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Oracle® XML Developer's Kit Programmer's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E23582-05
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27 Using the XML Schema Processor for C++

This chapter contains these topics:

Note:

Use the new unified C++ API in xml.hpp for new XDK applications. The old C++ API in oraxml.hpp is deprecated and supported only for backward compatibility, but will not be enhanced. It will be removed in a future release.

Oracle XML Schema Processor for C++

The XML Schema processor for C++ is a companion component to the XML parser for C++ that allows support to simple and complex datatypes into XML applications.

The XML Schema processor for C++ supports the W3C XML Schema Recommendation. This makes writing custom applications that process XML documents straightforward, and means that a standards-compliant XML Schema processor is part of the XDK on each operating system where Oracle is ported.

Oracle XML Schema for C++ Features

XML Schema processor for C++ has the following features:

  • Supports simple and complex types

  • Built upon the XML parser for C++

  • Supports the W3C XML Schema Recommendation

The XML Schema processor for C++ class is OracleXml::Parser::SchemaValidator.

See Also:

Oracle Database XML C++ API Reference schema validator interface

Online Documentation

Documentation for Oracle XML Schema processor for C++ is located in /xdk/doc/cpp/schema directory in your install area.

Standards Conformance

The XML Schema processor for C++ conforms to the following standards:

  • W3C recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0

  • W3C recommendation for Document Object Model Level 1.0

  • W3C recommendation for Namespaces in XML 1.0

  • W3C recommendation for XML Schema 1.0

XML Schema Processor API

Interface SchemaValidator is an abstract template class to handle XML schema-based validation of XML documents.

Invoking XML Schema Processor for C++

The XML Schema processor for C++ can be called as an executable by invoking bin/schema in the install area. This takes the arguments:

  • XML instance document

  • Optionally, a default schema

  • Optionally, the working directory

Table 27-1 lists the options (can be listed if the option is invalid or -h is the option):

Table 27-1 XML Schema Processor for C++ Command-Line Options

Option Description

-0

Always exit with code 0 (success).

-e encoding

Specify default input file encoding.

-E encoding

Specify output/data/presentation encoding.

-h

Help. Prints these choices.

-i

Ignore provided schema.

-o num

Validation option.

-p

Print document instance to stdout on success.

-u

Force the Unicode path.

-v

Version - display version, then exit.


The XML Schema processor for C++ can also be invoked by writing code using the supplied APIs. The code must be compiled using the headers in the include subdirectory and linked against the libraries in the lib subdirectory. See Makefile or Make.bat in the xdk/demo/cpp/schema directory for details on how to build your program.

Error message files in different languages are provided in the mesg subdirectory.

Running the Provided XML Schema for C++ Sample Programs

The directory xdk/demo/cpp/schema contains a sample application that illustrates how to use Oracle XML Schema processor for C++ with its API. Table 27-2 lists the sample files provided.

Table 27-2 XML Schema Processor for C++ Samples Provided

Sample File Description

Makefile

Makefile to build the sample programs and run them, verifying correct output.

xsdtest.cpp

Trivial program which invokes the XML Schema for C++ API

car.{xsd,xml,std}

Sample schema, instance document, expected output respectively, after running xsdtest on them.

aq.{xsd,xml,std}

Second sample schema's, instance document, expected output respectively, after running xsdtest on them.

pub.{xsd,xml,std}

Third sample schema's, instance document, expected output respectively, after running xsdtest on them.


To build the sample programs, run make.

To build the programs and run them, comparing the actual output to expected output:

make sure