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A Troubleshooting the Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Process

This appendix provides troubleshooting information for installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure.

See Also:

The Oracle Database 11g Oracle RAC documentation set included with the installation media in the Documentation directory:
  • Oracle Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide

  • Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide

This appendix contains the following topics:

A.1 General Installation Issues

The following is a list of examples of types of errors that can occur during installation. It contains the following issues:

An error occurred while trying to get the disks
Cause: There is an entry in /etc/oratab pointing to a non-existent Oracle home. The OUI log file should show the following error: " /home/oracle/OraHome//bin/kfod: not found"
Action: Remove the entry in /etc/oratab pointing to a non-existing Oracle home.
CRS-5823:Could not initialize agent framework.
Cause: Installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure fails when you run Oracle Grid Infrastructure fails to start because the local host entry is missing from the hosts file.

The Oracle Grid Infrastructure alert.log file shows the following:

[/oracle/app/grid/bin/orarootagent.bin(11392)]CRS-5823:Could not initialize
agent framework. Details at (:CRSAGF00120:) in
2010-10-04 12:46:25.857
[ohasd(2401)]CRS-2765:Resource 'ora.crsd' has failed on server 'node01'.

You can verify this as the cause by checking crsdOUT.log file, and finding the following:

Unable to resolve address for localhost:2016
ONS runtime exiting
Fatal error: eONS: eonsapi.c: Aug 6 2009 02:53:02
Action: Add the local host entry in the hosts file.
Failed to connect to server, Connection refused by server, or Can't open display
Cause: These are typical of X Window display errors on Windows or UNIX systems, where xhost is not properly configured, or where you are running as a user account that is different from the account you used with the startx command to start the X server.
Action: In a local terminal window, log in as the user that started the X Window session, and enter the following command:

$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name

For example:

$ xhost

Then, enter the following commands, where workstation_name is the host name or IP address of your workstation.

Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

$ DISPLAY=workstation_name:0.0
$ export DISPLAY

To determine whether X Window applications display correctly on the local system, enter the following command:

$ xclock

The X clock should appear on your monitor.If the X clock appears, then close the X clock and start Oracle Universal Installer again.

Failed to initialize ocrconfig
Cause: You have the wrong options configured for NFS in the /etc/fstab file.

You can confirm this by checking ocrconfig.log files located in the path Grid_home/log/nodenumber/client and finding the following:

/u02/app/crs/clusterregistry, ret -1, errno 75, os err string Value too large
for defined data type
2007-10-30 11:23:52.101: [ OCROSD][3085960896]utopen:6'': OCR location
Action: For file systems mounted on NFS, provide the correct mount configuration for NFS mounts in the /etc/fstab file. For example:


You should not have netdev in the mount instructions, or vers=2. The netdev option is only required for OCFS file systems, and vers=2 forces the kernel to mount NFS using the older version 2 protocol.

After correcting the NFS mount information, remount the NFS mount point, and run the script again. For example, with the mount point /u02:

#umount /u02
#mount -a -t nfs
Cause: The location selected for the Grid home for a cluster installation is located under an Oracle base directory.
Action: For Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster installations, the Grid home must not be placed under one of the Oracle base directories, or under Oracle home directories of Oracle Database installation owners, or in the home directory of an installation owner. During installation, ownership of the path to the Grid home is changed to root. This change causes permission errors for other installations. In addition, the Oracle Clusterware software stack may not come up under an Oracle base path.
Nodes unavailable for selection from the OUI Node Selection screen
Cause: Oracle Grid Infrastructure is either not installed, or the Oracle Grid Infrastructure services are not up and running.
Action: Install Oracle Grid Infrastructure, or review the status of your Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation. Consider restarting the nodes, as doing so may resolve the problem.
Node nodename is unreachable
Cause: Unavailable IP host
Action: Attempt the following:
  1. Run the shell command netstat -in. Compare the output of this command with the contents of the /etc/hosts file to ensure that the node IP is listed.

  2. Run the shell command nslookup to see if the host is reachable.

  3. As the oracle user, attempt to connect to the node with ssh or rsh. If you are prompted for a password, then user equivalence is not set up properly. The installer should configure SSH for you. If you are unable to use automatic SSH configuration, then review the section Appendix D, "Configuring SSH Manually on All Cluster Nodes."

PROT-8: Failed to import data from specified file to the cluster registry
Cause: Insufficient space in an existing Oracle Cluster Registry device partition, which causes a migration failure while running rootupgrade. To confirm, look for the error "utopen:12:Not enough space in the backing store" in the log file Grid_home/log/hostname/client/ocrconfig_pid.log.
Action: Identify a storage device that has 280 MB or more available space. Locate the existing raw device name from /var/opt/oracle/srvConfig.loc, and copy the contents of this raw device to the new device using the command dd.
PRVE-0038 : The SSH LoginGraceTime setting, or fatal: Timeout before authentication
Cause: PRVE-0038: The SSH LoginGraceTime setting on node "nodename" may result in users being disconnected before login is completed. This error may because the default timeout value for SSH connections is too low, or if the LoginGraceTime parameter is commented out.
Action: Oracle recommends uncommenting the LoginGraceTime parameter in the OpenSSH configuration file opt/ssh/etc/sshd_config, and setting it to a value of 0 (unlimited).
Time stamp is in the future
Cause: One or more nodes has a different clock time than the local node. If this is the case, then you may see output similar to the following:
time stamp 2005-04-04 14:49:49 is 106 s in the future
Action: Ensure that all member nodes of the cluster have the same clock time.
Timed out waiting for the CRS stack to start
Cause: If a configuration issue prevents the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software from installing successfully on all nodes, then you may see error messages such as "Timed out waiting for the CRS stack to start," or you may notice that Oracle Grid Infrastructure-managed resources were not create on some nodes after you exit the installer. You also may notice that resources have a status other than ONLINE.
Action: Deconfigure the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation without removing binaries, and review log files to determine the cause of the configuration issue. After you have fixed the configuration issue, rerun the scripts used during installation to configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure.

A.1.1 Other Installation Issues and Errors

For additional help in resolving error messages, refer to My Oracle Support. For example, the note with Doc ID 1367631.1 contains some of the most common installation issues for Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle Clusterware.

A.2 Interpreting CVU "Unknown" Output Messages Using Verbose Mode

If you run Cluster Verification Utility using the -verbose argument, and a Cluster Verification Utility command responds with UNKNOWN for a particular node, then this is because Cluster Verification Utility cannot determine if a check passed or failed. The following is a list of possible causes for an "Unknown" response:

  • The node is down

  • Common operating system command binaries required by Cluster Verification Utility are missing in the /bin directory in the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home or Oracle home directory

  • The user account starting Cluster Verification Utility does not have privileges to run common operating system commands on the node

  • The node is missing an operating system patch, or a required package

  • The node has exceeded the maximum number of processes or maximum number of open files, or there is a problem with IPC segments, such as shared memory or semaphores

A.3 Interpreting CVU Messages About Oracle Grid Infrastructure Setup

If the Cluster Verification Utility report indicates that your system fails to meet the requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation, then use the topics in this section to correct the problem or problems indicated in the report, and run Cluster Verification Utility again.

User Equivalence Check Failed
Cause: Failure to establish user equivalency across all nodes. This can be due to not creating the required users, or failing to complete secure shell (SSH) configuration properly.
Action: Cluster Verification Utility provides a list of nodes on which user equivalence failed.

For each node listed as a failure node, review the installation owner user configuration to ensure that the user configuration is properly completed, and that SSH configuration is properly completed. The user that runs the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation must have permissions to create SSH connections.

Oracle recommends that you use the SSH configuration option in OUI to configure SSH. You can use Cluster Verification Utility before installation if you configure SSH manually, or after installation, when SSH has been configured for installation.

For example, to check user equivalency for the user account oracle, use the command su - oracle and check user equivalence manually by running the ssh command on the local node with the date command argument using the following syntax:

$ ssh nodename date

The output from this command should be the timestamp of the remote node identified by the value that you use for nodename. If you are prompted for a password, then you must configure SSH. If ssh is in the default location, the /usr/bin directory, then use ssh to configure user equivalence. You can also use rsh to confirm user equivalence.

If you see a message similar to the following when entering the date command with SSH, then this is the probable cause of the user equivalence error:

The authenticity of host 'node1 (' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 7z:ez:e7:f6:f4:f2:4f:8f:9z:79:85:62:20:90:92:z9.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

Enter yes, and then run Cluster Verification Utility to determine if the user equivalency error is resolved.

If ssh is in a location other than the default, /usr/bin, then Cluster Verification Utility reports a user equivalence check failure. To avoid this error, navigate to the directory Grid_home/cv/admin, open the file cvu_config with a text editor, and add or update the key ORACLE_SRVM_REMOTESHELL to indicate the ssh path location on your system. For example:

# Locations for ssh and scp commands

Note the following rules for modifying the cvu_config file:

  • Key entries have the syntax name=value

  • Each key entry and the value assigned to the key defines one property only

  • Lines beginning with the number sign (#) are comment lines, and are ignored

  • Lines that do not follow the syntax name=value are ignored

When you have changed the path configuration, run Cluster Verification Utility again. If ssh is in another location than the default, you also must start OUI with additional arguments to specify a different location for the remote shell and remote copy commands. Enter runInstaller -help to obtain information about how to use these arguments.


When you or OUI run ssh or rsh commands, including any login or other shell scripts they start, you may see errors about invalid arguments or standard input if the scripts generate any output. You should correct the cause of these errors.

To stop the errors, remove all commands from the oracle user's login scripts that generate output when you run ssh or rsh commands.

If you see messages about X11 forwarding, then complete the task

Section 2.12.4, "Setting Display and X11 Forwarding Configuration" to resolve this issue.

If you see errors similar to the following:

stty: standard input: Invalid argument
stty: standard input: Invalid argument

These errors are produced if hidden files on the system (for example, .bashrc or .cshrc) contain stty commands. If you see these errors, then refer to Section 2.12.5, "Preventing Installation Errors Caused by Terminal Output Commands" to correct the cause of these errors.

Node Reachability Check or Node Connectivity Check Failed
Cause: One or more nodes in the cluster cannot be reached using TCP/IP protocol, through either the public or private interconnects.
Action: Use the command /bin/ping address to check each node address. When you find an address that cannot be reached, check your list of public and private addresses to make sure that you have them correctly configured. If you use third-party vendor clusterware, then refer to the vendor documentation for assistance. Ensure that the public and private network interfaces have the same interface names on each node of your cluster.
User Existence Check or User-Group Relationship Check Failed
Cause: The administrative privileges for users and groups required for installation are missing or incorrect.
Action: Use the id command on each node to confirm that the installation owner user (for example, grid or oracle) is created with the correct group membership. Ensure that you have created the required groups, and create or modify the user account on affected nodes to establish required group membership.

See Also:

Section 2.4, "Creating Groups, Users and Paths for Oracle Grid Infrastructure" for instructions about how to create required groups, and how to configure the installation owner user

A.4 About the Oracle Grid Infrastructure Alert Log

The Oracle Grid Infrastructure alert log is the first place to look for serious errors. In the event of an error, it can contain path information to diagnostic logs that can provide specific information about the cause of errors.

After installation, Oracle Grid Infrastructure posts alert messages when important events occur. For example, you might see alert messages from the Cluster Ready Services (CRS) daemon process when it starts, if it aborts, if the failover process fails, or if automatic restart of a CRS resource failed.

Oracle Enterprise Manager monitors the Clusterware log file and posts an alert on the Cluster Home page if an error is detected. For example, if a voting disk is not available, a CRS-1604 error is raised, and a critical alert is posted on the Cluster Home page. You can customize the error detection and alert settings on the Metric and Policy Settings page.

The location of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure log file is Grid_home/log/hostname/alerthostname.log, where Grid_home is the directory in which Oracle Grid Infrastructure was installed and hostname is the host name of the local node.

A.5 Performing Cluster Diagnostics During Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installations

If Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) does not display the Node Selection page, then use the following command syntax to check the integrity of the Cluster Manager:

cluvfy comp clumgr -n node_list -verbose

In the preceding syntax example, the variable node_list is the list of nodes in your cluster, separated by commas.


If you encounter unexplained installation errors during or after a period when cron jobs are run, then your cron job may have deleted temporary files before the installation is finished. Oracle recommends that you complete installation before daily cron jobs are run, or disable daily cron jobs that perform cleanup until after the installation is completed.

A.6 About Using CVU Cluster Healthchecks After Installation

Starting with Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11g release 2 ( and later, you can use the CVU healthcheck command option to check your Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle Database installations for their compliance with mandatory requirements and best practices guidelines, and to check to ensure that they are functioning properly.

Use the following syntax to run the healthcheck command option:

cluvfy comp healthcheck [-collect {cluster|database}] [-db db_unique_name] [-bestpractice|-mandatory] [-deviations] [-html] [-save [-savedir directory_path]

For example:

$ cd /home/grid/cvu_home/bin
$ ./cluvfy comp healthcheck -collect cluster -bestpractice -deviations -html

The options are:

  • -collect [cluster|database]

    Use this flag to specify that you want to perform checks for Oracle Grid Infrastructure (cluster) or Oracle Database (database). If you do not use the collect flag with the healthcheck option, then cluvfy comp healthcheck performs checks for both Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle Database.

  • -db db_unique_name

    Use this flag to specify checks on the database unique name that you enter after the db flag.

    CVU uses JDBC to connect to the database as the user cvusys to verify various database parameters. For this reason, if you want checks to be performed for the database you specify with the -db flag, then you must first create the cvusys user on that database, and grant that user the CVU-specific role, cvusapp. You must also grant members of the cvusapp role select permissions on system tables.

    A SQL script is included in CVU_home/cv/admin/cvusys.sql to facilitate the creation of this user. Use this SQL script to create the cvusys user on all the databases that you want to verify using CVU.

    If you use the db flag but do not provide a database unique name, then CVU discovers all the Oracle Databases on the cluster. If you want to perform best practices checks on these databases, then you must create the cvusys user on each database, and grant that user the cvusapp role with the select privileges needed to perform the best practice checks.

  • [-bestpractice | -mandatory] [-deviations]

    Use the bestpractice flag to specify best practice checks, and the mandatory flag to specify mandatory checks. Add the deviations flag to specify that you want to see only the deviations from either the best practice recommendations or the mandatory requirements. You can specify either the -bestpractice or -mandatory flag, but not both flags. If you specify neither -bestpractice or -mandatory, then both best practices and mandatory requirements are displayed.

  • -html

    Use the html flag to generate a detailed report in HTML format.

    If you specify the html flag, and a browser CVU recognizes is available on the system, then the browser is started and the report is displayed on the browser when the checks are complete.

    If you do not specify the html flag, then the detailed report is generated in a text file.

  • -save [-savedir dir_path]

    Use the save or -save -savedir flags to save validation reports (cvuchecdkreport_timestamp.txt and cvucheckreport_timestamp.htm), where timestamp is the time and date of the validation report.

    If you use the save flag by itself, then the reports are saved in the path CVU_home/cv/report, where CVU_home is the location of the CVU binaries.

    If you use the flags -save -savedir, and enter a path where you want the CVU reports saved, then the CVU reports are saved in the path you specify.

A.7 Interconnect Configuration Issues

If you plan to use multiple network interface cards (NICs) for the interconnect, and you do not configure them during installation or after installation with Redundant Interconnect Usage, then you should use a third party solution to aggregate the interfaces at the operating system level. Otherwise, the failure of a single NIC will affect the availability of the cluster node.

If you use aggregated NIC cards, and use the Oracle Clusterware Redundant Interconnect Usage feature, then they should be on different subnets. If you use a third-party vendor method of aggregation, then follow the directions for that vendor's product.

If you encounter errors, then carry out the following system checks:

  • Verify with your network providers that they are using correct cables (length, type) and software on their switches. In some cases, to avoid bugs that cause disconnects under loads, or to support additional features such as Jumbo Frames, you may need a firmware upgrade on interconnect switches, or you may need newer NIC driver or firmware at the operating system level. Running without such fixes can cause later instabilities to Oracle RAC databases, even though the initial installation seems to work.

  • Review VLAN configurations, duplex settings, and auto-negotiation in accordance with vendor and Oracle recommendations.

A.8 SCAN VIP and SCAN Listener Issues

If your installation reports errors related to the SCAN VIP addresses or listeners, then check the following items to make sure your network is configured correctly:

  • Check the file /etc/resolv.conf - verify the contents are the same on each node

  • Verify that there is a DNS entry for the SCAN, and that it resolves to three valid IP addresses. Use the command nslookup scan-name; this command should return the DNS server name and the three IP addresses configured for the SCAN.

  • Use the ping command to test the IP addresses assigned to the SCAN; you should receive a response for each IP address.


    If you do not have a DNS configured for your cluster environment, then you can create an entry for the SCAN in the /etc/hosts file on each node. However, using the /etc/hosts file to resolve the SCAN results in having only one SCAN available for the entire cluster instead of three. Only the first entry for SCAN in the hosts file is used.
  • Ensure the SCAN VIP uses the same netmask that is used by the public interface.

If you need additional assistance troubleshooting errors related to the SCAN, SCAN VIP or listeners, then refer to My Oracle Support. For example, the note with Doc ID 1373350.1 contains some of the most common issues for the SCAN VIPs and listeners.

A.9 Storage Configuration Issues

The following is a list of issues involving storage configuration:

A.9.1 Recovery from Losing a Node File System or Grid Home

With Oracle Grid Infrastructure release 11.2 and later, if you remove a file system by mistake, or encounter another storage configuration issue that results in losing the Oracle Local Registry or otherwise corrupting a node, you can recover the node in one of two ways:

  1. Restore the node from an operating system level backup (preferred)

  2. Remove the node, and then add the node. With 11.2 and later clusters, profile information for is copied to the node, and the node is restored.

The feature that enables cluster nodes to be removed and added again, so that they can be restored from the remaining nodes in the cluster, is called Grid Plug and Play (GPnP). Grid Plug and Play eliminates per-node configuration data and the need for explicit add and delete nodes steps. This allows a system administrator to take a template system image and run it on a new node with no further configuration. This removes many manual operations, reduces the opportunity for errors, and encourages configurations that can be changed easily. Removal of the per-node configuration makes the nodes easier to replace, because they do not need to contain individually-managed state.

Grid Plug and Play reduces the cost of installing, configuring, and managing database nodes by making their per-node state disposable. It allows nodes to be easily replaced with regenerated state.

Initiate recovery of a node using addnode syntax similar to the following, where lostnode is the node that you are adding back to the cluster:

If you are using Grid Naming Service (GNS):

$ ./ -silent "CLUSTER_NEW_NODES=lostnode"

If you are not using GNS:

$ ./ -silent "CLUSTER_NEW_NODES={lostnode}" "CLUSTER_NEW_VIRTUAL_HOSTNAMES={lostnode-vip}"

Note that you require access to root to be able to run the script on the node you restore, to recreate OCR keys and to perform other configuration tasks. When you see prompts to overwrite your existing information in /usr/local/bin, accept the default (n):

The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]:
The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]:
The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]:

A.10 Completing an Installation Before Completing the Scripts

When the script completes, you must click OK in OUI to finish the installation, and to start the configuration assistants. If OUI exits before the script has been run or has finished running, then the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation is incomplete.

To complete an interrupted installation, as the grid user, on the node where the installation was started, run the following command:


Run this command on only the first node. Running this command completes the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation. If the configToolAllCommands file does not exist, then contact My Oracle Support for assistance in creating the file manually.