|Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)
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When you drop a tablespace, Oracle Database does not place it in the recycle bin. Therefore, you cannot subsequently either purge or undrop the tablespace.
You must have the
TABLESPACE system privilege. You cannot drop a tablespace if it contains any rollback segments holding active transactions.
Specify the name of the tablespace to be dropped.
You can drop a tablespace regardless of whether it is online or offline. Oracle recommends that you take the tablespace offline before dropping it to ensure that no SQL statements in currently running transactions access any of the objects in the tablespace.
You cannot drop the
SYSTEM tablespace. You can drop the
SYSAUX tablespace only if you have the
SYSDBA system privilege and you have started the database in
You may want to alert any users who have been assigned the tablespace as either a default or temporary tablespace. After the tablespace has been dropped, these users cannot allocate space for objects or sort areas in the tablespace. You can reassign users new default and temporary tablespaces with the
Any objects that were previously dropped from the tablespace and moved to the recycle bin are purged from the recycle bin. Oracle Database removes from the data dictionary all metadata about the tablespace and all data files and temp files in the tablespace. The database also automatically drops from the operating system any Oracle-managed data files and temp files in the tablespace. Other data files and temp files are not removed from the operating system unless you specify
You cannot use this statement to drop a tablespace group. However, if
tablespace is the only tablespace in a tablespace group, then Oracle Database removes the tablespace group from the data dictionary as well.
You cannot drop a tablespace that contains a domain index or any objects created by a domain index.
You cannot drop an undo tablespace if it is being used by any instance or if it contains any undo data needed to roll back uncommitted transactions.
You cannot drop a tablespace that has been designated as the default tablespace for the database. You must first reassign another tablespace as the default tablespace and then drop the old default tablespace.
You cannot drop a temporary tablespace if it is part of the database default temporary tablespace group. You must first remove the tablespace from the database default temporary tablespace group and then drop it.
You cannot drop a temporary tablespace if it contains segments that are in use by existing sessions. In this case, no error is raised. The database waits until there are no segments in use by existing sessions and then drops the tablespace.
You cannot drop a tablespace, even with the
CONSTRAINTS clauses, if doing so would disable a primary key or unique constraint in another tablespace. For example, if the tablespace being dropped contains a primary key index, but the primary key column itself is in a different tablespace, then you cannot drop the tablespace until you have manually disabled the primary key constraint in the other tablespace.
See Also:Oracle Database Data Cartridge Developer's Guide and Oracle Database Concepts for more information on domain indexes
CONTENTS to drop all the contents of the tablespace. You must specify this clause to drop a tablespace that contains any database objects. If you omit this clause, and the tablespace is not empty, then the database returns an error and does not drop the tablespace.
TABLESPACE fails, even if you specify
CONTENTS, if the tablespace contains some, but not all, of the partitions or subpartitions of a single table. If all the partitions or subpartitions of a partitioned table reside in
tablespace, as well as any associated index segments, LOB data and index segments, and nested table data and index segments of
table in other tablespace(s).
For a partitioned index-organized table, if all the primary key index segments are in this tablespace, then this clause will also drop any overflow segments that exist in other tablespaces, as well as any associated mapping table in other tablespaces. If some of the primary key index segments are not in this tablespace, then the statement will fail. In that case, before you can drop the tablespace, you must use
PARTITION to move those primary key index segments into this tablespace, drop the partitions whose overflow data segments are not in this tablespace, and drop the partitioned index-organized table.
If the tablespace contains a master table of a materialized view, then the database invalidates the materialized view.
If the tablespace contains a materialized view log, then the database drops the log and any other direct-path
INSERT refresh information associated with the table.
When you specify
DATAFILES clause lets you instruct the database to delete the associated operating system files as well. Oracle Database writes a message to the alert log for each operating system file deleted. This clause is not needed for Oracle Managed Files, because they are removed from the system even if you do not specify
When you specify
DATAFILES clause lets you instruct the database to leave untouched the associated operating system files, including Oracle Managed Files. You must specify this clause if you are using Oracle Managed Files and you do not want the associated operating system files removed by the
CONSTRAINTS to drop all referential integrity constraints from tables outside
tablespace that refer to primary and unique keys of tables inside
tablespace. If you omit this clause and such referential integrity constraints exist, then Oracle Database returns an error and does not drop the tablespace.
DROP TABLESPACE tbs_01 INCLUDING CONTENTS CASCADE CONSTRAINTS;
DROP TABLESPACE tbs_02 INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES;