You can automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or partially, by specifying a response file when you start Oracle Universal Installer. Oracle Universal Installer uses the values contained in the response file to provide answers to some or all of Oracle Universal Installer prompts. It includes information about the following topics:
Typically, Oracle Universal Installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When you use response files to provide this information, you run Oracle Universal Installer at a command prompt using either of the following modes:
If you include responses for all of the prompts in the response file and specify the
-silent option when starting Oracle Universal Installer, then Oracle Universal Installer runs in silent mode. During a silent-mode installation, Oracle Universal Installer does not display any screens. Instead, it displays progress information in the terminal that you used to start it.
If you include responses for some or all of the prompts in the response file and omit the
-silent option, then Oracle Universal Installer runs in response file mode. During a response file mode installation, Oracle Universal Installer displays all the screens, screens for which you specify information in the response file and also screens for which you did not specify the required information in the response file. The enables you to validate values in the screens for which you have provided the information in the response file and continue with the installation.
You define the settings for a silent or response file installation by entering values for the variables listed in the response file. For instance, to specify the Oracle home location, you would supply the appropriate value for the
ORACLE_HOME variable as follows:
Another way of specifying the variable settings of the response file is to pass them as command line arguments when you run Oracle Universal Installer. For example:
In this command,
directory_path is the path of the database directory on the installation media or on the hard drive.
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for more information about response file formats
My Oracle Support website for more information on response files:
The following table describes several reasons why you might want to run Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode or response file mode.
|Silent||Use silent mode to:
Oracle Universal Installer displays progress information in the terminal that you used to start it, but it does not display any of Oracle Universal Installer screens.
|Response file||Use response file mode to complete similar Oracle software installations on more than one systems, providing default answers to some, but not all of Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
In response file mode, all the installer screens are displayed, but defaults for the fields in these screens are provided by the response file. You have to provide information for the fields in screens where you have not provided values in the response file.
The following are the general steps to install and configure Oracle products using Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode:
Note:You must complete all required preinstallation tasks on a system before running Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode.
Prepare a response file.
Run Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode.
Run the root scripts as prompted by Oracle Universal Installer.
If you completed a software-only installation, then run Net Configuration Assistant and Database Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode if required.
These steps are described in the following sections.
This section describes the following methods to prepare a response file for use during silent mode or response file mode installations:
This method is useful for the Enterprise Edition, or Standard Edition installation types.
Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for each configuration tool. These files are located in the
client\response directory on the Oracle Database installation media.
Note:If you copied the software to a hard disk, the response files are located in the
Table A-1 lists the response files provided with Oracle Database.
Client installation of Oracle Database Client.
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant to perform the configuration with the client installation types.
To copy and modify a response file:
Copy the response file from the response file directory to a directory on your system:
$ cp /directory_path/response/response_file.rsp local_directory
In this example,
directory_path is the path to the
database directory on the installation media. If you have copied the software to a hard drive, then you can edit the file in the
response directory if you prefer.
Open the response file in a text editor:
$ vi /local_dir/response_file.rsp
See Also:Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for detailed information on creating response files
Follow the instructions in the file to edit it.
Note:Oracle Universal Installer or configuration assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the response file. Refer to "Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling" for information about troubleshooting a failed silent-mode installation.
You can use Oracle Universal Installer in interactive mode to save a response file, which you can edit and then use to complete silent mode or response file mode installations.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation steps into a response file during installation. You can click the Save Response File button on the Summary page to do this. Later, this file can be used for a silent installation.
When you save the response file, you can either complete the installation, or you can exit from Oracle Universal Installer on the Summary page, before it starts to copy the software to the system.
If you save a response file during a silent installation, then Oracle Universal Installer saves the variable values that were specified in the original source response file into the new response file.
Note:Oracle Universal Installer does not save passwords in the response file.
To save a response file:
Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer to save a response file, it checks the system to verify that it meets the requirements to install the software. For this reason, Oracle recommends that you complete all of the required preinstallation tasks and save the response file while completing an installation.
Ensure that the Oracle software owner user (typically,
oracle) has permissions to create or write to the Oracle home path that you specify when you run Oracle Universal Installer.
On each Oracle Universal Installer screen, specify the required information.
When Oracle Universal Installer displays the Summary screen, perform the following actions:
Click Save Response File and specify a file name and location for the response file. Then, click Save to save the values to the file.
Click Finish to continue with the installation.
Click Cancel if you do not want to continue with the installation. The installation stops, but the saved response file is retained.
Before using the saved response file on another system, edit the file and make any required changes.
Use the instructions in the file as a guide when editing it.
Now, you are ready to run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line, specifying the response file you created, to perform the installation. The Oracle Universal Installer executable,
runInstaller, provides several options. For help information on the full set of these options, run the
runInstaller command with the
-help option, for example:
$ directory_path/runInstaller -help
The help information appears in a window after some time.
To run Oracle Universal Installer using a response file:
Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.
Log in as the Oracle software owner user (typically,
If you are completing a response file mode installation, set the
DISPLAY environment variable.
Note:You do not have to set the
DISPLAYenvironment variable if you are completing a silent-mode installation.
To start Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode, enter a command similar to the following:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller [-silent] [-noconfig] \ -responseFile responsefilename
Note:Do not specify a relative path to the response file. If you specify a relative path, then Oracle Universal Installer fails.
In this example:
directory_path is the path of the database directory on the DVD or on the hard drive.
-silent runs Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode.
-noconfig suppresses running the configuration assistants during installation, and a software-only installation is performed instead.
responsefilename is the full path and file name of the installation response file that you configured.
Note:For more information about other options for the
runInstallercommand, enter the following command:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller -help
When the installation completes, log in as the
root user and run the
$ su - root password: # /oracle_home_path/root.sh
If this is the first time you are installing Oracle software on your system, then Oracle Universal Installer prompts you to run the
orainstRoot.sh script. Log in as the
root user and run the
$ su - root password: # /oracle_home_path/orainstRoot.sh
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (126.96.36.199), you can perform an in-place Oracle Database Client upgrade using the response file:
oracle.install.client.upgrading entry in the
client_install.rsp file and set it to
true. By default, the
oracle.install.client.upgrading entry is set to
Run Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode as described in "Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File".