This appendix describes how to install and configure Oracle products using response files. It includes information about the following topics:
When you start the installer, you can use a response file to automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or partially. The installer uses the values contained in the response file to provide answers to some or all installation prompts.
Typically, the installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When you use response files to provide this information, you run the installer from a command prompt using either of the following modes:
If you include responses for all of the prompts in the response file and specify the
-silent option when starting the installer, then it runs in silent mode. During a silent mode installation, the installer does not display any screens. Instead, it displays progress information in the terminal that you used to start it.
If you include responses for some or all of the prompts in the response file and omit the
-silent option, then the installer runs in response file mode. During a response file mode installation, the installer displays all the screens, screens for which you specify information in the response file, and also screens for which you did not specify the required information in the response file.
You define the settings for a silent or response file installation by entering values for the variables listed in the response file. For example, to specify the Oracle home name, supply the appropriate value for the
Another way of specifying the response file variable settings is to pass them as command line arguments when you run the installer. For example:
-silent "ORACLE_HOME=OraDBHome1" ...
See Also:Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for more information about response files
The following table provides use cases for running the installer in silent mode or response file mode.
|Silent||Use silent mode to do the following installations:
The installer displays progress information on the terminal that you used to start it, but it does not display any of the installer screens.
|Response file||Use response file mode to complete similar Oracle software installations on multiple systems, providing default answers to some, but not all of the installer prompts.
In response file mode, all the installer screens are displayed, but defaults for the fields in these screens are provided by the response file. You have to provide information for the fields in screens where you have not provided values in the response file.
The following are the general steps to install and configure Oracle products using the installer in silent or response file mode:
Note:You must complete all required preinstallation tasks on a system before running the installer in silent or response file mode.
Prepare a response file.
Run the installer in silent or response file mode.
If you completed a software-only installation, then run Net Configuration Assistant and Database Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode.
These steps are described in the following sections.
This section describes the following methods to prepare a response file for use during silent mode or response file mode installations:
Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for each configuration tool. These files are located at
database/response directory on the installation media.
Note:If you copied the software to a hard disk, then the response files are located in the directory
Table B-1 lists the response files provided with this software:
Silent installation of Oracle Database 11g
Silent installation of Database Configuration Assistant
Silent installation of Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
Silent installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure installations
Caution:When you modify a response file template and save a file for use, the response file may contain plain text passwords. Ownership of the response file should be given to the Oracle software installation owner only, and permissions on the response file should be changed to 600. Oracle strongly recommends that database administrators or other administrators delete or secure response files when they are not in use.
To copy and modify a response file:
Copy the response file from the response file directory to a directory on your system:
$ cp /directory_path/response/response_file.rsp local_directory
In this example,
directory_path is the path to the
database directory on the installation media. If you have copied the software to a hard drive, then you can edit the file in the
response directory if you prefer.
Open the response file in a text editor:
$ vi /local_dir/response_file.rsp
See Also:Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for detailed information on creating response files
Follow the instructions in the file to edit it.
Note:The installer or configuration assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the response file.
Change the permissions on the file to 600:
$ chmod 600 /local_dir/response_file.rsp
Note:A fully specified response file for an Oracle Database installation contains the passwords for database administrative accounts and for a user who is a member of the OSDBA group (required for automated backups). Ensure that only the Oracle software owner user can view or modify response files or consider deleting them after the installation succeeds.
You can use the installer in interactive mode to record a response file, which you can edit and then use to complete silent mode or response file mode installations. This method is useful for custom or software-only installations.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation steps into a response file during installation by clicking Save Response File on the Summary page. You can use the generated response file for a silent installation later.
When you record the response file, you can either complete the installation, or you can exit from the installer on the Summary page, before it starts to copy the software to the system.
If you use record mode during a response file mode installation, then the installer records the variable values that were specified in the original source response file into the new response file.
Note:Oracle Universal Installer does not record passwords in the response file.
To record a response file:
Complete preinstallation tasks as for a normal installation.
Ensure that the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software owner user (typically
grid) has permissions to create or write to the Oracle home path that you will specify when you run the installer.
On each installation screen, specify the required information.
When the installer displays the Summary screen, perform the following steps:
Click Save Response File and specify a file name and location to save the values for the response file, and click Save.
Click Finish to create the response file and continue with the installation.
Click Save Response File and click Cancel if you only want to create the response file but not continue with the installation. The installation will stop, but the settings you have entered will be recorded in the response file.
Before you use the saved response file on another system, edit the file and make any required changes.
Use the instructions in the file as a guide when editing it.
Run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line, specifying the response file you created. The Oracle Universal Installer executable,
runInstaller, provides several options. For help information on the full set of these options, run the
runInstaller command with the
-help option. For example:
$ directory_path/runInstaller -help
The help information appears in a window after some time.
To run the installer using a response file:
Complete the preinstallation tasks as for a normal installation
Log in as the software installation owner user.
If you are completing a response file mode installation, set the
DISPLAY environment variable.
Note:You do not have to set the
DISPLAYenvironment variable if you are completing a silent mode installation.
To start the installer in silent or response file mode, enter a command similar to the following:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller [-silent] [-noconfig] \ -responseFile responsefilename
Note:Do not specify a relative path to the response file. If you specify a relative path, then the installer fails.
In this example:
directory_path is the path of the DVD or the path of the directory on the hard drive where you have copied the installation binaries.
-noconfig suppresses running the configuration assistants during installation, and a software-only installation is performed instead.
responsefilename is the full path and file name of the installation response file that you configured.
When the installation completes, log in as the
root user and run the
root.sh script. For example
$ su root password: # /oracle_home_path/root.sh
You can run Net Configuration Assistant in silent mode to configure and start an Oracle Net listener on the system, configure naming methods, and configure Oracle Net service names. To run Net Configuration Assistant in silent mode, you must copy and edit a response file template. Oracle provides a response file template named
netca.rsp in the
response directory in the
/response directory on the DVD.
Note:If you copied the software to a hard disk, then the response file template is located in the
To run Net Configuration Assistant using a response file:
netca.rsp response file template from the response file directory to a directory on your system:
$ cp /directory_path/response/netca.rsp local_directory
In this example,
directory_path is the path of the
database directory on the DVD. If you have copied the software to a hard drive, you can edit the file in the
response directory if you prefer.
Open the response file in a text editor:
$ vi /local_dir/netca.rsp
Follow the instructions in the file to edit it.
Note:Net Configuration Assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the response file.
Log in as the Oracle software owner user, and set the
ORACLE_HOME environment variable to specify the correct Oracle home directory.
Enter a command similar to the following to run Net Configuration Assistant in silent mode:
$ $ORACLE_HOME/bin/netca /silent /responsefile /local_dir/netca.rsp
In this command:
/silent option indicates runs Net Configuration Assistant in silent mode.
local_dir is the full path of the directory where you copied the
netca.rsp response file template.
Use the following sections to create and run a response file configuration after installing Oracle software.
When you run a silent or response file installation, you provide information about your servers in a response file that you otherwise provide manually during a graphical user interface installation. However, the response file does not contain passwords for user accounts that configuration assistants require after software installation is complete. The configuration assistants are started with a script called
configToolAllCommands. You can run this script in response file mode by creating and using a password response file. The script uses the passwords to run the configuration tools in succession to complete configuration.
If you keep the password file to use for clone installations, then Oracle strongly recommends that you store it in a secure location. In addition, if you have to stop an installation to fix an error, you can run the configuration assistants using
configToolAllCommands and a password response file.
configToolAllCommands password response file consists of the following syntax options:
internal_component_name is the name of the component that the configuration assistant configures
variable_name is the name of the configuration file variable
value is the desired value to use for configuration.
The command syntax is as follows:
Oracle strongly recommends that you maintain security with a password response file:
Permissions on the response file should be set to 600.
The owner of the response file should be the installation owner user, with the group set to the central inventory (oraInventory) group.
To run configuration assistants with the
Create a response file using the syntax filename.properties. For example:
$ touch cfgrsp.properties
Open the file with a text editor, and cut and paste the password template, modifying as needed.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure requires passwords for Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant (ASMCA). Provide the following response file:
Oracle Database configuration requires configuring a password for the SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP passwords for use with Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA). In addition, if you use Oracle ASM storage, then configure the ASMSNMP password. Also, if you selected to configure Oracle Enterprise Manager, then you must provide the password for the Oracle software installation owner for the S_HOSTUSERPASSWORD response.
oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSPASSWORD=password oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSTEMPASSWORD=password oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSMANPASSWORD=password oracle.assistants.server|S_DBSNMPPASSWORD=password oracle.assistants.server|S_HOSTUSERPASSWORD=password oracle.assistants.server|S_ASMSNMPPASSWORD=password
If you do not want to enable Oracle Enterprise Manager or Oracle ASM, then leave those password fields blank.
Change permissions to secure the file. For example:
$ ls -al cfgrsp.properties -rw------- 1 oracle oinstall 0 Apr 30 17:30 cfgrsp
Change directory to
$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs, and run the configuration script using the following syntax:
$ ./configToolAllCommands RESPONSE_FILE=/home/oracle/cfgrsp.properties