Description of nth_value.gif follows
Description of the illustration nth_value.gif

See Also:

"Analytic Functions" for information on syntax, semantics, and restrictions of the analytic_clause


NTH_VALUE returns the measure_expr value of the nth row in the window defined by the analytic_clause. The returned value has the data type of the measure_expr.

  • {RESPECT | IGNORE} NULLS determines whether null values of measure_expr are included in or eliminated from the calculation. The default is RESPECT NULLS.

  • n determines the nth row for which the measure value is to be returned. n can be a constant, bind variable, column, or an expression involving them, as long as it resolves to a positive integer. The function returns NULL if the data source window has fewer than n rows. If n is null, then the function returns an error.

  • FROM {FIRST | LAST} determines whether the calculation begins at the first or last row of the window. The default is FROM FIRST.

If you omit the windowing_clause of the analytic_clause, it defaults to RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW. This default sometimes returns an unexpected value for NTH_VALUE ... FROM LAST ... , because the last value in the window is at the bottom of the window, which is not fixed. It keeps changing as the current row changes. For expected results, specify the windowing_clause as RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING. Alternatively, you can specify the windowing_clause as RANGE BETWEEN CURRENT ROW AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING.

See Also:

Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide for more information on the use of this function


The following example shows the minimum amount_sold value for the second channel_id in ascending order for each prod_id between 13 and 16:

SELECT prod_id, channel_id, MIN(amount_sold),
    NTH_VALUE(MIN(amount_sold), 2) OVER (PARTITION BY prod_id ORDER BY channel_id
  FROM sales
  WHERE prod_id BETWEEN 13 and 16
  GROUP BY prod_id, channel_id;

---------- ---------- ---------------- ----------
        13          2           907.34      906.2
        13          3            906.2      906.2
        13          4           842.21      906.2
        14          2          1015.94    1036.72
        14          3          1036.72    1036.72
        14          4           935.79    1036.72
        15          2           871.19     871.19
        15          3           871.19     871.19
        15          4           871.19     871.19
        16          2           266.84     266.84
        16          3           266.84     266.84
        16          4           266.84     266.84
        16          9            11.99     266.84

13 rows selected.