Parameters

schemaname

Name of the schema that contains the index specified in indexname.

indexname

Name of the spatial R-tree index.

indextable

Name of an index table associated with the spatial R-tree index specified in indexname.

Usage Notes

This function is deprecated and will not be included in future releases of this manual. You should not use this function because Spatial indexes are self-tuning. The rest of the usage notes for this function are from the previous release of this manual.

The quality degradation is a number indicating approximately how much longer it will take to execute the I/O operations of the index portion of any given query with the current index, compared to executing the I/O operations of the index portion of the same query when the index was created or most recently rebuilt. For example, if the I/O operations of the index portion of a typical query will probably take twice as much time as when the index was created or rebuilt, the quality degradation is 2. The exact degradation in overall query time is impossible to predict; however, a substantial quality degradation (2 or 3 or higher) can affect query performance significantly for large databases, such as those with millions of rows.

For local partitioned indexes, you must use the format that includes the indextable parameter. That is, you must compute the quality degradation for each partition in which you are interested.

Index names are available through the xxx_SDO_INDEX_INFO and xxx_SDO_INDEX_METADATA views, which are described in Section 2.9.1.

For more information and guidelines relating to R-tree quality and its possible effect on query performance, see Section 1.7.2.

Examples

The following example returns the quality degradation for the COLA_SPATIAL_IDX index. In this example, the quality has not degraded at all, and therefore the degradation is 1; that is, the I/O operations of the index portion of queries will typically take the same time using the current index as using the original or previous index.

SELECT SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION('SCOTT', 'COLA_SPATIAL_IDX') FROM DUAL;

SDO_TUNE.QUALITY_DEGRADATION('SCOTT','COLA_SPATIAL_IDX')
--------------------------------------------------------
                                                       1