Skip Headers
Oracle® Database PL/SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E25519-12
Go to Documentation Home
Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Contents
Go to Index
Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page
Contact Us

Go to previous page
Previous
Go to next page
Next
PDF · Mobi · ePub

Expression

An expression is an arbitrarily complex combination of operands (variables, constants, literals, operators, function invocations, and placeholders) and operators. The simplest expression is a single variable.

The PL/SQL compiler determines the data type of an expression from the types of the operands and operators that comprise the expression. Every time the expression is evaluated, a single value of that type results.

Topics

Semantics

boolean_expression

Expression whose value is TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. For more information, see "BOOLEAN Expressions".

Restriction on boolean_expression Because SQL has no data type equivalent to BOOLEAN, you cannot:

  • Assign a BOOLEAN expression to a database table column

  • Select or fetch the value of a database table column into a BOOLEAN variable

  • Use a BOOLEAN expression in a SQL statement, SQL function, or PL/SQL function invoked from a SQL statement

NOT, AND, OR

See "Logical Operators".

boolean_constant

Name of a constant of type BOOLEAN.

boolean_function_call

Invocation of a previously defined function that returns a BOOLEAN value. For more semantic information, see "function_call".

boolean_variable

Name of a variable of type BOOLEAN.

conditional_predicate

See "Conditional Predicates for Detecting Triggering DML Statement".

other_boolean_form

collection

Name of a collection variable.

EXISTS

Collection method (function) that returns TRUE if the indexth element of collection exists and FALSE otherwise. For more information, see "EXISTS Collection Method".

Restriction on EXISTS You cannot use EXISTS if collection is an associative array.

index

Numeric expression whose data type either is PLS_INTEGER or can be implicitly converted to PLS_INTEGER (for information about the latter, see "Predefined PLS_INTEGER Subtypes").

IS [NOT] NULL

See "IS [NOT] NULL Operator".

BETWEEN expression AND expression

See "BETWEEN Operator".

IN expression [, expression ]...

See "IN Operator".

LIKE pattern

See "LIKE Operator".

relational_operator

See "Relational Operators".

SQL

Implicit cursor associated with the most recently run SELECT or DML statement. For more information, see "Implicit Cursors".

%FOUND, %ISOPEN, %NOTFOUND

Cursor attributes explained in "Implicit Cursor Attribute" and "Named Cursor Attribute".

character_expression

Expression whose value has a character data type (that is, a data type in the CHAR family, described in "CHAR Data Type Family").

character_constant

Name of a constant that has a character data type.

character_function_call

Invocation of a previously defined function that returns a value that either has a character data type or can be implicitly converted to a character data type. For more semantic information, see "function_call".

character_literal

Literal of a character data type.

character_variable

Name of a variable that has a character data type.

||

Concatenation operator, which appends one string operand to another. For more information, see "Concatenation Operator".

collection_constructor

Constructs a collection of the specified type with elements that have the specified values. For more information, see "Collection Constructors".

collection_type

Name of a previously declared nested table type or VARRAY type (not an associative array type).

value

Valid value for an element of a collection of collection_type.

If collection_type is a varray type, then it has a maximum size, which the number of values cannot exceed. If collection_type is a nested table type, then it has no maximum size.

If you specify no values, then the constructed collection is empty but not null (for the difference between empty and null, see "Collection Types").

date_expression

Expression whose value has a date data type (that is, a data type in the DATE family, described in "DATE Data Type Family").

date_constant

Name of a constant that has a date data type.

date_function_call

Invocation of a previously defined function that returns a value that either has a date data type or can be implicitly converted to a date data type. For more semantic information, see "function_call".

date_literal

Literal whose value either has a date data type or can be implicitly converted to a date data type.

date_variable

Name of a variable that has a date data type.

+, -

Addition and subtraction operators.

numeric_expression

Expression whose value has a date numeric type (that is, a data type in the DATE family, described in "NUMBER Data Type Family").

+, -, /, *, **

Addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, and exponentiation operators.

numeric_subexpression

collection

Name of a collection variable.

COUNT, FIRST, LAST, LIMIT, NEXT, PRIOR

Collection methods explained in "Collection Method Invocation".

named_cursor%ROWCOUNT

See "Named Cursor Attribute".

numeric_constant

Name of a constant that has a numeric data type.

numeric_function_call

Invocation of a previously defined function that returns a value that either has a numeric data type or can be implicitly converted to a numeric data type. For more semantic information, see "function_call".

numeric_literal

Literal of a numeric data type.

numeric_variable

Name of variable that has a numeric data type.

SQL%ROWCOUNT

Cursor attribute explained in "Implicit Cursor Attribute".

SQL%BULK_ROWCOUNT]

Cursor attribute explained in "SQL%BULK_ROWCOUNT".

exponent

Numeric expression.

function_call

function

Name of a previously defined function.

parameter [, parameter ]...

List of actual parameters for the function being called. The data type of each actual parameter must be compatible with the data type of the corresponding formal parameter. The mode of the formal parameter determines what the actual parameter can be:

Formal Parameter Mode Actual Parameter
IN Constant, initialized variable, literal, or expression
OUT Variable whose data type is not defined as NOT NULL
IN OUT Variable (typically, it is a string buffer or numeric accumulator)

If the function specifies a default value for a parameter, you can omit that parameter from the parameter list. If the function has no parameters, or specifies a default value for every parameter, you can either omit the parameter list or specify an empty parameter list.

searched_case_expression

WHEN boolean_expression THEN result

The boolean_expressions are evaluated sequentially. If a boolean_expression has the value TRUE, then the result associated with that boolean_expression is returned. Subsequent boolean_expressions are not evaluated.

ELSE result

The result is returned if and only if no boolean_expression has the value TRUE.

If you omit the ELSE clause, the searched case expression returns NULL.

simple_case_expression

selector

An expression of any PL/SQL type except BLOB, BFILE, or a user-defined type. The selector is evaluated once.

WHEN selector_value THEN result

The selector_values are evaluated sequentially. If a selector_value is the value of selector, then the result associated with that selector_value is returned. Subsequent selector_values are not evaluated.

A selector_value can be of any PL/SQL type except BLOB, BFILE, an ADT, a PL/SQL record, an associative array, a varray, or a nested table.

ELSE result

The result is returned if and only if no selector_value has the same value as selector.

If you omit the ELSE clause, the simple case expression returns NULL.

Note:

If you specify the literal NULL for every result (including the result in the ELSE clause), then error PLS-00617 occurs.