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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E41084-03
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Using XML in SQL Statements

This section describes some of the ways you can use XMLType data in the database.

XMLType Tables

The sample schema oe contains a table warehouses, which contains an XMLType column warehouse_spec. Suppose you want to create a separate table with the warehouse_spec information. The following example creates a very simple XMLType table with one CLOB column:

CREATE TABLE xwarehouses OF XMLTYPE
  XMLTYPE STORE AS CLOB;

You can insert into such a table using XMLType syntax, as shown in the next statement. (The data inserted in this example corresponds to the data in the warehouse_spec column of the sample table oe.warehouses where warehouse_id = 1.)

INSERT INTO xwarehouses VALUES 
  (xmltype('<?xml version="1.0"?>
  <Warehouse>
    <WarehouseId>1</WarehouseId>
    <WarehouseName>Southlake, Texas</WarehouseName>
    <Building>Owned</Building>
    <Area>25000</Area>
    <Docks>2</Docks>
    <DockType>Rear load</DockType>
    <WaterAccess>true</WaterAccess>
    <RailAccess>N</RailAccess>
    <Parking>Street</Parking>
    <VClearance>10</VClearance>
  </Warehouse>'));

See Also:

Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for information on XMLType and its member methods

You can query this table with the following statement:

SELECT e.getClobVal() FROM xwarehouses e;

CLOB columns are subject to all of the restrictions on LOB columns. To avoid these restrictions, create an XMLSchema-based table. The XMLSchema maps the XML elements to their object-relational equivalents. The following example registers an XMLSchema locally. The XMLSchema (xwarhouses.xsd) reflects the same structure as the xwarehouses table. (XMLSchema declarations use PL/SQL and the DBMS_XMLSCHEMA package, so the example is shown in italics.)

See Also:

Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for information on creating XMLSchemas
begin
 dbms_xmlschema.registerSchema(
  'http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd',  
  '<schema xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
       targetNamespace="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd" 
       xmlns:who="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd"
       version="1.0">
 
  <simpleType name="RentalType">
   <restriction base="string">
    <enumeration value="Rented"/>
    <enumeration value="Owned"/>
   </restriction>
  </simpleType>
 
  <simpleType name="ParkingType">
   <restriction base="string">
    <enumeration value="Street"/>
    <enumeration value="Lot"/>
   </restriction>
  </simpleType>
  
  <element name = "Warehouse">
    <complexType>
     <sequence>
      <element name = "WarehouseId"   type = "positiveInteger"/>
      <element name = "WarehouseName" type = "string"/>
      <element name = "Building"      type = "who:RentalType"/>
      <element name = "Area"          type = "positiveInteger"/>
      <element name = "Docks"         type = "positiveInteger"/>
      <element name = "DockType"      type = "string"/>
      <element name = "WaterAccess"   type = "boolean"/>
      <element name = "RailAccess"    type = "boolean"/>
      <element name = "Parking"       type = "who:ParkingType"/>
      <element name = "VClearance"    type = "positiveInteger"/>
     </sequence>
    </complexType>
  </element>
</schema>',
   TRUE, TRUE, FALSE, FALSE);
end;
/

Now you can create an XMLSchema-based table, as shown in the following example:

CREATE TABLE xwarehouses OF XMLTYPE
   XMLSCHEMA "http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd"
   ELEMENT "Warehouse";

By default, Oracle stores this as an object-relational table. Therefore, you can insert into it as shown in the example that follows. (The data inserted in this example corresponds to the data in the warehouse_spec column of the sample table oe.warehouses where warehouse_id = 1.)

INSERT INTO xwarehouses VALUES(   xmltype.createxml('<?xml version="1.0"?>
   <who:Warehouse xmlns:who="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd" 
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd
   http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd">
      <WarehouseId>1</WarehouseId>
      <WarehouseName>Southlake, Texas</WarehouseName>
      <Building>Owned</Building>
      <Area>25000</Area>
      <Docks>2</Docks>
      <DockType>Rear load</DockType>
      <WaterAccess>true</WaterAccess>
      <RailAccess>false</RailAccess>
      <Parking>Street</Parking>
      <VClearance>10</VClearance>
      </who:Warehouse>'));
...

You can define constraints on an XMLSchema-based table. To do so, you use the XMLDATA pseudocolumn to refer to the appropriate attribute within the Warehouse XML element:

ALTER TABLE xwarehouses ADD (PRIMARY KEY(XMLDATA."WarehouseId"));

Because the data in xwarehouses is stored object relationally, Oracle rewrites queries to this XMLType table to go to the underlying storage when possible. Therefore the following queries would use the index created by the primary key constraint in the preceding example:

SELECT * FROM xwarehouses x 
   WHERE EXISTSNODE(VALUE(x), '/Warehouse[WarehouseId="1"]',
   'xmlns:who="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd"') = 1;

SELECT * FROM xwarehouses x
   WHERE EXTRACTVALUE(VALUE(x), '/Warehouse/WarehouseId',
   'xmlns:who="http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd"') = 1;

You can also explicitly create indexes on XMLSchema-based tables, which greatly enhance the performance of subsequent queries. You can create object-relational views on XMLType tables, and you can create XMLType views on object-relational tables.

XMLType Columns

The sample table oe.warehouses was created with a warehouse_spec column of type XMLType. The examples in this section create a shortened form of the oe.warehouses table, using two different types of storage.

The first example creates a table with an XMLType table stored as a CLOB. This table does not require an XMLSchema, so the content structure is not predetermined:

CREATE TABLE xwarehouses (
   warehouse_id        NUMBER,
   warehouse_spec      XMLTYPE)
   XMLTYPE warehouse_spec STORE AS CLOB
   (TABLESPACE example
    STORAGE (INITIAL 6144)
    CHUNK 4000
    NOCACHE LOGGING);

The following example creates a similar table, but stores the XMLType data in an object-relational XMLType column whose structure is determined by the specified XMLSchema:

CREATE TABLE xwarehouses (
   warehouse_id    NUMBER,
   warehouse_spec  XMLTYPE)
   XMLTYPE warehouse_spec STORE AS OBJECT RELATIONAL
      XMLSCHEMA "http://www.example.com/xwarehouses.xsd"
      ELEMENT "Warehouse";