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Oracle® Database Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E40402-15
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V$ASM_DISK

V$ASM_DISK displays one row for every disk discovered by the Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) instance, including disks that are not part of any disk group.

Column Datatype Description
GROUP_NUMBER NUMBER Number of the disk group containing the disk (foreign key to the V$ASM_DISKGROUP view)
DISK_NUMBER NUMBER Number assigned to the disk within its disk group
COMPOUND_INDEX NUMBER A 32-bit number consisting of a disk group number in the high-order 8 bits and a disk number in the low-order 24 bits (for efficient access to the view)
INCARNATION NUMBER Incarnation number for the disk
MOUNT_STATUS VARCHAR2(7) Per-instance status of the disk relative to group mounts:
  • MISSING - Oracle ASM metadata indicates that the disk is known to be part of the Oracle ASM disk group but no disk in the storage system was found with the indicated name

  • CLOSED - Disk is present in the storage system but is not being accessed by Oracle ASM

  • OPENED - Disk is present in the storage system and is being accessed by Oracle ASM. This is the normal state for disks in a database instance which are part of a Disk Group being actively used by the instance.

  • CACHED - Disk is present in the storage system and is part of a disk group being accessed by the Oracle ASM instance. This is the normal state for disks in an Oracle ASM instance which are part of a mounted disk group.

  • IGNORED - Disk is present in the system but is ignored by Oracle ASM because of one of the following:

    • The disk is detected by the system library but is ignored because an Oracle ASM library discovered the same disk

    • Oracle ASM has determined that the membership claimed by the disk header is no longer valid

  • CLOSING - Oracle ASM is in the process of closing this disk

HEADER_STATUS VARCHAR2(12) Per-instance status of the disk as seen by discovery:
  • UNKNOWN - Oracle ASM disk header has not been read

  • CANDIDATE - Disk is not part of a disk group and may be added to a disk group with the ALTER DISKGROUP statement

  • INCOMPATIBLE - Version number in the disk header is not compatible with the Oracle ASM software version

  • PROVISIONED - Disk is not part of a disk group and may be added to a disk group with the ALTER DISKGROUP statement. The PROVISIONED header status is different from the CANDIDATE header status in that PROVISIONED implies that an additional platform-specific action has been taken by an administrator to make the disk available for Oracle ASM.

  • MEMBER - Disk is a member of an existing disk group. No attempt should be made to add the disk to a different disk group. The ALTER DISKGROUP statement will reject such an addition unless overridden with the FORCE option.

  • FORMER - Disk was once part of a disk group but has been dropped cleanly from the group. It may be added to a new disk group with the ALTER DISKGROUP statement.

  • CONFLICT - Oracle ASM disk was not mounted due to a conflict

  • FOREIGN - Disk contains data created by an Oracle product other than ASM. This includes datafiles, logfiles, and OCR disks.

MODE_STATUS VARCHAR2(7) Global status about which kinds of I/O requests are allowed to the disk:
  • ONLINE - Disk is online and operating normally. Reads and writes are attempted when the disk is mounted. Reads are attempted as part of disk discovery.

  • OFFLINE - Disk is offline and access to data is not permitted. Reads and writes are not attempted. An offline disk remains logically part of its disk group.

STATE VARCHAR2(8) Global state of the disk with respect to the disk group:
  • UNKNOWN - Oracle ASM disk state is not known (typically the disk is not mounted)

  • NORMAL - Disk is online and operating normally

  • ADDING - Disk is being added to a disk group, and is pending validation by all instances that have the disk group mounted

  • DROPPING - Disk has been manually taken offline and space allocation or data access for the disk halts. Rebalancing will commence to relocate data off the disks to other disks in the disk group. Upon completion of the rebalance, the disk is expelled from the group.

  • HUNG - Disk drop operation cannot continue because there is insufficient space to relocate the data from the disk being dropped

  • FORCING - Disk is being removed from the disk group without attempting to offload its data. The data will be recovered from redundant copies, where possible.

  • DROPPED - Disk has been fully expelled from the disk group

REDUNDANCY VARCHAR2(7) Hardware redundancy of the disk:
  • UNKNOWN

  • UNPROT

  • MIRROR

  • PARITY

Note: This column is valid only if an ASMLIB is present that supports returning hardware redundancy information. This column is not related to the redundancy of the disk group of which the disk is a member.

LIBRARY VARCHAR2(64) Name of the library that discovered the disk
OS_MB NUMBER Size of the disk (in megabytes) as reported by the host operating system
TOTAL_MB NUMBER Total capacity of the disk (in megabytes)
FREE_MB NUMBER Unused capacity of the disk (in megabytes)
HOT_USED_MB NUMBER Number of used megabytes in the hot region
COLD_USED_MB NUMBER Number of used megabytes in the cold region
NAME VARCHAR2(30) Name of the disk
FAILGROUP VARCHAR2(30) Name of the failure group containing the disk
LABEL VARCHAR2(31) Disk label portion of the name returned by discovery
PATH VARCHAR2(256) Operating system pathname portion of the name returned by discovery
UDID VARCHAR2(64) Unique Device ID portion of the name returned by discovery
PRODUCT VARCHAR2(32) Name of the manufacturer and the name of the product. All disks with the same product id will have the same performance and reliability characteristics.
CREATE_DATE DATE Date and time when the disk was added to the disk group
MOUNT_DATE DATE Date and time when the disk was mounted by the first instance
REPAIR_TIMER NUMBER Seconds remaining until the disk is automatically dropped (0 if not failed)
READS NUMBER Total number of I/O read requests for the disk
WRITES NUMBER Total number of I/O write requests for the disk
READ_ERRS NUMBER Total number of failed I/O read requests for the disk
WRITE_ERRS NUMBER Total number of failed I/O write requests for the disk
READ_TIME NUMBER Total I/O time (in seconds) for read requests for the disk if the TIMED_STATISTICS initialization parameter is set to true (0 if set to false)
WRITE_TIME NUMBER Total I/O time (in seconds) for write requests for the disk if the TIMED_STATISTICS initialization parameter is set to true (0 if set to false)
BYTES_READ NUMBER Total number of bytes read from the disk
BYTES_WRITTEN NUMBER Total number of bytes written to the disk
PREFERRED_READ VARCHAR2(1) Status of the preferred read failure group:
  • U - Disk group has no preferred read failure group

  • Y - Disk is a preferred read disk

  • N - Disk is not a preferred read disk

For a disk group with one or more preferred read failure groups, if the disk is in one of the preferred read failure groups, the value of this column is Y; otherwise it is N.

HASH_VALUE NUMBER A unique hash value for an ASM disk, computed using the ASM disk name (as specified by NAME column in v$asm_disk) and the ASM disk group name (as specified by NAME column in v$asm_diskgroup).
HOT_READS NUMBER Number of reads from the hot region on disk
HOT_WRITES NUMBER Number of writes to the hot region on disk
HOT_BYTES_READ NUMBER Number of bytes read from the hot region on disk
HOT_BYTES_WRITTEN NUMBER Number of bytes written to the hot region on disk
COLD_READS NUMBER Number of reads from the cold region on disk
COLD_WRITES NUMBER Number of writes to the cold region on disk
COLD_BYTES_READ NUMBER Number of bytes read from the cold region on disk
COLD_BYTES_WRITTEN NUMBER Number of bytes written to the cold region on disk
VOTING_FILE VARCHAR2(1) Indicates whether the disk contains a voting file (Y) or not (N)
SECTOR_SIZE NUMBER Physical block size (in bytes)
FAILGROUP_TYPE VARCHAR2(7) Type of the failure group:
  • REGULAR

  • QUORUM


Note:

The GROUP_NUMBER and DISK_NUMBER columns will only be valid if the disk is part of a disk group which is currently mounted by the instance. Otherwise, GROUP_NUMBER will be 0, and DISK_NUMBER will be a unique value with respect to the other disks that also have a group number of 0.