|Oracle® OLAP Java API Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)
What's New in the OLAP Java API
This page describes the new features that the OLAP Java API has introduced in the 11g releases of Oracle Database with the OLAP option. This page contains the following topics.
Previously, you could use the
MdmObject.setName method to specify a name for a persistent metadata object only once. You could not change the name after setting it. Now, you can use the
setName method to rename a metadata object. The new name does not take effect until you commit the root
Transaction of the session. Until you commit the
getName of the object returns the old name and the
getNewName method returns the new name.
In Oracle Database 11g, Release 2 (11.2), the Oracle OLAP Java API has added the following new classes and new methods to previously existing classes.
The following classes are new additions to the Oracle OLAP Java API. The classes are listed by package.
The following classes have new methods. The classes are listed by package.
AWCubeOrganization.addSecondaryPartitionLevel(SecondaryPartitionLevel level, int levelNumber)
Some classes and methods from the 10g release of the Oracle OLAP Java API were deprecated in the 11.1 releases. For example, all of the classes in the
oracle.olapi.metadata.mtm package were deprecated in the 11.1 release. The documentation for the 11.2 release does not contain those deprecated 10g classes and methods.
This release of the Oracle OLAP Java API includes new features that provide the ability to do the following.
For lists of the packages, classes, fields, methods, and property settings that are new in the 22.214.171.124 release, see New Features in 126.96.36.199.
Legacy Oracle OLAP metadata objects that were created in a 10g version of Oracle Database can now exist in the same session as 11g OLAP metadata objects. This is possible because some of the top-level legacy metadata objects now have a namespace. For more information on namespaces, see the Namespaces topic.
oracle.olapi.data.source.DataProvider class has the new
ALL metadata reader mode setting, which is now the default metadata reader mode. In the
ALL mode, the Oracle OLAP metadata reader recognizes 11g metadata objects and the 10g metadata object formats in the same session. For more information on metadata reader mode settings, see DataProvider Settings.
A namespace identifies the metadata format and the type of an OLAP metadata object that was created in a 10g version of Oracle Database. The metadata objects for a 10g cube, measure folder, and dimension are represented in 11g by the
getNamespace method of those objects returns the namespace. For an 11g object, the namespace is null.
The namespace of a legacy 10g metadata object appears as a prefix in the unique object identifier. The unique object ID is returned by the
getID method. The namespace also appears in the
Namespace attribute in the XML representation of the 10g object and in other references to the object in the XML.
MdmDatabaseSchema class has findOrCreate methods that take a namespace. Using such a method, an application can find a 10g metadata object but cannot create one. If an object of the specified name does not exist, Oracle OLAP creates an 11g object.
For more information on namespaces, see Using Namespaces in the class description of
You can now create an
oracle.olapi.syntax.LoadCommand that specifies the use of serial or parallel processing when loading data in an analytic workspace. The
LoadCommand also has a
PRUNE option, which specifies that the build spawns jobs only for the partitions for which measure data exists.
LoadCommand class now has constructor methods as well as static constant fields that produce
LoadCommand objects. One of the constructors takes the name of a
CubeMap. With that constructor, you can specify loading data from a source other than the default data source.
SolveCommand classes also have serial and parallel processing options.
oracle.olapi.syntax.AggregationFunctionExpression class, you can aggregate measure values over specified dimension members. You specify the dimension members with an
AggregateOverMembersClause. You can use an
AggregationFunctionExpression as the
Expression for an
MdmCustomMember of an
In an attribute column in an embedded totals (ET) view, you can now automatically populate the rows for lower levels in a dimension hierarchy with the attribute values that are mapped at a higher level. To do so, you specify
true with the
If you specify
setPopulateLineage(false), then the attribute values appear only in the rows for the dimension members at the level to which the attribute is mapped. For dimension members at other levels, the attribute value is null. If you specify
setPopulateLineage(true), then the attribute values appear in the rows for the members of the mapped level and for the dimension members of all levels that are descendants of the mapped level.
Populating the hierarchy lineage in an ET view makes the contents of the view more like the contents of a relational table in a star schema. For example, you could create a separate long description attribute on the dimension for each
MdmDimensionLevel of the dimension. You would specify populating the lineage of those attributes by calling the
setPopulateLineage(true) of each attribute. You would then make the attribute visible for a dimension level by adding the attribute to the
MdmDimensionLevel with the
The ET view for a hierarchy of the dimension would then have a column for each of the long description attributes. Those columns would contain the long description attribute values for the members of the mapped dimension level and for the dimension members of all levels that are descendants of the mapped level.
AWCubeOrganization for a cube has a materialized view option of
REWRITE_MV_OPTION, then Oracle OLAP creates a materialized view for the cube that can be used by the database query rewrite system. The new
AWCubeOrganization enables you to include in the rewrite MV the attributes for which the
isPopulateLineage method returns
setAttributeGroupName method of an
MdmBaseAttribute, you can specify a name for an attribute group. You can specify the same group name for other attributes. For example, you could create a long description attribute for each dimension level and give each attribute the group name of "LONG_DESCRIPTION". You could use the group name to identify similar kinds of attributes.
addObjectClassification method of an
MdmObject, an application can add metadata to that object. The application can use the classification metadata for such purposes as identifying, grouping, or otherwise associating objects by classification.
You can now specify a language when mapping an attribute by using the
findOrCreateAttributeMap(MdmBaseAttribute attribute, java.lang.String language) method of the
An implementation of the
XMLWriterCallback interface provides Oracle OLAP the means to call back to an application while the
MdmMetadataProvider is exporting the XML definition of an object. With an
XMLWriterCallback, the application can specify whether or not to exclude an attribute or an owner name from the exported XML. The Oracle OLAP Java API introduced
XMLWriterCallback in the 188.8.131.52 release.
When Oracle OLAP creates a materialized view for a cube, it creates columns for the attributes of the dimensions of the cubes. For the name of a column, it uses the name of the attribute column from the ET view of the dimension. To insure that the column name is unique, Oracle OLAP adds a default prefix to the name. You can specify the prefix by using the
setETAttrPrefix method of the
MdmDimensionality object for a dimension of the cube.
In the 184.108.40.206 release, the Oracle OLAP Java API added the
oracle.olapi.data.source.BuildResult class and
DataProvider.executeBuild methods that take a
BuildResult. With a
BuildResult, an application can get the identification number for a build process. An analytic workspace automatically generates the identification number during a build. You can use the build number to track the progress of a build.
The 11g release contains many changes in the Oracle OLAP Java API since the 10g release. The major changes are to the metadata model and the addition of the
The 11g metadata model includes classes that an application developer can use to define metadata objects, to map the objects to database tables and views, and to deploy the objects in an analytic workspace or as relational tables and views. With other classes the developer can load data into an analytic workspace, including data that results from a series of specified calculations.
In implementing the 11g metadata model, the
oracle.olapi.metadata.mdm package has many new classes and many other classes in the package have new methods. Additionally, the API includes the following new packages:
Some aspects of the Oracle OLAP Java API are much the same as in the 10g releases, such as the ability to create queries with classes in the
oracle.olapi.data.source package and to retrieve the data with classes in the
oracle.olapi.data.cursor package. However, in Oracle OLAP 11g Release 1 (11.1) the API has many new features. The major new features include the abilities to do the following:
The Oracle OLAP Java API now has the ability to create and maintain persistent metadata objects. The Oracle Database stores the metadata objects in the Oracle data dictionary.
An application maps the metadata objects to relational structures in an Oracle Database instance or to expressions that provide a data source. The application can deploy the metadata as relational OLAP (ROLAP) objects or it can deploy the metadata in an analytic workspace. For information on the advantages of the deployment types, see Oracle OLAP User's Guide.
To provide this new functionality, the Oracle OLAP Java API substantially revises the metadata model. The new model includes several new packages and has significant changes to some existing packages. For example, the
oracle.olapi.metadata.mdm package has many new classes. It also has many new methods added to existing classes.
An application creates most metadata objects with findOrCreate methods of the owning object. For example, the following code finds the
PRODUCTS_AWJ or creates a standard dimension with that name if it does not already exist. The
mdmDBSchema object is the
MdmDatabaseSchema that owns the dimension.
MdmStandardDimension prodDim = mdmDBSchema.findOrCreateStandardDimension("PRODUCTS_AWJ");
Some classes and methods are deprecated in the new model. For example, all of the classes in the
oracle.olapi.metadata.mtm package are deprecated, and methods of other classes that use the
mtm classes are also deprecated. Some
mtm classes mapped transient
mdm objects to relational database structures, such as columns in tables and views. Other
mtm specified how Oracle OLAP performed operations such as aggregation or allocation of the values of custom measures. That functionality is replaced by classes in the
mdm, and the
oracle.olapi.syntax package. With the new classes, an application can create permanent metadata objects, map them to data sources, and specify the operations that provide values for measures.
Because the metadata objects exist in the Oracle data dictionary, an Oracle Database DBA can restrict access to certain types of the metadata objects. A client application can set such restrictions by sending SQL commands, using the JDBC API, through the JDBC connection for the user session.
An application can now define, build, and maintain analytic workspaces. This new functionality is provided by classes in the
mdm, and the
oracle.olapi.syntax package. This functionality replaces the Oracle OLAP Analytic Workspace Java API, which is entirely deprecated in this release.
With the classes in the
oracle.olap.syntax package, an application can create Java objects that are based on SQL expressions, functions, operators, and conditions. The
SyntaxObject class has static methods that an application can use to convert SQL expressions into Java objects or to get the SQL syntax from a Java object.
An application can create the Java objects by using the
SyntaxObject.fromSyntax method or by using a constructor. For example, the following example creates a
StringExpression using a
fromSyntax method and another
StringExpression using a constructor method. The
mp object is the
MdmMetadataProvider for the session.
Note that the string in the
fromSyntax method is enclosed in single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks because the string is a SQL string literal. The single quotation marks are not required when using the constructor for a
The example then calls the
getValue method on both
StringExpression objects and displays the values returned. It also calls the
toSyntax method on one
StringExpression and displays the result.
StringExpression exp = (StringExpression) SyntaxObject.fromSyntax("'Hello world from syntax.'", mp); StringExpression strExp = new StringExpression("Hello world using constructor."); println(exp.getValue() + " Output of exp.getValue()."); println(strExp.getValue() + " Ouput of strExp.getValue()."); println(strExp.toSyntax()+ " Ouput of strExp.toSyntax().");
The output of the code is the following:
Hello world from syntax. Output of exp.getValue(). Hello world using constructor. Output of strExp.getValue(). 'Hello world using constructor.' Output of strExp.toSyntax().
Another new feature is the ability to have multiple user sessions that share the same JDBC connection to the Oracle Database instance and that share the same cache of metadata objects. This ability is provided by the
UserSession class in the