F Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers

This appendix lists the default port numbers and describes how to change the assigned port after installation. This appendix contains the following topics:

F.1 About Managing Ports

During installation, Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) assigns port numbers to components from a set of default port numbers. Many Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) components and services use ports. As an administrator, it is important to know the port numbers used by these services, and to ensure that the same port number is not used by two services on your system.

Most port numbers are assigned during installation. Every component and service has an allotted port range, which is the set of port numbers Oracle RAC attempts to use when assigning a port. Oracle RAC starts with the lowest number in the range and performs the following:

  • Is the port used by another Oracle Database installation on the system?

    The installation can be either active or inactive at the time; Oracle Database can still detect if the port is used.

  • Is the port used by a process that is currently running?

    This could be any process on the host, including processes other than Oracle Database processes.

If the answer to any of the preceding questions is yes, then Oracle RAC moves to the next highest port in the allotted port range and continues checking until it finds a free port.

F.2 Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLS

In most cases, the Oracle Database component's port number is listed in the tool used to configure the port. In addition, ports for some Oracle Database applications are listed in the portlist.ini file. This file is located in the directory %ORACLE_HOME%\install.

If you change a port number after installation, then it is not updated in the portlist.ini file, so you can rely on this file only immediately after installation. To find or change a port number, use the methods described in this appendix.

F.3 Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components

Table F-1 lists the port numbers and protocols used by components that are configured during the installation. By default, the first port in the range is assigned to the component, if it is available.

Table F-1 Ports Used in Oracle Components

Component and Description Default Port Number Port Range Protocol Used Only On Interconnect

Cluster Manager

The port number is assigned automatically during installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.

Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Cluster Synchronization Service daemon (CSSD)

The Cluster Synchronization Service (CSS) daemon uses a fixed port for node restart advisory messages.

This port is used on all interfaces that have broadcast capability. Broadcast occurs only when a node eviction restart is imminent.

42424/Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle Data Guard

Shares the Oracle Net listener port and is configured during installation. To reconfigure this port, use Oracle Net Configuration Assistant (NETCA) to reconfigure the listener.

1521 (same value as the listener)

1521

TCP

No

Oracle Connection Manager

Listening port for Oracle client connections to Oracle Connection Manager. You can configure Oracle Connection Manager after installation using NETCA.

1630

1630

TCP

No

Cluster Ready Services daemon (CRSD)

Oracle Clusterware Cluster Ready Services (CRS) daemon internode connection. The port number is assigned automatically during installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.

Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle Cluster Registry

The port number is assigned automatically during installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.

Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle EM Database Control - HTTP

HTTP port for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. The port is configured during installation. Section F.5, "Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" explains how to modify this port number.

1158

5500–5519

TCP/HTTP

No

Oracle EM Database Control - Java RMI

Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) port for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. The port is configured during installation. Section F.5, "Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" explains how to modify this port number.

5520

5520–5539

TCP

No

Oracle EM Database Control - JMS

Oracle Java Message Service (JMS) port for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. The port is configured during installation. Section F.5, "Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" explains how to modify this port number.

5540

5540–5559

TCP

No

Oracle Event Manager (EVM)

Generates events for Oracle Clusterware. The port number is assigned automatically during installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.

Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle HA Services daemon (OHASD)

The Oracle High Availability Services (OHAS) daemon starts the Oracle Clusterware stack.

42424

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle Management Agent

HTTP port for Oracle Management Agent, which is part of Oracle Enterprise Manager. The port is configured during installation.

Section F.4, "Changing the Oracle Management Agent Port" explains how to modify this port number.

3938

1830–1849

HTTP

No

Oracle Net Listener

Allows Oracle clients to connect to the database by using Oracle Net Services. You can configure this port during installation. To reconfigure this port, use NETCA.

1521

1024-65535

TCP

No

Oracle Notification Services (ONS)

Port for ONS, used for the publish and subscribe service for communicating information about Fast Application Notification (FAN) events. The FAN notification process uses system events that Oracle Database publishes when cluster servers become unreachable or if network interfaces fail.

Use srvctl to modify ONS ports.

6100 (local)

6200 (remote)

Configured manually

TCP

No

Oracle Real Application Clusters

The port number is assigned automatically during installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.

Dynamic

Dynamic

TCP

Yes

Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server

The port number for Microsoft Transaction Server is configured automatically by Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) the first time you install the software on a particular server. If you install the software in multiple Oracle homes on the same server, then OUI uses the same port number for all installations.

In most cases, you do not have to reconfigure the port number. Section F.7, "Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port" explains how to change this port number.

Dynamic

49152 to 65535

TCP

No

Oracle XML DB - HTTP

The Oracle XML DB HTTP port is used if web-based applications must access an Oracle database from an HTTP listener. The port is configured during installation, and you cannot view it afterward.

Section F.6, "Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports" explains how to change this port number.

0

Configured manually

HTTP

No

Oracle XML DB - FTP

The Oracle XML DB FTP port is used when applications must access an Oracle database from an FTP listener. The port is configured during installation, and you cannot view it afterward.

Section F.6, "Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports"explains how to change this port number.

0

Configured manually

FTP

No


F.4 Changing the Oracle Management Agent Port

To find the current setting for the Management Agent port, search for EMD_URL in the file %ORACLE_HOME%\host_sid\sysman\config\emd.properties, where host_sid is a string that contains the local host name and the SID for the Oracle RAC database.

To change the Management Agent HTTP port, use the emca -reconfig ports command, as shown in this example:

emca -reconfig ports -AGENT_PORT 1831

F.5 Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports

To find the current HTTP, RMI, and JMS port settings, search in the following files, where host_sid is a string that contains the local host name and the SID for the Oracle RAC database:

  • HTTP port: Search for REPOSITORY_URL in the %ORACLE_HOME%\host_sid\sysman\config\emd.properties file

  • RMI port: Search for the port attribute in the rmi-server tag in the file %ORACLE_HOME%\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\rmi.xml file

  • JMS port: Search for the port attribute in the jms-server tag in the %ORACLE_HOME%\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\jms.xml file

To change the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control ports, use the emca -reconfig ports command:

C:\> %ORACLE_HOME%\bin\emca -reconfig ports option setting

In the previous example, option specifies one or more of the following ports and setting is the new port value:

Option Description Example
DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT Sets the HTTP port emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820
RMI_PORT Sets the RMI port emca -reconfig ports -RMI_PORT 5520
JMS_PORT Sets the JMS port emca -reconfig ports -JMS_PORT 5521

You can specify multiple port settings in one line, for example:

emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820 -AGENT_PORT 1831 -RMI_PORT 5520

F.6 Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports

By default, the FTP and HTTP (including HTTPS) ports for Oracle XML DB are set to 0, which disables FTP or HTTP access to Oracle XML DB. To change the FTP and HTTP ports for Oracle XML DB, you must run the catxdbdbca.sql script, which in a default installation is located in %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin.

To change the Oracle XML DB ports:

  1. Check that the Oracle listener is running. In the Windows Services Control Manager, ensure that the Oracle listener service (for example, OracleOraDb11g_home1TNSListener) is set to Started.

    If you cannot start the listener, then see Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide.

  2. Log in to SQL*Plus as the SYS or XDB user using the SYSDBA privilege. For example, to log in to SQL*Plus as SYS:

    SQL> sqlplus sys/ as sysdba
    
  3. Run the catxdbdbca.sql script.

    For example, assuming your Oracle home is located in the C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\db_1 directory, to use 2200 for the FTP port and 8200 for the HTTP port, you would enter the following SQL statement:

    SQL> @C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\db_1\rdbms\admin\catxdbdbca.sql 2200 8200
    
  4. Exit SQL*Plus.

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about connecting to the database using SQL*Plus

F.7 Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port

In most cases, you are not required to reconfigure the port number for the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server. If you must change the port number, then you can use the Registry Editor to edit its value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\OracleMTSRecoveryService\Protid_0 Windows Registry key to any available port within the range 1024 to 65535.

During installation, Oracle Universal Installer takes the value for the port from the key, if it exists. Otherwise, a free port ranging from 49152 to 65535 is chosen automatically.