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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E25519-12
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ALTER LIBRARY Statement

The ALTER LIBRARY statement explicitly recompiles a library. Explicit recompilation eliminates the need for implicit runtime recompilation and prevents associated runtime compilation errors and performance overhead.

Note:

This statement does not change the declaration or definition of an existing library. To redeclare or redefine a library, use the "CREATE LIBRARY Statement" with the OR REPLACE clause.

Topics

Prerequisites

If the library is in the SYS schema, you must be connected as SYSDBA. Otherwise, the library must be in your schema or you must have the ALTER ANY LIBRARY system privilege.

compiler_parameters_clause ::=

Description of compiler_parameters_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration compiler_parameters_clause.gif

Semantics

library_name

Name of the library to be recompiled.

COMPILE

Recompiles the library.

During recompilation, the database drops all persistent compiler switch settings, retrieves them again from the session, and stores them after compilation. To avoid this process, specify REUSE SETTINGS.

DEBUG

Has the same effect as PLSQL_OPTIMIZE_LEVEL=1—instructs the PL/SQL compiler to generate and store the code for use by the PL/SQL debugger. Oracle recommends using PLSQL_OPTIMIZE_LEVEL=1 instead of DEBUG.

REUSE SETTINGS

Prevents Oracle from dropping and reacquiring compiler switch settings. Preserves the existing settings and uses them for the recompilation of any parameters for which values are not specified elsewhere in this statement.

compiler_parameters_clause

Has the same behavior for a type as it does for a function. See the ALTER FUNCTION "compiler_parameters_clause".

Examples

Recompiling a Library: Example To explicitly recompile the library my_ext_lib owned by the sample user hr, issue this statement:

ALTER LIBRARY hr.my_ext_lib COMPILE;

If the database encounters no compilation errors while recompiling my_ext_lib, then my_ext_lib becomes valid. The database can subsequently run it without recompiling it at run time. If recompiling my_ext_lib results in compilation errors, then the database returns an error, and my_ext_lib remains invalid.

The database also invalidates all objects that depend upon my_ext_lib. If you subsequently reference one of these objects without explicitly recompiling it first, then the database recompiles it implicitly at run time.