PK #FJoa,mimetypeapplication/epub+zipPK#FJMETA-INF/container.xml PKYuPK#FJOEBPS/install_db.htmr Installing and Configuring the Database for Oracle R Enterprise

2 Installing and Configuring the Database for Oracle R Enterprise

This chapter explains how to install and configure Oracle Database to support Oracle R Enterprise Server. This chapter contains these topics:

2.1 Installing Oracle Database for Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise requires the 64-bit version of Oracle Database Enterprise Edition. The database can be installed on any of the platforms described in Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

To install Oracle Database, follow the installation instructions for your platform:

2.2 Patching an 11.2.0.1 or 11.2.0.2 Database on Linux

Oracle R Enterprise 1.3.1 requires Oracle Database 11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, or 12.1. On Linux, Oracle R Enterprise can also work with an 11.2.0.1 or 11.2.0.2 database if it is properly patched.

If you are running an earlier release of Oracle Database 11g Release 2 on Linux and you are unable to upgrade to 11.2.0.3 or later, then you can follow this procedure to patch the database:

  1. Go to My Oracle Support:

    http://support.oracle.com

  2. Log in and supply your Customer Support ID (CSI).

  3. Choose the Patches & Updates tab.

  4. In the Patch Search box, type 11678127 and click Search.

  5. Select the patch for your version of Oracle Database, either 11.2.0.1 or 11.2.0.2.

  6. Click Read Me, and read the installation instructions and other details about the patch.

  7. Click Download to download the patch.

  8. Install the patch using OPatch. Ensure that you are using the latest version of OPatch.


    See Also:

    "Patching Oracle Software With OPatch" in Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for instructions

2.3 Configuring EXTPROC for Embedded R Execution

An external procedure is a procedure invoked from a program that is written in a different language. Oracle Database uses an external procedure agent named extproc to support external procedures. Oracle R Enterprise uses extproc to support embedded R execution.

2.3.1 About extproc

When an application invokes an external procedure, Oracle Database starts an extproc agent. The application uses the network connection established by Oracle Database to pass instructions to the agent for executing the procedure. The agent loads a DLL or shared library, runs the external procedure, and passes back to the application any values returned by the external procedure.

2.3.2 About extproc configuration for Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise uses the default configuration of extproc. The extproc agent is spawned directly by Oracle Database, and no configuration changes are required for either listener.ora or tnsnames.ora.

By default, extproc supports any external procedure call. If you want to only allow external procedure calls for Oracle R Enterprise, you can edit the EXTPROC_DLLS environment variable in ORACLE_HOME/hs/admin/extproc.ora.

The following statement on a Linux or UNIX system sets EXTPROC_DLLS to only execute external procedures for Oracle R Enterprise:

SET EXTPROC_DLLS=ONLY:$ORACLE_HOME/lib/ore.so

To allow extproc to service any external procedure, set EXTPROC_DLLS to ANY or simply leave it blank (the default).


See Also:

"Default Configuration for External Procedures" in Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for details

PKˈ@PK#FJOEBPS/appc_packages.htm(V Oracle R Distribution Packages

C Oracle R Distribution Packages

This appendix lists the packages supported by Oracle R Distribution.


See Also:

  • Section 5.1.3.1 for a list of the packages supported by Oracle R Enterprise

  • Section 5.1.3.2 for a list of the open source packages that ship with Oracle R Enterprise


C.1 Packages in Oracle R Distribution

Table C-1 lists the packages in Oracle R Distribution that are used by Oracle R Enterprise.

Table C-1 Packages in Oracle R Distribution Used by Oracle R Enterprise

Package NamePackage Description

base

The R Base Package

boot

Bootstrap Functions (originally by Angelo Canty for S)

class

Functions for Classification

cluster

Cluster Analysis Extended Rousseeuw et al

codetools

Code Analysis Tools for R

compiler

The R Compiler Package

datasets

The R Datasets Package

foreign

Read Data Stored by Minitab, S, SAS, SPSS, Stata, Systat, dBase, ..

graphics

The R Graphics Package

grDevices

The R Graphics Devices and Support for Colours and Fonts

grid

The Grid Graphics Package

KernSmooth

Functions for kernel smoothing for Wand & Jones (1995)

lattice

Lattice Graphics

MASS

Support Functions and Datasets for Venables and Ripley's MASS

Matrix

Sparse and Dense Matrix Classes and Methods

methods

Formal Methods and Classes

mgcv

GAMs with GCV/AIC/REML smoothness estimation and GAMMs by PQL

nlme

Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models

nnet

Feed-forward Neural Networks and Multinomial Log-Linear Models

rpart

Recursive Partitioning

spatial

Functions for Kriging and Point Pattern Analysis

splines

Regression Spline Functions and Classes

stats

The R Stats Package

stats4

Statistical Functions using S4 Classes

survival

Survival analysis, including penalised likelihood.

tcltk

Tcl/Tk Interface

tools

Tools for Package Development

utils

T he R Utils Package


PKϚخ((PK#FJOEBPS/install_oreserver.htm7sȌ Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server

4 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server

This chapter explains how to install Oracle R Enterprise Server. This chapter includes these topics:

4.1 About Oracle R Enterprise Server

4.1.1 What Is Oracle R Enterprise Server?

Oracle R Enterprise Server enables an Oracle database to support an Oracle R Enterprise client.

Oracle R Enterprise Server includes the following:

  • The RQSYS schema

  • Libraries used by Oracle Database

  • Oracle R Enterprise packages, which support embedded R execution

4.1.2 Server Components of Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise includes several components that must be installed separately on the server computer.

These Oracle R Enterprise Server components must be installed in this order: 

  1. Oracle Database Enterprise Edition

  2. Oracle R Distribution or open source R

  3. Oracle R Enterprise Server, which includes the Oracle R Enterprise packages

  4. Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages

An illustration of the client and server components of Oracle R Enterprise is shown in Figure 1-2.

4.1.3 About the Oracle R Enterprise Server Installation Script

The Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script performs the following:

  1. Verifies the environment:

    • Verifies the presence of an R installation

    • Verifies the presence of the libR.so, libRblas.so, and libRlapack.so libraries in $R_HOME/lib, where $R_HOME is /usr/lib64/R

    • Verifies that $ORACLE_HOME and $ORACLE_SID are set

  2. Starts SQL*Plus as sysdba and connects to the database specified in ORACLE_SID

  3. In the database:

    • Determines if Oracle R Enterprise Server is already installed by querying DBA_USERS for the user RQSYS.

      If RQSYS is found, the installer checks the version of Oracle R Enterprise in the sys.rq_config file. The Installer uses the version information later to install the correct PL/SQL packages.

    • Prompts for the location of permanent and temporary tablespaces for RQSYS. By default, the tablespaces are created in SYSAUX and TEMP.

    • Copies Oracle R Enterprise Server libraries to $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

    • Creates the RQSYS schema, if it does not already exist.

    • Creates objects in RQSYS and installs the Oracle R Enterprise PL/SQL packages.

  4. Installs the Oracle R Enterprise client packages in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library

4.2 Oracle R Enterprise Server Requirements

Before installing Oracle R Enterprise Server, verify the following requirements:

4.2.1 System Requirements

  • The operating system must conform to the requirements specified in Section 1.7.

  • Oracle Database must be installed and configured as described in Chapter 2.

  • R must be installed as described in Chapter 3.

4.2.1.1 Verifying 64-Bit Architecture on Microsoft Windows

Oracle R Enterprise only runs on 64-bit operating systems. You can determine if your Windows system is 64-bit by following these steps:

  • Windows 7 or Windows Vista:

    1. From Windows Control Panel, choose System.

    2. Verify that System type is 64-bit Operating System.

  • Windows XP:

    1. From the Start menu, choose My Computer.

    2. Click Properties.

    3. On the System tab, verify that the system is x64 Edition.

4.2.2 Environment Variable Requirements

Before installing Oracle R Enterprise Server, ensure that environment variables are set as shown in Table 4-1.

Table 4-1 Environment Variable Requirements for Oracle R Enterprise Server

PlatformEnvironment Variable Requirement

all

ORACLE_SID must specify the service identifier (SID) of the database that will support Oracle R Enterprise.

ORACLE_HOME must specify the home directory of the database identified by ORACLE_SID.

Linux

LD_LIBRARY_PATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

PATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/bin.

Oracle Solaris

LD_LIBRARY_PATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

PATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/bin.

IBM AIX

LIBPATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

PATH must include $ORACLE_HOME/bin.

Microsoft Windows

PATH must include %ORACLE_HOME%\bin.


4.2.2.1 Creating Environment Variable on Windows

If the PATH, ORACLE_SID, and ORACLE_HOME environment variables do not exist, you must create them and assign the values specified in Table 4-1. On Windows systems, you must be an administrator to create or modify environment variables.

Follow these steps to create or modify environment variables on Windows: 

  • Windows 7 and Windows Vista:

    1. Right-click the Computer icon and choose Properties.

    2. Choose Advanced system settings.

    3. On the Advanced tab, choose Environment Variables.

    4. Create or modify the environment variables.

  • Windows XP:

    1. Right-click the My Computer icon and choose Properties.

    2. On the Advanced tab, choose Environment Variables.

    3. Create or modify the environment variables.

4.2.3 User Requirements

The operating system user that installs Oracle R Enterprise Server must meet the requirements described in Table 4-2.

Table 4-2 User Requirements for Oracle R Enterprise Server Installer

PlatformUser Requirement

Linux and UNIX

  • Member of the DBA group

  • Has write access to $ORACLE_HOME/lib

Microsoft Windows

  • Administrator access

  • Member of the ORA_DBA group

  • Has write access to %ORACLE_HOME%\lib


4.2.3.1 About Operating System Authentication

The Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script uses system authentication to connect to the database identified by ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID. System authentication is based on the operating system credentials of the user instead of the database credentials.

For example, on a Linux system, the Oracle R Enterprise installation script uses this statement to start SQL*Plus without a password:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus / as sysdba

Membership in a special operating system group enables system authentication for Oracle Database. The operating system group is created during installation of the database, and the identity of the installer is automatically assigned to the group. The generic name for the group is OSDBA. On Linux and UNIX, the name for OSDBA is DBA. On Windows, the name for OSDBA is ORA_DBA.

The user that installs Oracle R Enterprise Server must belong to OSDBA.


See Also:


4.3 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server on Linux or UNIX

These installation instructions apply to the Linux and UNIX platforms described in Section 1.7.

To install Oracle R Enterprise Server on Linux or UNIX: 

  1. Ensure that your system satisfies the requirements specified in Section 4.2, "Oracle R Enterprise Server Requirements".

  2. Ensure that your user ID has the permissions described in Section 4.2.3, "User Requirements"

  3. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise server components. The directory can have any name. For example:

    ~/oreserver_install_dir
    
  4. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  5. Accept the license agreement and select Oracle R Enterprise Downloads (v1.3.1).

  6. Select Oracle R Enterprise Server Install for Oracle Database for your platform. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 3.

    ~/oreserver_install_dir/ore-server-platform-arch-1.3.1.zip
    
  7. Unzip the file as follows:

    % unzip ore-server-platform-arch-1.3.1.zip
    

    The files are unzipped into the server subdirectory:

    ~/oreserver_install_dir/server/
    
  8. Run the installation script in the server subdirectory.

    % cd server/
    % ./install.sh
    
  9. When prompted, provide the locations of permanent and temporary tablespaces for the RQSYS schema. SYSAUX and TEMP are used by default.


    Tip:

    Refer to Section 4.1.3 for a description of the actions performed by the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script.

  10. When the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script is finished, complete the installation by installing the client supporting packages.

    1. Return to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network (Step 4).

    2. Accept the license agreement and select Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for your platform. Save the file in the installation directory.

      ~/oreserver_install_dir/ore-supporting-platform-arch-1.3.1.zip
      
    3. Unzip the file as follows:

      % unzip ore-supporting-platform-arch-1.3.1.zip
      

      The files are unzipped into the supporting subdirectory:

      ~/oreserver_install_dir/supporting/
      
    4. Install the packages:

      % cd supporting
      % ORE CMD INSTALL ROracle_1.1-9_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
      % ORE CMD INSTALL DBI_0.2-5_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
      % ORE CMD INSTALL png_0.1-4_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
      

      The packages are installed in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library.

  11. Follow the procedures in Section 6.1 to create and configure a database user account for Oracle R Enterprise.


See Also:

Appendix A for the steps in a typical installation of Oracle R Enterprise on a Linux server and Windows client

4.3.1 Installing Additional R Packages on Linux or UNIX

On Linux and UNIX platforms, the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation provides the ORE script, which you can run from the operating system prompt to install additional R packages. The ORE script is a wrapper for the R installation command: R CMD INSTALL.

By default, R packages are installed in /usr/lib64/R/library. The ORE script, however, installs R packages in a subdirectory under $ORACLE_HOME/R/library.

To execute the script:

% ORE CMD INSTALL R_package_name

4.4 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server on Microsoft Windows

These installation instructions apply to Microsoft Windows 64-bit platforms, as described in Table 1-1.

To install Oracle R Enterprise Server on Windows: 

  1. Ensure that your system satisfies the requirements specified in Table 4-2.

  2. Ensure that your user ID has the permissions described in Section 4.2.3, "User Requirements"

  3. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise server components. The directory can have any name. For example:

    c:\oreserver_install_dir
    
  4. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  5. Accept the license agreement and select Oracle R Enterprise Server Install for Oracle Database on Windows 64 bit platform. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 3.

    c:\oreserver_install_dir\ore-server-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    
  6. Unzip the file. The files are unzipped in the server subdirectory:

    c:\oreserver_install_dir\server
    
  7. In a command window, change to the server subdirectory and execute the installation batch file:

    > cd c:\oreserver_install_dir\server
    > install.bat
    
  8. When prompted, provide the locations of permanent and temporary tablespaces for the RQSYS schema. SYSAUX and TEMP are used by default.


    Tip:

    Refer to Section 4.1.3 for a description of the actions performed by the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script.

  9. When the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script is finished, complete the installation by installing the client supporting packages.

    1. Return to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network (Step 4).

    2. Accept the license agreement and select Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for Windows Platform. Save the file in the installation directory.

      c:\oreserver_install_dir\ore-supporting-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
      
    3. Unzip the file. The files are unzipped in the supporting subdirectory.

      c:\oreserver_install_dir\supporting\
      
    4. Start R from the Windows Start menu. If you have installed both 32- and 64-bit R, be sure to choose 64-bit R.

      The R Console window is displayed.

    5. Install the packages as follows:

      R> install.packages("c:/oreserver_install_dir/supporting/
                          ROracle_1.1-9.zip", repos=NULL)
      R> install.packages("c:/oreserver_install_dir/supporting/
                          DBI_0.2-5.zip", repos=NULL)
      R> install.packages("c:/oreserver_install_dir/supporting/
                          png_0.1-4.zip", repos=NULL)
      

      The packages are installed in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library.

  10. Follow the procedures in Section 6.1 to create and configure a user account for Oracle R Enterprise.

4.5 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server on Oracle Exadata Database Machine

Oracle Exadata Database Machine consists of several compute nodes, along with storage and other facilities. Each node hosts an Oracle database.

To install Oracle R Enterprise Server on Oracle Exadata Database Machine: 

  1. On each node:

    • Install Oracle R Distribution as described in Section 3.5.

    • Ensure that the environment is configured as described in Section 4.2. Environment variables must be set on each node.

    • Install Oracle R Enterprise Server, as described in Section 4.3.

    • Install Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages, as described in Section 5.2.

  2. On the first node only, create a user, as described in Section 6.1.

4.6 Verifying the Oracle R Enterprise Server Installation

The Oracle R Enterprise server installation script creates log files in the server subdirectory of the installation directory. Examine the log files to verify the success of the installation process.

The following commands on a Linux or UNIX system list the log files:

% cd ./oreserver_install_dir/server
% ls *.log
rqinst.log  rqproc.log

If there are problems with the installation and you are unable to resolve them, you can request help from My Oracle Support or from the Oracle R Enterprise discussion forum.

PK? List of Tables

List of Tables

PKbҮPK#FJ OEBPS/lof.htm List of Figures

List of Figures

PKc$PK#FJOEBPS/appb_license.htm License Information for Oracle R Enterprise

B License Information for Oracle R Enterprise

This appendix contains licensing information for third-party and open source products that are used in combination with Oracle R Enterprise. Licensing information for Oracle R Enterprise is in Oracle Database Licensing Information.

This appendix contains these topics:

B.1 Licensing for Open Source R

R is an open source language and environment that is governed by GPL2 and not under the terms of the Oracle license agreement.

R was initially written by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka of the Statistics Department of the University of Auckland.

Since mid-1997 there has been a core group with write access to the R source, currently consisting of:


Douglas Bates
John Chambers
Peter Dalgaard
Seth Falcon
Robert Gentleman
Kurt Hornik
Stefano Iacus
Ross Ihaka
Friedrich Leisch
Uwe Ligges
Thomas Lumley
Martin Maechler
Duncan Murdoch
Paul Murrell
Martyn Plummer
Brian Ripley
Deepayan Sarkar
Duncan Temple Lang
Luke Tierney
Simon Urbanek

plus Heiner Schwarte up to October 1999 and Guido Masarotto up to June 2003.

For more information go to http://www.r-project.org.

Current R-core members can be contacted via email to R-project.org with name made up by replacing spaces by dots in the name listed above.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

B.1.1 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2

June 1991

Copyright © 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble

The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.

When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of itin new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.

To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.

For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.

We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.

Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations.

Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.

The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".

Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.

1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.

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This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.

9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.

NO WARRANTY

11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>

Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author

Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type 'show w'.

This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type 'show c' for details.

The hypothetical commands 'show w' and 'show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than 'show w' and 'show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:

Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program 'Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.

<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989

Ty Coon, President of Vice

This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.

B.1.2 Code derived from software contributed to Berkeley by Guido van Rossum

Copyright © 1989, 1993, The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

  3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

B.1.3 FIG: Facility for Interactive Generation of figures


Copyright © 1985-1988 by Supoj Sutanthavibul
Parts Copyright © 1989-2002 by Brian V. Smith
Parts Copyright © 1991 by Paul King
Parts Copyright © 1992 by James Tough
Parts Copyright © 1998 by Georg Stemmer
Parts Copyright © 1995 by C. Blanc and C. Schlick

Any party obtaining a copy of these files is granted, free of charge, a full and unrestricted irrevocable, world-wide, paid up, royalty-free, nonexclusive right and license to deal in this software and documentation files (the "Software"), including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish and/or distribute copies of the Software, and to permit persons who receive copies from any such party to do so, with the only requirement being that this copyright notice remain intact.

B.1.4 unzip.h -- IO for uncompress .zip files using zlib

Version 1.01e, February 12th, 2005

Copyright © 1998-2005 Gilles Vollant

This unzip package allow extract file from .ZIP file, compatible with PKZip 2.04g WinZip, InfoZip tools and compatible.

Multi volume ZipFile (span) are not supported.

Encryption compatible with pkzip 2.04g only supported

Old compressions used by old PKZip 1.x are not supported

I WAIT FEEDBACK at mail info@winimage.com

Visit also http://www.winimage.com/zLibDll/unzip.htm for evolution

Condition of use and distribution are the same than zlib:

This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.

Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose, including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:

  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be appreciated but is not required.

  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be misrepresented as being the original software.

  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.

B.2 Licensing for Oracle R Distribution

The licensing for Oracle R Distribution is the same as the licensing for open source R described in Section B.1.

B.3 Licensing for ROracle

ROracle is an open source package for R that allows R users to interact with an Oracle database. ROracle was developed by an individual called David James. Oracle has taken over new development, maintenance, and all upgrade activity on this package.

ROracle is licensed under LGPL v.2 or later and not under the terms of your Oracle license agreement. For more information see:

http://cran.cnr.berkeley.edu/web/packages/ROracle/ROracle.pdf

B.3.1 GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1

February 1999

Copyright © 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

[This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence the version number 2.1.]

Preamble

The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users.

This license, the Lesser General Public License, applies to some specially designated software packages--typically libraries--of the Free Software Foundation and other authors who decide to use it. You can use it too, but we suggest you first think carefully about whether this license or the ordinary General Public License is the better strategy to use in any particular case, based on the explanations below.

When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom of use, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish); that you receive source code or can get it if you want it; that you can change the software and use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you are informed that you can do these things.

To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid distributors to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender these rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the library or if you modify it.

For example, if you distribute copies of the library, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that we gave you. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. If you link other code with the library, you must provide complete object files to the recipients, so that they can relink them with the library after making changes to the library and recompiling it. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.

We protect your rights with a two-step method: (1) we copyright the library, and (2) we offer you this license, which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the library.

To protect each distributor, we want to make it very clear that there is no warranty for the free library. Also, if the library is modified by someone else and passed on, the recipients should know that what they have is not the original version, so that the original author's reputation will not be affected by problems that might be introduced by others.

Finally, software patents pose a constant threat to the existence of any free program. We wish to make sure that a company cannot effectively restrict the users of a free program by obtaining a restrictive license from a patent holder. Therefore, we insist that any patent license obtained for a version of the library must be consistent with the full freedom of use specified in this license.

Most GNU software, including some libraries, is covered by the ordinary GNU General Public License. This license, the GNU Lesser General Public License, applies to certain designated libraries, and is quite different from the ordinary General Public License. We use this license for certain libraries in order to permit linking those libraries into non-free programs.

When a program is linked with a library, whether statically or using a shared library, the combination of the two is legally speaking a combined work, a derivative of the original library. The ordinary General Public License therefore permits such linking only if the entire combination fits its criteria of freedom. The Lesser General Public License permits more lax criteria for linking other code with the library.

We call this license the "Lesser" General Public License because it does Less to protect the user's freedom than the ordinary General Public License. It also provides other free software developers Less of an advantage over competing non-free programs. These disadvantages are the reason we use the ordinary General Public License for many libraries. However, the Lesser license provides advantages in certain special circumstances.

For example, on rare occasions, there may be a special need to encourage the widest possible use of a certain library, so that it becomes a de-facto standard. To achieve this, non-free programs must be allowed to use the library. A more frequent case is that a free library does the same job as widely used non-free libr!Uުaries. In this case, there is little to gain by limiting the free library to free software only, so we use the Lesser General Public License.

In other cases, permission to use a particular library in non-free programs enables a greater number of people to use a large body of free software. For example, permission to use the GNU C Library in non-free programs enables many more people to use the whole GNU operating system, as well as its variant, the GNU/Linux operating system.

Although the Lesser General Public License is Less protective of the users' freedom, it does ensure that the user of a program that is linked with the Library has the freedom and the wherewithal to run that program using a modified version of the Library.

The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. Pay close attention to the difference between a "work based on the library" and a "work that uses the library". The former contains code derived from the library, whereas the latter must be combined with the library in order to run.

TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

0. This License Agreement applies to any software library or other program which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder or other authorized party saying it may be distributed under the terms of this Lesser General Public License (also called "this License"). Each licensee is addressed as "you".

A "library" means a collection of software functions and/or data prepared so as to be conveniently linked with application programs (which use some of those functions and data) to form executables.

The "Library", below, refers to any such software library or work which has been distributed under these terms. A "work based on the Library" means either the Library or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Library or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated straightforwardly into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".)

"Source code" for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For a library, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the library.

Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running a program using the Library is not restricted, and output from such a program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Library (independent of the use of the Library in a tool for writing it). Whether that is true depends on what the Library does and what the program that uses the Library does.

  1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Library's complete source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and distribute a copy of this License along with the Library.

    You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.

  2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Library or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Library, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

    1. The modified work must itself be a software library.

    2. You must cause the files modified to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.

    3. You must cause the whole of the work to be licensed at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this License.

    4. If a facility in the modified Library refers to a function or a table of data to be supplied by an application program that uses the facility, other than as an argument passed when the facility is invoked, then you must make a good faith effort to ensure that, in the event an application does not supply such function or table, the facility still operates, and performs whatever part of its purpose remains meaningful.

      (For example, a function in a library to compute square roots has a purpose that is entirely well-defined independent of the application. Therefore, Subsection 2d requires that any application-supplied function or table used by this function must be optional: if the application does not supply it, the square root function must still compute square roots.)

These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Library, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the Library, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.

Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Library.

In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Library with the Library (or with a work based on the Library) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License.

3. You may opt to apply the terms of the ordinary GNU General Public License instead of this License to a given copy of the Library. To do this, you must alter all the notices that refer to this License, so that they refer to the ordinary GNU General Public License, version 2, instead of to this License. (If a newer version than version 2 of the ordinary GNU General Public License has appeared, then you can specify that version instead if you wish.) Do not make any other change in these notices.

Once this change is made in a given copy, it is irreversible for that copy, so the ordinary GNU General Public License applies to all subsequent copies and derivative works made from that copy.

This option is useful when you wish to copy part of the code of the Library into a program that is not a library.

4. You may copy and distribute the Library (or a portion or derivative of it, under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange.

If distribution of object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place satisfies the requirement to distribute the source code, even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code.

5. A program that contains no derivative of any portion of the Library, but is designed to work with the Library by being compiled or linked with it, is called a "work that uses the Library". Such a work, in isolation, is not a derivative work of the Library, and therefore falls outside the scope of this License.

However, linking a "work that uses the Library" with the Library creates an executable that is a derivative of the Library (because it contains portions of the Library), rather than a "work that uses the library". The executable is therefore covered by this License. Section 6 states terms for distribution of such executables.

When a "work that uses the Library" uses material from a header file that is part of the Library, the object code for the work may be a derivative work of the Library even though the source code is not. Whether this is true is especially significant if the work can be linked without the Library, or if the work is itself a library. The threshold for this to be true is not precisely defined by law.

If such an object file uses only numerical parameters, data structure layouts and accessors, and small macros and small inline functions (ten lines or less in length), then the use of the object file is unrestricted, regardless of whether it is legally a derivative work. (Executables containing this object code plus portions of the Library will still fall under Section 6.)

Otherwise, if the work is a derivative of the Library, you may distribute the object code for the work under the terms of Section 6. Any executables containing that work also fall under Section 6, whether or not they are linked directly with the Library itself.

6. As an exception to the Sections above, you may also combine or link a "work that uses the Library" with the Library to produce a work containing portions of the Library, and distribute that work under terms of your choice, provided that the terms permit modification of the work for the customer's own use and reverse engineering for debugging such modifications.

You must give prominent notice with each copy of the work that the Library is used in it and that the Library and its use are covered by this License. You must supply a copy of this License. If the work during execution displays copyright notices, you must include the copyright notice for the Library among them, as well as a reference directing the user to the copy of this License. Also, you must do one of these things:

a) Accompany the work with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code for the Library including whatever changes were used in the work (which must be distributed under Sections 1 and 2 above); and, if the work is an executable linked with the Library, with the complete machine-readable "work that uses the Library", as object code and/or source code, so that the user can modify the Library and then relink to produce a modified executable containing the modified Library. (It is understood that the user who changes the contents of definitions files in the Library will not necessarily be able to recompile the application to use the modified definitions.)

b) Use a suitable shared library mechanism for linking with the Library. A suitable mechanism is one that (1) uses at run time a copy of the library already present on the user's computer system, rather than copying library functions into the executable, and (2) will operate properly with a modified version of the library, if the user installs one, as long as the modified version is interface-compatible with the version that the work was made with.

c) Accompany the work with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give the same user the materials specified in Subsection 6a, above, for a charge no more than the cost of performing this distribution.

d) If distribution of the work is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, offer equivalent access to copy the above specified materials from the same place.

e) Verify that the user has already received a copy of these materials or that you have already sent this user a copy.

For an executable, the required form of the "work that uses the Library" must include any data and utility programs needed for reproducing the executable from it. However, as a special exception, the materials to be distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.

It may happen that this requirement contradicts the license restrictions of other proprietary libraries that do not normally accompany the operating system. Such a contradiction means you cannot use both them and the Library together in an executable that you distribute.

7. You may place library facilities that are a work based on the Library side-by-side in a single library together with other library facilities not covered by this License, and distribute such a combined library, provided that the separate distribution of the work based on the Library and of the other library facilities is otherwise permitted, and provided that you do these two things:

a) Accompany the combined library with a copy of the same work based on the Library, uncombined with any other library facilities. This must be distributed under the terms of the Sections above.

b) Give prominent notice with the combined library of the fact that part of it is a work based on the Library, and explaining where to find the accompanying uncombined form of the same work.

8. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, link with, or distribute the Library except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense, link with, or distribute the Library is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

9. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Library or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Library (or any work based on the Library), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Library or works based on it.

10. Each time you redistribute the Library (or any work based on the Library), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute, link with or modify the Library subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.

11. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Library at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Library by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Library.

If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply, and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.

It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.

This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

12. If the distribution and/or use of the Library is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Library under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.

13. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the Lesser General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Library specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Library does not specify a license version number, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

14. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Library into other free programs whose distribution conditions are incompatible with these, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.

NO WARRANTY

15. BECAUSE THE LIBRARY IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE LIBRARY, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE LIBRARY "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE LIBRARY IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE LIBRARY PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

16. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE LIBRARY AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE LIBRARY (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE LIBRARY TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

How to Apply These Terms to Your New Libraries

If you develop a new library, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, we recommend making it free software that everyone can redistribute and change. You can do so by permitting redistribution under these terms (or, alternatively, under the terms of the ordinary General Public License).

To apply these terms, attach the following notices to the library. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

one line to give the library's name and an idea of what it does.

Copyright © year name of author

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the library, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:

Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the library 'Frob' (a library for tweaking knobs) written by James Random Hacker.

signature of Ty Coon, 1 April 1990

Ty Coon, President of Vice

That's all there is to it!

PKs+!PK#FJOEBPS/install_r.htm!oސ Installing R

3 Installing R

This chapter explains how to install R for Oracle R Enterprise. This chapter contains these topics:

3.1 About Oracle R Distribution and Open Source R

Oracle R Enterprise requires an installation of R on the computer that hosts Oracle R Enterprise Server and on each computer that hosts an Oracle R Enterprise client. If you intend to use Oracle R Enterprise directly on the server, then only one installation of R is necessary.


See Also:

Table 1-2, "Oracle R Enterprise Server Support Matrix" for the versions of R that are supported with Oracle R Enterprise

3.1.1 Oracle R Distribution for Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle recommends that you use Oracle R Distribution with Oracle R Enterprise Server. Oracle R Distribution is configured to simplify installation, resolve dependencies, and easily integrate with the Intel Math Kernel Library (MKL).

Benefits of Oracle R Distribution: 

  • Oracle R Distribution is compiled with the flags that are required by Oracle R Enterprise server components.

  • Oracle R Distribution uses MKL to provide high performance mathematical computations on x86 hardware. If you have a licensed installation of MKL, you can configure Oracle R Distribution to use it by simply adding it to LD_LIBRARY_PATH path and setting one environment variable. See Section 3.6 for details.

3.1.2 Open Source R for Oracle R Enterprise

You can use open source R with Oracle R Enterprise. Use the following R configuration parameters to build it from source:

./configure  --with-lapack --with-ICU=no --enable-R-shlib

See Also:

  • The R Installation and Administration manual for information about building R from source: http://www.r-project.org/

  • Section 3.7 for information about installing open source R on Windows


3.2 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Linux

Oracle recommends that you use the Oracle Public Yum server for installing R on Linux. Oracle Public Yum is located at the following URL:

http://public-yum.oracle.com/

These topics explain how to install Oracle R Distribution on Linux systems:

3.2.1 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Linux Using Yum

Before installing Oracle R Distribution, verify that your version of Oracle Linux is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

To install Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Linux Using Yum: 

  1. Log in to the Linux server as root and change to the /etc/yum.repos.d directory:

    # cd /etc/yum.repos.d
    
  2. Execute the following command to download the yum configuration file from Oracle Public Yum:

    # wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-xxx.repo
    

    The name of the configuration file is public-yum-xxx.repo, where xxx is either el5, for Oracle Linux 5, or 0l6., for Oracle Linux 6

    Note: If the yum configuration file is already present in /etc/yum.d, then you can skip this step.

  3. Open the configuration file in a text editor and specify enabled=1 for xxx_latest and xxx_addons, where xxx indicates the version of Linux, either el5 or ol6:

    [xxx_latest]
    enabled=1
    
    [xxx_addons]
    enabled=1
    
  4. Execute the yum install command to install R.

    To install R-2.15.3:

    # yum install R-2.15.3
    

    To install the most recent version of R that is available on Oracle Public Yum:

    # yum install R.x86_64
    

    Important:

    Do not assume that the most recent version of R on Oracle Public Yum is supported by your version of Oracle R Enterprise. Consult Table 1-2, "Oracle R Enterprise Server Support Matrix" to determine which version of R you should use.

3.2.2 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Linux Using RPMs

Oracle recommends that you use yum to install Oracle R Distribution. However, if yum is not available, you can install Oracle R Distribution using RPMs.

Before installing Oracle R Distribution, verify that your version of Oracle Linux is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

To download and install the RPMs for Oracle Linux 5, execute the commands shown in Example 3-1. To download and install the RPMs for Oracle Linux 6, execute these same commands but replace el5 with ol6. Note that these RPMs may have dependencies that need resolving.

Example 3-1 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Linux 5 Using RPMs

# rpm -Uvh libXdmcp-devel-1.0.1-2.1.x86_64.rpm 
# rpm -Uvh libXau-devel-1.0.1-3.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh R-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh chkfontpath-1.10.1-1.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libfontenc-1.0.2-2.2.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libRmath-devel-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh avahi-compat-libdns_sd-0.6.16-10.el5_6.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh hicolor-icon-theme-0.9-2.1.noarch.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libFS-1.0.0-3.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh paps-0.6.6-20.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh bzip2-devel-1.0.3-6.el5_5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh ttmkfdir-3.0.9-23.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh ed-0.2-39.el5_2.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh zlib-1.2.3-7.el5.i386.rpm
# rpm -Uvh zlib-1.2.3-7.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh desktop-file-utils-0.10-7.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh xorg-x11-xfs-1.0.2-5.el5_6.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh poppler-utils-0.5.4-19.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh xorg-x11-font-utils-7.1-3.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh R-devel-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libgcc-4.1.2-54.el5.i386.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libgcc-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh zlib-devel-1.2.3-7.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libRmath-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh dialog-1.0.20051107-1.2.2.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh pcre-devel-6.6-6.el5_6.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh dbus-python-0.70-9.el5_4.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh cups-libs-1.3.7-30.el5_9.3.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh gmp-4.1.4-10.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh atk-1.12.2-1.fc6.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libgfortran-4.1.2-52.el5_8.1.i386.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libgfortran-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libXfont-1.2.2-1.0.4.el5_7.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.1-13.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh avahi-0.6.16-10.el5_6.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libtiff-3.8.2-18.el5_8.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh pango-1.14.9-8.0.1.el5_7.3.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh bitstream-vera-fonts-1.10-7.noarch.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libstdc++-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libstdc++-4.1.2-54.el5.i386.rpm
# rpm -Uvh cairo-1.2.4-5.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh mesa-libGL-devel-6.5.1-7.11.el5_9.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tetex-dvips-3.0-33.15.el5_8.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libX11-devel-1.0.3-11.el5_7.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh ghostscript-fonts-5.50-13.1.1.noarch.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tk-devel-8.4.13-5.el5_1.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh netpbm-10.35.58-10.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tcl-devel-8.4.13-6.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tcl-8.4.13-6.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh netpbm-progs-10.35.58-10.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-54.el5.i386.rpm
# rpm -Uvh cpp-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh poppler-0.5.4-19.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh cups-1.3.7-30.el5_9.3.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh gcc-gfortran-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh gcc-c++-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tetex-latex-3.0-33.15.el5_8.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh urw-fonts-2.3-6.1.1.noarch.rpm
# rpm -Uvh gcc-4.1.2-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh gtk2-2.10.4-29.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh mesa-libGL-6.5.1-7.11.el5_9.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tetex-3.0-33.15.el5_8.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh ghostscript-8.70-14.el5_8.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh tetex-fonts-3.0-33.15.el5_8.1.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh R-core-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -Uvh libRmath-2.15.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm

3.2.3 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Before installing Oracle R Distribution, verify that your version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".


Note:

The following installation instructions are specific to Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, change ol6 to el5.

To install Oracle R Distribution on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6: 

  1. Create an RPM build directory structure:

    % mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
    
  2. Set up RPM tools to use your own build tree (to avoid root login):

    % echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/rpmbuild' > ~/.rpmmacros
    
  3. Download the source RPMs (*.src.rpm) from Oracle Public Yum. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6:

    http://public-yum.oracle.com/repo/OracleLinux/OL6/

    Save the source RPMs to the rpmbuild/SRPMS directory.

  4. Rebuild Red Hat Enterprise Linux using rpmbuild.

    % rpmbuild --rebuild ~/rpmbuild/SRPMS/R-2.15.3-1.el6.src.rpm
    

    Note:

    If any dependencies are missing, install them as root.

    The binary RPMs are built and saved under ~/rpmbuild/RPMS.

  5. Log in as root and execute this command to install R:

    # rpm -i path/rpmbuild/RPMS/R-core_RPM
    

    For example, this command installs R 2.15.3 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux x86-64 version 6, where the path to rpmbuild is /refresh/home/.

    # rpm -i /refresh/home/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/R-core-2.15.3-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    

3.3 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Solaris

Oracle R Distribution is supported on Oracle Solaris x86-64 and SPARC. Before installing Oracle R Distribution, verify that your version of Oracle Solaris is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

To install Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Solaris: 

  1. Go to the Oracle Open Source Software Download page for Oracle R Distribution:

    https://oss.oracle.com/ORD/

  2. Download the files for your installation. The following are the files for R-2.15.3:

    • For x86 64-bit systems:

      ord-2.15.3-sol10-x86-64-sunstudio12u3.tar.gz
      ord-2.15.3-supporting-sol10-x86-64-sunstudio12u3.tar.gz
      
    • For SPARC 64-bit systems:

      ord-2.15.3-sol10-sparc-64-sunstudio12u3.tar.gz
      ord-2.15.3-supporting-sol10-sparc-64-sunstudio12u3.tar.gz
      
  3. Uncompress the first file, either sol110-x86-64 or sol10-sparc.

  4. Run install.sh as root to install the Solaris PKG file for Oracle R Distribution.

    # install.sh
    
  5. Uncompress the second file, either supporting-sol10-x86-64 or supporting-sol10-sparc, to a local directory such as $ORACLE_HOME/lib. Add that directory to $LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

    These tar files contain the shared libraries for libR.so:

    • libiconv.so.2

    • libncurses.so.5

    • libreadline.so.6

    • libsunperf.so (This library and its dependent shared libraries usually ship with Oracle Solaris Studio).

  6. Run the following command to verify that libR.so is picking up its shared library dependencies correctly from the local directory.

    # ldd -r /usr/lib/64/R/lib/libR.so
    
  7. Start R by typing R at the command prompt:

    % R
    

3.4 Installing Oracle R Distribution on IBM AIX

Oracle R Distribution is supported on IBM AIX. Before installing Oracle R Distribution, verify that your version of IBM AIX is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

To install Oracle R Distribution on IBM AIX: 

  1. Go to the Oracle Open Source Software Download page for Oracle R Distribution:

    https://oss.oracle.com/ORD/

  2. Download the files for your installation. The following are the files for R-2.15.3:

    ORD.2.15.3.0.bff.gz
    ord-supporting-aix.tar.gz
    
  3. Uncompress and untar ord-supporting-aix.tar.gz:

    $ gunzip ord-supporting-aix.tar.gz  # get ord-supporting-aix.tar
    $ tar -xvf ord-supporting-aix.tar   # extract contents of .tar file
    $ ls ord-supporting-aix             # list of rpms
    bash-4.2-5.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    expat-2.0.1-3.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    gettext-0.17-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    glib2-2.28.6-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    info-4.13a-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    libiconv-1.14-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    libpng-1.5.9-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    libpng-devel-1.5.9-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    pkg-config-0.25-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    readline-6.2-3.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    readline-devel-6.2-3.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    texinfo-4.13a-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    zlib-1.2.6-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    zlib-devel-1.2.6-1.aix5.1.ppc.rpm
    

    You can also download these RPMs from http://www.perzl.org/aix/.

  4. Install the RPMs as root using an rpm command:

    $ cd /download_directory
    $ su
    # rpm -i *.rpm
    

    To upgrade existing dependencies, use:

    # rpm -UF *.rpm
    

    If you experience conflicts with dependencies, use:

    # rpm -UF --nodeps *.rpm
    
  5. Add /opt/freeware/lib to the LIBPATH environment variable:

    • For ksh:

      $ export LIBPATH=/opt/freeware/lib:$LIBPATH
      
    • For csh:

      $ setenv LIBPATH /opt/freeware/lib:$LIBPATH
      

    Ensure that /opt/freeware/lib is before /usr/lib.

  6. Uncompress ORD-2.15.1-aix.bff.gz to get ORD-2.15.1-aix.bff:

    $ gunzip ORD.2.15.1.0.bff.gz
    
  7. To install all of the filesets in Oracle R Distribution, execute the installp command (with the apply option) as root:

    $ cd /download_directory
    $ su
    # installp -a -d . ORD   # install all the filesets in ORD
    

    You can also install independent filesets:

    # installp -a -d . ORD.core   # installs only ORE.core 
    # installp -a -d . ORD.devel  # installs only ORE.devel
    
  8. Run ldd to ensure that shared library dependencies were picked up correctly:

    $ ldd /usr/lib/R/bin/exec/R
    $ ldd /usr/lib/R/lib/libR.so (libiconv, libreadline)
    $ ldd /usr/lib/R/lib/libRlapack.so
    $ ldd /usr/lib/R/lib/libRblas.so
    
  9. Add /usr/lib/R/lib to the LIBPATH environment variable:

    • For ksh:

      $ export LIBPATH=/usr/lib/R/lib:$LIBPATH
      
    • For csh:

      $ setenv LIBPATH /usr/lib/R/lib:$LIBPATH
      

3.5 Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Exadata Database Machine

Oracle recommends that you use Oracle R Distribution for Oracle R Enterprise on Exadata. You must install R on each Exadata node.

For Linux systems, Oracle recommends that you install Oracle R Distribution from Oracle Public Yum:

http://public-yum.oracle.com/

Refer to the instructions in Section 3.2, "Installing Oracle R Distribution on Linux".

For Oracle Solaris systems, Oracle recommends that you install Oracle R Distribution from the Open Source Software Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

https://oss.oracle.com/ORD/

Refer to the instructions in Section 3.3, "Installing Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Solaris".

3.6 Using the Intel Math Kernel Library

The Intel Math Kernel Library (MKL) includes highly vectorized and threaded Linear Algebra, Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT), Vector Math and Statistics functions. Oracle R Distribution includes support that dynamically picks up MKL if it is installed on your system.

Follow these steps to use MKL with Oracle R Distribution on Linux:

  1. Add libmkl_rt.so, $RHOME/lib, and $ORACLE_HOME/lib to the LD_LIBRARY_PATH system environment variable.

  2. Start R and execute this Oracle R Distribution function Sys.BlasLapack:

    R> Sys.BlasLapack()
         $vendor
         [1] "Intel Math Kernel Library (Intel MKL)"
         $nthreads
         [1] -1
    

    The vendor value returned indicates the presence of MKL instead of R's internal BLAS.

  3. In order to get the speedup provided by MKL, you must set the MKL_THREADING_LAYER environment variable to GNU before you start Oracle R Distribution on your system. In the Bash shell, set the variable as follows:

    % export MKL_THREADING_LAYER=GNU
    

3.7 Installing R on Windows

Oracle R Distribution is not supported on Windows, however the binaries distributed by the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) for Windows work with Oracle R Enterprise.

Before installing R, verify that your version of Microsoft Windows is supported by Oracle R Enterprise. Refer to Table 1-1, "Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements".

Follow these steps to install R on Windows: 

  1. Go to the R home page:

    http://www.r-project.org

  2. Under Download, Packages, choose CRAN.

  3. Select a CRAN Mirror.

  4. Choose Download R for Windows.

  5. Under Subdirectories, choose base.

  6. Under Other builds, choose Previous releases.

  7. Download the most recent version of R specified in Section 1.7.

  8. When the download completes, double-click the executable file to start the Windows installer for R. For example:

    R-2.15.3-win.exe
    
  9. Follow the instructions to complete the installation.

PK\=&o!oPK#FJOEBPS/appa_typicalinstall.htm A Sample Installation of Oracle R Enterprise

A A Sample Installation of Oracle R Enterprise

This appendix presents the steps in a typical installation of Oracle R Enterprise on a Linux server and a Windows client. This appendix contains these topics:

A.1 About the Oracle R Enterprise Sample Installation Environment

About the server computer: 

  • The server is running Oracle Linux 5.

  • The server has access to the internet and to Oracle Public Yum.

  • Oracle Database Enterprise Edition 12.1 is installed on the server.

  • Environment variables:

    • $ORACLE_SID specifies the identifier (SID) of the database.

    • $ORACLE_HOME specifies the home directory of the database.

    • $LD_LIBRARY_PATH includes $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

    • $PATH includes $ORACLE_HOME/bin.

  • The Linux user ID of the installer:

    • Has sudo rights or root access for installing Oracle R Distribution.

    • Is a member of the dba group for installing and using Oracle R Enterprise.

    • Has write access to $ORACLE_HOME/lib.

About the client computer: 

  • The client is running 64-bit Windows, for example Windows 7.

  • The client has access to the internet.

A.2 Installing Oracle R Enterprise on the Server

To install Oracle R Enterprise on the server computer, first verify that Oracle Database is installed and that the environment is configured as specified in Section A.1. Next, complete these steps in the specified order:

  1. Install Oracle R Distribution

  2. Install Oracle R Enterprise Server

  3. Install the Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages on the Server

  4. Create a Database User for Oracle R Enterprise

A.2.1 Install Oracle R Distribution

To install Oracle R Distribution on the server from Oracle Public Yum, follow these steps:

  1. Log in as root and change to /etc/yum.repos.d, the location of the yum repository configuration file:

    # cd /etc/yum.repos.d
    
  2. The name of the yum repository configuration file for Oracle Linux 5 is public-yum-el5.repo. List the contents of /etc/yum.repos.d to determine if the configuration file is already present. If the file is not present, then execute the following command to download the file from Oracle Public Yum:

    # wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-el5.repo
    
  3. Open public-yum-el5.repo in a text editor and specify enabled=1 for latest and addons:

    [el5_latest]
    enabled=1
    
    [el5_addons]
    enabled=1
    
  4. Install Oracle R Distribution 2.15.3 by executing this command:

    # yum install R-2.15.3
    

A.2.2 Install Oracle R Enterprise Server

Oracle R Enterprise Server includes the RQSYS schema in Oracle Database and Oracle R Enterprise packages and shared libraries. Follow these steps to download and install Oracle R Enterprise Server:

To download Oracle R Enterprise Server: 

  1. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise server components. The directory can have any name. For example:

    /home/myhome/myoreserver
    
  2. Navigate to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  3. Accept the license agreement.

  4. Under Oracle R Enterprise Downloads (v1.3.1), select Oracle R Enterprise Server Install for Oracle Database on Linux 64 bit (92M).

  5. Download and upzip the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1:

    % cd /home/myhome/myoreserver
    % unzip ore-server-linux-x86-64-1.3.1.zip
    
  6. When you unzip the file, the server subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation directory are listed as follows:

    % ls
    ore-server-linux-x86-64-1.3.1.zip
    server/
    

To install Oracle R Enterprise Server: 

  1. Change to the server subdirectory:

    % cd server
    
  2. Run the installation script:

    % ./install.sh
    
  3. The installation script prompts you to enter the names of permanent and temporary tablespaces for the RQSYS schema. The default tablespaces are SYSAUX and TEMP. To accept the defaults, press ENTER.

A.2.3 Install the Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages on the Server

The Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages are open source R packages that support Oracle R Enterprise. The client supporting packages must be installed on both the client and on the server.

To download the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages: 

  1. Navigate to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the license agreement.

  3. Under Oracle R Enterprise Downloads (v1.3.1), select Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for Linux 64-bit Platform (1.2M).

  4. Download and unzip the file in the installation directory that you created in Section A.2.2:

    % cd /home/myhome/myoreserver
    % unzip ore-supporting-linux-x86-64-1.3.1.zip
    
  5. When you unzip the file, the supporting subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation are listed as follows:

    % ls
    ore-server-linux-x86-64-1.3.1.zip
    ore-supporting-linux-x86-64-1.3.1.zip
    server/
    supporting/
    

    The supporting subdirectory is populated with the following files:

    DBI_0.2-5.zip
    ROracle_1.1-9.zip
    png_0.1-4.zip
    

To install the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages: 

  1. Change to the supporting subdirectory and list the contents:

    % cd supporting
    % ls
    DBI_0.2-5_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    ROracle_1.1-9_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    png_0.1-4_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    
  2. Install the packages:

    % ORE CMD INSTALL ROracle_1.1-9_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    % ORE CMD INSTALL DBI_0.2-5_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    % ORE CMD INSTALL png_0.1-4_R_x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.tar.gz
    

    The packages are installed in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library.

A.2.4 Create a Database User for Oracle R Enterprise

Follow these steps to create a database user for Oracle R Enterprise:

  1. Change to the Oracle R Enterprise server subdirectory:

    % cd /home/myhome/myoreserver/server/
    
  2. Run the demo_user script:

    % ./demo_user.sh
    
  3. The script prompts you to enter the names of permanent and temporary tablespaces for the user schema. The default tablespaces are USERS and TEMP. To accept the defaults, press ENTER.

  4. The script prompts you to enter a name and password for the user. The default name is rquser. To accept the default name, press ENTER.

  5. When the script completes, start SQL*Plus as sysdba and grant the user privileges that are required by Oracle R Enterprise. For the user rquser:

    % sqlplus /  AS SYSDBA
    SQL> GRANT CREATE TABLE TO RQUSER;
    SQL> GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE TO RQUSER;
    SQL> GRANT CREATE VIEW TO RQUSER;
    SQL> GRANT CREATE MINING MODEL TO RQUSER;
    SQL> GRANT RQADMIN to RQUSER;
    SQL> EXIT;
    

A.3 Installing Oracle R Enterprise on the Client

To install Oracle R Enterprise on the client computer, first verify that the Windows environment meets the requirements specified in Section A.1. Next, complete these steps:

A.3.1 Install R on the Client

Oracle R Distribution is not supported on Windows. Follow these steps to install open source R on the client:

  1. Navigate to the R home page:

    http://www.r-project.org

  2. Under Download, Packages, choose CRAN.

  3. Select a CRAN Mirror.

  4. Choose Download R for Windows.

  5. Under Subdirectories, choose base.

  6. Under Other builds, choose Previous releases.

  7. Download R-2.15.3. The following executable file is downloaded:

    R-2.15.3-win.exe
    
  8. In Windows Explorer, double-click the executable file to start the Windows Installer for R.

  9. Follow the instructions in the Installer.


    Note:

    The Installer offers to install both 32-bit and 64-bit R. You must install 64-bit R for Oracle R Enterprise. If you choose to install both 32-bit and 64-bit R, then take care to only use 64-bit R for Oracle R Enterprise.

A.3.2 Install Oracle Instant Client

Oracle R Enterprise requires Oracle Database Client. Instead of installing the full Database Client, which must be installed in an Oracle home directory, you can install Oracle Instant Client.

To download and install Oracle Instant Client, follow these steps: 

  1. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise client components. The directory can have any name. For example:

    c:\myoreclient
    
  2. Navigate to the Oracle Database Instant Client page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/

  3. Select See Instant Client Downloads.

  4. On the Instant Client Downloads page, select Instant Client for Microsoft Windows (x64).

  5. Accept the license agreement.

  6. Under Version 12.1.0.1.0, select Instant Client Package - Basic or Instant Client Package - Basic Lite for Oracle Database 12.1.

  7. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1. For example, if you choose the basic package, the following file is downloaded:

    c:\myoreclient\instantclient-basic-windows.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  8. Unzip the file.

    When you unzip the file, the instantclient_12_1 subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation directory are shown as follows:

    Description of myoreclientdir1.gif follows

  9. Return to the Instant Client download page:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/winx64soft-089540.html

  10. Accept the license agreement and select Instant Client Package - SDK. Save the file in the directory that you created in Step 1.

    c:\myoreclient\instantclient-sdk-windows.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  11. Unzip the file.

    When you unzip the file, the sdk subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation directory are shown as follows:

    Description of myoreclientdir2.gif follows

  12. Add the full path of the Instant Client to the environment variables OCI_LIB64 and PATH. The following steps set the variables to the path used in this example, c:\myoreclient\instantclient_12_1:

    1. In Windows Control Panel, choose System.

    2. Click Advanced systems settings.

    3. On the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.

    4. Under System variables, create OCI_LIB64 if it does not already exist. Set the value of OCI_LIB64 to c:\oreclient\instantclient_12_1.

    5. Under System variables, edit PATH to include c:\oreclient\instantclient_12_1.


      Note:

      The graphical user interface for creating environment variables may vary slightly, depending on your version of Windows.

A.3.3 Install the Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages

Follow these steps to download and install the Oracle R Enterprise client packages:

To download the Oracle R Enterprise client packages: 

  1. Navigate to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Select Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages for Windows Platform. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Section A.3.2.

    c:\myoreclient\ore-client-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    
  4. Unzip the file.

    When you unzip the file, the client subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation directory are shown as follows:

    Description of myoreclientdir3.gif follows

To install the Oracle R Enterprise client packages from the R Console: 

  1. Start R from the Windows Start menu. If you have installed both 32 and 64-bit R, be sure to choose 64-bit R.

    The R Console window is displayed, as shown in Example A-1

  2. Install the packages as follows:

    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/ORE_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREbase_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREdm_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREeda_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREgraphics_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREpredict_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/OREstats_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/client/ORExml_1.3.1.zip", repos=NULL)
    

    Each successful package installation produces this message in the R console:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

A.3.4 Install the Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages

Follow these steps to download and install the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages:

To download the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages: 

  1. Navigate to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Select Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for Windows Platform. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Section A.3.2.

    c:\myoreclient\ore-supporting-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    
  4. Unzip the file.

    When you unzip the file, the supporting subdirectory is created. The contents of the installation directory are shown as follows:

    Description of myoreclientdir4.gif follows

To install the client supporting packages from the R Console: 

  1. Start R from the Windows Start menu. If you have installed both 32 and 64-bit R, be sure to choose 64-bit R.

    The R Console window is displayed, as shown in Example A-1.

  2. Install the packages as follows:

    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/supporting/ROracle_1.1-9.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/supporting/DBI_0.2-5.zip", repos=NULL)
    R> install.packages("c:/myoreclient/supporting/png_0.1-4.zip", repos=NULL)
    

    Each successful package installation produces this message in the R console:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

A.3.4.1 The Oracle R Enterprise Client Installation Directory

Figure A-1 shows the structure of the client installation directory after all the client components have been installed.

Figure A-1 Oracle R Enterprise Client Installation Directory

Description of Figure A-1 follows

A.4 Verifying the Oracle R Enterprise Installation

To verify that the basic functionality of Oracle R Enterprise is working, establish a connection to Oracle R Enterprise Server, execute several basic commands, and run some of the Oracle R Enterprise demo programs.


Note:

To start and use Oracle R Enterprise, your user ID must have the privileges required for Oracle R Enterprise installation. See Section 4.2.3, "User Requirements" for details.

Example A-1 Connecting to Oracle R Enterprise Server

To connect the Oracle R Enterprise Client to Oracle R Enterprise Server:

  1. Select R x64 2.15.3 from the Windows Start menu.

    The R Console is displayed.

    Description of rgui1.gif follows

  2. Type this command to start Oracle R Enterprise:

    R> library(ORE)
    
    Description of rgui2.gif follows

  3. Type this command to connect to the Oracle R Enterprise server. The following example connects user rquser to the database orcl on the server host serv1 using port 1521:

    R> ore.connect(user="rquser", sid="orcl", host="serv1", password="rquserpsw",
                   port=1521, all=TRUE)
    Loading required package: ROracle
    Loading required package: DBI
    
  4. Execute ore.is.connected to validate the connection. If the connection is successful, the command returns TRUE:

    R> ore.is.connected()
    [1] TRUE
    

Example A-2 Listing the Database Tables Accessible to RQUSER

The ore.ls command lists the data sets that are available to the current user. For example, if TABLE1 and TABLE2 exist in the rquser schema:

R> ore.ls()
[1] "TABLE1" "TABLE2"

Example A-3 Pushing an R Data Frame to a Database Table

The ore.push command pushes an R data frame to a database table or a database table to an R data frame. For example:

  R> cars <- ore.push(cars)

Example A-4 Executing an Embedded R Function

The ore.doEval command schedules execution of the specified function in the database-embedded R engine and returns the results.

R> ore.doEval(function() { 123 })
[1] 123

Example A-5 Listing the Oracle R Enterprise Demo Scripts

The Oracle R Enterprise demo scripts are located in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library/ORE/demo. The demo command provides a list of available demos:

R>  demo(package="ORE")

Demos in package 'ORE':

aggregate                    Aggregation
analysis                     Basic analysis & data processing operations
basic                        Basic connectivity to database
binning                      Binning logic
columnfns                    Column functions
cor                          Correlation matrix
crosstab                     Frequency cross tabulations
datastore                    DataStore operations
datetime                     Date/Time operations
derived                      Handling of derived columns
distributions                Distribution, density, and quantile functions
do_eval                      Embedded R processing
freqanalysis                 Frequency cross tabulations
glm                          Generalized Linear Models
graphics                     Demonstrates visual analysis
group_apply                  Embedded R processing by group
hypothesis                   Hyphothesis testing functions
matrix                       Matrix related operations
nulls                        Handling of NULL in SQL vs. NA in R
odm_ai                       Oracle Data Mining: attribute importance
odm_dt                       Oracle Data Mining: decision trees
odm_glm                      Oracle Data Mining: generalized linear models
odm_kmeans                   Oracle Data Mining: enhanced k-means clustering
odm_nb                       Oracle Data Mining: naive Bayes classification
odm_svm                      Oracle Data Mining: support vector machines
push_pull                    RDBMS <-> R data transfer
rank                         Attributed-based ranking of observations
reg                          Ordinary least squares linear regression
row_apply                    Embedded R processing by row chunks
sampling                     Random row sampling and partitioning of an ore.frame
sql_like                     Mapping of R to SQL commands
stepwise                     Stepwise OLS linear regression
summary                      Summary functionality
table_apply                  Embedded R processing of entire table

A.4.1 Executing Oracle R Enterprise Demo Scripts

You can further verify the success of the installation by running some of the Oracle R Enterprise demo scripts. If a script runs to completion without errors, then the demo is successful.

Example A-6 Executing the aggregate Demo

This example shows the aggregate demo with partial output.

> demo("aggregate", package="ORE")
 
        demo(aggregate)
        ---- ~~~~~~~~~
 
Type  <Return>   to start : 
 
> #
> #     O R A C L E  R  E N T E R P R I S E  S A M P L E   L I B R A R Y
> #
> #     Name: aggregate.R
> #     Description: Demonstrates aggregations
> #     See also summary.R
> #
> #
> #
> 
> ## Set page width
> options(width = 80)
 
> # Push the built-in iris data frame to the database
> IRIS_TABLE <- ore.push(iris)
 
> # Display the class of IRIS_TABLE 
> class(IRIS_TABLE)
[1] "ore.frame"
attr(,"package")
[1] "OREbase"
 
> # Select count(Petal.Length) group by species
> x = aggregate(IRIS_TABLE$Petal.Length,
+               by = list(species = IRIS_TABLE$Species),
+               FUN = length)
 
> class(x)
[1] "ore.frame"
attr(,"package")
[1] "OREbase"
.
.
.
. 

Example A-7 Executing the row_apply Demo

This example shows the row_apply demo with partial output.

&gt; demo("row_apply", package="ORE")
 
        demo(row_apply)
        ---- ~~~~~~~~~
 
Type  <Return>   to start : 
 
> #
> #     O R A C L E  R  E N T E R P R I S E  S A M P L E   L I B R A R Y
> #
> #     Name: row_apply.R
> #     Description: Execute R code on each row
> #
> #
> 
> ## Set page width
> options(width = 80)
 
> # Push the built-in iris data frame to the database
> IRIS_TABLE <- ore.push(iris)
 
> # Display the class of IRIS_TABLE 
> class(IRIS_TABLE)
[1] "ore.frame"
attr(,"package")
[1] "OREbase"
 
> # Apply given R function to each row
> ore.rowApply(IRIS_TABLE,
+              function(dat) {
+                  # Any R code goes here. Operates on one row of IRIS_TABLE at
+                  # a time
+                  cbind(dat, dat$Petal.Length)
+              })
$`1`
  Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width   Species dat$Petal.Length
1          6.4         2.8          5.6         2.1 virginica              5.6
 
$`2`
  Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width   Species dat$Petal.Length
1          7.2           3          5.8         1.6 virginica              5.8
 
$`3`
  Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width   Species dat$Petal.Length
1          7.4         2.8          6.1         1.9 virginica              6.1
 
$`4`
  Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width   Species dat$Petal.Length
1          7.9         3.8          6.4           2 virginica              6.4
 
$`5`
  Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width   Species dat$Petal.Length
1          6.4         2.8          5.6         2.2 virginica              5.6
 
$`6`
.
.
.
.

Example A-8 Executing the cor Demo

This example shows the cor demo with partial output.

> demo ("cor")
 
        demo(cor)
        ---- ~~~
 
Type  <Return>   to start : 
 
> #
> #     O R A C L E  R  E N T E R P R I S E  S A M P L E   L I B R A R Y
> #
> #     Name: cor.R
> #     Description: Correlation matrix
> #
> #
> #
> 
> ## Set page width
> options(width = 80)
 
> # Push the built-in iris data frame to the database
> IRIS_TABLE <- ore.push(iris)
 
> # Display the class of IRIS_TABLE 
> class(IRIS_TABLE)
[1] "ore.frame"
attr(,"package")
[1] "OREbase"
 
> # Remove non numeric columns
> iris_numeric = IRIS_TABLE[, c("Sepal.Length", "Sepal.Width",
+                               "Petal.Length", "Petal.Width")]
 
> # Pearson's correlation matrix
> cor(iris_numeric, use = "all.obs")
             Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width
Sepal.Length    1.0000000  -0.1175698    0.8717538   0.8179411
Sepal.Width    -0.1175698   1.0000000   -0.4284401  -0.3661259
Petal.Length    0.8717538  -0.4284401    1.0000000   0.9628654
Petal.Width     0.8179411  -0.3661259    0.9628654   1.0000000
.
.
.
.

Warning messages:
1: ORE object has no unique key - using random order 
2: ORE object has no unique key - using random order 
3: ORE object has no unique key - using random order 
4: ORE object has no unique key - using random order 

Example A-9 Executing the stepwise Demo

This example shows the stepwise demo with partial output.

> demo("stepwise")
 
        demo(stepwise)
        ---- ~~~~~~~~
 
Type  <Return>   to start : 
 
> #
> #     O R A C L E  R  E N T E R P R I S E  S A M P L E   L I B R A R Y
> #
> #     Name: stepwise.R
> #     Description: STEPWISE Multivariate Regression
> #
> #
> #
> 
> ## Set page width
> options(width = 80)
 
> # Push the built-in iris data frame to the database
> IRIS_TABLE <- ore.push(iris)
 
> # Display the class of IRIS_TABLE
> class(IRIS_TABLE)
[1] "ore.frame"
attr(,"package")
[1] "OREbase"
 
> # Let us first project out the non numeric columns
> IRIS_TABLE = IRIS_TABLE[, c("Sepal.Length", "Sepal.Width",
+                             "Petal.Length", "Petal.Width")]
 
> # Predict Sepal.Length based on the other 3 numeric columns
> # Do it stepwise
> model = ore.lm(Sepal.Length ~ ., data = IRIS_TABLE)
 
> model
 
Call:
ore.lm(formula = Sepal.Length ~ ., data = IRIS_TABLE)
 
Coefficients:
 (Intercept)   Sepal.Width  Petal.Length   Petal.Width  
      1.8560        0.6508        0.7091       -0.5565 
.
.
.
PK"PK#FJOEBPS/preface.htm= Preface

Preface

This book describes how to install and administer Oracle R Enterprise Release 1.3.1.

Audience

This document is intended for anyone who is responsible for installing or administering Oracle R Enterprise. Installation of Oracle R Enterprise requires knowledge of R and Oracle Database.

Documentation Accessibility

For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program website at http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing impaired.

Related Documents

These manuals describe Oracle R Enterprise:

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1 Overview of Oracle R Enterprise Installation

This chapter introduces the Oracle R Enterprise installation process. This chapter contains the following topics:

1.1 About Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise integrates R, the open source scripting language and environment, with Oracle Database. R supports advanced statistical analysis and has sophisticated graphical capabilities. A component of the Oracle Advanced Analytics Option of Oracle Database, Oracle R Enterprise enables the R language to operate transparently on Oracle data.

1.2 About Oracle R Enterprise and Open Source R

Oracle R Enterprise requires the installation of R, which is third-party, open source software. Open source R is governed by GNU General Public License (GPL) and not by Oracle licensing. The following Oracle tools facilitate and enable the use of R with Oracle Database:

  • Oracle R Distribution

    Oracle R Distribution is Oracle's free distribution of open source R. Oracle R Distribution offers these significant advantages for Oracle R Enterprise:

    • Simplifies the installation of R for Oracle R Enterprise

    • Simplifies integration with the Intel Math Kernel Library (MKL), which improves the performance of many mathematical computations in R


    Note:

    Oracle recommends that you use Oracle R Distribution with Oracle R Enterprise whenever possible.

  • ROracle

    ROracle is an open source R package that enables interaction between R and Oracle Database. Originally developed by a third party, ROracle has been enhanced by Oracle and is now maintained and supported by Oracle. ROracle is one of the client supporting packages of Oracle R Enterprise.


Note:

The RStudio Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is not included with Oracle R Enterprise. The RStudio IDE is a free, open source product that you can obtain and license from the RStudio company. See Appendix D, "Installing RStudio" for details.

1.3 About Oracle R Enterprise and Oracle R Connector for Hadoop

Oracle Big Data Connectors facilitate interaction and data exchange between a Hadoop cluster and Oracle Database. Oracle R Connector for Hadoop is a set of R packages that supports the interface between a local R environment, Oracle Database, and Hadoop. The interface enables rapid, interactive analysis on all three platforms.

Oracle R Connector for Hadoop is designed to work independently, but the full power of this connector is achieved when it is used with Oracle R Enterprise. With Oracle R Connector for Hadoop, you can use Oracle R Enterprise R functions to connect to Hive and create and manage Oracle Database objects.

1.4 Oracle R Enterprise Architecture

Oracle R Enterprise has a client-server architecture based on Oracle Database and Oracle Client. R engines run on the server computer and on each client computer.

  • SQL Transparency

    Oracle R Enterprise packages on the client support SQL transparency, which enables Oracle tables to appear "transparently" as native R objects. With SQL transparency, data analysts can use R to explore, cleanse, and transform data without having to know SQL.

  • Embedded R Execution

    Oracle R Enterprise packages on the server support the execution of R commands within SQL queries and PL/SQL statements. Embedded R is executed in spawned R engines that can run in parallel. With embedded R, you can execute R algorithms on very large data stores and schedule embedded R for lights-out processing.

Figure 1-1 illustrates the client-server architecture of Oracle R Enterprise.

Figure 1-1 Client-Server Architecture of Oracle R Enterprise

Description of Figure 1-1 follows

1.5 Client and Server Components of Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise has client components and server components:

  • Oracle R Enterprise Client Components:

    • Oracle Database Client

    • Oracle R Enterprise packages and supporting, open source packages

  • Oracle R Enterprise Server Components:

    • Oracle Database with schema objects and shared libraries for supporting Oracle R Enterprise clients

    • Oracle R Enterprise packages and supporting, open source packages

1.6 Oracle R Enterprise Installation Steps

The Oracle R Enterprise client and server installation steps are illustrated in Figure 1-2.

Figure 1-2 Oracle R Enterprise Client and Server Installation Steps

Description of Figure 1-2 follows


Note:

If you want to use Oracle R Enterprise directly on the server computer, then you do not need a separate client installation. A local installation of Oracle Database Client is automatically included in the installation of Oracle Database.

1.6.1 Postinstallation Steps

After you install the software, you must create at least one database user for Oracle R Enterprise. A script for creating users is provided with Oracle R Enterprise Server.

1.7 Oracle R Enterprise System Requirements

Oracle R Enterprise runs on 64-bit platforms only. Both client and server components are supported on each of the platforms described in Table 1-1.

Table 1-1 Oracle R Enterprise Platform Requirements

Operating SystemHardware PlatformDescription

Linux x86-64

Intel and AMD

  • 64-bit Oracle Linux Release 5 update 6 through Oracle Linux 6

  • 64-bit Red Hat Enterprise Linux Release 5 update 6 through Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6

Oracle Linux may be running on Oracle Exadata Database Machine.

Oracle Solaris

Intel and SPARC

  • 64-bit Oracle Solaris 10 update 10 through Oracle Solaris 11 for both SPARC and x86-64 (Intel) platforms

  • Oracle SPARC SuperCluster

  • Oracle Solaris Studio (formerly Sun Studio) 12u3 or later

Oracle Solaris may be running on Oracle Exadata Database Machine.

IBM AIX

IBM

64-bit IBM AIX 5.3 or higher

Microsoft Windows

Intel

64-bit Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7


Table 1-2 shows the supported configurations of Oracle R Enterprise server components.

Table 1-2 Oracle R Enterprise Server Support Matrix

Oracle R EnterpriseOpen source R or Oracle R DistributionOracle Database (see Note)

1.0

2.13.2

11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1

1.1

2.13.2

11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1

1.2

2.15.1

11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1

1.3

2.15.1

11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1

1.3.1

2.15.1, 2.15.2, 2.15.3

11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1



Note:

Oracle Database versions 11.2.0.1 and 11.2.0.2 are supported on Linux if patched. For instructions, see Section 2.2, "Patching an 11.2.0.1 or 11.2.0.2 Database on Linux".

On other platforms, Oracle Database 11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, or 12.1 is required.



Refer to:

Oracle R Enterprise Release Notes for the latest platform requirements and the latest versions of R that are supported with Oracle R Enterprise.

PK*buNpNPK#FJOEBPS/ore_admin.htm?@ Administrative Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

7 Administrative Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

This chapter describes administrative tasks for maintaining and optimizing Oracle R Enterprise. This chapter contains these topics:

7.1 Creating an Oracle Wallet for an Oracle R Enterprise Connection

An Oracle wallet is a password-protected container for storing security credentials in Oracle Database. Wallets provide a secure mechanism for specifying connection details in embedded R scripts.

To create a wallet for an Oracle R Enterprise connection: 

  1. Start Oracle Wallet Manager:

    • (Linux and UNIX) At the command line, enter owm.

    • (Windows) Select Start, Programs, Oracle-HOME_NAME, Integrated Management Tools, Wallet Manager.

  2. Follow the instructions in your Oracle Database documentation to create the wallet:

  3. Locate the connection string for the Oracle R Enterprise database in tnsnames.ora. For example:

    mydb_test =
          (DESCRIPTION =
             (ADDRESS =
                (PROTOCOL = TCP)
                (HOST = server23)
                (PORT = 1521)
             )
             (CONNECT_DATA = (sid=ORCL))
          )
    
  4. Specify the connection information in the wallet. Follow the instructions in the Oracle Database security documentation referenced in step 2.

  5. After you configure the wallet, you can connect to the Oracle R Enterprise server database by simply specifying the connection identifier. For example:

     ore.connect(conn_string = "mydb_test", all = TRUE)
    

See Also:

R help for ore.connect

7.2 Controlling Memory Used by Embedded R

You can control the memory used by embedded R execution by limiting the heap memory (vector and cons in R terminology) that is automatically managed by the R gc mechanism. To limit the size of heap memory in the database, use the sys.rqconfigset utility. The keyword arguments for sys.rqconfigset are described in Table 7-1.

Table 7-1 SYS.RQCONFIGSET Keyword Arguments

KeywordDefaultDescription

MIN_VSIZE

32MB

Minimum R vector heap memory

MAX_VSIZE

4GB

Maximum R vector heap memory

MIN_NSIZE

1M

Minimum number of R cons cells

MAX_NSIZE

20M

Maximum number of R cons cells


Example 7-1 Using SYS.RQCONFIGSET to Control Memory Used by Embedded R

-- Set the minimum R vector heap memory to 20MB
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MIN_VSIZE', '20MB');

-- Set the maximum R vector heap memory to 100MB
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MAX_VSIZE', '100MB')

-- Set the minimum number of R cons cells to 500x1024
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MIN_NSIZE', '500K');

-- Set the maximum number of R cons cells to 10x10x1024
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MAX_NSIZE', '10MB');

-- Set maximum vector heap memory and maximum cons cells to unlimited
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MAX_VSIZE', NULL); 
SQL> EXEC sys.rqconfigset('MAX_NSIZE', NULL);

Note:

The sys.rqconfigset procedure does not control the C type memory that may be allocated by Calloc, Realloc, calloc, or malloc. Such C type memory is mainly created to hold temporary values used by R functions that are implemented in C. Under normal circumstances, C type memory is limited in size and does not significantly affect the memory usage of R.

7.3 Upgrading Oracle R Enterprise

You can upgrade Oracle R Enterprise to the current release from any previous release by reinstalling the product.


Note on IBM AIX:

Upgrade from Oracle R Enterprise 1.1 is not supported on IBM AIX. To upgrade Oracle R Enterprise 1.1 on IBM AIX, first uninstall Oracle R Enterprise 1.1 (including R) and then download and install the later version.

To upgrade Oracle R Enterprise: 

  1. Ensure that you have the version of R that is required for the new version of Oracle R Enterprise. See Oracle R Enterprise Release Notes for the latest requirements.

    To install R, follow the instructions in Chapter 3, "Installing R".

  2. To upgrade Oracle R Enterprise Server, follow the installation procedures. When the installation script detects an earlier version of Oracle R Enterprise, it asks if you want to upgrade. Answering No aborts the process; answering Yes starts the upgrade.

    See Chapter 4 for the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation instructions.

  3. To upgrade Oracle R Enterprise Client, re-install the client packages and client supporting Packages. You do not have to uninstall the current packages before installing the new packages.

    See Chapter 5 for the Oracle R Enterprise Client installation instructions.

7.4 Uninstalling Oracle R Enterprise

To uninstall Oracle R Enterprise, follow the instructions in the following topics:

7.4.1 Uninstalling Oracle R Enterprise Server

An uninstall script is included with the Oracle R Enterprise Server files in the server directory. The script removes the libraries that were installed in $ORACLE_HOME/lib and drops all the database objects that were created by the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation.

The user that runs the uninstall script must satisfy the requirements specified in Section 4.2.3, "User Requirements".

On a Linux system, you could uninstall Oracle R Enterprise Server as follows:

% cd download_path/server/
% ./uninstall.sh

7.4.2 Uninstalling Oracle R Enterprise Client

To uninstall the Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages and Client Supporting Packages, start R and type these commands:

R> remove.packages("ORE")
R> remove.packages("ORExml")
R> remove.packages("OREeda")
R> remove.packages("OREgraphics")
R> remove.packages("OREstats")
R> remove.packages("OREbase")
R> remove.packages("ROracle")
R> remove.packages("DBI")
R> remove.packages("png")
R> remove.packages("OREdm")
R> remove.packages("OREpredict")

7.5 Uninstalling R

To uninstall R, follow the instructions in the following topics:

7.5.1 Uninstalling R on Windows

Uninstall Open Source R just as you would uninstall any other Windows program. using Add or Remove Programs from the Windows Control Panel.

7.5.2 Uninstalling Oracle R Distribution on Linux

To uninstall Oracle R Distribution on Linux, log in as root and execute these commands in this order. To uninstall a different version of R, replace 2.15.3 with the version number.

# rpm -e R-2.15.3
# rpm -e R-devel
# rpm -e R-core
# rpm -e libRmath-devel
# rpm -e libRmath

7.5.3 Uninstalling Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Solaris

To uninstall Oracle R Distribution on Oracle Solaris, follow the instructions in the readme on the Oracle R Distribution download page on the Oracle Technology Network:

https://oss.oracle.com/ORD/

The Oracle R Distribution installation directory on Oracle Solaris includes an uninstall script. Log in as root and run the script as follows:

# ./uninstall.sh

7.5.4 Uninstalling Oracle R Distribution on IBM AIX

To uninstall Oracle R Distribution on IBM AIX, follow the instructions in the readme on the Oracle R Distribution download page on the Oracle Technology Network:

https://oss.oracle.com/ORD/

To uninstall all filesets execute the following command as root:

# installp -u ORD    

You can also uninstall independent filesets. For example, the following commands uninstall only ORD.dev and ORD.core:

# installp -u ORD.devel
# installp -u ORD.core
PKH??PK#FJOEBPS/cover.htm Cover

Oracle Corporation

PK;PK#FJOEBPS/install_oreclient.htm Installing Oracle R Enterprise Client

5 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Client

This chapter explains how to install Oracle R Enterprise Client. This chapter includes these topics:

5.1 About Oracle R Enterprise Client

This topic includes the following:

5.1.1 Client Components of Oracle R Enterprise

Oracle R Enterprise includes several components that must be installed separately on each client computer. The Oracle R Enterprise client components, listed below, can be installed in any order:

  • R (See Chapter 3, "Installing R")

  • Oracle Database Client Software

  • Oracle R Enterprise client packages

  • Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages

An illustration of the client and server components of Oracle R Enterprise is shown in Figure 1-2.

5.1.2 About Oracle Database Client Software

ROracle, one of the client supporting packages used by Oracle R Enterprise, requires an installation of Oracle Database client software to enable communication between an R client and an Oracle database. The Database client can be either Oracle Database Client or Oracle Database Instant Client:

  • Oracle Database Client is distributed with Oracle Database and is based in the Oracle Home of the database.

  • Oracle Database Instant Client is a free, stand-alone implementation of Oracle Database Client. Oracle Instant Client is not based in an Oracle home directory and requires less disk space than Oracle Database Client.

5.1.3 About the Client Packages and Client Supporting Packages

The Oracle R Enterprise client packages and client supporting packages are required on each client computer and on the server computer that hosts Oracle Database with Oracle R Enterprise Server. On the server, the client packages are installed automatically by the Oracle R Enterprise Server installation script.

5.1.3.1 Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages

The client packages, shown in Table 5-1, are a set of Oracle proprietary packages that support Oracle R Enterprise.

Table 5-1 Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages

Package NameDescription

ORE

The top-level package for Oracle R Enterprise.

OREbase

Corresponds to the open source R base package.

OREdm

Exposes Oracle Data Mining algorithms through R.

OREeda

Contains functions for exploratory data analysis.

OREgraphics

Corresponds to the open source R graphics package.

OREmodels

Contains functions for advanced analytical modeling.

OREpredict

Enables scoring data in Oracle Database using R models.

OREstats

Corresponds to the open source R stats package.

ORExml

Supports XML translation between R and Oracle Database.


5.1.3.2 Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages

The client supporting packages, shown in Table 5-2, are a set of open source packages that support the Oracle R Enterprise client packages.

Table 5-2 Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages

Package NameDescription

DBI

A database interface definition for communication between R and Oracle Database.

png

Supports the reading and writing PNG images for Oracle R Enterprise objects.

ROracle

Oracle Database interface for R based OCI.


5.2 Installing Oracle Database Instant Client on Windows

As described in Section 5.1.2, Oracle R Enterprise requires Oracle Database client software. Oracle Instant Client is suitable for most configurations of Oracle R Enterprise.

To Install Oracle Instant Client on Windows: 

  1. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise client components. For example:

    c:\oreclient_install_dir
    
  2. Go to the Oracle Database Instant Client page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/

  3. Select See Instant Client downloads for all platforms.

  4. On the Instant Client Downloads page, select Instant Client for Microsoft Windows (x64).

  5. On the Instant Client Downloads for Microsoft Windows (x64) page, accept the license agreement.

  6. Choose Instant Client Package - Basic or Instant Client Package - Basic Lite for your version of Oracle Database.

  7. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1. For example:

    c:\oreclient_install_dir\instantclient-basic-windows.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  8. Unzip the file.The files are extracted into a subdirectory called instantclient_version, where version is your version of Oracle Database. For example:

    c:\oreclient_install_dir\instantclient_12_1
    
  9. Return to the Instant Client Downloads for Microsoft Windows (x64) page:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/winx64soft-089540.html

  10. Accept the license agreement and select Instant Client Package - SDK for your version of Oracle Database.

  11. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1.

    c:\oreclient_install_dir\instantclient-sdk-windows.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  12. Unzip the file. The files are extracted into the instantclient_version subdirectory. An Instant Client installation directory for Oracle Database 12.1 is shown in Figure 5-1

    Figure 5-1 An Instant Client Installation Directory for Oracle Database 12.1

    Description of Figure 5-1 follows

  13. Add the full path of the Instant Client to the environment variables OCI_LIB64 and PATH. The following steps set the variables to the path used in this example, c:\myoreclient\instantclient_12_1:

    To set environment variables for Oracle Instant Client: 

    1. In Windows Control Panel, choose System.

    2. Click Advanced systems settings.

    3. On the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.

    4. Under System variables, create OCI_LIB64 if it does not already exist. Set the value of OCI_LIB64 to c:\oreclient\instantclient_12_1.

    5. Under System variables, edit PATH to include c:\oreclient\instantclient_12_1.


      Note:

      The graphical user interface for creating environment variables may vary slightly, depending on your version of Windows.

5.3 Installing Oracle Database Instant Client on Linux or UNIX

As described in Section 5.1.2, Oracle R Enterprise requires Oracle Database client software. Oracle Instant Client is suitable for most configurations of Oracle R Enterprise.

This section contains these topics:

5.3.1 Installing Oracle Instant Client on Linux from RPMs

To Install Oracle Instant Client on Linux from RPMs: 

  1. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise client components. For example:

    % mkdir oreclient_install_dir
    
  2. Go to the Oracle Database Instant Client page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/

  3. Choose See Instant Client downloads for all platforms.

  4. On the Instant Client Downloads page, choose Instant Client for Linux x86-64.

  5. On the Instant Client Downloads page for Linux, accept the license agreement and select the RPM for Instant Client Package - Basic or the Instant Client Package - Basic Lite.

  6. Save the file in the directory that you created in Step 1. For example:

    ~/oreclient_install_dir/oracle-instantclient12.1-basic-12.1.0.1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    
  7. Return to the Instant Client Downloads page for Linux x86-64:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/linuxx86-64soft-092277.html

  8. Accept the license agreement and download the RPM for Instant Client Package - SDK for your version of Oracle Database. Save the file in directory that you created in Step 1. For example:

    ~/oreclient_install_dir/oracle-instantclient12.1-sdk-12.1.0.1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    
  9. The RPMs place the files in standard locations that the ROracle configuration script can find. For example, Oracle Instant Client 12.1 will be installed in/usr/lib/oracle/12.1/client64/lib.

  10. After installing Oracle Instant Client, change LD_LIBRARY_PATH to include the Oracle Instant client libraries. For example:

    % export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/oracle/12.1/client64/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    

5.3.2 Installing Oracle Instant Client on Linux or UNIX from a Zip File

To Install Oracle Instant Client on Linux or UNIX for a zip file: 

  1. Create an installation directory for the Oracle R Enterprise client components. For example:

    % mkdir oreclient_install_dir
    
  2. Go to the Oracle Database Instant Client page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/

  3. Select See Instant Client downloads for all platforms. On the Instant Client Downloads page, select the Instant Client for your platform.

  4. Accept the license agreement and select the Instant Client Package - Basic or Instant Client Package - Basic Lite rpm for your version of Oracle Database.

  5. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1. For example:

    ~\oreclient_install_dir\instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  6. Unzip the file. The files are extracted into a subdirectory called instantclient_version, where version is your version of Oracle Database. For example:

    % unzip instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    % ls
    instantclient_12_1/
    instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  7. Return to the Instant Client Downloads page:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/index-097480.html

  8. Select the Instant Client for your platform.

  9. On the Instant Client Downloads page for your platform, accept the license agreement and select Instant Client Package - SDK for your version of Oracle Database.

  10. Save the file in the installation directory that you created in Step 1. For example:

    ~\oreclient_install_dir\instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    
  11. Unzip the file. The contents are extracted into the instantclient_version subdirectory.

    % unzip instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    % ls
    /instantclient_12_1
    instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    % cd instantclinet_12_1
    % ls
    /help
    /sdk
    /vc10
    /vc11
    

5.4 Installing the Client Packages on Windows

Install the Oracle R Enterprise client packages on each client computer. The client packages are automatically included in the installation on the server.

This section contains these topics:

5.4.1 Downloading the Client Packages on Windows

To download the client packages: 

  1. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Choose Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages for Windows Platform. Download and save the file in the installation directory that you created for Oracle Instant Client. For example:

    c:\oreclient_install_dir\ore-client-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    

    Note:

    Choose the same installation directory for all Oracle R Enterprise client components.

  4. Unzip the file. The contents are extracted into the client subdirectory:

    The resulting installation directory, shown in Example 5-1, contains Oracle Instant Client and Oracle R Enterprise client packages.

    Example 5-1 Client Installation Directory Containing Client Packages and Instant Client

    c:\oreclient_install_dir
         \client
              \ORE_1.3.1.zip
              \OREbase_1.3.1.zip
              \OREdm_1.3.1.zip
              \OREeda_1.3.1.zip
              \OREgraphics_1.3.1.zip
              \OREpredict_1.3.1.zip
              \OREstats_1.3.1.zip
              \ORExml_1.3.1.zip
         \instantclient_12_1
    instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    ore-client-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    

5.4.2 Installing the Client Packages on Windows

Choose one of the following methods to install the Oracle R Enterprise client packages on Windows:

5.4.2.1 Installing the Client Packages from the R Console

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. Execute this R command for each zip file in the client directory:

    R> install.packages("oreclient_install_dir/client/client_package_name.zip', repos=NULL)
    

    Each successful package installation produces this message in the R console:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

5.4.2.2 Installing the Client Packages from the R GUI

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. Select Packages from the RGui (64-bit) menu bar.

  3. From the Packages menu, select Install package(s) from local zip files.

  4. Change to the client directory.

  5. Select all the files in the directory.

  6. Click Open.

    Each package installation produces this message in the R console:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

5.4.2.3 Installing the Client Packages from the Windows Command Prompt

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. Open a Windows command window.

  3. Change directory to the client directory and type these commands:

    > R CMD INSTALL OREbase_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL OREstats_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL OREgraphcs_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL OREeda_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL ORExml_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL OREdm_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL OREpredict_1.3.1.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL ORE_1.3.1.zip
    

    Each package installation generates this message:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

5.5 Installing the Client Supporting Packages on Windows

Install the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages on each client computer and on the server computer.

This section contains these topics:

5.5.1 Downloading the Client Supporting Packages on Windows

To download the client supporting packages: 

  1. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Choose Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for Windows Platform. Download and save the file in the Oracle R Enterprise client installation directory For example:

    c:\oreclient_install_dir\ore-supporting-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    

    Note:

    Choose the same installation directory for all Oracle R Enterprise client components.

  4. Unzip the file. The contents are extracted into the supporting subdirectory:

    The resulting installation directory, shown in Example 5-2, contains all the client components: Oracle Instant Client, Oracle R Enterprise client packages, and Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages.

    Example 5-2 Client Installation Directory Containing All Client Components

    c:\oreclient_install_dir
         \client
         \instantclient_12_1
         \supporting     
             \DBI_0.2-5.zip
             \png_0.1-4.zip
             \ROracle_1.1-9.zip
    instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.1.0.1.0.zip
    ore-client-win-x86_64-1.3.1.zip
    ore-supporting-win-x86_641.3.1.zip
    

5.5.2 Installing the Client Supporting Packages on Windows

Choose one of the following methods to install the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages on Windows:

5.5.2.1 Installing the Client Supporting Packages from the R Console

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. Execute this command for each zip file in the supporting directory:

    R> install.packages("oreclient_install_dir\support\support_package_name.zip",
                         repos=NULL)
    

Each package installation produces this message in the R console:

package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
((

5.5.2.2 Installing the Client Supporting Packages Using the R GUI

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. From the main menu, select Packages.

  3. Select Install package(s) from local zip files.

  4. Browse to \oreclient_install_dir\supporting.

  5. Select all of the files in the directory.

  6. Click Open.

Each package installation produces this message in the R console:

package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked

5.5.2.3 Installing the Client Supporting Packages from the Windows Command Prompt

  1. Start R x64 from the Windows Start menu.

  2. Open a command window.

  3. Change to \oreclient_install_dir\supporting directory and type these commands:

    > R CMD INSTALL ROracle_1.1-9.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL DBI_0.2-5.zip
    > R CMD INSTALL png_0.1-4.zip
    

    Each package installation produces this message in the R console:

    package 'package_name' successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
    

5.6 Installing the Client Packages on Linux or UNIX

Install the Oracle R Enterprise client packages on each client computer. The client packages are automatically included in the installation on the server.

5.6.1 Downloading the Client Packages on Linux or UNIX

To download the client packages: 

  1. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Choose Oracle R Enterprise Client Packages for your platform. Download and save the file in the installation directory that you created for Oracle Instant Client. For example:

    ~/oreclient_install_dir/ore-client-platform-arch.zip
    

    Note:

    Choose the same installation directory for all Oracle R Enterprise client components.

  4. Unzip the file:

    % unzip ore-client-platform-arch.zip
    

    When you unzip the file, the /client directory is created and these files are extracted.

    /client/ORE_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREbase_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREdm_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREeda_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREgraphics_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREpredict_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/OREstats_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    /client/ORExml_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    

5.6.2 Installing the Client Packages on Linux or UNIX

To install the client packages: 

  1. Change to /oreclient_install_dir/client.

  2. Execute the following commands:

    % R CMD INSTALL ORE_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREbase_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREdm_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREeda_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREgraphics_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREpredict_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL OREstats_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL ORExml_1.3.1_R_arch-unknown-platform-gnu.tar.gz
    

5.7 Installing the Client Supporting Packages on Linux or UNIX

Install the Oracle R Enterprise client supporting packages on each client computer and on the server computer that hosts Oracle R Enterprise Server.

5.7.1 Downloading the Client Supporting Packages on Linux or UNIX

To download the client supporting packages: 

  1. Go to the Oracle R Enterprise Downloads page on the Oracle Technology Network:

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/options/advanced-analytics/r-enterprise/ore-downloads-1502823.html

  2. Accept the License Agreement.

  3. Choose Oracle R Enterprise Client Supporting Packages for your platform. Download and save the file in the client installation directory. For example:

    ~/oreclient_install_dir/ore-supporting-platform_arch.zip
    

    Note:

    Choose the same installation directory for all Oracle R Enterprise client components.

  4. Unzip the file:

    % unzip ore-supporting-platform_arch.zip
    

    When you unzip the file, the supporting directory is created and these files are extracted.

    /supporting/DBI_0.2-5_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    /supporting/png_0.1-4_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    /supporting/ROracle_1.1-9_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    

5.7.2 Installing the Client Supporting Packages on Linux or UNIX

To install the client supporting packages: 

  1. Change directory to /oreclient_install_dir/supporting.

  2. Execute these commands:

    % R CMD INSTALL DBI_0.2-5_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL ROracle_1.1-9_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    % R CMD INSTALL png_0.1-4_R_arch-unknown-platform.tar.gz
    
PKu2(PK#FJOEBPS/index.htmz3 Index

Index

C  D  E  I  L  M  O  R  S  U  Y 

C

client packages
described, 1.5, 5.1.3.1
installing on Linux, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6
installing on UNIX, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6
installing on Windows, A.3.3
on the server, 4.1.3
client supporting packages
described, 1.5, 5.1.3.2
installing on Linux, 5.7, A.2.3
installing on UNIX, 5.7
installing on Windows, 5.6, A.3.4
on the server, 4.3, 4.4

D

database
configuring extproc, 2.3
connecting to, 6.2
installing, 2.1
patching, 2.2
requirements, 2.1
database user
creating, 6.1, A.2.4
granting privileges to, 6.1.2, A.2.4
RQADMIN role, 6.1.2
RQUSER, 6.1.1
DBA group, 6.1.1, A.1
demo scripts
See example scripts

E

embedded R execution, 1.4, A.4
environment variables
creating on Windows, 4.2.2.1
example scripts, 6.4, A.4
extproc, 2.3

I

IBM AIX
requirements, 1.7, 1.7
installation
verifying, 6.4, A.4
installing
example, A, A
overview, 1.6, 1.6
user requirements for, 4.2.3, A.1
verifying, 4.6, 6.3
Instant Client, 5.1.2, A.3.2
installing on Windows, 5.2, 5.3

L

LD_LIBRARY_PATH, A.1
Linux
requirements, 1.7

M

Math Kernel Library, 3.6
Microsoft Windows
requirements, 1.7, 1.7
MKL_THREADING_LAYER, 3.6

O

ORA_DBA, 6.1.1
Oracle Call Interface, 5.1.2
Oracle Database
configuring extproc, 2.3
installing, 2.1
patching, 2.2
requirements, 1.7, 2.1
Oracle Database Client, 5.1.2, A.3.2
Oracle Database Instant Client, 5.1.2, A.3.2
See also Instant Client
Oracle Linux
requirements, 1.7
Oracle Public Yum, 3.2.1, A.2.1
Oracle R Connector for Hadoop, 1.3
Oracle R Distribution
installing, A.2.1
installing from Oracle Public Yum, 3.2.1
installing on Exadata, 3.5
overview, 1.2, 3.1
requirements, 1.7
Oracle R Enterprise
client components, 1.5, 5.1.1
creating a user for, 6.1, A.2.4
example scripts, 6.4
installing, 1.6, 4, 5, 5
overview, 1.1
server components, 1.5, 4.1.2
system requirements, 1.7
upgrading, 7.3
versions, 1.7
Oracle R Enterprise Client
installing, A.3
requirements, A.1
Oracle R Enterprise Server
environment variables, 4.2.2
installation script, 4.1.3
installing, A.2
Linux, 4.3
Windows, 4.4
Oracle Solaris
requirements, 1.7, 1.7
Oracle Wallet, 7.1
ORE package, 5.1.3.1, A.4
ore.connect, 6.2, A.4
OSDBA, 6.1.1

R

R
installing on Windows, 3.7, A.3.1
memory usage, 7.2
open source, 1.2, 3.1.2, B.1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
requirements, 1.7
ROracle package, 1.2, 5.1.2, 5.1.3.2, B.3
RQADMIN role, 6.1.3
RQSYS, 4.1.3
RQUSER, 6.1.1, A.2.4
RStudio, 1.2

S

SQL transparency, 1.4

U

uninstalling
Oracle R Enterprise, 7.4
Oracle R Enterprise Client, 7.4.2
Oracle R Enterprise Server, 7.4.1
R, 7.5, 7.5, 7.5.1
upgrading Oracle R Enterprise, 7.3

Y

yum, 3.2.1, A.2.1
PK.sh 3z3PK#FJOEBPS/postinstall.htm$8 Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

6 Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

This chapter explains how to establish and verify a working environment for Oracle R Enterprise after the software is installed. This chapter contains these topics:

6.1 Creating a Database User for Oracle R Enterprise

After the installation of Oracle R Enterprise client and server is complete, the next step is to create at least one database user that is configured for Oracle R Enterprise.

The Oracle R Enterprise server directory includes a script that you can run to create a sample user named RQUSER. The script verifies the installation of Oracle Database and Oracle R Enterprise before creating the user. You can modify the script to create additional users.

6.1.1 Creating RQUSER

To create a sample user for Oracle R Enterprise:

  1. Verify that your operating system user ID is a member of the OSDBA group (DBA on Linux and UNIX; ora_dba on Windows). See Section 4.2.3.1 for details about OSDBA.

  2. Navigate to the Oracle R Enterprise server directory:

    % cd download_directory/server
    
  3. Run the demo_user script:

    -- Linux or UNIX
    % ./demo_user.sh
    
    -- Windows
    > demo_user.bat
    

The script prompts you to optionally enter the names of permanent and temporary tablespaces for the RQSYS schema. The default tablespaces are SYSAUX and TEMP. To accept the defaults, press ENTER.

6.1.2 Granting Privileges to RQUSER

Oracle R Enterprise users require a basic set of database privileges. Some users may require additional privileges, depending on the tasks they need to perform and the data they need to access.

To grant the basic privileges to RQUSER, start SQL*Plus as sysdba and execute these GRANT statements:

% sqlplus /  AS SYSDBA
SQL> GRANT CREATE TABLE TO RQUSER;
SQL> GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE TO RQUSER;
SQL> GRANT CREATE VIEW TO RQUSER;
SQL> GRANT CREATE MINING MODEL TO RQUSER;

6.1.3 Granting the RQADMIN Role to RQUSER

The Oracle R Enterprise server installation creates a database role called RQADMIN. A user with the RQADMIN role can create and drop R scripts that use the database embedded R engine. The RQADMIN role is also required for executing embedded R.

To grant RQADMIN to RQUSER, start SQL*Plus as sysdba and execute this GRANT statement:

% sqlplus / AS SYSDBA
SQL> GRANT RQADMIN to RQUSER;

Note:

Use caution when granting the RQADMIN role. Only users that require Oracle R Enterprise administrative privileges should have this role.

6.2 Connecting Oracle R Enterprise Client to Oracle R Enterprise Server

To connect Oracle R Enterprise client to the database, start R using the ORE script:

% ORE
R> library(ORE)

The following examples connect as user RQUSER with password RQUSERpsw:

  • For a remote database, specify the Oracle Database service identifier (SID), the host name, and the port for the connection.

    R> ore.connect(user="RQUSER", sid="orcl", host="SVR3", password="RQUSERpsw",
                   port=1521, all=TRUE)
    

    Note:

    To avoid specifying the password and other connection details in embedded R scripts, you can use Oracle Wallet. See "Creating an Oracle Wallet for an Oracle R Enterprise Connection".

  • For a local database, specify the connection as follows:

    R> ore.connect("RQUSER", password="RQUSERpsw", conn_string="", all=TRUE)
    

6.3 Validating Basic Oracle R Enterprise Functionality

After connecting as described in Section 6.2, you can test some of the basic functionality of Oracle R Enterprise with these commands:

## Is the ORE client connected to the ORE server?
## The output of this command should be TRUE.
R> ore.is.connected()

## List the available database tables 
        R> ore.ls()

## Push an R dataframe to a database table
        R> cars <- ore.push(cars)
R>      head(cars)

## Run embedded RR>       ore.doEval(function() { 123 })

6.4 Running the Oracle R Enterprise Example Scripts

You can further verify the success of the installation by running the Oracle R Enterprise demo scripts. If a script runs to completion without errors, then the example is successful.

The example scripts are located in $ORACLE_HOME/R/library/ORE/demo.

This R command provides a list of available examples:

R> demo(package="ORE")

These commands run two of the examples before exiting R. The aggregate script tests the use of an R function on data that is resident in database memory; the row_apply script tests embedded R execution.

R> demo("aggregate", package="ORE")
R> demo("row_apply", package="ORE")
R> q()
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} a:link, a:visited { color: black; background: inherit; } code, pre, samp, tt { font-size: 10pt; } #nav, #search_this_book, #comment_form, #comment_announcement, #flipNav, .noprint { display: none !important; } body#left-nav-present { overflow: visible !important; } } PKr.hcPK#FJOEBPS/dcommon/oracle.gifJGIF87aiyDT2F'G;Q_oKTC[ 3-Bq{ttsoGc4I)GvmLZ).1)!ꑈ53=Z]'yuLG*)g^!8C?-6(29K"Ĩ0Яl;U+K9^u2,@@ (\Ȱ Ë $P`lj 8x I$4H *(@͉0dа8tA  DсSP v"TUH PhP"Y1bxDǕ̧_=$I /& .)+ 60D)bB~=0#'& *D+l1MG CL1&+D`.1qVG ( "D2QL,p.;u. |r$p+5qBNl<TzB"\9e0u )@D,¹ 2@C~KU 'L6a9 /;<`P!D#Tal6XTYhn[p]݅ 7}B a&AƮe{EɲƮiEp#G}D#xTIzGFǂEc^q}) Y# (tۮNeGL*@/%UB:&k0{ &SdDnBQ^("@q #` @1B4i@ aNȅ@[\B >e007V[N(vpyFe Gb/&|aHZj@""~ӎ)t ? $ EQ.սJ$C,l]A `8A o B C?8cyA @Nz|`:`~7-G|yQ AqA6OzPbZ`>~#8=./edGA2nrBYR@ W h'j4p'!k 00 MT RNF6̙ m` (7%ꑀ;PKl-OJPK#FJOEBPS/appd_rstudio.htmC Installing RStudio

D Installing RStudio

This appendix provides tips for installing RStudio Server for use with Oracle R Enterprise on Linux. This appendix includes these topics:

D.1 About RStudio

RStudio is a free, open source Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for R. RStudio is available under GNU Affero General Public License (AGPL). You can use RStudio with Oracle R Enterprise, however RStudio is not included with Oracle R Enterprise. If you want to use RStudio, you must install and license it separately.


See Also:


D.2 Installing RStudio Server

RStudio Server is a Linux application that provides a web-based interface to R on a server.

To install RStudio Server for use with Oracle R Enterprise: 

  1. Download RStudio to your Linux system from the RStudio web site:

    http://www.rstudio.com/ide/

  2. Edit the configuration file rserver.conf. Supply the values of RHOME and ORACLE_HOME.

    % sudo vi /etc/rstudio/rserver.conf
        rsession-ld-library-path=RHOME:ORACLE_HOME
    
  3. Edit the configuration file Renviron.conf. Supply the values of ORACLE_HOME, ORACLE_HOSTNAME, and ORACLE_SID. For example, using the BASH shell:

    % cd /home/oracle
    % sudo vi .Renviron
        ORACLE_HOME=ORACLE_HOME
        ORACLE_HOSTNAME=ORACLE_HOSTNAME
        ORACLE_SID=ORACLE_SID
     
    # export ORACLE_HOME
    # export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
    # export ORACLE_SID
    

D.3 Installing RStudio Desktop

RStudio Desktop is an IDE for standalone machines.

To install RStudio Desktop: 

    1. Install R.

    2. Download RStudio Desktop from the RStudio web site:

      http://www.rstudio.com/ide/

    3. Run the installer and follow the prompts.

    4. Click the desktop icon to initialize RStudio.

PK[VPK#FJOEBPS/content.opfy Oracle® R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 en-US E36763-17 Oracle Corporation Oracle Corporation Oracle® R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 2013-11-19T17:00:06Z Oracle® R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 PK]~PK#FJ OEBPS/toc.ncx? Oracle® R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 Cover Title and Copyright Information Contents List of Examples List of Figures List of Tables Preface Changes in This Release for Installation and Administration Guide 1 Overview of Oracle R Enterprise Installation 2 Installing and Configuring the Database for Oracle R Enterprise 3 Installing R 4 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server 5 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Client 6 Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise 7 Administrative Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise A A Sample Installation of Oracle R Enterprise B License Information for Oracle R Enterprise C Oracle R Distribution Packages D Installing RStudio Index Copyright PKyaPK#FJOEBPS/title.htmB Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 for Windows, Linux, Solaris, and AIX

Oracle® R Enterprise

Installation and Administration Guide

Release 1.3.1 for Windows, Linux, Solaris, and AIX

E36763-17

November 2013


Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide, Release 1.3.1 for Windows, Linux, Solaris, and AIX

E36763-17

Copyright © 2012, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Primary Author:  Kathy L. Taylor

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The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. If you find any errors, please report them to us in writing.

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PK-PK#FJOEBPS/release_changes.htm  Changes in This Release for Installation and Administration Guide

Changes in This Release for Installation and Administration Guide

This preface describes:

Changes in Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide for Release 1.3.1

Oracle R Enterprise Release 1.3.1 consists of bug fixes described in Oracle R Enterprise Release Notes.

Oracle R Enterprise has components that are open source. Licensing information for these components is in Appendix B.

Instructions for installing RStudio are provided in Appendix D.

Changes in Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide for Release 1.3

Oracle R Enterprise Release 1.3 includes these new features:

  • Installation and administration information has moved from Oracle R Enterprise User's Guide to Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide (this manual).

  • Installation of Oracle R Distribution on Linux uses http://public-yum.oracle.com/ only.

  • You can now control memory used by Oracle R Enterprise Server. See Section 7.2, "Controlling Memory Used by Embedded R".

  • Deprecated grants

  • Supports 64-bit Windows platforms only.

PK 9] PK#FJ OEBPS/toc.htmEc Oracle R Enterprise Installation and Administration Guide for Windows, Linux, Solaris, and AIX, Release 1.3.1

Contents

List of Examples

List of Figures

List of Tables

Preface

Changes in This Release for Installation and Administration Guide

1 Overview of Oracle R Enterprise Installation

2 Installing and Configuring the Database for Oracle R Enterprise

3 Installing R

4 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Server

5 Installing Oracle R Enterprise Client

6 Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

7 Administrative Tasks for Oracle R Enterprise

A A Sample Installation of Oracle R Enterprise

B License Information for Oracle R Enterprise

C Oracle R Distribution Packages

D Installing RStudio

Index

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